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Barriers to Corporate Fraud: How They Work, Why They Fail

Description: The report focuses on the internal controls on American corporations (including corporate governance, business ethics, managerial structure and compensation, internal counsel, and whistleblowers), as well as external controls (government regulation, external auditors and accountants, and the judicial process). A recurring theme is the limited efficacy of many safeguards and watchdogs in cases of "control fraud," where fraud is directed or abetted by top management, and where unethical or abusive practices may become the organizational norm. Another broad question raised by the report is whether the post-Enron scandals were a one-time event, made possible by the stock market bubble of the 1990s and several other unique historical developments which together constituted a "perfect storm," or whether fraud is a cyclical phenomenon associated with the end of long bull markets.
Date: December 27, 2004
Creator: Jickling, Mark
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Size and Role of Government: Economic Issues

Description: This report discusses some of the arguments surrounding the proper size of government that are economic in nature, including the questions of what role the state plays in economic activity and how the economy is affected by government intervention.
Date: March 22, 2004
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Distribution of the Tax Burden Across Individuals: An Overview

Description: This report discusses in the first section different philosophies about how the tax burden should be distributed, and what those philosophies imply for the shape of the tax system. In particular, it addresses the question of the justifications for a progressive tax system (one where the share of income collected as a tax rises as income rises). This section is presented for the interested reader, but is not a necessary preliminary to examining the analysis in the second section, which presents estimates of the distribution of the federal and total U.S. tax burden. The third section of the report discusses the measures that can be used to characterize the distributional effects of tax changes.
Date: December 13, 2004
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Shvedov, Maxim
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Financial Report of the University of North Texas: For the year ended August 31, 2004

Description: Financial report for the University of North Texas in Denton, Texas contains information about revenues and expenditures for the organization during the 2003-2004 fiscal year. It includes general statements, schedules of accounts broken down by category, and other supplementary notes.
Date: 2004
Creator: University of North Texas
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections
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Financial Report of the University of North Texas System Administration: For the year ended August 31, 2004

Description: Financial report for the University of North Texas System Administration contains information about revenues and expenditures for the organization during the 2003-2004 fiscal year. It includes general statements, schedules of accounts broken down by category, and other supplementary notes.
Date: November 2004
Creator: University of North Texas System. Administration.
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections
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Financial Report of the University of North Texas Health Science Center: For the year ended August 31, 2004

Description: Financial report for the University of North Texas Health Science Center contains information about revenues and expenditures for the organization during the 2003-2004 fiscal year. It includes general statements, schedules of accounts broken down by category, and other supplementary notes.
Date: November 2004
Creator: University of North Texas. Health Science Center at Fort Worth.
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections
open access

Monograph on Terrorist Financing: Staff Report to the Commission

Description: Report compiled on terrorist financing, intended to inform the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (9-11 Commission) during their investigations. It includes broad information about issues that affect terrorist financing and the extent to which U.S. strategy addresses lessons learned by the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. It also outlines further actions that could be taken to detect, investigate, deter, and disrupt funding for terrorist groups.
Date: 2004
Creator: Roth, John; Greenburg, Douglas & Wille, Serena
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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9/11 and Terrorist Travel: Staff Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States

Description: Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (9-11 Commission) describing research into the events of September 11, 2001. It contains the Commission's findings based on the thousands of documents and hundreds of interviews collected during the course of the investigations.
Date: August 21, 2004
Creator: Eldridge, Thomas R.; Ginsburg, Susan; Hempel, Walter T., II; Kephart, Janice L. & Moore, Kelly
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Anaerobic Fe(III) reduction by Shewanella putrefaciens: Analysis of the electron transport chain

Description: The goals of the project were to isolate mutants that are deficient in metal reduction, identify components of the electron transport chain that are involved in this process, and purify some of these proteins for biochemical analyses. In the 3-year period since the start of the project, we have accomplished many of these goals. We have isolated several new S. oneidensis mutants that are deficient in metal reduction, and have initiated the development of vectors for the overexpression of cytochromes and other proteins in S. oneidensis. We have also overexpressed CymA, one of the c cytochromes that are involved in metal reduction.
Date: January 20, 2004
Creator: Saffarini, Daad
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Determining the mechanical constitutive properties of metals as a function of strain rate and temperature: A combined experimental and modeling approach

Description: OAK-135 Development and validation of constitutive models for polycrystalline materials subjected to high strain rate loading over a range of temperatures are needed to predict the response of engineering materials to in-service type conditions (foreign object damage, high-strain rate forging, high-speed sheet forming, deformation behavior during forming, response to extreme conditions, etc.). To account accurately for the complex effects that can occur during extreme and variable loading conditions, requires significant and detailed computational and modeling efforts. These efforts must be closely coupled with precise and targeted experimental measurements that not only verify the predictions of the models, but also provide input about the fundamental processes responsible for the macroscopic response. Achieving this coupling between modeling and experimentation is the guiding principle of this program. Specifically, this program seeks to bridge the length scale between discrete dislocation interactions with grain boundaries and continuum models for polycrystalline plasticity. Achieving this goal requires incorporating these complex dislocation-interface interactions into the well-defined behavior of single crystals. Despite the widespread study of metal plasticity, this aspect is not well understood for simple loading conditions, let alone extreme ones. Our experimental approach includes determining the high-strain rate response as a function of strain and temperature with post-mortem characterization of the microstructure, quasi-static testing of pre-deformed material, and direct observation of the dislocation behavior during reloading by using the in situ transmission electron microscope deformation technique. These experiments will provide the basis for development and validation of physically-based constitutive models, which will include dislocation-grain boundary interactions for polycrystalline systems. One aspect of the program will involve the dire ct observation of specific mechanisms of micro-plasticity, as these will indicate the boundary value problem that should be addressed. This focus on the pre-yield region in the quasi-static effort (the elasto-plastic transition) is also a tractable one from an …
Date: January 5, 2004
Creator: Robertson, I. M.; Beaudoin, A. & Lambros, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Termination Report. Supply Curves for Agricultural and Forestry Greenhouse Gas Emissions and their Use in Integrated Assessments: Methodology and Case Development

Description: OAK-B135 The results produced by this project include: (1) Development of econometrically estimated marginal abatement and associated production curves describing response of agricultural and forestry emissions/sink/offsets enhancements for use in integrated assessments. Curves were developed that reflected agricultural, and forestry production of traditional commodities, carbon and other greenhouse gas offsets and biofuels given signals of general commodity demand, and carbon and energy prices. This work was done jointly with Dr. Ronald Sands at PNNL. A paper from this is forthcoming as follows Gillig, D., B.A. McCarl, and R.D. Sands, ''Integrating Agricultural and Forestry GHG Mitigation Response into General Economy Frameworks: Developing a Family of Response Functions,'' Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, forthcoming, 2004. An additional effort was done involving dynamics and a second paper was prepared that is annex A to this report and is Gillig, D., and B.A. McCarl, ''Integrating Agricultural and Forestry Response to GHG Mitigation into General Economy Frameworks: Developing a Family of Response Functions using FASOM,'' 2004. (2) Integration of the non dynamic curves from (1) into in a version of the PNNL SGM integrated assessment model was done in cooperation with Dr. Ronald Sands at PNNL. The results were reported at the second DOE conference on sequestration in the paper listed just below and the abstract is in Annex B of this report. Sands, R.D., B.A. McCarl, and D. Gillig, ''Assessment of Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration Options within a United States Market for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reductions,'' Presented at the Second Conference on Carbon Sequestration, Alexandria, VA, May 7, 2003. The results in their latest version show about half of the needed offsets by 2030 can be achieved through agriculture through a mix of sequestration and biofuel options. (3) Alternative agricultural sequestration estimates were developed in conjunction with personnel at Colorado State University using …
Date: January 7, 2004
Creator: McCarl, Bruce & Gillig, Dhazn
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Summary Document of Workshops for Hanford, Oak Ridge and Savannah River Site as part of the Monitored Natural Attenuation and Enhanced Passive Remediation for Chlorinated Solvents - DOE Alternative Project for Technology Acceleration

Description: This document summarizes the result of a series of meetings with regulators,stakeholders, tribal representatives, and end users. The meetings focused on providing information from the Monitored Natural Attenuation and Enhanced Passive Remediation for Chlorinated Solvents, DOE Alternative Project for Technology Acceleration and eliciting feedback on the direction of the project, its usefulness, and its applicability to issues faced by the participants. The meetings were held with the DOE and operating contractor personnel working at and stakeholders/tribal representatives associated with the Hanford, Oak Ridge and Savannah River Sites, as well as EPA regions IV and X and state regulators from Washington, Tennessee and South Carolina. These meetings were conducted over the time period beginning August 12 and culminating September 23, 2003. Approximately 120 people participated in these meetings.
Date: January 7, 2004
Creator: Vangelas, KM
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Sequence and time correlation in munti-electron systems

Description: The project was completed with over 12 papers published in the final contract period in the field of atomic collisions. Also more than 12 contributed talks were given and more than 4 invited talks. The general ideas were related to how time works in quantum systems and how this can be used to control atomic and chemical reactions.
Date: February 2, 2004
Creator: McGuire, Jim
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Historical and Retrospective Survey of Monitored Natural Attenuation: A Line of Inquiry Supporting Monitored Natural Attenuation and Enhanced Passive Remediation of Chlorinated Solvents

Description: The Department of Energy is sponsoring an initiative to facilitate efficient, effective and responsible use of Monitored Natural Attenuation (MNA) and Enhanced Passive Remediation(EPR) for chlorinated solvents. This Office of Environmental Management Alternative Project, focuses on providing scientific and policy support for MNA/EPR. A broadly representative working group of scientists supports the project along with partnerships with regulatory organizations such as the Interstate Technology Regulatory Council and the Environmental Protection Agency. The initial product of the technical working group was a summary report that articulated the conceptual approach and central scientific tenants of the project, and that identified a prioritized listing of technical targets for field research. This report documented the process in which: (1) scientific ground rules were developed, (2) lines of inquiry were identified and then critically evaluated, (3) promising applied research topics were highlighted in the various lines of inquiry, and (4) these were discussed and prioritized. The summary report will serve as a resource to guide management and decision making throughout the period of the subject MNA/EPR Alternative Project. To support and more fully document the information presented in the summary report, we are publishing a series of supplemental documents that present the full texts from the technical analyses within the various lines of inquiry. The following report - documenting our Historical and Retrospective Survey of Monitored Natural Attenuation - is one of those supplemental documents.
Date: January 7, 2004
Creator: Looney, B. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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FY01 Phytoremediation of Chlorinated Ethenes in Southern Sector Seepline Sediments of SRS

Description: This treatability study is now in the second year of deployment for the Southern Sector Phytoremediation Project. Phytoremediation is the use of vegetation and associated media to treat contaminated soils, sediments, and groundwater. Phytoremediation is a rapidly developing technology that promises effective and safe cleanup of certain hazardous wastes. This ongoing work addresses the fate of volatile organic contaminants (VOCs) in an experiment that simulates a vegetated seepline supplied with trichloroethylene- (TCE-) and perchloroethylene- (PCE-) contaminated groundwater. The primary objective is to determine how the trees and sediments uptake groundwater TCE and PCE, biodegrade it, and/or transform it. The experimental focus of this project is the biological removal of VOCs from seepline groundwater and sediments.
Date: January 30, 2004
Creator: Brigmon, R.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Impact of Zeolite Transferred from Tank 19F to Tank 18F on DWPF Vitrification of Sludge Batch 3

Description: The Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) is planning to initiate vitrification of Sludge Batch 3 (SB3) in combination with Sludge Batch 2 (SB2) in the spring of 2004. The contents of Sludge Batch 3 will be a mixture of the heel remaining from Sludge Batch 1B, sludge from Tank 7F (containing coal, sand, and sodium oxalate), and sludge materials from Tank 18F. The sludge materials in Tank 18F contain part of a mound of zeolitic material transferred there from Tank 19F. This mound was physically broken up and transfers were made from Tank 19F to Tank 18F for vitrification into SB3. In addition, excess Pu and Am/Cm materials were transferred to Tank 51H to be processed through the DWPF as part of SB3. Additional Pu material and a Np stream from the Canyons are also planned to be added to SB3 before processing of this batch commences at DWPF. The primary objective of this task was to assess the impacts of the excess zeolite mound material in Tank 19F on the predicted glass and processing properties of interest when the zeolite becomes part of SB3. The two potential impacts of the Tank 19F zeolite mound on DWPF processing relates to (1) the samples taken for determination of the acceptability of a macrobatch of DWPF feed and (2) the achievable waste loading. The potential effects of the large size of the zeolite particles found in the Tank 19F solids, as reported in this study, are considered minimal for processing of SB3 in DWPF. Other findings about the zeolite conversion mechanism via a process of Ostwald ripening are discussed in the text and in the conclusions.
Date: January 7, 2004
Creator: Jantzen, Carol M.; Swingle, R. F. & Smith, F. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Energy Smart Schools -- Applied Research, Field Testing, and Technology Integration Annual Report

Description: This multi-state collaborative project will coordinate federal, state, and private sector resources and high-priority school-related energy research under a comprehensive initiative that includes tasks that increase adoption of advanced energy efficiency high-performance technologies in both renovation of existing schools and building new ones; educate and inform school administrators, architects, engineers, and manufacturers nationwide as to the energy, economic, and environmental benefits of energy efficiency technologies; and improve the learning environment for the nation's students through use of better temperature controls, improvements in air quality, and increased daylighting in schools.
Date: January 1, 2004
Creator: Burke, Kate
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Hydro-Economic Approach to Representing Water Resources Impacts in Integrated Assessment Models

Description: Grant Number DE-FG02-98ER62665 Office of Energy Research of the U.S. Department of Energy Abstract Many Integrated Assessment Models (IAM) divide the world into a small number of highly aggregated regions. Non-OECD countries are aggregated geographically into continental and multiple-continental regions or economically by development level. Current research suggests that these large scale aggregations cannot accurately represent potential water resources-related climate change impacts. In addition, IAMs do not explicitly model the flow regulation impacts of reservoir and ground water systems, the economics of water supply, or the demand for water in economic activities. Using the International Model for Policy Analysis of Agricultural Commodities and Trade (IMPACT) model of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) as a case study, this research implemented a set of methodologies to provide accurate representation of water resource climate change impacts in Integrated Assessment Models. There were also detailed examinations of key issues related to aggregated modeling including: modeling water consumption versus water withdrawals; ground and surface water interactions; development of reservoir cost curves; modeling of surface areas of aggregated reservoirs for estimating evaporation losses; and evaluating the importance of spatial scale in river basin modeling. The major findings include: - Continental or national or even large scale river basin aggregation of water supplies and demands do not accurately capture the impacts of climate change in the water and agricultural sector in IAMs. - Fortunately, there now exist gridden approaches (0.5 X 0.5 degrees) to model streamflows in a global analysis. The gridded approach to hydrologic modeling allows flexibility in aligning basin boundaries with national boundaries. This combined with GIS tools, high speed computers, and the growing availability of socio-economic gridded data bases allows assignment of demands to river basins to create hydro-economic zones that respect as much as possible both political and hydrologic integrity in …
Date: January 14, 2004
Creator: Kirshen, Paul H. & Strzepek, Kenneth, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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LAW Radioactive Coupon CO{sub 2} Decontamination Test

Description: The objective of this test is to confirm that CO{sub 2} blasting is capable of effectively removing smearable contamination from the external surface of the Immobilized Low Activity Waste(ILAW) stainless steel container after glass pouring. The smearable contamination level limits specified in the approved test specification are: (1) 367 Bq/m{sup 2} (220 dpm/100 cm{sup 2}) alpha and 3670 Bq/m{sup 2} (2202 dpm/100 cm{sup 2}) beta-gamma (qualification limits); and (2) 100 dpm/100 cm{sup 2} alpha and 1000 dpm/100 cm{sup 2} beta-gamma (design limits). The removal of smearable contamination from radioactively contaminated coupon was demonstrated by varying the following operating parameters: Nozzle standoff distance; Blast air pressure; Pellet rate; and Nozzle travel speed. Coupons were weighed before and after blasting to determine if the CO{sub 2} blasting process removed measurable amounts of surface material from the coupons. High-speed photography was used to capture images of the pellets exiting the blast nozzle as a means of estimating pellet shape and velocity at the blast nozzle. Bleeding tests were performed to determine if fixed contamination remaining on coupons after blasting ''bleeds out'' and measures as smearable contamination under typical storage conditions and times. The bleeding tests consisted of storing blasted coupons with no detectable smearable contamination for a period of 92 days at 95 F. Coupons were removed at 23-day intervals and re-evaluated for smearable contamination. The radioactive coupon blasting tests consisted of four main subtasks: (1) Coupon preparation; (2) CO{sub 2} blasting; (3) High-speed photography; and (4) Bleeding tests.
Date: January 30, 2004
Creator: May, C.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A prototype data archive for the PIER 'thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings' project

Description: A prototype archive for a selection of building energy data on thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings was developed and pilot tested. While the pilot demonstrated the successful development of the data archive prototype, several questions remain about the usefulness of such an archive. Specifically, questions on the audience, frequency of use, maintenance, and updating of the archive would need to be addressed before this prototype is taken to the next level.
Date: January 1, 2004
Creator: Diamond, Rick C.; Wray, Craig P.; Smith, Brian V.; Dickerhoff, Darryl J.; Matson, Nance E. & Cox, Skylar A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radiological Design Summary Report for TRU Vent and Purge Process

Description: This report contains top-level requirements for the various areas of radiological protection for workers. Detailed quotations of the requirements for applicable regulatory documents can be found in the accompanying Implementation Guide. For the purposes of demonstrating compliance with these requirements, per Engineering Standard 01064, shall consider / shall evaluate indicates that the designer must examine the requirement for the design and either incorporate or provide a technical justification as to why the requirement is not incorporated. The Transuranic Vent and Purge process is not a project, but is considered a process change. This process has been performed successfully by Solid Waste on lower activity TRU drums. This summary report applies a graded approach and describes how the Transuranic Vent and Purge process meets each of the applicable radiological design criteria and requirements specified in Manual WSRC-TM-95-1, Engineering Standard Number 01064.
Date: January 20, 2004
Creator: Taus, L.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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FY02 Final Report on Phytoremediation of Chlorinated Ethenes in Southern Sector Sediments of the Savannah River Site

Description: This final report details the operations and results of a 3-year Seepline Phytoremediation Project performed adjacent to Tims Branch, which is located in the Southern Sector of the Savannah River Site (SRS) A/M Area. Phytoremediation is a process where interactions between vegetation, associated microorganisms, and the host substrate combine to effectively degrade contaminated soils, sediments, and groundwater. Phytoremediation is a rapidly developing technology that shows promise for the effective and safe cleanup of certain hazardous wastes. It has the potential to remediate numerous volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Extensive characterization work has demonstrated that two VOCs, tetrachloroethylene (PCE) and trichloroethylene (TCE) are the major components of the VOC-contaminated groundwater that is migrating through the Southern Sector and Tims Branch seepline area (WSRC, 1999). The PCE and TCE are chlorinated ethenes (CE), and have been detected in seepline soils and ground water adjacent to the ecologically-sensitive Tims Branch seepline area.
Date: January 30, 2004
Creator: Brigmon, R..L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Compositing and Characterization of Samples from Hanford Tank 241-AY-102/ C-106

Description: As part of the program to provide waste characterization and pretreatment data to support the Waste Treatment Plant WTP mission to treat Hanford tank waste, an approximate 3.8L sample of waste from Hanford Tank 241-AY-102/C-106 was received at the Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC). The waste sample was characterized to provide feed for pretreatment testing. The characterization data provides a basis for rational development of pretreatment processes, determination of reagent requirements, and development of physical design parameters for the pretreatment plant.
Date: February 12, 2004
Creator: Coleman, C. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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