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The Hawaiian Monk Seal in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, 1998

Description: The following report provides the findings of a 1998 field study over the Hawaiian monk seal in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. These studies evaluate the status and trends of monk seal populations, natural history traits (survival, reproduction, growth, behavior, and feeding habits), and the success of various activities designed to facilitate population growth.
Date: April 2000
Creator: Johanos, Thea C. & Baker, Jason D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Identification Manual for Dietary Vegetation of the Hawaiian Green Turtle Chelonia mydas

Description: From introduction: This manual is designed to assist sea turtle biologists and other non-physologists in the identification of the food items contained in the gastrointestinal tract of green turtles (Chelonia mydas) sampled from the Hawaiian Islands. The manual contains many of the most common algal species found in crop/stomach samples taken from Hawaiian green turtles.
Date: June 2000
Creator: Russell, Dennis J. & Balazs, George H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Phase Advance for Wideband Dampers With Notch Filters

Description: Consider a simple damper system shown in Figure 1. The phase advance between pickup and kicker is {phi}{sub k}. Assume a particle passes through the pickup at time t=0 with a complex betatron amplitude: {rvec A}{sub pu} = A{sub o}. When the particle passes through the kicker, the betatron amplitude of the particle will be: {rvec A}{sub kr} = A{sub o}e{sup j{phi}k}. Assume that the damper is timed so that the delay through the electronics matches the time of flight for the particle between pickup to kicker. The difference in phase between the kicker betatron amplitude and the pickup amplitude must be: arg({rvec A}{sub kr})-arg({rvec A}{sub pu}) = (2n + 1) {pi}/2 and {phi}{sub k} = (2n+1) {pi}/2 because the pickup measures the position and the kicker corrects an angle.
Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: McGinnis, Dave
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Design and Simulation Results of Waveguide Bends Used in Debuncher Cooling System

Description: This note is a document about design and simulation results of waveguide bends installed with the arrays in debuncher cooling upgrade. The main feature of these bends is that they are not traditional mitered bends or round bends. Instead, a cylinder is placed in the corner area of the bend. The reason for this design is purely to overcome some practical problems: (1) since these bends are very close to the slotted foil which serves as part of the waveguide array, it is very difficult to make good joint and contact if mitered bends are used, (2) assembly difficulty due to the location of these bends, and (3) limited space requires a compact design. Shown in Figure 1 is a schematic drawing of a bend. Dimensions of bends for each frequency band are listed in Table 1. Shown in Figure 2-5 are the simulation results using HFSS. One of the bends was fabricated with flanges on both ends and measured using a Network Analyzer. The HFSS result was confirmed by the measured data.
Date: September 13, 2000
Creator: Sun, Ding
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cooperative Research Program in Coal-Waste Liquefaction

Description: The results of a feasibility study for a demonstration plant for the liquefaction of waste plastic and tires and the coprocessing of these waste polymers with coal are presented. The study was conducted by a committee that included nine representatives from the CFFS, six from the U.S. Department of Energy - Federal Energy Technology Center (FETC), and four from Burns and Roe, Inc. The study included: (1) An assessment of current recycling practices, particularly feedstock recycling in Germany; (2) A review of pertinent research, and a survey of feedstock availability for various types of waste polymers; and (3) A conceptual design for a demonstration plant was developed and an economic analysis for various feedstock mixes. The base case for feedstock scenarios was chosen to be 200 tons per day of waste plastic and 100 tons per day of waste tires. For this base case with oil priced at $20 per barrel, the return on investment (ROI) was found to range from 9% to 20%, using tipping fees for waste plastic and tires typical of those existing in the U.S. The most profitable feedstock appeared to waste plastic alone, with a plant processing 300 t/d of plastic yielding ROI's from 13 to 27 %, depending on the tipping fees for waste plastic. Feedstock recycling of tires was highly dependent on the price that could be obtained for recovered carbon. Addition of even relatively small amounts (20 t/d) of coal to waste plastic and/or coal feeds lowered the ROI's substantially. It should also be noted that increasing the size of the plant significantly improved all ROI's. For example, increasing plant size from 300 t/d to1200 t/d approximately doubles the estimated ROI's for a waste plastic feedstock.
Date: March 31, 2000
Creator: Huffman, Gerald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Dimensions and Measurements of Debuncher Band 3 and 4 Waveguide-Coax Launchers

Description: This note is a document about dimensions and measurement results of waveguide-coax launchers (Band 3 and 4) installed on the arrays in debuncher cooling upgrade. Shown in Figure 1 and 5 are schematic drawings of launchers (pick-up) in the cross section along the longitudinal direction (beam direction) of the arrays. The unit in these drawings is inch. Note: although there are upper band and lower band for pickup arrays, the launchers are the same to avoid possible confusion during installation. Launchers for band 3 and 4 kickers were made by Penn-engineering Inc., therefor no schematic drawings are presented in this note. RF Measurements were made on all launchers (port) and printed in hard copies for future reference. Since the measurement results are similar to each other, only a few plots for each type of launcher/band are presented in this document. There are two types of measured S11 parameters. One is the measurement made at the end of design/tuning stage using a launcher and a straight section of band 3 or 4 waveguide terminated with a cone of absorber. I use 'Original' to denote this kind of measurement. As shown in Figure 2, 6, 9 and 12, the original S11 of all launchers are below or around -20 db over the full band 3 or 4. The other type of measurement is the one made after these launchers were installed onto the array including several type N feedthrough or connectors, elbows, waveguide bends (kicker) and magic Ts (kicker) etc. The kicker arrays were terminated with wedges of absorber. During all measurements (pickup array or kicker array) when one launcher was being measured, all other launchers were terminated with 50 ohm terminator. As shown in Figure 3, 4, 7, 8, 10, 11, 13 and 14 these 'final' S11s are around -15 db.
Date: September 13, 2000
Creator: Sun, Ding
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lithium Irradiation Experiment

Description: The subject of tritium production in the Antiproton Source Collection lens was raised in the mid-1980s during the design phase of the pbar source. Interest in it has recurred during development of the proton lens and in recent investigations to determine the feasibility of liquid lithium collection lenses for the pbar source and a muon collider project. Calculations for tritium and beryllium 7 production on lithium suffer from a lack of information on medium and high energy cross section data. In addition, knowledge of the energy spectrum within the target vault is based upon calculations. Knowledge of the low energy spectrum, important for tritium production on lithium, is limited, if not non-existent. For Collider Run II, effort is to be applied to improve the performance of the solid lithium lens. Historically, examination of failed lithium lenses has not been pursued because they have been fairly radioactive and because they are thought to contain significant quantities of the radionuclides tritium and beryllium 7. The development of methods to examine failed lithium lenses may be desirable so that the specific causes of failure can be discovered. From such studies, design improvements can be incorporated with the goal of achieving lens performances goals related to Collider Run II. The purpose of the lithium irradiation experiment is to determine the production rates of radioisotopes tritium and beryllium 7 within the lithium lens in its operating in its operating environment.
Date: August 22, 2000
Creator: Leveling, A.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Idaho HWMA/RCRA Closure Plan for Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center Tanks WM-182 and WM-183 - Rev. 2

Description: This document presents the plan for the closure of the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center Tank Farm Facility tanks WM-182 and WM-183 in accordance with Idaho Hazardous Waste Management Act/Resource Conservation and Recovery Act interim status closure requirements. Closure of these two tanks is the first in a series of closures leading to the final closure of the eleven 300,000-gal tanks in the Tank Farm Facility. As such, closure of tanks WM-182 and WM-183 will serve as a proof-of-process demonstration of the waste removal, decontamination, and sampling techniques for the closure of the remaining Tank Farm Facility tanks. Such an approach is required because of the complexity and uniqueness of the Tank Farm Facility closure. This plan describes the closure units, objectives, and compliance strategy as well as the operational history and current status of the tanks. Decontamination, closure activities, and sampling and analysis will be performed with the goal of achieving clean closure of the tanks. Coordination with other regulatory requirements, such as U.S. Department of Energy closure requirements, is also discussed.
Date: December 1, 2000
Creator: Evans, Susan Kay
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Dimensions and Measurements of Debuncher Band 1 and 2 Waveguide-Coax Launchers (Final Version)

Description: This note is a document about dimensions and measurement results of waveguide-coax launchers (Band 1 and 2) installed on the arrays in debuncher cooling upgrade. Shown in Figure 1, 5, 8 and 12 are schematic drawings of launchers in the cross section along the longitudinal direction (beam direction) of the arrays. The unit in these drawings is inch. Note: although there are upper band and lower band for pickup arrays, the launchers are the same to avoid possible confusion during installation. RF Measurements were made on all launchers (port) and printed in hard copies for future reference. Since the measurement results are similar to each other, only a few plots for each type of launcher/band are presented in this document. There are two types of measured S11 parameters. One is the measurement made at the end of design/tuning stage using a straight section of band 1 or 2 waveguide terminated with a cone of absorber. I use 'Original' to denote this kind of measurement. As shown in Figure 2, 6, 9 and 13, the original S11 of all launchers are below or around - 20 db over the full band 1 or 2. The other type of measurement is the one made after these launchers were installed onto the array including elbows and several type N feedthrough or connectors. The kicker arrays were terminated with wedges of absorber. During all measurements (pickup array or kicker array) when one launcher was being measured, all other launchers were terminated with 50 ohm terminator. As shown in Figure 3, 4, 7, 10, 11 and 14 these 'final' S11s are around -15 db.
Date: February 15, 2000
Creator: Sun, Ding
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Precision Measurement of the Accumulator Beam Energy

Description: The Antiproton Source Accumulator has been used by Fermilab experiments E760 and E835 to search for and measure the various states of charmonium below the open charm threshold. Accurate determination of the resonance parameters (mass, width, and branching ratios) of these states requires a precise measurement of the antiproton beam energy. The purpose of this report is to give a detailed description of the method that is used to accomplish a precision measurement of the antiproton beam energy.
Date: February 28, 2000
Creator: Werkema, Steven J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radiatio Detector Characterization at APO While Stacking pbars in 1999

Description: The Main Injector provided beam for pbar stacking for the first time in 1999 over the period 12/20 to 12/21. The purpose of this memo is to record some observations on the response of various radiation detectors as a function of beam on the pbar targel. The detectors include a Scarecrow in the APO Vault, a Chipmunk just upstream of the APO vault, and a Chipmunk in the water cage adjacent to the Pulsed Magnet pump skid in the water systems cage. In addition, there are air monitors, one sampling in the PreVault enclosure and one sampling at the exhaust stack at the upstream end of lhe PreTarget enclosure. All data was collected by the ACNET system Lumberjack data logger. Beam intensity data was summed over consecutive 10 minute periods and normalized to an hourly intensity. The Chipmunk, Scarecrow, and Air Monitor data are based 10 minute averages taken over periods which coincide with normalized beam intensity.
Date: February 9, 2000
Creator: Leveling, A.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Estimate of Magnetic Forces on Beam Sweeping Kickers

Description: The beam sweeping magnet kickers are two pairs of conductors placed 90 degrees apart inside a circular magnetic yoke. Each pair has the same excitation current in the opposite directions, and the two currents are a sine and a cosine in phase. To estimate the magnetic forces on the kickers due to the excitation currents, we make the following simplifications: (1) The four conductors are all parallel to one another; (2) There are no relative motions within the system; and (3) the magnetic yoke has {mu} = {infinity}, and the fields are zero near the outside inner surface of the yoke.
Date: February 23, 2000
Creator: Hu, Martin & U., /Nebraska
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radiation Effects in Nuclear Waste Materials

Description: Radiation effects from the decay of radionuclides may impact the long-term performance and stability of nuclear waste forms and stabilized nuclear materials. In an effort to address these concerns, the objective of this project was the development of fundamental understanding of radiation effects in glasses and ceramics, particularly on solid-state radiation effects and their influence on aqueous dissolution kinetics. This study has employed experimental, theoretical and computer simulation methods to obtain new results and insights into radiation damage processes and to initiate the development of predictive models. Consequently, the research that has been performed under this project has significant implications for the High-Level Waste and Nuclear Materials focus areas within the current DOE/EM mission. In the High-Level Waste (HLW) focus area, the results of this research could lead to improvements in the understanding of radiation-induced degradation mechanisms and their effects on dissolution kinetics, as well as development of predictive models for waste form performance. In the Nuclear Materials focus area, the results of this research could lead to improvements in the understanding of radiation effects on the chemical and structural properties of materials for the stabilization and long-term storage of plutonium, highly-enriched uranium, and other actinides. Ultimately, this research could result in improved glass and ceramic materials for the stabilization and immobilization of high-level tank waste, plutonium residues and scraps, surplus weapons plutonium, highly-enriched uranium, other actinides, and other radioactive materials.
Date: October 2, 2000
Creator: Weber, William J.; Corrales, L. Rene; Ness, Nancy J.; Williford, Ralph E.; Heinisch, Howard L.; Thevuthasan, Suntharampillai et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Phasing of Debuncher Stochastic Cooling Transverse Systems

Description: With the higher frequency of the cooling systems in the Debuncher, a modified method of making transfer functions has been developed for transverse systems. (Measuring of the momentum systems is unchanged.) Speed in making the measurements is critical, as the beam tends to decelerate due to vacuum lifetime. In the 4-8 GHz band, the harmonics in the Debuncher are 6,700 to 13,400 times the revolution frequency. Every Hertz change in revolution frequency is multiplied by this harmonic number and becomes a frequency measurement error, which is an appreciable percent of the momentum width of the beam. It was originally thought that a momentum cooling system would be phased first so that the beam could be kept from drifting in revolution frequency. As it turned out, the momentum cooling was so effective (even with the gain turned down) that the momentum width normalized to fo became less than one Hertz on the Schottky pickup. A beam this narrow requires very precise measurement of tune and revolution frequency. It was difficult to get repeatable results. For initial measuring of the transverse arrays, relative phase and delay is all that is required, so the measurement settings outlined below will suffice. Once all input and output arrays are phased, a more precise measurement of all pickups to all kickers can be done with more points and both upper and lower side bands, as in figure 1. Settings on the network analyzer were adjusted for maximum measurement speed. Data is not analyzed until a complete set of measurements is taken. Start and stop frequencies should be chosen to be just slightly wider than the band being measured. For transverse systems, select betatron USB for the measurement type. This will make the measurement two times faster. Select 101 for the number of points, sweep time of …
Date: March 9, 2000
Creator: Pasquinelli, Ralph
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Checking the Beam Energy Calculation from the June 14, 2000 $\psi^\prime$ Scan

Description: The Conclusions/Recommendations of this paper are: (1) It is very important to keep the orbit close to the reference orbit. (2) It is likely that BPMs are not perfectly calibrated. (3) The orbit length calculation with Quad Steering ON is more sensitive to errors in the BPM readout than with Quad Steering OFF. However, unless we are at the {psi}{prime}, Quad Steering should be ON. (4) Question: Should we use the BPM corrections derived from this scan? Answer: I don't know. I would prefer not to. If we keep the orbit close to the reference, we don't need the corrections. For cases where the orbit differs appreciably from the reference orbit, we should do the energy calculation both ways. (Perhaps with Quad steering ON and OFF too). (5) We should use the reference orbit derived from this scan. However, if there is the time and the man power, it would be desireable to do a proper scan of the {psi}{prime}.
Date: June 14, 2000
Creator: Werkema, Steve
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Extraction from the Accumulator With Rectangular Momentum Distributions

Description: Antiprotons for the Collider will be bunched in the Accumulator using a RF system (ARF4) that operates at a frequency that is four times the revolution frequency of the Accumulator. Four bunches can be extracted from the Accumulator in a single transfer. Since the TEVATRON will operate with 36 antiproton bunches, nine extractions from the Accumulator will be needed. During Run 1, the momentum distribution of the Accumulator core was shaped by the core cooling systems and was approximately gaussian. After an antiproton bunch was extracted from the core, the momentum spread of the beam was increased because of RF displacement. The beam would then be recooled which would delay shot setup (or the phase space density of subsequent extractions would be diluted). Since the number of extractions per shot for Run II is increasing by 50% (from 6 to 9), the extra time due to re-cooling (or the alternative of momentum phase space dilution) might not be acceptable. This note will outline a scheme that will shape the momentum distribution into a rectangle and will extract the beam from the edges of the distribution so that RF displacement is minimized.
Date: May 7, 2000
Creator: McGinnis, Dave
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Posse Comitatus Act and Related Matters: The Use of the Military to Execute Civilian Law

Description: The Posse Comitatus Act outlaws willful use of any part of the Army or Air Force to execute the law unless expressly authorized by the Constitution or an Act of Congress. History supplies the grist for an argument that the Constitution prohibits military involvement in civilian affairs subject to only limited alterations by Congress or the President, but the courts do not appear to have ever accepted the argument unless a violation of more explicit constitutional command could also be shown. The provision for express constitutional authorization when in fact the The constitution contains no such express authorizations has been explained alternatively as a meaningless political face-saving device or as an unartful reference to the President's constitutional powers.
Date: June 1, 2000
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sexual Harassment and Violence Against Women: Developments in Federal Law

Description: Gender-based discrimination, harassment, and violence against women in the home, workplace, and society at large are continuing topics of legislative and judicial concern. Legal doctrines condemning the extortion of sexual favors as a condition of employment or job advancement, and other sexually offensive workplace behaviors resulting in a "hostile environment," have evolved from judicial decisions under Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act and related federal laws.
Date: May 25, 2000
Creator: Dale, Charles V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Executive Order 12919: Emergency Powers of the President

Description: Executive Order 12919 concerns industrial preparedness during times of war and national emergency. This brief report uses simple language to describe what Executive Order 12919 does. It is intended to clarify common misunderstandings about the Order’s purpose and scope.
Date: October 23, 2000
Creator: Burdette, Robert B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Restructuring DOE and Its Laboratories: Issues in the 106th Congress

Description: A number of legislative proposals to restructure or eliminate the Department of Energy (DOE) and the DOE laboratories have been introduced since the end of the Cold War, especially since the beginning of the 104th Congress. This legislation has been introduced because of perceived major problems with DOE, including its overall mission. Sponsors state, for example, that about 85% of DOE's budget is for non-energy programs, even though the nation's dependency on foreign energy sources has increased since the establishment of the department. Also of concern is the department's failure to go far enough, in their view, in solving its long-term management problems, downsizing, and reducing budgets.
Date: May 17, 2000
Creator: Boesman, William C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Campaign Finance: Constitutional and Legal Issues of Soft Money

Description: "Soft money" has become one of the major issues in the area of campaign financing in federal elections. The controversy surrounding this issue is due to the perception that soft money may be the largest loophole in the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA). Soft money is broadly defined as funds that are raised and spent according to applicable state laws; that would be impermissible, under the FECA, to spend directly in federal elections and that may have an indirect influence on federal elections. This Issue Brief discusses three major types of soft money: political party soft money, corporate and labor union soft money, and soft money used for issue advocacy communications.
Date: August 10, 2000
Creator: Whitaker, L. Paige
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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