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Solid State Division Semiannual Progress Report For Period Ending February 28, 1955

Description: This semiannual progress report and future reports will be published as two documents to permit a wider distribution of the unclassified material. The report numbers are assigned in sequence so that the two reports will fall together when filed by report number.
Date: July 12, 1960
Creator: Billington, D. S. & Crawford, J. H., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Space Propulsion and Auxiliary Power Units: a Bibliography

Description: This partially annotated bibliography contains references on advanced space propulsion units. References are also included on auxiliary power units, energy requirements, and mission requirements. The references are arranged alphabetically by title, with corporate author and subject indexes provided. This bibliography is issued in two parts: CNLM-2370-3, Part I, contains unclassified references; CNLM2370-3, Part II, contains classified material. Sources used in compiling this bibliography are: Abstracts of Classified Reports 1957-June 1960, Applied Science and Technology Index 1958-June 1960, ASTIA 1958-June 1960, Engineering Index 1957-1959, Industrial Arts Index 1957, Nuclear Science Abstracts 1957-June 1960, U.S. Government Publications Monthly Catalog 1958-June 1960.
Date: August 2, 1960
Creator: Cernak, Elizabeth A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Hydrides of Titanium, Yttrium, and Zirconium: a Bibliography

Description: This bibliography contains 94 references on metal hydrides, with particular emphasis placed on the hydrides of titanium, yttrium, and zirconium. The bibliography covers the period 1955 through 1959. The references are arranged alphabetically by title. Sources used in compiling this bibliography are: Applied Science and Technology Index, Abstracts of Classified Reports, ASM Review of Metal Literature, Bibliographies of Interest to the Atomic Energy Program, Classified and Unclassified Parts, Industrial Arts Index, Internal Card Catalog, Monthly List of Bibliographies in the Atomic Energy Program, U.S.A.E.C. Technical Information Service Extension, Nuclear Science Abstracts.
Date: April 28, 1960
Creator: Cernak, Elizabeth A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Boiling Heat Transfer of Liquid Metals: a Literature Search

Description: This partially annotated bibliography contains references on boiling heat transfer of liquid metals. Emphasis is place on boiling heat transfer of liquid sodium, liquid potassium, and liquid rubidium. The period covered is 1950 to date. References are arranged alphabetically by title. Sources used in compiling this bibliography are: Abstracts of Classified Reports, Nuclear Science Abstracts.
Date: October 3, 1960
Creator: Cernak, Elizabeth A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radiation Effects on Aluminum, Elastomers, and Lubricants: a Bibliography

Description: This bibliography contains 145 references on radiation effects on aluminum, elastomers, and lubricants. Also included are references on radiation units and conversion factors. The bibliography is limited to the period 1950 through 1959, with the references arranged alphabetically by title in five categories. An author index is provided. Sources used in compiling this bibliography are: Abstracts of Classified Reports, Bibliographies of Interest to the Atomic Energy Program: Classified and Unclassified Versions, Monthly List of Bibliographies in the Atomic Energy Program. U.S.A.E.C. Technical Information Service Extension, Nuclear Science Abstracts.
Date: April 4, 1960
Creator: Cernak, Elizabeth A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fabrication of Beryllium: a Bibliography

Description: This bibliography contains 147 references on the fabrication of beryllium. References are also given on the brazing, casting, cladding, extrusion and welding of beryllium and some beryllium-rich alloys. The bibliography is limited to the period 1950 - 1959. references are arranged alphabetically by title, with author and subject indexes provided. Sources used in compiling this bibliography are: Abstracts of Classified Reports, ASM Review of Metal Literature, Bibliographies of Interest to the Atomic Energy Program - Classified and Unclassified Versions, Engineering Index, Nuclear Science Abstracts, TISE, List of Bibliographies in the Atomic Energy Program.
Date: April 1, 1960
Creator: Cernak, Elizabeth A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Use of Ultrasonic in Electrodeposition and Electroplating : a Bibliography

Description: This bibliography contains 20 references on the use of ultrasonic in electrodeposition and electroplating. The bibliography is limited to the period 1955 to 1959, with the references arranged alphabetically by title. Sources used in compiling this bibliography were: Applied Science and Technology Index, ASM Review of Metal Literature, Chemical Abstracts, Industrial Arts, Index, Nuclear Science Abstracts.
Date: February 18, 1960
Creator: Cernak, Elizabeth A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Vacuum Arc Melting : a Bibliography

Description: This partially annotated bibliography contains 334 references from papers published from 1945 to 1959 and includes references on the consumable - and nonconsumable - electrode vacuum arc melting process. References are also given on electrode preparation, furnace construction and operation, melting, sintering, vacuum techniques, and theory.
Date: March 16, 1960
Creator: Cernak, Elizabeth A.; Doyle, J. & Aconsky, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Evaluation of Commercial Ceramic Coating for Short Time Protection of Columbium 1% Zirconium

Description: Abstract. Fourteen commercial enamel frits from five different manufacturers were tested to determine their abilities to protect Nb-1% Zr during the forging cycle in the temperature range of 1800 to 2300 deg F. One frit was found to afford good coverage and protection at 2200 deg F at times up to 5 hours of exposure. Adherence was excellent during upset forging of a coated Nb--1% Zr sample heated 45 minutes at 2200 deg F. Another frit afforded good protection and coverage at 1700 deg F. (auth)
Date: October 10, 1960
Creator: McGrath, D. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Crystallography of Some of the Transition Element Beryllides

Description: A crystallographic study of the transition element beryllides was undertaken in support of phase diagram work. These beryllides are very high melting, and the use of ordinary methods make it difficult to determine stoichiometry. We have succeeded in establishing the compositions and complete crystal structure description of all of the room temperature stable or metastable compounds of the beryllides of niobium, tantalum, titanium zirconium, hafnium, vanadium, chromium and molybdenum. Since some of the structures found were not previously reported, complete structure determinations had to be done.
Date: May 24, 1960
Creator: Zalkin, Allan, 1926- & Sands, Donald, 1929-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Measurement of Air Flow Through High Efficiency Filters

Description: Abstract. An inexpensive method for detection of dust-loaded high efficiency filters is described. Air flow is continuously indicated by elementary pitot tubes and plastic rotameters. Accuracy obtained is within +- 15%. Information as to construction, installation, and use is presented.
Date: April 29, 1960
Creator: Lindeken, C. L.; Montan, Donald N. & Beard, Edgar L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Systematic Procedure for Preparing Specifications on Electronic Instrumentation and Control Systems

Description: Abstract. A systematic procedure for preparing purchase specification on electronic instrumentation or control systems has been developed. This procedure results in preparation of specifications which: 1) make it possible to find any particular specification requirement quickly; and 2) insure that no important requirement has been omitted. Details of this systematic specification preparing procedure presented.
Date: February 4, 1960
Creator: Olken, Hyman
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The LRL Capture-Gamma Coincidence Spectrometer

Description: Abstract. A fast-slow coincidence scintillation spectrometer for gamma-gamma cascade measurements following thermal neutron absorption in nuclei is now in operation at the Livermore 1-megawatt pool-type reactor. Design features of the spectrometer and experimental techniques in its use are discussed with particular emphasis on the application of the recently introduced sum-coincidence method for analysis of capture-gamma double cascades. A new technique for the determination of added neutron binding energy is presented and various types of coincidence data from appropriate experiments are illustrated.
Date: April 22, 1960
Creator: Schwäger, Joseph Edward
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Nuclear Emulsion Experiments in the Inner Radiation Belt

Description: Since the discoveries by the early U. S. and Russian satellites of the great radiation belts which surround the earth a considerable amount of effort has been expended to determine the nature, flux, and energy distribution of the trapped particles. This is done for serval reasons. First, it is important for purely geophysical and geomagnetic purposes to understand the source of these particles as well as the magnetic trapping phenomena and loses mechanisms. Secondly, it is imperative, if one is to travel through space to have knowledge of the radiation present there so that he may shield himself sufficiently and avoid bodily harm from over-exposure to radiation.
Date: 1960
Creator: Freden, Stanley Charles, 1927-; Oliver, Albert J. & White, R. Stephen, 1920-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Standardization in the Design and Construction of Electronic Instrumentation and Control Systems

Description: Abstract. An extensive activity at the University of California Lawrence Radiation Laboratory is the design and construction of elaborate electronic systems for instrumentation and control of test and research facilities. Design and construction of these large scale electronic systems is guided by principles and practices of standardization which reduce system cost and completion time. A summary of these standardization principles and practices is presented.
Date: 1960
Creator: Nish, J. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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On the Establishment of a Temperature Function

Description: Among the thermodynamic variables, which include temperature (T), energy per unit mass (E), volume per unit mass (V), pressure (p), and others any two may be selected as independent, and on this pair will depend, in principle, every other variable, each such relationship constituting an "equation of state". Thus, the common choice of V and T as independent variables implies that E is given by a function E(V,T), p by a function p(V,T), and similarly for the other variables. Occasionally, it is desirable to select V and E as independent variables rather than V and T, and to define the functions. The concern of this paper will be with the relationship between the two functions p(V,E) and T(V,E) since these have considerable utility. Two illustrative cases will be examined, namely, that of a "perfect gas" and that of a model representing a real substance.
Date: 1960
Creator: Aron, W. & Parker, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Use of Transistors in High Speed Time-to-Height Converters

Description: Abstract. A conventional time-to-height converter operates by charging a capacitor to a voltage proportional to a time interval. To convert short time periods, the circuitry is limited by the stray capacities. A system was designed in which the Vernier chronotron principle is utilized to time scale the input time before time-to-height conversion. Accuracy is also improved over that attainable with conventional systems. The use of transistors is facilitated by the system design.
Date: April 1960
Creator: Rufer, Richard P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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High Current Pulsed Electron Accelerator

Description: The most important component required for the Astron experimental facility is a high energy, high current, pulsed electron accelerator. A thin cylindrical layer of high energy electrons trapped within an axially symmetric magnetic field is the key feature of the Astron thermonuclear device. The trapping magnetic field is constant in time. Therefore, it is not possible to inject electrons and trap the electrons in this field unless during the injection phase a part of the electron energy is absorbed by some friction process. This is accomplished by means of eddy currents generated on suitable passive circuits by the current of the injected electron bunch. This method has ben described elsewhere. However, in order to achieve an effective loss mechanism the current of the injected electron beam must be over one hundred amps. Such high current beams are difficult to handle except if the electron energy is high enough so that the electrostatic repulsive force is compensated to great extent by attractive magnetive forces. Hence the electron energy required is 5 Mev or higher. Other requirements on the electron layer yield the same result.
Date: June 28, 1960
Creator: Christofilos, Nicholas C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Atomic Photoelectric Effect at High Energies

Description: There has been a revival of interest over the last few years in the theory of the high energy photoelectric effect. this problem has been especially clarified by the work of Pratt. Others have also contributed as will be noted below. In particular these workers have shown that the formula for photoelectric absorption of hard gamma rays by the two K electrons of an atom, which is often quoted in the literature, is too large for heavy elements by a factor amounting to approximately 2 for Pb. It turns out that the error is due to a faulty procedure described in the reference (3), p. 396 for obtaining an estimate of the exact formula.
Date: April 1960
Creator: Hall, Harvey, 1904-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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State of Matter at High Pressure

Description: Abstract. The region where exact thermodynamic description of the state of matter at high pressure and high temperature is possible is located. In the remaining region various approximate theories and empirical relations are discussed. These considerations are applied to hydrogen to locate the density and pressure at which the diatomic bond collapses. Also the approximate conditions are determined at which no bound electron states exist.
Date: March 31, 1960
Creator: Alder, Berni J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analysis of the Moon's Surface by Nuclear Reactions

Description: Introduction. With the imminence of non-destructive landings of small instrumented payloads on the moon, many suggestions are being put forth as to methods of analyzing its surface. It is the purpose of this report to present a body of information which, it is hoped, will be useful in examining the feasibility of an early nuclear experiment to determine the elemental constituents of the lunar surface. The reasons for considering a nuclear approach is that it may be possible to perform an analysis without complex and elaborate manipulations, sample preparation or rigid geometrical constraints. Only those experimental designs which come within the presently-available or very-near-future general boundary conditions on weights, power, vehicles, etc., are discussed. The general approach is to consider the bombardment of the lunar surface with various nuclear beams and to examine the possible nuclear reactions which are know to be dependent on the mass and charge of the irradiated material. Then, those resultant radiations are sought which can be detected with little-or-no loss or distortion of the information which they contain.
Date: April 1, 1960
Creator: Martina, E. F. & Schrader, Carlton D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Monte Carlo Schemes for Neutron Migration Using Importance Sampling and Splitting

Description: Abstract. Monte Carlo methods using importance sampling and splitting are proposed for estimating the effectiveness of neutron shields. As usual, the aim is to increase the number of particles that go through or around the shield, this increase being compensated by a decrease in the weights of these particles. With suitable modifications, the ideas are applicable to to other Monte Carlo problems. One way of using splitting and Russian roulette is to require that the weight of each particle be approximately equal to a specified function of the coordinate; one such function is given in equation. The proposed form of importance sampling uses a cross-section for particle collisions that is the product of the neutron cross-section (or its square root) with a linear function of the cosine of the angle between the particle direction and some preferred direction. The probability density of this cosine itself is taken proportional to the reciprocal of this same linear function. This function is adjustable on both a regional and an overall basis.
Date: 1960
Creator: Kaplan, Edward L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The State of Matter at High Pressures -- a Bibliography, 1950 - October 1959

Description: This is a selected bibliography of books, journal articles, and unclassified reports published on the state of matter at high pressure from 1950 to October 1959. Sources consulted were: Physics Abstracts, Nuclear Science Abstracts, Geophysical Abstracts, Library of Congress Monthly Index of Russian Accessions, and Chemical Abstracts.
Date: April 1, 1960
Creator: Lane, Zanier D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Neutron Diffusion Theory Programs and Their Application to Simple Critical Systems

Description: Introduction. The Lawrence Radiation Laboratory of the University of California has developed a series of reactor neutronic programs for an IBM 709 Data Processing System.. This paper presents a brief outline of these codes and includes the results of one- and two-dimensional diffusion calculations used to interpret data from a series of enriched-uranium beryllium-oxide moderated critical measurements. These were performed for the specific purpose of evaluating the computer programs. The time-independent neutron diffusion theory criticality codes are 9ZOOM, a one-dimensional multigroup program; and 9ANGIE, a two-dimensional multigroup program. A series of codes, named SOPHIST, are described which prepare neutronic input data for the criticality codes. Examples of modification of the data to account for disadvantage factors, anisotropic scattering and for the (n,2n) reaction of Be9 are given. The critical assemblies include bare and graphite-reflected systems, using atomic BeO/U235 ratios from 247/1 to 7660/1, arranged in simple one- and two-dimensional rectangular parallelepiped arrays. All of the assemblies utilized heterogeneous arrangements of moderator and thin uranium foils. These systems are not truly thermal and are in a range where critical mass is extremely sensitive to size. The constants used in the multigroup (18 energy groups were used) calculations are presented in tabular form. Certain problems are used as test examples to show sensitivities to mesh spacing, extrapolation parameters and shelf-shielding factors. The results of the diffusion calculations of the critical mass are within 10% of experimental values.
Date: March 1960
Creator: Stone, Stuart P. & Lingenfelter, Richard E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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