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Electrical thermometers for aircraft

Description: Electrical thermometers commonly used on aircraft are the thermoelectric type for measuring engine-cylinder temperatures, the resistance type for measuring air temperatures, and the superheat meters of thermoelectric and resistance types for use on airships. These instruments are described and their advantages and disadvantages enumerated. Methods of testing these instruments and the performance to be expected from each are discussed. The field testing of engine-cylinder thermometers is treated in detail.
Date: December 15, 1936
Creator: Peterson, John B. & Womack, S. H. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Pressure-distribution measurements on O-2H airplane in flight

Description: "Results are given of pressure-distribution measurements made over two different horizontal tail surfaces and the right wing cellule, including the slipstream area, of an observation-type biplane. Measurements were also taken of air speed, control-surface positions, control-stick forces, angular velocities, and accelerations during various abrupt maneuvers. These maneuvers consisted of push-downs and pull-ups from level flight, dive pull-outs, and aileron rolls with various thrust conditions" (p. 319).
Date: December 8, 1936
Creator: Pearson, H. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Automatic Stabilization

Description: This report lays more stress on the principles underlying automatic piloting than on the means of applications. Mechanical details of servomotors and the mechanical release device necessary to assure instantaneous return of the controls to the pilot in case of malfunction are not included. Descriptions are provided of various commercial systems.
Date: December 1936
Creator: Haus
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Cetene Scale and the Induction Period Preceding the Spontaneous Ignition of Diesel Fuels in Bombs

Description: In the present report a comparison is made between the scale obtained with mixtures of cetane and l-methyl naphthalene in a bomb, and that obtained with the same fuels in a Waukesha engine. The tests were conducted in a metal bomb heated by a Nichrome spiral. The fuel was injected into the bomb from a Bosch jet by means of a specially constructed plunger pump. The instant injection and the pressure curve in the bomb were registered by a beam of light which was reflected from a mirror connected to the needle of the jet and to a membrane indicator.
Date: December 1936
Creator: Michailova, M. N. & Neumann, M. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Experimental Studies of the Effective Width of Buckled Sheets

Description: The object of the present experiments is a more exact determination of the effective width for the case of pure compression and of the sheet clamped at the angle section. From the experimental data of the effective width the calculation of the buckling load of an angle joined to a thin sheet is then deduced. The test material consisted of spring-hardened brass sheet.
Date: December 1936
Creator: Lahde, R. & Wagner, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Forces and Moments on Airplane Engine Mounts

Description: "A resume of the equations and formulas for the forces and moments on an aircraft-engine mount is presented. In addition, available experimental data have been included to permit the computation of these forces and moments. A sample calculation is made and compared with present design conditions for engine mounts" (p. 1).
Date: December 1936
Creator: Donely, Philip
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Open Schedules for Gold and Silver Ores and Concentrates at Western Custom Smelters

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing the smelting schedules for the operators of silver and gold mines. As stated in the introduction, "the paper discusses smelting schedules, general smelting practices that have a bearing on rates, and the reasons for penalties or credits for certain constituents of ores" (p. 1). This report includes tables.
Date: December 1936
Creator: Gardner, E. D. & Allsman, Paul T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The reduction of aileron operating force by differential linkage

Description: "It is shown that the control force of ordinary ailerons may be reduced to zero over a range of deflections and at a given flight condition by the use of an appropriate differential movement. Approximations to the ideal motion obtainable with a simple linkage are discussed and a chart that enables the selection of an appropriate crank arrangement is presented. Various aspects of the practical application of the system are discussed and it is concluded that a small fixed tab, deflected to trim both ailerons upward, would be advantageous" (p. 1).
Date: December 1936
Creator: Jones, Robert T. & Nerken, Albert I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fuel spray and flame formation in a compression-ignition engine employing air flow

Description: "The effects of air flow on fuel spray and flame formation in a high-speed compression-ignition engine have been investigated by means of the NACA combustion apparatus. The process was studied by examining high-speed motion pictures taken at the rate of 2,200 frames a second. The combustion chamber was of the flat-disk type used in previous experiments with this apparatus. The air flow was produced by a rectangular displacer mounted on top of the engine piston. Three fuel-injection nozzles were tested: a 0.020-inch single-orifice nozzle, a 6-orifice nozzle, and a slit nozzle" (p. 281).
Date: November 25, 1936
Creator: Rothrock, A. M. & Waldron, C. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Span load distribution for tapered wings with partial-span flaps

Description: Tables are given for determining the load distribution of tapered wings with partial-span flaps placed either at the center or at the wing tips. Seventy-two wing-flap combinations, including two aspect ratios, four taper ratios, and nine flap lengths, are included. The distributions for the flapped wing are divided into two parts, one a zero lift distribution due primarily to the flaps and the other an additional lift distribution due to an angle of attack of the wing as a whole. Comparison between theoretical and experimental results for wings indicate that the theory may be used to predict the load distribution with sufficient accuracy for structural purposes.
Date: November 21, 1936
Creator: Pearson, H. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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An Analysis of Lateral Stability in Power-Off Flight With Charts for Use in Design

Description: "The aerodynamic and mass factors governing lateral stability are discussed and formulas are given for their estimation. Relatively simple relationships between the governing factors and the resulting stability characteristics are presented. A series of charts is included with which approximate stability characteristics may be rapidly estimated" (p. 1).
Date: November 17, 1936
Creator: Zimmerman, Charles H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Blower Cooling of Finned Cylinders

Description: "Several electrically heated finned steel cylinders enclosed in jackets were cooled by air from a blower. The effect of the air conditions and fin dimensions on the average surface heat-transfer coefficient q and the power required to force the air around the cylinders were determined. Tests were conducted at air velocities between the fins from 10 to 130 miles per hour and at specific weights of the air varying from 0.046 to 0.074 pound per cubic foot. The fin dimensions of the cylinders covered a range in pitches from 0.057 to 0.25 inch average fin thicknesses from 0.035 to 0.04 inch, and fin widths from 0.67 to 1.22 inches" (p. 269).
Date: November 14, 1936
Creator: Schey, Oscar W. & Ellerbrock, Herman H., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Effect of Several Factors on the Cooling of a Radial Engine in Flight

Description: "Flight tests of a Grumman Scout (XSF-2) airplane fitted with a Pratt & Whitney 1535 supercharged engine were conducted to determine the effect of engine power, mass flow of the cooling air, and atmospheric temperature on cylinder temperature. The tests indicated that the difference in temperature between the cylinder wall and the cooling air varied as the 0.38 power of the brake horsepower for a constant mass flow of cooling air, cooling-air temperature, engine speed, and brake fuel consumption. The difference in temperature was also found to vary inversely as the 0.39 power of the mass flow for points on the head and the 0.35 power for points on the barrel, provided that engine power, engine speed, brake fuel consumption, and cooling-air temperature were kept constant" (p. 1).
Date: November 1936
Creator: Schey, Oscar W. & Pinkel, Benjamin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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High-speed wind tunnels

Description: Wind tunnel construction and design is discussed especially in relation to subsonic and supersonic speeds. Reynolds Numbers and the theory of compressible flows are also taken into consideration in designing new tunnels.
Date: November 1936
Creator: Ackeret, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Horsepower of Aircraft Engines and Their Maximum Frontal Area

Description: This adaptation of a Russian report reveals the effect of maximum cross section of an engine as well as the interest attaching to a choice not solely based on horsepower. The tabulation gives a comparison between different engines restored at 5,000 meters. Radial versus inverted in-line engines are also compared.
Date: November 1936
Creator: Précoul, Michel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Impact of a vee-type seaplane on water with reference to elasticity

Description: From Summary: "The theory developed by H. Wagner for the computation of the landing impact on water for a rigid float is extended to include elastic floats by introducing the concept of an equivalent rigid bottom to substitute for the actual elastic bottom."
Date: November 1936
Creator: Weinig, F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Impact on Floats or Hulls During Landing as Affected by Bottom Width

Description: For floats and hulls having V bottoms the impact force does not necessarily increase with increasing width. Therefore, the weight of the float landing gear, side walls, and other parts, and of the fuselage construction need not be increased with increasing bottom width, but the weight of the bottom construction itself, on the other hand, does not increase with increase in bottom width and is largely determined by the type of construction.
Date: November 1936
Creator: Mewes, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Mechanical Properties of Aluminum-Alloy Rivets

Description: "The development of metal construction for aircraft has created a need for accurate and detailed information regarding the strength of riveted joints in aluminum-alloy structures. To obtain this information the National Bureau of Standards in cooperation with the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics is investigating the strength of riveted joints in aluminum alloys. The strength of riveted joints may be influenced by the form of the head, the ratio of the rivet diameter to the sheet thickness, the driving stress, and other factors" (p. 1).
Date: November 1936
Creator: Brueggeman, W. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Tests for the Determination of the Stress Condition in Tension Fields

Description: "The present experiments treat the stress of actual tension fields within the elastic range. They give the magnitude of the flexural stresses due to wrinkling. They also disclose, particularly by slightly exceeded buckling load, the marked unloading - as compared with the tension-field theory - of the uprights as a result of the flexural stiffness of the web plate. The test sheets were clamped at the edges and brought to buckling through shearing and compressive stresses applied in the direction of the long sides" (p. 1).
Date: November 1936
Creator: Lahde, R. & Wagner, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analysis and Model Tests of Autogiro Jump Take-Off

Description: From Introduction: "The possibilities of the jump take-off have been established by some full-scale experiments. It is the purpose of this paper to study the factors that govern the jump take-off in its simplest form and to present the results of model tests in which the effect of differences in the rotor parameters was determined."
Date: October 1936
Creator: Wheatley, John B. & Bioletti, Carlton
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Disposal of Oil-Field Brines in the Arkansas River Drainage Area in Western Kansas

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines on the disposal methods of oil-field brine. The study focuses on the Arkansas River area of western Kansas. This report includes tables, graphs, illustrations, and maps.
Date: October 1936
Creator: Wilhelm, C. J.; Thorne, H. M. & Pryor, M. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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General Considerations on the Flow of Compressible Fluids

Description: This paper presents an introduction to the subject of the flow of compressible media. Information regarding steady potential flow, flows with "subsonic" velocities, higher approximations of subsonic velocities, flow with supersonic velocities, an approximate method for general two-dimensional supersonic flow, passage through the velocity of sound, and the application to airfoils is provided. Historical development and hydraulics are omitted.
Date: October 1936
Creator: Prandtl, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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