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Chemistry Division Quarterly Report: September, October and November, 1948

Description: A quarterly report consisting of reports published on Transuranic Elements from the University of California Radiation Laboratory. Each report is a brief one to two page summaries of the article submitted for publication during the months of September-November, 1948.
Date: September 1948
Creator: Lawrence Radiation Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Chelate Process: [Part] 5. Investigation in Horizontal Extractors

Description: The recovery of plutonium has been demonstrated in a laboratory countercurrent horizontal extractor using the TTA process. Using three extractive stages and two washing stages in each step, a recovery of 91 percent has been obtained in the chelation step and a recovery of 99.9+ percent in the de-chelation step. With five extractive stages, recoveries of 94-98 percent have been found for the chelation step.
Date: July 29, 1949
Creator: Hicks, T. E.; Rubin, B. & Vermeulen, T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Summary of the Research Progress Meeting of September 1, 1949

Description: The absolute excitation functions for the production of fission by charged particle bombardment in several substances were investigated at both high and low energies. The low energy work was done at the 60-inch Crocker cyclotron with alpha particles and deuterons, while the high energy work was done at the 184-inch cyclotron with alpha particles, deuterons, and protons.
Date: October 13, 1949
Creator: Wakerling, R. K. (Raymond Kornelious), 1914-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Use of the Characteristics of Permalloy in Detecting a Predetermined Value of Magnetic Field or Current in a Time-Varying Electromagnet: 1/4 Scale Bevatron Operating Model, Magnetic Field Strength-Magnet Current Correspondence

Description: In programming the sequence of events in the operational cycle of the bevatron, certain devices must be triggered at specific values of magnetic field strength in the gap. It is desirable that the time-jitter, which corresponds to field jitter, of the tirggering pulses be small. In the synchrotron this is done with peaking strips which are located in the fringing field of the gap.
Date: March 24, 1949
Creator: Richardson, R. E.; Shuey, R. L.; Younkin, R. & Stephan, W. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Distribution of the Positive-Negative Ratio for Mesons

Description: Positive and negative mesons produced in a common target in the cyclotron are received in two photographic plates. In the magnetic field of the cyclotron, negatives are deflected to one plate, positives to the other. The mesons must pass through an absorber before entering the plates in order to be observable.
Date: December 14, 1949
Creator: Rankin, Bayard, 1924-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Production of Pi-Mesons in Lead by High Energy Proton Bombardment

Description: Our knowledge of the properties of mesons and their interactions with nuclei has come from two sources. Studies of cosmic ray phenomena provided the earliest information. The discovery that mesons may be produced artificially by bombardment of nuclei with radiations from high energy accelerators has, on the other hand, made it feasible to undertake a wide variety of investigations under more controlled conditions than is possible in cosmic ray experiments. In such experiments mesons have been produced by high-energy protons, alpha-particles and neutrons.
Date: January 10, 1950
Creator: Weissbluth, Mitchel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Studies in Beta and Gamma Ray Spectroscopy

Description: The study of artificial radioactive isotopes is at the present time one of the most important topics in nuclear research. It involves the establishment of a detailed term scheme for the disintegration in question. Not only are the energies of the components of the different beta and gamma radiations of interest, but also their intensities. These data give information concerning the probabilities of transitions between the different nuclear energy levels. From them it is possible to draw conclusions regarding the mechanism of the disintegration and to correlate the spina and parities of the levels.
Date: January 26, 1950
Creator: Hayward, Raymond Webster, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Higher Fluorides of Plutonium

Description: A systematic set of thermodynamic data for most of the known compounds of plutonium is presented. From earlier data present, it is now possible to extend the tabulation of data for the compounds of plutonium to include PuF(4), PuF(5), and PuF(6).
Date: March 20, 1950
Creator: Brewer, Leo, 1919-2005; Bromley, LeRoy A.; Gilles, Paul W. & Lofgren, Norman L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Scattering of 31.8 Mev Protons by Protons Using Proportional Counter Detectors

Description: The basic experiment consists of causing a beam of protons to impinge upon an accumulation of relatively stationary protons (hydrogen gas) and to measure the number of protons scattered as a function of the scattering angle. A description of the arrangement and alignment of equipment with the 32-Mev beam of the Berkeley linear accelerator is included. The data have been analyzed statistically and results have been indicated.
Date: 1950
Creator: Johnston, Lawrence Harding
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Summary of the Research Progress Meeting of March 9, 1950

Description: The design of the present time of light mass spectrograph is similar to that of the isotron devised some time ago for isotope separation. The spectrograph will employ the time of flight principle only for the isotopic analysis of small samples.
Date: March 23, 1950
Creator: Kramer, Henry P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radioactive Isotopes of Bismuth

Description: Five isotopes of bismuth occur in nature. Using particle accelerators providing helium ions up to 40 Mev in energy and deuterons up to 20 Mev in energy, it was possible to produce and identify two artificial radioactive isotopes. With the advent of the 184-inch Berkeley syncho-cyclotron and its hundreds of Mev energies, it was possible to form highly neutron-deficient bismuth isotopes extending more than ten mass units below stable Bi(209).
Date: April 6, 1950
Creator: Neumann, H. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Use of Laboratory High Frequency Induction Furnaces

Description: Equations are derived for the rates of heating of objects in induction furnaces and for the maximum temperatures attainable. The equations are primarily useful in designing conducting crucibles, shells, and cylinders so as to increase the power input and decrease heat losses. A very brief treatment is given of the factors which influence the current in the induction coil. The performances of various induction furnaces are compared.
Date: April 3, 1950
Creator: Brewer, Leo, 1919-2005
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Present Status of the Bevatron R. F. System

Description: The general method of controlling the radio frequency for the full scale Bevatron will be the same as that used on the 1/4 scale machine. The details of course will be modified to meet the requirements of greater range, higher output voltage and closer tracking tolerances. In addition, there is the added complication introduced by the current ripple.
Date: April 26, 1950
Creator: Riedel, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Chemistry Division Quarterly Report: March, April and May, 1950

Description: A quarterly summary of reports that have been published on research being conducted at the University of California Radiation Laboratory
Date: June 30, 1950
Creator: University of California. Radiation Laboratory.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Studies of the Metabolism of Certain Fission Products and Plutonium

Description: A short survey of some of the metabolic relationships of the elements, cerium, colurbium, plutonium, strontium, yttrium, and zirconium is presented. While the results of internally deposited radium have not been investigated in these experiments, they have been extensively studies by others. Because so much is known of its biological effects, it has been included in this historical survey.
Date: August 7, 1950
Creator: Kawin, Bergane; Copp, D. H. & Hamilton, J. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High Energy Excitation Functions in the Heavy Region

Description: The electrostatically deflected beam of the 184-inch cyclotron has been used with the stacked foil and absorber technique to determine the excitation functions. The data are presented graphically and discussed individually for each of the reactions. The results are discussed in terms of compound nucleus formation, transparency effects, and other factors in order to arrive at a qualitative picture for the mechanism of high energy nuclear reactions with heavy nuclei.
Date: September 26, 1950
Creator: Meinke, W. W.; Wick, G. C. & Seaborg, G. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Photoproduction of Mesons from Hydrogen

Description: In an effort to gain information on the nature of the photon-meson and photon-nucleon interaction, a study of the artificial production of mesons by photons has been made at the Berkeley synchrotron. The major effort of this research was concentrated on a measurement of the energy and angular distribution of u+-mesons produced when the photons strike a target of liquid hydrogen. Detection of the mesons is accomplished electronically by the technique of delayed coincidence.
Date: August 24, 1950
Creator: Bishop, Amasa Stone
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Note on the Mechanism of the Formation of Alpha-Acylamino Ketones from Amino Acids

Description: The reaction of alanine-1-C14 and phenylalanine-1-C14 with acetic anhydride in the presence of pyridine has been studied and the carboxyl group of the amino acid has been shown to be the exclusive source of carbon dioxide involved.
Date: August 23, 1950
Creator: Fry, Arthur & Rapoport, Henry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluation of the Pentaether and Chelate Processes for the Chemical Separation of Plutonium and Uranium

Description: Research at the University of California Radiation Laboratory has been directed toward the development of processes designed to recover plutonium and uranium from neutron-irradiated uranium. This report has been prepared in answer to requests for information by interested workers in the Atomic Energy programs. The material discussed herein represents the efforts of a sizable research group over several years, and summarizes both the current status of the investigation and the future program now contemplated.
Date: September 18, 1950
Creator: Hicks, T. E. & Crandall, Howard William, 1921-1990
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flux in a Rectangular Cavity.

Description: A problem proposed by E. Hart to determine whether there are locally high or low neutron densities at the corners of a cubical cavity in a graphite lattice. To simplify the computations consider an infinite two dimensional lattice with a square cavity that has a point source of neutrons at the center (see Figure 1).
Date: February 4, 1952
Creator: Rosenblum, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Distribution of Pu(VI) and Pu(III) in Thenoyltrifluoracetone-Benzene-Nitric Acid Mixtures

Description: The distribution coefficients of Pu(VI) and Pu(III) have been measured as a function of the TTA, hydrogen ion, and nitrate ion concentrations in the TTA-benzen-nitric acid system. The extraction constants for Pu(VI) and Pu(III) are 1.4 X 10(-2) and 2 X 10(-5), respectively.
Date: February 2, 1952
Creator: Heising, D. L. & Hicks, T. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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