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Survey of Physiological Mechanisms of Sodium and Chloride Ion Transport and Design of Experiment for Application to Demineralizing Saline Waters

Description: A two-part report on saline water conversion, calculating a survey of mechanisms of sodium and chloride ion transport and the design of experiments for application to demineralizing saline waters and laboratory evaluation of the use of algae in saline water conversion.
Date: 1961
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Saline Ground-Water Resources of the Rio Grande Drainage Basin: A Pilot Study

Description: Report presenting a study to evaluate the saline ground-water resources of the Rio Grande drainage basin of Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas for the potential application as feed water for desalting plants.
Date: 1970
Creator: Kelly, T. E.; Myers, B. N. & Hershey, L. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Research on and analysis of single-effect low temperature flash evaporation process

Description: From Summary: "The design studies included conception of ideas, rough sketches, rating calculations, design and detail drawings sufficient for cost estimating purposes, and arrangement drawings. The final drawings are presented in the report."
Date: 1958?
Creator: Griscom-Russell Company
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Operation of a Reverse Osmosis Desalination Pilot Plant

Description: Report demonstrating the technical feasibility of desalination by the Reverse Osmosis Process in a pilot plant cell containing 100 square feet of membrane area. A group of experimental tests are performed relating the desalination cell performance to the operating variables of brine flow rate, pressure, and brine concentration.
Date: 1966
Creator: Aerojet-General Corporation
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Properties of Sea Water and Its Concentrates Up to 200 Degrees C

Description: Report describing the first phase in a comprehensive study of the physical properties of sea water. This portion of the study includes the heat capacity measurements at one atmosphere constant pressure for sea water and its dilutions and concentrates.
Date: 1966
Creator: Bromley, L. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Saline Water Conversion by Direct Freezing With Butane

Description: Report presenting a study of a plant to produce 10,000,000 gallons per day of fresh water from sea water. The process used is direct freezing brought about by the evaporation of a hydrocarbon refrigerant in contact with sea water, washing the ice free of saline liquor, and melting the ice to potable water by the condensation of butane vapor.
Date: 1960
Creator: Karnofsky, George & Steinhoff, Paul F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Design and Construction of a Desalination Pilot Plant, a Reverse Osmosis Process

Description: Report containing plans for a desalination pilot plant for the purposes of evaluating the feasibility of reverse osmosis for the desalination of sea and brackish water with the capacity of 1,000 gallons of potable water produced per day.
Date: January 1964
Creator: Aerojet-General Corporation
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Koppers Hydrate Process for Saline Water Conversion Experimental and Engineering Studies

Description: Report covering the research and development work on the Koppers Hydrate Process as a means of desalting sea water. The process is a chemical one, in which a hydrating agent, such as propane or dichlorodifluoromethane, and water combine to form insoluble crystals. Most of the work was carried out in bench-scale equipment or laboratory research.
Date: 1964
Creator: Koppers Company
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Development of a Thin-Liquid-Film Membrane Device for Reverse Osmosis

Description: Report issued by the Office of Saline Water over studies conducted on reverse-osmosis plants. The results of the studies are presented and discussed. This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: April 1971
Creator: Davies, D. S.; Bemberis, I.; Wong, Chung-ming; Savage, W. F. & Channabasappa, K. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Secondary Refrigerant Freezing Desalting Process: Operation of a 15,000 GPD Pilot Plant

Description: Report issued by the Office of Saline Water over the development of the secondary refrigerant freeze desalination process. The process is presented and discussed. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: March 1969
Creator: Ganiaris, N.; Lambiris, J.; Glasser, R.; Hunter, J. A.; Rinne, W. W. & Verikios, S. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Reverse Osmosis for Water Desalination

Description: Report issued by the Office of Saline Water over studies conducted on the reverse-osmosis program. The methods of desalination through osmosis are discussed. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: May 22, 1964
Creator: Lonsdale, H. K.; Merten, U.; Riley, R. L.; Vos, K. D. & Westmoreland, J. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Washing of Brine From Ice Crystals

Description: Report presenting experimental results for the washing of brine from beds of small plastic and glass beads, and from beds of ice particles prepared by partial freezing of brine. The data are analyzed in terms of a longitudinal-dispersion model which describes the blending of water and brine at the moving wash-water "front".
Date: 1964
Creator: Leinroth, J. P., Jr.; White, W. P. & Sherwood, Thomas K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Electrochemically Controlled Ion-Exchange

Description: "For the past several years, the Rocketdyne Research Division has, under the sponsorship of the Office of Saline Water, engaged in a study of the application of electrochemical techniques to the demineralization of brackish water. Early work in this program was concerned with a mechanistic study of electrochemically induced demineralization at chemically treated carbon electrodes. The results of this study led to the development of a process called electrochemically controlled ion-exchange" (p. 2).
Date: 1970
Creator: Evans, S.; Accomazzo, M. A.; Ladacki, M. & Lossett, K. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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An Investigation of the Use of Acoustic Vibrations to Improve Heat Transfer Rates and Reduce Scaling in Distillation Units Used for Saline Water Conversion

Description: Report presenting a study to determine the feasibility of using acoustical energy to improve the economy of evaporator operation as related to saline water conservation. Some of the improvements to be sought are increased film heat transfer coefficients on the water side, possible promotion of dropwise condensation on the steam side, and reduced scale formation.
Date: 1961
Creator: Raben, I. A.; Commerford, George & Dietert, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Mechanism of Desalination by Reverse Osmosis

Description: Report describing the various parameters operative in fabricating desalination membranes for the Reverse Osmosis Process and the mechanism of separation. The bulk of the membrane contains huge quantities of capillary water which permits the movement of water through the body of the membranes at extremely rapid rates, there being essentially no pressure drop in this portion of the membrane.
Date: 1963
Creator: Aerojet-General Corporation
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Conceptual Design Study of a One Million Gallon Per Day MSM Desalination Plant-Replacement for Demonstration Plant No. 2 at Point Loma, San Diego, California

Description: From foreward: "This is another of a series of reports designed to present accounts of progress on saline water conversion with the expectation that the exhange of such data will contribute to the long range development of economical processes applicable to large scale desalination plants for conversion of sea and other saline waters." This particular report describes various aspects of a demonstration plant in San Diego, California.
Date: April 1967
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Vapor Compression Distillation using Secondary Heat Transfer Media

Description: Report discussing a particular method of converting saline water through vapor compression distillation at plants of different sizes. From Introduction: "This report is divided into three Sections (Books) each with its own index. Books I and II contain process and economic data for a 50,000 gpd pilot plant and a 10,000,000 gpd production plant. Book III contains process and economic data for high and low temperature units of 1,000,000 gpd size."
Date: January 1966
Creator: Chambers, John C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Summary Evaluation of Conceptual Design for 50 MGD Desalination Plant

Description: Report issued by the Office of Saline Water discussing the conceptual design of a 50 MGD water desalination plant. Numerous design concepts are presented, along with detailed descriptions and comparisons of the different designs. This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: August 1967
Creator: Hunter, J. A.; Sieder, Everett N. & Tomalin, Paul G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Research on Thermoelectric Heat Pumps

Description: From Results: "Prior to stating results achieved, let us first discuss the measurements we were able to make, and how these measurements might--or might not--be indicative of the objective we strove to reach. Tables I and II, and related Figs. 11 and 12, show the best results obtained. Final Columns of Tables I and II are believed to show, at least to a degree, how good or how poor our best sputtered films turned out to be, compared with top-quality Peliter semiconductor materials."
Date: November 1963
Creator: Cox, E. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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