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Evaluation of Experiment Off-gas System for the EGCR-LITR Capsule Experiment

Description: A proposed modification to the experiment off-gas system for the EGCR-LITR Capsule Experiment is evaluated by comparing the atmospheric radiation doses to laboratory personnel that could result in the event of an experiment failure while utilizing the present off-gas system to those doses that would result if various modifications to the existing system were effected. The modifications considered include the addition of an iodine vapor adsorber and a krypton-xenon adsorber. The addition of an i… more
Date: September 2, 1960
Creator: Adams, R. E. & Browning, W. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Brief Review of Heat Transfer Problems Encountered in the Production of Magnetic Fields

Description: The design of internally cooled electrical coils for the production of high frequency intensity magnetic fields presents many new aspects and combinations of the familiar modes of heat transfer. However, the customary methodology appears to be sufficient for preliminary analysis and understanding of those problems. This methodology comprises the derivation of a qualitative, approximate equation expressing the relative performance of the various parts of a system, followed by an examination of … more
Date: May 25, 1959
Creator: Alexander, L. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fission Product Activities in Irradiated Natural Uranium, Enriched Uranium, and Thorium

Description: Calculated data and graphs describing the effects of batch thermal-neutron irradiations on the buildup of fission products in natural uranium, enriched uranium, and thorium are presented together with empirical equations and plots correlating total fission product activities and/or decontamination factors. Fluxes of 1012-1015 are considered.
Date: March 28, 1956
Creator: Arnold, E. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radiation Hazards from Recycled Reactor Fuel

Description: The radiation hazards associated with recycled nuclear reactor fuels will greatly complicate the handling and refabrication of these fuels. This problem is most serious with U-233 and plutonium fuels where the presence of U-232 and the heavier isotopes of plutonium contribute energetic alpha, gamma, and neutron radiations at levels many times that from isotopically pure U-233 and Pu-239. This report summarizes present knowledge of the radiation hazards associated with recycled fuel and the addi… more
Date: June 9, 1959
Creator: Arnold, E. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Problems in Accountability Measurements Associated with the Interim Chemical Processing Program

Description: Available knowledge of precision limits in S.S. accountability measurements and/or calculations by reactor and chemical processing groups is surveyed and summarizes. Experience in comparisons of reactor (production and research) calculations versus chemical plant accountability measurements is also reported. A general tentative conclusion is that available precisions (+/- 0.54 to +/- 0.78% ) in chemical plant measurements is also reported. A general tentative conclusion is that available precis… more
Date: May 28, 1959
Creator: Arnold, E. D. & Gresky, A. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Relative Biological Hazards of Radiations Expected in Homogeneous Reactors TBR and HPR

Description: An evaluation of the relative health hazards of radioisotopes produced in nuclear reactors is reported. The most important hazards were indicated to be I131, the Sr90 - Y90 chain, the Ce144 -Pr144 chain, Sr 89, the Ba140-La40 chain, Y91, the Zr95-Nb95 chain, Pr143, La140 , and Pa233. The most critical body organs affected by air-borne contamination are the thyroid gland, the bone marrow, the lungs, and the gastrointestinal tract. Where possible, continuous daily removal of gaseous and solid fis… more
Date: December 2, 1955
Creator: Arnold, E. D. & Gresky, A. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Thorex Thorium Nitrate Product Specifications

Description: Activity and ionic impurity specifications are presented for Thorex thorium nitrate products. Two sets of specifications are given, one set for direct handling during refabrication of production reactor thorium metal slugs and the second for refabrication of future power reactor thorium metal elements by semi-remote technics. Consideration was given to the health hazard problems associated with each process step between the Thorex process and final refabricated source material in order to arriv… more
Date: May 24, 1956
Creator: Arnold, E. D. & Wischow, R. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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HRP Radiation Corrosion Studies

Description: A fifth in-pile loop experiment, L-4-8, was completed. The loop operated in-pile for a total of 1637 hr, during which time the LITR energy output was 4377 Mwhr. The average fission power in the loop based o cesium analyses was 622 w when the LITR was at full power (3 Mw). Based on oxygen data, the generalized corrosion rate for the first 300 hr was 4.0 mpy; the rate for the remaining 1357 hr was 0.7 mpy. The nickel data gave parallel results. The corrosion of the type 347 stainless steel, Zirca… more
Date: August 21, 1956
Creator: Baker, J. E.; Bradley, N. C.; Jenks, G. H.; Olsen, A. R.; Savage, H. C. & Walter, F. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Preliminary Analog Computer Study of the Small EGCR In-Pile Loops

Description: The ORNL analog computer was used to simulate four widely different experiment conditions in the small EGCR in-pile loops. Various control and safety systems were evaluated in each case. Curves are included which show the response to postulated accidents and component failures. The results indicate that one standard control and safety system will probably be adequate for a wide variety of test conditions.
Date: September 21, 1960
Creator: Ball, S. J. & Beasley, E. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Study of Dispersant Agents for Thorium Oxide

Description: A preliminary study of dispersing agents for thorium oxide has been completed and several of the dispersants have possible uses. Also many of the industrial dispersing agents tested are not usable with thorium oxide due to induced behavior causing balling and caking. The effects of nitric acid concentration have been observed to also effect each dispersing agent.
Date: August 7, 1959
Creator: Bate, L. C. & Leddicotte, G. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Homogeneous Reactor Test Summary Report for the Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards

Description: The Homogeneous Reactor Test (HRT) is the experimental reactor facility (Frontispiece) being designed and constructed at ORNL as the next step in homogeneous reactor development between the 1-Mv HRE and a "full-scale" power station. The HRT will provide an integrated test at 5 to 10 Mv for the flowsheet and equipment designs on which the full-scale effort will be based. Furthermore, its design is such that several homogeneous systems which require essentially the same operating equipment may be… more
Date: January 5, 1955
Creator: Beall, S. E. & Visner, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Basic Gamma-Ray Data for ART Heat Deposition Calculations

Description: In order that fairly accurate thermal stress calculations can be made on the ART, it is necessary to have a reasonable picture of the temperature distribution in the reactor. To get the temperature distributions, and to determine cooling requirements in various parts of the reactor, one must know the heat deposition rates due to alpha particles, beta rays, gamma rays, and neutrons in all parts of the reactor. The present report contains only the basic physical data necessary to determine the he… more
Date: October 3, 1956
Creator: Bertini, H. W.; Copenhaver, C. M.; Perry, A. M. & Stevenson, R. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Solid State Division Semiannual Progress Report for Period Ending August 31, 1955

Description: LITR Fluoride-Fuel Loop. — The inconel loop was dismantled for removal of the samples and for recovery of the uranium by using the remote cutting tools installed in a half cell of the Solid State Building. Disassembly proceeded without incident. An electric-arc cutting technique was developed for removal of the stainless steel enclosure around the pump bowl. Fission power and maximum flux were determined by irradiating a simulated loop, by heat-balance calculations, by radiochemical analyses fo… more
Date: November 16, 1955
Creator: Billington, D. S. & Crawford, J. H., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Solid State Division Semiannual Progress Report For Period Ending February 28, 1955

Description: This semiannual progress report and future reports will be published as two documents to permit a wider distribution of the unclassified material. The report numbers are assigned in sequence so that the two reports will fall together when filed by report number.
Date: July 12, 1960
Creator: Billington, D. S. & Crawford, J. H., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Research Reactor Safeguard Report

Description: The proposed ORNL Research Reactor is designed to serve as a general purpose research tool delivering a maximum thermal flux of 8x10^13 n/cm2-sec at the initial power level of five megawatts. Operation at power levels up to ten megawatts is proposed for such items as sufficient cooling capacity is available to handle the increased heat load. The reactor will use MTR-type fuel elements and beryllium reflector pieces in a 7 x 9 grid with moderation and cooling provided by forced circulation of de… more
Date: October 7, 1954
Creator: Binford, F. T.; Cole, T. E. & Gill, J. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Research Reactor Safeguard Report

Description: This memorandum sets forth a recommended uniform basis for designing the ORN shield.This includes design values for power level and emergent radiation, standards values for various material properties, and basic radiation intensities.
Date: October 7, 1954
Creator: Binford, F. T.; Cole, T. E. & Gill, J.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Extraction and Recovery of Uranium (and Vanadium) from Acidic Liquors with DI (2-Ethylhexyl) Phosphoric Acid and Some Other Organophosphorus Acids

Description: Bench scale studies have been made of the recovery of uranium from acid leach liquors (and slurries) by solvent extracting with di (2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid in an organic diluent. Uranium may be stripped from the organic solvent by either alkaline or acidic reagents, the former having been studied in greater detail. On the basis of these tests, a recovery process may be considered which shows promise both from the standpoint of operation and chemical costs. Under proper conditions, vanadiu… more
Date: May 13, 1955
Creator: Blake, C. A.; Brown, K. B.; Coleman, C. F.; Horner, D. E. & Schmitt, J. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Hexone Extraction-Coulometric Titration of Uranium

Description: Samples containing 5 to 10 mg of uranium were extracted with hexone (methyl isobutyl ketone) and titrated coulometrically in sulphate media. Relative standard deviations of 0.45% for samples containing 5 mg and 0.56% for 10 mg were determined by precision studies.
Date: June 22, 1959
Creator: Blevins, E. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Aqueous Uranium Slurry Studies

Description: A summary of the laboratory development program on aqueous uranium slurry fuels for the Homogenous Reactor Project during the period April 1951 through March 1953 is presented. These investigations were devoted primarily to a study of the uranium oxides in aqueous suspensions. It was concluded that U(VI) was most likely to be the stable valence state in such slurry fuels and it was shown that β-UO3·H2O platelet crystals were the stable modification at 250°C. Very pure slurries of β-UO3·H2O pla… more
Date: October 20, 1955
Creator: Blomeke, J. O.; Bamberg, J. L.; Blomeke, J. O.; Bruce, F. R.; Fulmer, J. M.; McBride, J. P. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Preliminary Survey of Radioactive Constituents in Rainwater at ORNL

Description: Technical report surveying radio-chemical analyses by ORNL's Analytical Chemistry Division and Health-Physics Division of large volumes of rainwater for plutonium, uranium, and fission products. Overall, carrying efficiencies for Al(OH)3 scavenging of rainwater were determined for these elements, as well as for Pu and U. [From Abstract, Introduction]
Date: December 4, 1950
Creator: Booksbank, W. A., Jr.; Emmons, A. H.; Gost, J. W. & Reynolds, S. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Rate of Uranium Sorption by a Strong-Base Anion-Exchange Resin

Description: The rate of uranium sorption by a strong-base anion-exchange resin (Dovex 21K) from a uranyl sulfate solution (U 0.005 M, H2SO4 0.02M, SO4 0.2 M) was studied using a stirred vessel technique and measuring the U235 gamma radiation on each bead. Resin initially in the chloride form and the sulfate for was studied.
Date: July 8, 1959
Creator: Bresee, J. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Unit Operations Section Monthly Progress Report May 1959

Description: The measured diffusivity of uranyl nitrate in water at 25ºC was 0.7*10^e cm^2/sec with about 40% average deviation. A program was started to develop nonnuclear uses for depleted uranium. Two continuous DRUHM reaction tuns were terminate due to erratic operation of the sodium metering system. In the second Fluorox run with crude UF, which lasted for 29 hr, a total material balance of 94.8% was obtained and 17.9& of the theoretical amount of UF was collected in cold traps and chemical traps.
Date: August 25, 1959
Creator: Bresee, J. C.; Haas, P. A.; Horton, R. W.; Watson, C. D. & Whatley, M. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Unit Operations Section Monthly Progress Report June 1959

Description: The addition of a surface active agent to an aqeous-organic interface produced a resistance to mass transfer equivalent to slightly more than 1 cm of water. Five semicontinuous Druhm runs were made with 1/2in. thick MgO liners and terminated due to either failures of the UFe nozzle or a top gasket leak. In preliminary scale-up tests of the flame calcination equipment, a maximum feed rate equivalent to 720 g oxides/hr was achieved using a 3-in. i.d. magnesia reflector with an outside wall temper… more
Date: September 4, 1959
Creator: Bresee, J. C.; Haas, P. A.; Watson, C. D.; Whatley, M. E. & Horton, R. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Unit Operations Section Monthly Progress Report July 1959

Description: A Lucite model of a multi-stage countercurrent hydroclone solvent extraction apparatus has been constructed and tested with Amsco-water. The diffusivity of Cs 134 tracer in aqueous chloride solution was measured to check the performance of the capillary diffusivity measuring system. The experimental data from four Druhm runs showed that 1/8in. thick graphite liners are usable for reactor temperatures above the boiling point of sodium.
Date: October 9, 1959
Creator: Bresee, J. C.; Haas, P.A.; Horton, R. W.; Watson, C. D. & Whatley, M. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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