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The Knock-Limited Performance of S Reference Fuel Plus 2 Milliliters of Triethylthallium Per Gallon

Description: Report discusses the results of testing of thallium as an antiknock agent in an internal-combustion engine. From Introduction: "On a weight basis, the thallium vapors were found to have several times the antiknock value of tetraethyl lead, which was added to the fuel. The amount of thallium vapor necessary to raise the antiknock properties of a gasoline up to exact equivalence with a benzol-gasoline mixture was determined in these engine tests."
Date: November 1945
Creator: Meyer, Carl L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Emergency Measures for Increasing the Range of Fighter Airplanes

Description: "An analysis was made to show the relative effectiveness of streamline external fuel tanks, a fuel tank in the form of a wing mounted in a biplane position, and auxiliary wing panels attached at the wing tips to increase the span as temporary means for increasing the range of a fighter-type airplane. Figures and charts for the various devices considered show the results of calculations of range, duration of flight, and take-off distance for both land-base and carrier operation. The results indicated that the wing-tip extensions were the most promising of the devices considered" (p. 1).
Date: May 1943
Creator: Jones, Robert T. & Wetmore, Joseph W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Fuel-Evaporation Loss as Determined by the Change in the Specific Gravity of the Fuel in an Aircraft Fuel Tank

Description: Report discusses the results of an investigation to determine the feasibility of using the change in the specific gravity of fuels in aircraft fuel tanks to measure fuel-vaporization loss. Six fuels were tested via fuel-distillation tests and simulated-flight tests. An equation based on the specific gravity of the fuel is also described.
Date: May 1945
Creator: Stone, Charles S. & Kramer, Walter E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

The Use of Geared Spring Tabs for Elevator Control

Description: Report discussing the use of two types of geared spring tabs for elevator control: ordinary (or ungeared) spring tabs and geared spring tabs. Their use in airplanes of various sizes and in comparison to conventional control systems is described.
Date: February 1945
Creator: Phillips, William H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Thermodynamic Design of Double-Panel, Air-Heated Windshields for Ice Prevention

Description: Report details the development of design equations for double-panel, air-heated windshields with ice prevention properties. The application of the equations and suggestions for experimental flight testing are described.
Date: June 1943
Creator: Kushnick, Jerome L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Some Effects of Propeller Operation on the Distribution of the Load on the Vertical Tail Surface of a Typical Pursuit Airplane

Description: Report discusses the results of testing on the pressure distribution at several longitudinal sections of the vertical tail surface of the Curtiss P-40K airplane at various angles of attack and angles of yaw and with the propeller removed and propeller operating. Results regarding the chordwise pressure distributions, effects of propeller operation on the spanwise distribution of normal-force coefficient, total normal-force coefficients, and effect of propeller operation on the variation of vertical-tail normal-force coefficients are presented.
Date: March 1944
Creator: Sweberg, Harold H. & Dingeldein, Richard C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Resume of Hinge-Moment Data for Unshielded Horn- Balanced Control Surfaces

Description: Report summarizes the available hinge-moment data for unshielded horn-balanced control surfaces. The purpose is to correlate the available data to assist with estimating the balance characteristics for use in the design and alteration of control surfaces with horn balances. Plan forms and variation of incremental hinge-moment-coefficient slopes with balance coefficients are presented.
Date: June 1943
Creator: Lowry, John G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

An Automatically Variable Control Linkage and Its Effect on the Lateral-Control Characteristics of a High-Speed Fighter Airplane

Description: Report discusses an analysis and preliminary design of a control linkage that varies automatically with dynamic pressure. The advantages of the device, including greater lateral control than a fixed control linkage without additional aerodynamic balance, are detailed. The effect of variable linkage on lateral-control characteristics is also described.
Date: May 1944
Creator: Gillis, Clarence L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Calculation of tab characteristics for flight conditions from wind-tunnel data

Description: Report presenting tail-surface characteristics calculated from wind-tunnel data, which have been reported to not correspond with flight-test measurements. The primary problem under consideration is the calculation of the effect of tab deflection on the free-floating angle of the elevator, as in a servocontrol.
Date: April 1942
Creator: Sears, Richard I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Adjustment of Stick Force by a Nonlinear Aileron-Stick Linkage

Description: Report presenting an application of the principle of aileron-stick forces and mechanical advantage to an aileron installation in which the stick forces are small over the low-deflection range and excessively large at full deflection.
Date: November 1942
Creator: Lowry, John G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Use of Variable-Ratio Geared Tabs to Improve Stick-Force Characteristics in Turning Flight

Description: Report discussing the use of variable-ratio geared tabs with an experimental elevator to improve stick-force characteristics in turning flight. The stick forces with the tabs were found to be satisfactory for a variety of center-of-gravity ranges. The ability of pilots to use the controls is also described.
Date: October 1945
Creator: Kleckner, Harold F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Wind-Tunnel Tests of a Piston-Type Control Booster on an Airfoil and Aileron Model

Description: "Measurements of control moments were made in the NACA stability tunnel to determine the operational characteristics of a piston-type control booster on an aileron. The booster was so constructed and installed that pressures picked up from the air stream below the wing acted on a pair of pistons. The data are presented in the form of curves of pressure coefficients acting on the pistons, hinge-moment coefficients, and booster coefficients plotted against aileron deflection" (p. 1).
Date: November 1943
Creator: Bird, J. D. & Mendelsohn, Robert A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

An Approximate Determination of the Power Required to Move Control Surfaces as Related to Control-Booster Design

Description: "As a part of a general investigation of control boosters, preliminary calculations were made to indicate the sizes of control boosters necessary to move the controls of airplanes of various sizes. The analysis was based on the assumption that the controls were moved with a rapidity and amplitude equal to that measured with a fighter airplane in simulated combat. A corollary purpose consisted in determining the effect on reducing booster-power unit size of incorporating an energy accumulator in the booster system" (p. 1).
Date: September 1945
Creator: Johnson, Harold I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Effect of Changes in Aileron Rigging on the Stick Forces of a High-Speed Fighter Airplane

Description: "The effects of changes in aileron rigging between 2 deg up and 2 deg down on the stick forces were determined from wind-tunnel data for a finite-span wing model. These effects were investigated for ailerons deflecting equally in both directions and linearly with stick deflection. Data were analyzed for a Frise, a sealed internally balanced, and a beveled-trailing-edge aileron" (p. 1).
Date: May 1944
Creator: Murray, Harry E. & Warren, S. Anne
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Preliminary Tank Experiments With a Hydrofoil on a Planing-Tail Seaplane Hull

Description: Report describes exploratory testing to determine the feasibility of using a hydrofoil with a type of flying boat afterbody called a planing tail. Several hydrofoil locations were examined, including no hydrofoil, and the effects of resistance characteristics were charted. The researchers concluded that it is possible to add a single hydrofoil to that type of afterbody to provide additional hydrodynamic lift without introducing instability.
Date: March 1944
Creator: Wadlin, Kenneth L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Variation of Hydrodynamic Impact Loads With Flight-Path Angle for a Prismatic Float at 6 Degrees and 9 Degrees Trim and a 22-1/2 Degree Angle of Dead Rise

Description: Report discusses the results of testing "to determine the relationship between impact normal acceleration and flight-path angle for seaplanes landing in smooth water" (from Summary). The tests were done at high and low forward speeds and trims at 6 degrees and 9 degrees, a 22.5 degree angle of dead rise, and a gross weight of 1100 pounds. Information about the forces acting on the aircraft and maximum depth of immersion and trim is provided.
Date: February 1946
Creator: Batterson, Sidney A. & Stewart, Thelma
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

An Investigation of the Characteristics of a Propeller Alcohol Feed Ring

Description: Report discusses the results of an investigation to compare the discharge characteristics of an alcohol feed ring and a standard alcohol discharge nozzle when utilized to supply anti-icing alcohol to the propeller-blade feed shoes on a Curtiss-Wright C-46 cargo airplane. The equipment used, testing practices, and results of the alcohol flow distribution are described.
Date: June 1944
Creator: Neel, Carr B., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Variation of Hydrodynamic Impact Loads With Flight-Path Angle for a Prismatic Float at 12 Degree Trim and With a 22-1/2 Degree Angle of Dead Rise

Description: Report discusses the results of testing "to determine the relationship between impact normal acceleration and flight-path angle for seaplanes landing on smooth water" (from Summary). The tests were performed at 12 degrees trim, 22.5 degree angle of dead rise, and a total weight of 1100 pounds. The effect on the maximum impact normal acceleration and the effects of immersion on acceleration are described.
Date: February 1946
Creator: Batterson, Sidney A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

A Description of the Ju 88 Airplane Anti-Icing Equipment

Description: Bulletin presenting an examination of a part of the anti-icing equipment for a Ju 88 airplane, including exhaust-air heat exchangers, control valves, air duct system, and air-heated wing panels. Testing was performed on the components and indicated that the thermal ice-prevention equipment can maintain the outer-wing panel free from ice.
Date: September 1942
Creator: Rodert, Lewis A. & Jackson, Richard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Variation of Hydrodynamic Impact Loads With Flight-Path Angle for a Prismatic Float at 3 Degree Trim and With a 22 1/2 Degree Angle of Dead Rise

Description: Report discusses the results of testing "to determine the relationship between impact normal acceleration and flight-path angle for seaplanes landing on smooth water" (from Summary). The testing was done with a model at high and low forward speeds at 3 degrees trim, a dead-angle rise of 22.5 degrees, and consistent weight.
Date: February 1945
Creator: Batterson, Sidney A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Calculation of Stick Forces for an Elevator With a Spring Tab

Description: "Formulas for the calculation of hinge-moment characteristics of an elevator with a spring tab have been developed in terms of basic aerodynamic parameters, spring stiffness, and airspeed. The formulas have been used in a study of the stick-force gradients on a pursuit airplane equipped with an elevator with a spring tab. Charts are presented showing the variation of stick-force gradient in accelerated flight over a large range of speed and the complete range of spring stiffness for various center-of-gravity locations, altitudes, and airplane sizes" (p. 1).
Date: June 1944
Creator: Greenberg, Harry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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An analysis of the fatigue life of an airplane wing structure under overload conditions

Description: From Introduction: "Fatigue life expectancy in normal transport operations was investigated in reference 1 and was found to be of equal importance with single-gust life. The effect of overload operation of transport airplanes on the probability of encountering single critical gusts was investigated in reference 2 and the frequency of critical gusts was found to increase rapidly with overload. The effect of overload operation on fatigue strength, however, has not heretofore been evaluated, hence the investigations of references 1 and 2 are combined herein to permit such evaluation and to determine the relative importance of fatigue and single-gust failures under conditions of overload operation."
Date: February 1946
Creator: Putnam, Abbott A. & Reisert, Thomas D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

NACA Procedure for Flight Tests of Aileron Characteristics of Airplanes

Description: Report describes the standard procedure that NACA used for evaluating the aileron characteristics of airplanes. The variables measured in the testing are rolling velocity, aileron positions, aileron stick forces or tangential wheel force, indicated airspeed, altitude, free-air temperature, and rudder position. The step-by-step flight procedure is described and information regarding evaluation of the control data and general suggestions is included.
Date: July 1943
Creator: Johnson, Harold I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

A Study of the Effects of Radii of Gyration and Altitude on Aileron Effectiveness at High Speed

Description: "The variation in the necessary aileron control and in the time required to bank to 45 degrees and 90 degrees with altitude and radii of gyration for a typical fighter or a pursuit airplane have been computed and are presented herein." The lateral motions and impact pressure for several conditions of flight are provided. The report concludes that "the aileron system...should be designed for rolling-moment requirements at high altitude and the hinge-moment limitations at low altitude".
Date: April 1943
Creator: Fehlner, Leo F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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