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The Bragg Reflection of Neutrons by a Single Crystal

Description: From cover page: This document has been assigned the above MDDC (Manhattan District Declassification) number, as given in the List of Declassified Documents issued semi-monthly by the Research Division, Manhattan District. In the case of Los Alapnos reports, LADC (Los Alamos Declassification) numbers are listed on the title page if known. This declassified document may differ materially from the original classified document by reason of deletions necessary to accomplish declassification. Hence, this copy of a declassified document does not constitute authority for declassification of classified copies of a similar document which may bear the same title and authors. Reference is made to District Circular Letter (Research Control 47-3) dated 31 October 1946, subject: "Instructions for Use of List of Declassified Documents," which outlines the procedure by means of which declassification of classified copies may be effected. Every effort has been made to reproduce with accuracy of detail the declassified document as certified for declassification. No corrections or changes have been made in the content of the document.
Date: June 14, 1946
Creator: Zinn, Walter H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Multi-Channel Pulse Analyser

Description: This report discusses the multi-channel pulse analyser including its components and operation.
Date: June 14, 1946
Creator: Ghiorse, Albert; Weissbourd, B. & Robinson, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Early Fluorocarbon Studies at Columbia University

Description: Development of certain liquid and solid fluorocarbon compounds with special properties.
Date: 1946
Creator: Cady, George H.; Burger, Leland L. & Barber, E. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental Techniques, Volume 1, Part 2: Ionization Chambers and Counters

Description: From foreword: "Construction of some typical ionization detectors and their operation, with most developed at the Los Alamos Laboratory and a few at other projects connected with the development of the atomic bomb." This report includes chapters 8-16 and an appendix to the second part.
Date: 1947
Creator: Rossi, Bruno Benedetto & Staub, Hans Heinrich
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preparation of N-Polychloropolyfluoroheptane

Description: From introduction: "Discussion of alternate processes for manufacture of perfluoroxylene as insurance against any eventuality, e.g. disaster, poor quality, required amount of elemental fluorine not obtainable, necessity for further expansion at some future date, or decreasing cost."
Date: 1946
Creator: Babcock, J. H.; Beanblossom, W. S. & Wojcik, B. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Spatial Distribution of Neutrons Slowed Down by Elastic Collisions

Description: Technical report discussion of the complicated problem of the spatial distribution of slowed down neutrons. The introduction covers the current research on the topic. The following chapters cover the topics: (1) approximate treatment and its limitations, (2) age-velocity distribution, (3) general scheme of treatment based on transport equation, (4) Fermi's one-dimensional model, (5) moments, (6) remarks about the distribution function, and (7) point source.
Date: June 11, 1946
Creator: Placzek, G. (George), 1905-1955.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Argonne National Laboratory Biology Division Quarterly Report: August to October, 1946

Description: From introductory paragraph: "This is the first quarterly report of the Biology Division of the Argonne National Laboratory. During the three-month period covered by this report, a large share of the time of many investigators has been spent in collating work done under the Biology Section of the Metallurgical laboratory for publication in the Plutonium Project Record. The large amount of work done under wartime pressure has made this, as in other divisions and projects, an important part of the transition to the post-war period."
Date: November 21, 1946
Creator: Bruss, Austin M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Chemical Effects of Nuclear Transformations

Description: This technical report is divided into two sections addressing two different chemical effects of nuclear transformations. The first section discusses the beta decay of lanthanum to cerium. The second section discusses the beta decay of selenium to bromine.
Date: June 6, 1946
Creator: Coryell, Charles D. (Charles Du Bois), 1912-1971; Gest, H.; Edwards, R. R. & Davies, T. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Metabolism of Thorium, Protoactinium, and Neptunium in the Rat

Description: From abstract: "The distribution of carrier-free thorium, protoactinium and neptunium in the rat following intramuscular and oral administration has been studied. Oral adsorption for all three is negligible. Following parenteral administration, the skeleton is the organ showing the highest degree of prolonged and selective localization."
Date: August 23, 1946
Creator: Lans, H.; Scott, E. G.; Crowley, J. & Hamilton, J. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Capture of Fast Neutrons by Pb208

Description: From abstract: "Comparison of the activity produced by fast neutrons on lead with other activations corroborates the assignment of the 3.2 hr. activity as Pb209, and the assignment of the reaction as capture of fast neutrons. Two different measurements show that the neutrons captured have energies greater than 100 KEV. This average capture cross section for primary neutrons from 7.5 MEV deuterons on a thick target of beryllium is measured as 10[^]-27 ca[^]2."
Date: April 17, 1944
Creator: Levinger, Joseph S., 1921-; Compton, A. H.; Allison, Samuel King, 1900-1965; Watson, W. W. & Snell, A. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Effects of Fast Neutrons on the Ability of Mice to Take Forced Exercise

Description: From abstract: "In an attempt to gain some insight into the physiological condition of mice surviving massive doses of radiation, a study of their vitality was undertaken. It was assured that the ability of these animals to do forced work would be a measure of their vitality, Stimulating exposed animals to run in exercise wheels to their fullest capacity, has resulted in a demonstration of a striking vitality less during a post-irradiative period, when no other effects are demonstrable by gross examination. Mice subjected to a medium-lethal dose of fast neutrons show a continuous vitality loss over a 300 day period following exposure. Control animals show no appreciable loss of vitality up to about 8 months of age, after which a gradual loss can be noted, probably due to a normal gereologic process."
Date: August 22, 1946
Creator: Stapleton, G. K. & Curtis, H. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Slowing Down of Neutrons

Description: From introduction: "The Boltzmann equation expressing conversation of particles in phase space is set up."
Date: August 18, 1941
Creator: Breit, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Infrared Spectrum of Benzene

Description: From abstract: "Benzene shows weak absorption bands in the 3 aliphatic C-Z region of the spectrum. The peaks of these bands are at 3.439, 3.459, 3.504, and 3.545."
Date: unknown
Creator: Flanagan, John; Gardner, R.; McKee, Frances & Schlegel, Richard, 1913-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Crystal Structure of Ba3(PO4)2 and Sr3(PO4)2

Description: From introduction: "This article gives an account of the determination of the complete crystal structures of the normal orthophosphates of barium and strontium."
Date: April 10, 1945
Creator: Zachariasen, William H. (William Houlder), 1906-1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Metabolism and Distribution of Inhaled Plutonium in Rats

Description: From abstract: "Several different techniques were used to introduce tracer quantities of plutonium into the lungs of rats. When aerosols were produced by atomizing aqueous solutions of the nitrates it was found that approximately 20 per cent of the dose was absorbed and deposited in the skelton [sic] with tetra-, hexa-, and trivalent plutonium. Thus with these compounds, the lungs represent a more dangerous portal of entry than either oral (0.05 per cent) or intramuscular (13 per cent) administration. Tetravalent Pu was eliminated most slowly from the lung, the average half-time during the first month being 15 days. But when citrate was added to complex the Pu, over 70 per cent was eliminated within 1 day. This was accompanied by a deposition of over 30 per cent in the skelton [sic] and over 20 per cent in the liver. Presumably citrate breaks up the insoluble colloid in which Pu exists in the lungs. Complexing with cupferron which, unlike citrate, produces a "fat soluble" compound, greatly diminished the extent of absorption from the lungs. Plutonium oxide smokes which were produced at high temperatures were eliminated more slowly from the lungs (average half time of 30 days during the first month) and were deposited in the skeleton to a much lesser extent (6.2 per cent) than was the case with the nitrates."
Date: October 29, 1946
Creator: Abrams, Richard; Siebert, H. C.; Potts, A. M.; Forker, L. L.; Greenberg, D.; Postel, A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electrolytic Reduction of Uranyl Ion

Description: From introduction: "Due to the hydrogen overvoltage at the surface of a mercury cathode, uranium solutions is hydrochloric acid may be reduced not only to the tetravalent state, but until considerable trivalent uranium is formed. Other metallic ions act as oxidation-reduction catalysts as well as being reduced themselves. The following paper is a study of the various reactions taking place in solution and at the surface of the cathode."
Date: May 27, 1946
Creator: Nichols, Ambrose R., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparative Effectiveness and Additivity of Fission Neutrons Gamma Rays and Beta Rays of Drosphila Eggs

Description: From abstract: "Some investigations have been made to ascertain the similarity of the mechanism of action of radiation which are different in their specific ionization. A suggested approach was to determine if the energies absorbed from the different types of radiation are additive in their lethal effects on biological objects. In an attempt to determine the additivity of ionizing radiation various dose combinations of fast neutrons, gamma rays and beta rays were administered to Drosophila eggs. These test objects were chosen because their dimensions are such that they tend to absorb these three radiations uniformly throughout their volume. Although the three radiations were found to vary in their biological effectiveness, per unit energy absorbed, all three were shown to be completely additive in their lethal effect on these organisms."
Date: February 1946
Creator: Stapleton, G. E. & Zirkle, Raymond E. (Raymond Elliot), 1902-1988
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Quantitative Estimation of the Activity of Beta Particle Emitters

Description: From abstract: "In estimating the activities of β-emitting materials used in the Biology Section, most measurements were made with Geiger-Mueller counters, although Lauritsen electroscopes were used in early work. All samples were mounted on flat porcelain capsules."
Date: October 3, 1946
Creator: Zinn, Walter H. (Walter Henry), 1906-2000; Broido, Abraham; Nordeen, Clifford & Himmelstein, Sheldon H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Preparation of Cerium by Electrolysis of Molten Salts

Description: From abstract: "Electrolysis of cerium chloride or fluoride in the potassium chloride-lithium chloride eutectic mixture, or of cerium chloride in the calcium fluoride-lithium fluoride eutectic at 850° to 1000°C produces cerium metal in clean ingots in up to 80 per cent yield. Losses are chiefly due to oxyhalide formation in the presence of oxygen."
Date: unknown
Creator: Eastman, E. D.; Fontana, B. J. & Thurmond, C. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sid Magnet Model Test Results

Description: From introduction: "These data were taken on a 1/16th scale model of the magnet shown on sketch no. FS-2. The object of these measurements was to get information that would determine the final design of the full scale magnet. The one main point to be settled was whether a tapered or a cylindrical pole piece would give the largest value of Hρ for a given power input into the magnet (the cylindrical pole piece is shown in dotted lines in sketch FS-2)."
Date: April 19, 1946
Creator: Sewell, Duane C., 1918-2008
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Geochemistry of Columbium and Tantalum

Description: From abstract: "This is a review, with annotated bibliography, of the mode of occurrence of the elements columbium and tantalum. It is not a list of specific ore deposits, but a summary of the types of minerals and rocks in which these elements have been reported to occur. In addition, the unpublished spectrographic studies of the Geological Survey are summarized, best sources for columbium and tantalum are indicated, and suggestions are made for further investigation."
Date: June 1946
Creator: Fleischer, Michael, 1908- & Harder, James O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fluorescence Analysis for Uranium

Description: From abstract: "An adaptation of a colorimeter for the rapid estimation of small amounts of uranium to ± 5% by fluorescence of a sodium fluoride bead or fluoride-carbonate melt is described. Solutions containing from 0.1 to 1000 micrograms per milliliter may be tested directly. The limit of visual detection on a 20 mg. bead is about 0.0003 microgram of uranium. A periodic chart of interferences is presented. The strangest interferences center around the latter parts of each transition series of elements."
Date: unknown
Creator: Zebroski, E. L.; Newton, T. W. (Thomas William), 1923- & Ripple, F. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pile Theory Notes for M.I.T. Seminar

Description: This report discusses topics relating to pile theory, focusing specifically on describing a nuclear chain reacting system. Topics covered include the time dependence of neutron density, controlling chain reacting boxes, and the behavior of neutrons in a pile.
Date: 1946
Creator: Feld, T. T. & Friedman, Francis L. (Francis Lee), 1918-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mass Spectrometric Observation of C14

Description: This report describes observations of a sample of Carbon-14, or radiocarbon, made using the method of mass spectrometry.
Date: August 14, 1946
Creator: Ingrham, Mark G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department