Search Results

open access

Geology and Oil Resources Along the Southern Border of San Joaquin Valley, California

Description: From abstract: The region described in this report includes a foothill belt of the San Emigdio and Tehachapi Mountains along the southern border of San Joaquin Valley. The belt displays portions of the rugged granitic cores of the mountains and also rocks of Eocene, Oligocene, Miocene, Pliocene, and Pleistocene age. Although there is thus a complete representation of the geologic series from the Eocene to the Pleistocene, some portions of the different series are wanting because of major faults and overlaps. The thickness of the Tertiary rocks (Eocene to Pliocene) varies considerably but has a maximum of about 29,000 feet. Miocene and Pliocene rocks cover most of the area investigated.
Date: 1930
Creator: Hoots, H. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

The Forsyth Coal Field: Rosebud, Treasure, and Big Horn Counties, Montana

Description: From introduction: acknowledgements.-The Forsyth field was examined to collect data upon which to classify the public land included in it with regard to its value as coal land. The geologic mapping was done with the plane table and telescopic alidade, and all locations were tied to land corners.
Date: 1929
Creator: Dobbin, C. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Geology and Coal Resources of the Meeker Quadrangle, Moffat and Rio Blanco Counties, Colorado

Description: From introduction: The investigations on which the greater part of this report is based were carried on by E. T. Hancock, the senior author, during the summer of 1911. They were undertaken by the United States Geological Survey under a comprehensive plan for collecting information about the undeveloped fuel resources of the Western States, both as a step toward the conservation of the coal resources of the United States and as a means of supplying the demand for information concerning the many valuable coal fields of the Western States.
Date: 1930
Creator: Hancock, E. T. & Eby, J. Brian
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

The Kevin-Sunburst Oil Field and Other Possibilities of Oil and Gas in the Sweetgrass Arch, Montana

Description: From introduction: The discovery of oil near Kevin, Mont., in March, 1922, gave prominence to the Sweetgrass arch, which is a large structural uplift somewhat similar in size and degree of folding to the Cincinnati arch. Most of the development so far attempted on this fold has been on the Kevin-Sunburst dome, a bulge upon the crest of the arch just south of the Canadian boundary. The dome covers about 16 townships, is nearly circular in outline, and has very low dips away from its highest point in all directions. Within the last five years (1923-1927) about 1,500 wells have been drilled upon it, over 880 of which are rated as productive. Since May, 1925, the field has stood second in production in the Rocky Mountain States being exceeded only by Salt Creek.
Date: 1929
Creator: Collier, Arthur J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Manganiferous and Ferruginous Chert in Perry and Lewis Counties, Tennessee

Description: From abstract: Perry and Lewis Counties, east of the Tennessee River, in west-middle Tennessee, are underlain by nearly flat-lying rocks of Paleozoic age, with Mississippian cherty limestones forming the greater part of the surface of the western Highland Rim Plateau ridges. Near the summits of the ridges there is a fairly definite horizon in the chert that contains manganese and iron oxides in varying degrees of concentration. Weathering of the mineralized chert has produced widespread float on the hill slopes and in the beds of small spring branches, and the presence of this float, some of it rich enough for metallurgical manganese ore, has encouraged a search for promising deposits in place. In the present study 52 localities where the mineralized beds crop out or have been prospected were examined.
Date: 1943
Creator: Burchard, Ernest F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Bentonite Deposits of the Northern Black Hills District Wyoming, Montana, and South Dakota

Description: From abstract: The northern Black Hills bentonite mining district includes parts of Crook County, Wyo., Carter County, Mont., and Butte County, S. Dak. Within this district, many beds of bentonite occur interspersed with sedimentary strata of Cretaceous age that have an average total thickness of about 3,000 feet and consist chiefly of marine shale, marl, and argillaceous sandstone. The bentonite beds occur in formations ranging upward from the Newcastle sandstone to the lower part of the Mitten black shale member of the Pierre shale. Tertiary (?) and Quaternary deposits of gravel, sand, and silt are present on extensive terraces, and deposits of such materials also extend along stream courses in all parts of the district.
Date: 1962
Creator: Knechtel, Maxwell M. & Patterson, Sam H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Radioactive Rare-Earth Deposit at Scrub Oaks Mine, Morris County, New Jersey

Description: From abstract: A deposit of rare-earth minerals in the Scrub Oaks iron mine, Morris County, N. J., was mapped and sampled in 1955. The rare-earth minerals are mainly in coarse-grained magnetite ore and in pegmatite adjacent to it. Discrete bodies of rare-earth-bearing magnetite ore apparently follow the plunge of the main magnetite ore body at the north end of the mine. Radioactivity of the ore containing rare earths is about 0.2 to 0.6 milliroentgens per hour.
Date: 1959
Creator: Klemic, Harry; Heyl, Allen V., Jr.; Taylor, A. R. & Stone, Jerome
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Beryl-bearing Pegmatites in the Ruby Mountains and Other Areas in Nevada and Northwestern Arizona

Description: From abstract: Pegmatite occurs widely in Nevada and northwestern Arizona, but little mining has been done for such pegmatite minerals as mica, feldspar, beryl, and lepidolite. Reconnaissance for beryl-bearing pegmatite in Nevada and in part of Mohave County, Ariz., and detailed studies in the Dawley Canyon area, Elko County, Nev., have shown that beryl occurs in at least 11 districts in the region. Muscovite has been prospected or mined in the Ruby and Virgin Mountains, Nev., and in Mohave County, Ariz. Feldspar has been mined in the southern part of the region near Kingman, Ariz., and in Clark County, Nev.
Date: 1960
Creator: Olson, Jerry C. & Hinrichs, E. Neal
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Strategic Graphite, A Survey

Description: From abstract: Strategic graphite consists of certain grades of lump and flake graphite for which the United States is largely or entirely dependent on sources abroad. Lump graphite of high purity, necessary in the manufacture of carbon brushes, is imported from Ceylon, where it occurs in vein deposits. Flake graphite, obtained from deposits consisting of graphite disseminated in schists and other metamorphic rocks, is an essential ingredient of crucibles used in the nonferrous metal industries and in the manufacture of lubricants and packings. High-quality flake graphite for these uses has been obtained mostly from Madagascar since World War I. Some flake graphite of strategic grade has been produced, however, from deposits in Texas, Alabama, and Pennsylvania. The development of the carbon-bonded crucible, which does not require coarse flake, should lessen the competitive advantage of the Madagascar producers of crucible flake.
Date: 1960
Creator: Cameron, Eugene N. & Weis, Paul L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Geology and Fluorspar Deposits, Northgate District, Colorado

Description: From abstract: The fluorspar deposits in the Northgate district, Jackson County, Colo., are among the largest in Western United States. The mines were operated intermittently during the 1920's and again during World War II, but production during these early periods of operation was not large. Mining was begun on a larger scale in 1951, and the district has assumed a prominent position among the fluorspar producers in the United States. Within the Northgate district, Precambrian metamorphic and igneous rocks crop out largely in the Medicine Bow Mountains, and later sedimentary rocks underlie North Park and fill old stream valleys in the mountains.
Date: 1960
Creator: Steven, Thomas August
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Areal Geology of the Little Cone Quadrangle, Colorado

Description: From abstract: The Little Cone quadrangle includes an area of about 59 square miles in eastern San Miguel County in southwestern Colorado. The quadrangle contains features characteristic of both the Colorado Plateaus physiographic province and the San Juan Mountains, and it has been affected by geologic events and processes of two different geologic environments.
Date: 1960
Creator: Bush, Alfred Lerner; Marsh, Owen Thayer & Taylor, Richard B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Manganese Deposits in the Drum Mountains, Juab and Millard Counties, Utah

Description: From abstract: The Drum Mountains are in west-central Utah 30 miles northwest of Delta, between the Sevier Desert on the east and Whirlwind Valley on the west. It is a typically barren desert range comprising a westward-tilted structural unit in which is exposed as much as 9,000 feet of quartzite (Cambrian and Precambrian?) and 3,000 feet of carbonate rocks of Cambrian age. These beds, which strike northward and dip west, are cut by myriad east- to northeast trending faults with displacements of a few feet to a few thousand feet. Quartz monzonite dikes, pebble dikes, and vein deposits are present locally along the faults. The Cambrian rocks are overlain unconformably by volcanic rocks of probable Tertiary age.
Date: 1961
Creator: Crittenden, Max D., Jr.; Straczek, John A. & Roberts, Ralph Jackson
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Geology and Mineral Deposits of the St. Regis-Superior Area, Mineral County, Montana

Description: From introduction: The St. Regis-Superior area was studied during the summers of 1953 and 1954 as a part of geologic investigations by the U.S. Geologic Survey in and near the Coeur d'Alene district. The object of the present work was primarily threefold: to ascertain the main structural features in the area, with particular attention to the Osburn fault zone; to investigate the mineral deposits; and to determine the stratigraphic relations of the rocks.
Date: 1960
Creator: Campbell, Arthur Byron
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Chromite Deposits in Central Part Stillwater Complex, Sweet Grass County, Montana

Description: From abstract: The chromite deposits of the central part of the Stillwater complex lie in a belt 9 miles long between the valleys of Boulder River and the West Fork of the Stillwater River in Sweet Grass County, Mont. The chromite occurs as layers near the middle part of the ultramafic zone in the lower part of the complex. The layers, originally horizontal, have been tilted so that they dip northeastwards at angles ranging from nearly horizontal to nearly vertical, and are cut by many cross faults, the largest with a horizontal offset of 3,000 feet. Investigations by the United States Geological Survey and the United States Bureau of Mines have shown that in this belt there are 5 sections ranging in length from 850 to 3,800 feet along the strike where the continuity and grade of the chromite can be reasonably inferred.
Date: 1955
Creator: Howland, A. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Strippable lignite Deposits, Slope and Bowman Counties, North Dakota

Description: From abstract: Slope and Bowman Counties, N. Dak., include an area of about 2,450 square miles in the southeastern part of the Fort Union coal region of North Dakota, South Dakota, and Montana. In anticipation of a future increase in the demand for the low-rank coal of this region as a fuel for electric power plants and as a raw material for various chemical synthesizing processes, Slope and Bowman Counties were investigated for deposits of lignite that could be mined by large scale strip mining methods. All the lignite beds of economic importance in this area are in the Fort Union formation, particularly in the Tongue River member. The beds are nearly horizontal, dipping about 25 to 50 feet per mile north and northeast from the Cedar Creek anticline in the southwest corner of the area.
Date: 1955
Creator: Kepferle, Roy Clark & Culbertson, William C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Geology and Coal Resources of the Henryetta Mining District, Okmulgee County, Oklahoma

Description: From abstract: The mapped area of the Henryetta mining district includes about 168 square miles in Okmulgee County in the east-central part of Oklahoma. The rocks in this district consist of sandstone, silty shale, and shale, and are divided into the Senora formation and the overlying Calvin sandstone of Pennsylvanian age.
Date: 1955
Creator: Dunham, R. J. & Trumbull, J. V. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Zinc-Lead-Copper Resources and General Geology of the Upper Mississippi Valley District

Description: From introduction: This report discusses the general geology of the Upper Mississippi Valley zinc-lead district, the distribution of ore deposits, and some relations of the ore deposits to the major geologic features.
Date: 1955
Creator: Heyl, Allen V.; Lyons, Erwin J.; Agnew, Allen F. & Behre, Charles H., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Geology of the Dry Valley Quadrangle, Idaho

Description: From introduction: The principal objective of the program is to make detailed geologic maps of the areas in which important phosphate deposits in the Phorphoria formation occur. It is hoped that the maps will serve both as an aid in selecting possible sites for mining and as a basis for calculating reserves.
Date: 1955
Creator: Cressman, Earle Rupert & Gulbrandsen, Robert A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Geology of the Christmas Copper Mine, Gila County, Arizona

Description: From introduction: The exploration project at Christmas was carried on cooperatively by the Geological Survey and U. S. Bureau of Mines. Mr. 0. M. Bishop, Engineer for the Bureau of Mines, examined the property and in his report of June 6, 1942 recommended that six holes be drilled from the 800 level of the mine. The Bureau of Mines began drilling in September 1942, and the Survey investigations began a month later. Since any ore bodies discovered below the 800 level would be inaccessible until a deeper level could be developed, the Bureau and Survey decided to explore from higher levels where resulting benefits could be more quickly realized. Drilling from the upper levels was begun early in 1943.
Date: 1956
Creator: Peterson, Nels P. & Swanson, Roger W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Perlite Resources of the United States

Description: Abstract: This report abstracts the published information on geologic occurrence and distribution of perlite in the United States. Perlite is important in the growing light-weight aggregates industry. The geology and petrology of perlite are described and brief mention is made of mining, milling, processing, economic factors, and reserve figures where known. A table of analyses of the rhyolitic, latitic, and dacitic perlite, welded tuff, pitchstone, and obsidian is included mainly to show the water content. The index map shows known deposits and the geology of areas in which possible deposits may be found. The locations of processing plants are indicated to show their economic relationship to the deposits and to markets.
Date: 1956
Creator: Jaster, Marion C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Geology of the Stanford-Hobson Area, Central Montana

Description: From introduction: The Stanford-Hobson area project was undertaken by the United States Geological Survey, in cooperation with the United States Bureau of Reclamation, as part of a program for the geologic mapping and investigation of mineral resources in the Missouri River basin. The field work that is the basis of the ensuing report consisted of mapping the geology and determining stratigraphic relationships in sufficient detail to evaluate the mineral resources, especially the oil and gas possibilities in the area.
Date: 1956
Creator: Vine, James David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Reconnaissance Geology of Western Mineral County, Montana

Description: From introduction: This reconnaissance study was undertaken to determine the major geologic features of the western part of Mineral County, Mont., principally in the drainage basin of the St. Regis River.
Date: 1956
Creator: Wallace, Robert E. & Hosterman, John W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Mineral Resources of the San Carlos Indian Reservation, Arizona

Description: From abstract: At the request of the Council of the San Carlos Apache Tribe the U. S. Geological Survey entered into a cooperative agreement calling for a brief reconnaissance study to determine, as far as practical, the mineral potential of the San Carlos Indian Reservation. Five months of field work was done during the winter and spring of 1952-53. About 30 percent of the reservation is covered by alluvial deposits of late Tertiary, Pleistocene, and Recent age, and another 60 percent is covered by volcanic rocks of Tertiary and perhaps Pleistocene age. These rocks are younger than the major epochs of metallization in southeastern Arizona. The remainder of the area is underlain by pre-Cambrian and Paleozoic sedimentary rocks, pre-Cambrian granite, and pre-Devonian diabase.
Date: 1956
Creator: Bromfield, Calvin Stanton & Shride, Andrew F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Copper Deposits Near Keating, Oregon

Description: From abstract: The copper deposits near Keating, Oreg., in the southwestern foothills of the Wallowa Mountains, form part of a series distributed along a belt over 75 miles long. The belt containing copper deposits extends from a point west of North Powder to and beyond the Snake River at Homestead.
Date: 1931
Creator: Gilluly, James
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Back to Top of Screen