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Process Engineering Report, Operating Manual for Supervisory Personnel, Raw Materials Feed Preparation Plant, Process and Operating Equipment. Part II

Description: This technical report presents necessary information required to operate the raw materials feed preparation plant. The information herein is intended to serve as a guide to operating personnel and to provide general data concerning the process.
Date: December 9, 1952
Creator: Lukens, R. P.; Abrams, S. H.; Carr, H. R.; Lindsey, P. S.; Grimac, T. E.; Knoll, F. J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Technical Data Book, Feed Materials Production Center, Fernald, Ohio, Part XXII

Description: The Technical Data Book compiles useful chemical and physical data of feed materials, chemicals, uranium intermediates and end products of the FMPC, Fernald, Ohio. The data presented encompass the process operations involved in the original integrated FMPC project, the uranium hexafluoride reduction plant and the throium plant.
Date: February 24, 1953
Creator: Catalytic Construction Company. Process Engineering Staff.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Process Engineering Report on Production of Thorium at Iowa State College

Description: Technical report presenting the results of a study of the AEC thorium production facilities at Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa. Operating procedures, descriptions of equipment and a production cost analysis have been included in this study.
Date: January 16, 1952
Creator: Bulkowski, H. H.; Holby, G. V.; Pfeiffer, C.; Maerker, J. B. & Winn, F. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Process Engineering Report on Thorium Semi-Works Plant for the Feed Materials Production Center - Fernald, Ohio, Job No. 3542

Description: This technical report presents the process design for the thorium semi-works plant which will be located at the Feed Materials Production Center, Fernald, Ohio. It contains the process information required for the layout and detailed mechanical design of the thorium plant.
Date: January 31, 1952
Creator: Bulkowski, H. H.; Delaplaine, J. W.; Holby, G. V.; Natale, N. R.; Reiter, W. M. & Roe, B. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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FMPC Solvent Treatment Area - Process Design

Description: This memorandum presents the process design for the solvent reast area of the Feed Materials Production Center. The purpose ofthe transmittal is to provide the basis for the detailed mechanical design and layout of this section of the refinery. Drawings, flowsheets, and specifications are included.
Date: July 6, 1951
Creator: Pfeiffer, Carl & Maerker, John B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Survey of Processing Methods for the Production of Thorium Metal from Monazite Sand and Thorium Nitrate

Description: Cost estimates for two types of Th producing plants are offered. One utilizes Th(NO3)4 as raw material, the other uses monazite sand. Final processing schemes and plant designs are not fixed, so the estimates represent maximum costs. Recommendations for research and development of Th producing methods are given.
Date: April 23, 1951
Creator: Bulkowski, H. Harold & Maerker, John B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Chemical Properties of Sodium Triethylhydroborate and Sodium Triisopropoxyhydroborate

Description: Technical report abstract: Sodium hydride and triethylborane react to form sodium triethylhydroborate, NaBH(C2H5)3. This compound, a liquid at rooom temperature, was found to be soluble in hexane and mineral oil. A study was made of the thermal decomposition of sodium triethylhydroborate and its behavior toward boron trifluoride, boron trichloride, methyl borate, carbon dioxide, silane, and ethylene. Sodium triisopropoxyhydroborate, NaBH(OC3H7)3, was prepared and also found to be soluble in hexane and mineral oil. The reactions of this compound with methyl borate, triethylborane, silicon tetrachloride, and boron trichloride were investigated.
Date: December 13, 1956
Creator: Pearson, Richard King, 1926-; Edwards, L. J. & Maginnity, P. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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General Chemistry, Quarterly Progress Report, April-June 1954

Description: "General Chemistry investigations reported herein includes: (1) the Organic Coolant-Moderator Program, (2) investigations on zirconium hydride, and (3) analytical chemistry."
Date: December 15, 1954
Creator: Colichman, Eugene L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Proton Irradiation Effects in Thorium

Description: "Iodide-processed thorium foils were irradiated with 9-Mev protons at temperatures below -140 degrees C. the recover of electrical resistance upon annealing was studied in the range 0 degrees to 75 degrees where tempering curves showed rapid changes taking place. Determinations of the activation energy associated with this process were made and the mean value obtained was 1.22 ev. Correlations of this result have been made with those found previously for copper. From these comparisons, a tentative assignment of the motion of interstitial atoms in thorium has been made for this process. In addition, some evidence has been found which illustrates the corrosive action that water has on thorium at temperaturs as low as 0 degrees C."
Date: December 15, 1954
Creator: Meechan, Charles J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Reactor Safety, Quarterly Progress Report, February-April 1954

Description: "The composition of the solder for the solder plug has been set as the tin-silver eutectic. Final tests on this solder show that life expectancies much longer than 6 months are probable with the current design. The design of the heater tube to contain the solder plug has been settled. This consists of a copper tube impregnated with U235O2. Arrangements have been made to have test specimens fabricated by powder metallurgy techniques. The equipment for the MTR in-pile test of trigger element response times has been largely completed and tested. The design of the complete inner capsule for the BF3 safety element has been developed as well as the cladding technique. Mock-up elements have been tested in the Hanford test reactor to determine the control that may be obtained with elements of this type, although the analysis of the results has not been made. Prototype elements are also ready for testing in the test pile, except for loading with B10F3. Experiments have been designed and submitted for approval for production pile tests of prototype."
Date: October 1, 1954
Creator: Huston, Norman E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Improved Method for Numerically Solving Multi-Group Reactor Equations

Description: "A method for solving multi-group reactor equations which arise in the diffusion approximation is outlined. Considerable work has been done on this problem at KAPL and ORNL. Their approach is to replace the differential equations by difference equations. Complications arise in this method where more than one slowing down medium is present since the fluxes are discontinuous at the interfaces. The primary purpose of this article is to develop an exact integral expression for the neutron flux which automatically satisfies the boundary conditions. An iterative method for obtaining the fluxes and critical neutron multiplication ratio based upon the above-mentioned integral expression is given. The only approximation used in obtaining the fluxes, in addition to the use of multi-group diffusion theory as the basic model, is the use of numerical integration to evaluate the analytic expression. The equations for a two region, two group spherical reactor are given in a form suitable for machine programing. The extension to more than two regions is also considered.
Date: September 15, 1954
Creator: Lehman, G. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Sodium Graphite Reactor, Quarterly Progress Report, March-June 1954

Description: "The Atomic energy Commission has undertaken a development program to provide the technology needed for the evaluation and economic design of nuclear power plants. This program is to be carried out during the next five years at several national laboratories and industrial organizations. The Sodium Graphite Reactor (the SGR) is one of those to be investigated and experimentally tested as part of this 5-year effort. The program on the SGR is intended to expand our area of information covering sodium-graphite technology, experimentally demonstrate the feasibility of this reactor complex and extend its performance limits, and apply in information developed to designs suitable for the full-scale nuclear power plant. As a principal part of this program, a Sodium Reactor Experiment (the SRE) is to be constructed and operated; it will be the major experimental facility in which the performance of this reactor will be studied and new technological advances tested. This report continues an earlier series 2-7 in which previous work on the SGR and the SRE has been described. In this report, the progress on the program is described in two main sections. Section A is devoted to work relating to the general technology of Sodium Graphite Reactors, and to studies relating to the full-scale plant. Section B covers progress on the analytical, experimental, and design efforts devoted solely to the SRE, required for its design and construction.
Date: September 1, 1954
Creator: Siegel, Sidney & Inman, Guy M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Chemical Effects of 1 Mev Electrons on BrF3 at 25 degrees C

Description: "An investigation of the chemical effects of 1-Mev electrons on BrF3 at 25 degrees C has been carried out. Pressure measurements taken during the irradiation suggest the presence of Br2 and BrF5 as decomposition products and a fractional distillation of the irradiated liquid confirmed their presence. The extent of decomposition was determined both by fraction distillation and spectrophotometric methods. The radiation effect seemed to reach saturation when approximately 10 per cent of the BrF3 was destroyed. The exposure necessary for the decomposition products to reach a concentration of half the saturated value was calculated to be 2.7 microampere hours/cc BrF3 while the "G" value was found to be 1.5. A qualitative comparison of irradiation dosages from the Statiltron with that expected from spent fuels revealed that little decomposition of BrF3 reagent is to be expected from 1-say cooled Hanford fuel (in pile for 100 days) while in the case of 1-day cooled MTR type fuel (in pile for 12 days) a saturated effect might be realized in 1-3 hours. Since at most only 10 per cent of the BrF3 is destroyed it is concluded that BrF3, from a radiation resistance standpoint, is a suitable standpoint, is a suitable reagent for the processing of short cooled fuels."
Date: October 1, 1954
Creator: Yosim, S. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Distribution of Tracer Plutonium and Fission Products Between Molten Uranium and Solid Uranium Oxide, Carbide, and Nitride

Description: "A study has been made of the distribution of tracer fission products and plutonium between small samples of molten uranium and solid uranium oxide, carbine, and nitride. The distribution showed the same behavior i general for all three materials: 1. The rare earth elements, Cs, Ba, and Sr were extracted primarily into the solid scrub phase. 2. Zirconium and Nb partially concentrated in the scrub phase. 3. Plutonium, Mo, and Ru tended to remain completely in the metal phase. The distribution of activities agreed with trends predicted from the thermodynamic data. Uranium oxide appeared to be the most desirable scrub material for removing large amounts of fission products from the uranium while leaving beind the Pu. In addition the uranium metal was not severley contaminated by dissolved oxide."
Date: September 15, 1954
Creator: Keneshea, F. J.; Saul, A. M. & Young, C. Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Sodium Cooled, Graphite Moderated, Low Enrichment Uranium Reactor for the Production of Useful Power

Description: "A design study is presented for a sodium cooked, graphite moderated power reactor utilizing low enrichment uranium fuel. The design is characterized by dependence on existing technology and the use of standard, or nearly standard, components. The reactor has a nominal rating of 167 thermal megawatts, and a plant comprising three such reactors for a total output of 500 thermal megawatts is described. Sodium in a secondary, non-radioactive, circulation system carries the heat to a steam generator at 910 degrees F and is returned at 420 degrees F. Steam conditions at the turbine throttle are 600 psig and 825 degrees F. Cost of the complete reactor power plant, consisting of the three reactors, and on 150-megawatt turbogenerator, is estimated to be approximately $43,165,000."
Date: September 15, 1954
Creator: Weisner, Edward F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Separations Chemistry, Quarterly Progress Report, January-March 1954

Description: "Scale-up work on high temperature fuel recovery processes has progressed to the point where the (high temperature) vacuum furnace for several operations to the hot cells has been completed and tested under operating conditions. Small scale experiments on high temperature methods for processing molten irradiated uranium fuel have been made with spent X-10 fuel slug pieces. The results of direct Pu evaporation, treatment with fused fluorides and oxide scavenging were every similar to those found with tracer experiments."
Date: August 1, 1954
Creator: Motta, E. E.; Bareis, D. W. & Cubicciotti, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Soduim Graphite Reactor, Quarterly Progress Report, September-November 1953

Description: "For a central station reactor power plant of the sodium-graphite type, two designs have been investigated. The first operates as a converter using slightly enriched uranium fuel and produces 150 electrical megawatts. The second operates as a thermal breeder using a U233-Th alloy fuel and produces 300 electrical megawatts. Consideration has also been given to the problem associated with the design and operation of the Sodium Reactor Experiment. All work related to the plutonium plus power sodium-graphite pilot plant, which was undertaken at an earlier date, has been completed."
Date: July 1, 1954
Creator: Inman, G. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Separations Chemistry, Quarterly Progress Report, October-December 1953

Description: "Work has continued on high temperature methods for processing irradiated uranium fuel. Additional results have been obtained with fused halide treatment, solid scavengers and direct Pu distillation. With fussed fluorides about 95 per cent of the Pu was removed from a uranium sample, while treatment of uranium with HC1 gas removed almost all the Pu and many fission products. treatment of molten uranium with uranium oxide removed a substantial fraction of the fission products without removing Pu. Uranium carbide treatment results were similar to the oxide but not as effective. A small scale distillation of Pu from uranium showed that Raoult's law is obeyed."
Date: March 26, 1954
Creator: Motta, E. E.; Bareis, D. W. & Cubicciotti, D. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Heat Generation in Thermal Shields

Description: "Heat production resulting from the absorption of gamma ray photons in thermal shields and the leakage of neutrons and photons from ferritic thermal shields are investigated. The gamma rays considered arise from three types of reactor radiation -- thermal neutrons, fast neutrons, and core and reflector gammas. The energy spectra of the fast neutron leakage and absorption have been investigated in some detail because of the significant contribution of fast neutrons to the heating of the concrete biological shield."
Date: August 15, 1954
Creator: Heisler, M. & Wetch, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Chemical Development, Quarterly Progress Report, October-December 1953.

Description: Introduction - The work of the Chemical Development Group has included studies on the thermal and radiation stability of organic materials suitable for reactor coolants, the thermal and radiation stability of zirconium hydride, reactor safety devices involving chemical systems, and general analytical development.
Date: June 15, 1954
Creator: Loftness, R. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Sodium Graphite Reactor, Quarterly Progress Report, June-August 1953

Description: "Engineering was continued on the development of sodium cooled, graphite moderated type reactors. General studies were carried out as well as studies specifically devoted to the following: a. full scale poser-only plant, b. thirty-mega watt pilot plant, the SGR, c. sodium reactor experiment, the SRE. This work consisted of theoretical analysis of various aspects of nuclear performance; economic investigations of different fuel element, cooling system and plant arrangements; and experimental investigations related to the properties of certain materials and to the development of components. Preliminary consideration was given to alternative reactor arrangements employing liquid hydrocarbon moderators and high temperature coolants other than sodium. In addition to a summary of the general design features of the SRD, a program was prepared outlining the proposed use of this installation.
Date: January 20, 1954
Creator: Inman, G. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Chemical Development, Quarterly Progress Report, July-September, 1953.

Description: Introduction: "During the last quarter, members of the Chemical Development Group have been concerned with six major projects. (1) thermal and radiation properties of organic materials as moderators and coolants, (2) thermal and radiation stability of mirconium hydride, (e) reactor accessibility (transport of radioactive materials in cooling systems, ................. There have been, in addition, a number of smaller service projects, mostly of an analytical nature.:
Date: December 7, 1953
Creator: Loftness, R. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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