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Metallurgical Laboratory, Chemical Research - Analytical, Graphite Purity Research Program

Description: Abstract. Chemical analytical studies of graphite raw materials have revealed new sources of petroleum cokes and pitches of greater purity than those previously used in the manufacture of project graphite. The use of these raw materials of exceptional purity has resulted in an improvement in k of the order of one per cent as compared with the AGOT-AGNT graphite typical of the previous production. A study of the graphitizing process has shown that no dangerous impurities are introduced in the graphite in manufacture; rather, the process actually purifies. furthermore, impurities are distributed homogeneously within the furnace charge; thus the AGOT-AGNT distinction is no longer necessary. A comparison of the methods of graphite testing has demonstrated excellent correlations between chemical analytical data, the results of the function test at Argonne, and the sigma pile experiments. It may therefore be inferred that chemical testing should be an adequate control of the graphite purity. Methods are described for the analysis of ash, B, V, TI, FE, and Ca in petroleum coke, pitch, and graphite.
Date: December 22, 1943
Creator: Boyd, G. E.; Curtis, R. E. & Johnston, W. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Metallurgical Laboratory, Chemical Research - Radiation Chemistry, the Effect of Radiation on Water and Aqueous Solutions of Inorganic Substances

Description: Technical report summarizing our knowledge of the chemical effects of ionizing radiation upon water and upon aqueous solutions of inorganic compounds. The types of radiation considered are beta rays, gamma and X rays, and heavy particles, notably neutrons, deuterons, alpha rays and fission recoils.
Date: February 22, 1944
Creator: Allen, A. O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Biological Action of Gamma and X-Rays

Description: Report of experimentation on mice of exposure to daily doses of gamma radiation at two rates and the resultant damage.
Date: December 22, 1944
Creator: Lorenz, E.; Eschenbrenner, A.; Derringer, M. & Heston, W. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Quantitative Recovery of Tuballoy From Tuballoy Tetrafluoride

Description: Report discussing various procedures for recovering tuballoy from tuballoy tetrafluoride, also called "green salt." Results from trial runs of each procedure are presented.
Date: February 22, 1945
Creator: Gates, J. W., Jr.; Andrews, L. J. & Schaap, Ward B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Spectrographic Analysis of Beryllium and its Compounds

Description: Abstract. Spectrographic procedures for determining small amounts of the common contaminants in beryllium and its compounds are described. Suggestions relative to the preparation of synthetic standards are also given.
Date: June 22, 1945
Creator: Smith, A. Lee (Albert Lee), 1924-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Effect of Geometry and Voltage Variations on the Operations of the Phillips Ion Gage

Description: Abstract: "The study of ten P.I.G. geometries with copper electrodes and d.c. voltage indicates that from a pressure of 0.1 to about 3.0 microns, depending upon the gage, there is a consistent change in the air pressure-current characteristics of a P.I.G. as the geometry and voltage are changed. At higher pressures discontinuities appear in the gage current and prohibit its use as a pressure gage. In all useful geometries, the greater the applied voltage above 1000 volts, the shorter the useful portion of the pressure-current curve became. Below 1000 volts the curve tended to be unstable. With other conditions constant, the pressure limit increased as the cathode separation decreased and as the anode diameter increased. The empirical equation for the current in certain Philips Ion Gages at certain pressures and voltages is I = a'Pe-p/b where I is the current, P the pressure, e the Naperian base and a' and b constants and dependent upon geometry and voltage."
Date: August 22, 1945
Creator: McKinney, C. R.; Eggen, Donald T.; Bishop, A.; Arnold, W. A. & Starr, C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Recovery of Uranium From Beta Salvage Residues by Vapor Phase Chlorination With CCl₄

Description: Abstract: A simple process to recover the bulk of the uranium from ignited beta salvage residues was sought. In preliminary experiments a vapor phase chlorination with CCl₄ for about four hours followed by water and nitric acid leaching was found adequate. Recoveries are estimated at 60 to 90% of the total uranium content.
Date: April 22, 1946
Creator: Veatch, R. W., Jr. & Miller, A. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Effects of Fast Neutrons on the Ability of Mice to Take Forced Exercise

Description: From abstract: "In an attempt to gain some insight into the physiological condition of mice surviving massive doses of radiation, a study of their vitality was undertaken. It was assured that the ability of these animals to do forced work would be a measure of their vitality, Stimulating exposed animals to run in exercise wheels to their fullest capacity, has resulted in a demonstration of a striking vitality less during a post-irradiative period, when no other effects are demonstrable by gross examination. Mice subjected to a medium-lethal dose of fast neutrons show a continuous vitality loss over a 300 day period following exposure. Control animals show no appreciable loss of vitality up to about 8 months of age, after which a gradual loss can be noted, probably due to a normal gereologic process."
Date: August 22, 1946
Creator: Stapleton, G. K. & Curtis, H. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The X-Ray Spectra of the Last-Row Elements

Description: Abstract: X-ray energy level diagrams as given in the literature are tabulated for radium, thorium and uranium. A level scheme for protoactinium is derived from the published data. After a brief review of the use of X-ray data in studying outer electronic structure, it is pointed out that differences in the X-ray spectra should exist depending on whether the outer electrons are in f or d orbitals. The observed separation of the OI and OII levels in thorium and uranium indicated that the f levels lie lower than the d. This hypothesis also provides a reasonable explanation for the observed differences between the MIV and MV absorption edges and MIV and MV levels calculated from the emission spectra and the LIII edge.
Date: October 22, 1946
Creator: Russell, H., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Fast Coincidence Circuit with Pulse Height Selection

Description: Abstract: The output signal of a linear accelerator may have a rise time of 1-2 x 10[minus]7 seconds. Therefore, the output of a pulse height selector operating on this signal has a variation of delay from the original signal of about this amount. In the instrument to be described in this technical report this difficulty is largely resolved.
Date: April 22, 1947
Creator: Bell, P. B.; DeBenedetti, Sergio & Francis, J. B., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Summary of the Research Progress Meeting

Description: Technical report includes three reports of research progress: 1) Range Measurements on 190 Mev Deuterons, M. Stephan; 2) Meson measurements, C. Lattes; and 3) N-P Scattering, R. Christian.
Date: April 22, 1948
Creator: Wakerling, R. K. (Raymond Kornelious), 1914-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analyses of Decay Curves of Irradiated Plastics

Description: The following report covers the results of a general program that was conducted at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory to investigate the effects on plastic materials of exposure to radiation in the pile. In the investigation, several plastics were irradiated, and on removal from the pile, their rates of decay were determined by measurement of gamma activity in an ionization chamber.
Date: June 22, 1949
Creator: Saleeby, R. N.; Cheshire, J. R. & Jensen, W. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Beta-Gamma Surface Dosage Rate from Natural Uranium

Description: From summary: "Report discussing the beta-gamma dosage rate at the surface of a natural uranium disc. Measurements were taken using a Ryerson electrometer and an extrapolation ionization chamber."
Date: August 22, 1949
Creator: Kalmon, Ben
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Mercury Amalgam Bonding of Uranium and Copper

Description: Technical report summarizing one phase of work done to develop methods of bonding uranium to a metal which is a good conductor of heat. Silver was chosen for contact with uranium because it is easy to plate on uranium and there is no danger of brittle Ag-U compounds being formed at elevated temperatures. [From Abstract]
Date: January 22, 1951
Creator: Glasgow, L. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Crystal Structure of Neptunium Metal

Description: The following report provides measurements of the crystalline structure of neptunium metal.
Date: January 22, 1952
Creator: Zacharissen, W. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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MTA Target Equations

Description: In solving the two-group, two medium equations for neutron diffusion in a finite one-dimensional multiplying system, the equations in each medium can be solved, and the boundary conditions used to determine the coefficients. This direct attack involves eight simultaneous linear equations. The opportunities for error are numerous, and, frequently, a great deal of accuracy is lost by subtractions; hence, it is felt that an alternative method of solution, in which numerical errors would be less likely to occur, would be desirable.
Date: May 22, 1952
Creator: Kramer, H. P. & Adelman, F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Metallurgy Division Quarterly Progress Report for Period Ending April 30, 1952

Description: This quarterly progress report discusses ongoing work at the Metallurgy Division at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Topics discussed include thorium research, the preferred orientation of uranium, studies in the ceramics laboratory, the homogenous reactor program, studies in the x-ray laboratory, studies in the metallographic laboratory, the experimental plate-cladding program, and fuel and control element fabrication.
Date: September 22, 1952
Creator: Frye, John H., Jr., 1908-2001 & Bridge, W. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radiation Stability Studies

Description: From abstract: "An investigation of the radiation stabilities of aqueous solutions of sodium ethylenediamine tetraacetate and sodium acetate was made using a 3000-curie Co⁶⁰ source...A study of the behavior of the standard-size Beckman type glass pH electrodes in a solution containing 0.36 curie of Ce¹⁴⁴-Pr¹⁴⁴ activity per milliliter showed the useful electrode life to be of the order of two to eight days."
Date: September 22, 1952
Creator: Blanco, R. E.; Kibbey, A. H. & Pannell, J. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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U-235 Critical Mass Dependence on Moderation

Description: Introduction: "Based on experimental data and on conservative theoretical considerations, an estimate has been made of the relation of the mining U-235 critical mass to the hydrogen moderation for uranium material at the U-235 assays for which experimental information is available. These estimates have been used in indicating maximum safe amounts for conditions where definite moderation limitations can be established."
Date: September 22, 1952
Creator: Callihan, A. D.; Henry, Hugh F. & Macklin, R. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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