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A Survey of the Hazards Involved in Processing Liquid Metal Bonded Fuels

Description: A survey of the character and magnitude of hazards involved in processing liquid metal bonded fuels was made and the scope of a preliminary experimental program outlined. Processing of SRE and CPPD fuels by mechanical decladding followed by controlled reaction of the collected methods. Simdlarly, shearing of PRDC fuel and controlled exposure of the Na in the severed portions to water appears more desfrable than chethical dissolution of the metallic cladding. (auth)
Date: August 14, 1961
Creator: Adams, J. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Electron Paramagnetic Resonance in Biology

Description: A review of the theories of electron paramagnetic resonance in biology is presented, including a discussion of the nature of the physical observation, followed by examples of materials of biological interest. Iq discussing these examples, information is presented in terms of the nature of the starting material under observation rather than the nature of the magnetic entities observed. The examples proceed from the simpler molecules of biological interest (metabolites, vitamins, cofactors) into the more complex materials (polymers, proteins, nucleic acids) toward cellular organelles (mitochondria, chloroplasts) and, finally, to whole cells, organisms and organs. The observation of photoinduced unpaired electrons in photosynthetic material is described and the various parameters controlling it are discussed. The basic observation is interpreted in terms of a primary photophysical act of quantum conversion.
Date: August 15, 1961
Creator: Androes, G. M. & Calvin, Melvin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Production test IP-412-AI: B and C reactors export system test

Description: Purpose of this test was to determine the adequacy of the export system for supplying flow to a dual reactor area under simulated emergency conditions.
Date: August 2, 1961
Creator: Benson, J. L. & Jones, S. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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PERFORMANCE TESTS OF SNAP 10A THERMOELECTRIC ELEMENTS

Description: Apparatus for the performanee testing of SNAP 10A thermoelectric elements was designed, constructed, and is now in operation. Elements may be tested for any desired length of tfme up to 1400 deg F and in a vacuum of 1 x 10/ sup -5/ of Hg. The equipment used for these tcsts may also be utilized for measuring Seebeck coefficient and resistance as a function of temperature. Element performance is derived from the data on voltages and temperatures. The performance variables which are reported in graphic form are as follows: loaded output voltage at any desired DELTA T; open circuit output voltage at any desired DELTA T; power output under optimum load conditions; current produced under matched load conditions; and internal resistance of the element. (auth)
Date: August 30, 1961
Creator: Bergdorf, C.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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ISOMERIC CROSS-SECTION RATIOS FOR SOME (n,$gamma$) AND (/cap alpha/,XN) REACTIONS

Description: Isomeric cross section ratios for several nuclear reactions in the medium mass region were measured. The cross section ratios of isomers produced by the thermal neutron irradiation of Se/sup 60/, Rh/sup 103/, Pd/sup 106/ TE/sup 128/ and Cs/s up 133/ were measured. Isomeric cross section ratios for the formation of the isomeric pair In/sup 110/ and In/sup 110m/, produced in the Ag/ sup 107/ ( alpha ,n) and the Ag/sup 109/ ( alpha ,3n) reactions were also measured at several energies of the incoming projectile. He ions were accelerated to a maximum energy of 43 Mev. The relative amounts of the isomers produced in the reactions were determined by scintillation counting. In the case of the In/sup 110/ isomers the efficiencies of the scintillation counter for detecting each isomer were measured, so that absolute cross sections as well as cross section ratios could be determined for these isomers. The isomeric cross section ratios were also calculated theoretically using a statistical model, in which angular momentum effects were included. By comparing experimentally measured cross section ratios for the formation of isomeric pairs to the calculated ratios, information about the dependence of the nuclear level density on angular momentum was obtained. (auth)
Date: August 1, 1961
Creator: Bishop, C.T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Bobcat (Program No. 56) Code Preparation Analysis on the IBM-650

Description: The BOBCAT code that is programmed for the IBM650 is described. The code facilitates the nuclear analysis of APPR-type cores by performing many of the routine calculations necessary to obtain input to various IBM-650 and IBM-704 codes. Using fuel element geometry and U/sup 235/ and B/sup 10/ loadings as input, the code prepares input to the MUFT-III and various P/sub 3/ codes as output; in addition, a large amount of detailed descriptive core data that is useful in nuclear analysis calculations is generated. (auth)
Date: August 1, 1961
Creator: Bobe, P. E. & Caton, R. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Processing of Uranium Carbide Reactor Fuels. I. Reaction With Water and HCl

Description: High-purity uranium monocarbide reacted with water at 80 deg C to produce a finely divided, brown U(IV) compound, and 92 nfl (STP) of gas per gram consisting of 11 vol% hydrogen, 86 vol% methane, 2 vol% ethame, and 0.6 vol% propane. At 90 deg C, the products were the same, but the reaction rate was higher. Reaction with 5.6 M HCl was slower than with water, but the gaseous products were essentially the same. In preliminary experiments at 80 deg C with UC-UC/sub 2/ mixtures containing less than 2 wt.% free carbon, the volume of gas evolved per gram of sample hydrolyzed decreased from 92 to 32 ml (STP) and the methane concentration from 86 to 14 vol% as the UC/sub 2/ concentration in the mixture increased from 0 to about 63 wt.%. An attendant increase in the hydrogen and ethane concentrations to 23 and 38 vol%, respectively, also occurred. (anth)
Date: August 15, 1961
Creator: Bradley, M. J. & Ferris, L. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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EVALUATION OF ULTIMATE DISPOSAL METHOD FOR LIQUID AND SOLID RADIOACTIVE WASTES. PART I. INTERIM LIQUID STORAGE

Description: As the first part of a study to evaluate the economics of the various steps leading to and including the permanent disposal of high-activity liquid and solid radioactive waste, costs of interim liquid storage of acid and alkaline Purex and Thorex wastes were estimated for storage times of 0.5 to 30 years. A 6- ton/day plant was assumed, processing 1500 tons/year of uranium converter fuel at a burnup of 10,000 Mwd/ton and 270 tons/year of thorium converter fuel at a burnup of 20,000 Mwd/ton. Tanks of Savannah River design were assumed, with stainless steel construction for acid wastes and mild steel construction for neutralized wastes. The operating cycle of each tank was assumed to consist of equal filling and emptying periods plus a full (or dead) period. With interim storage time defined as filling time plus full time, tank costs were minimum when full time was 40 to 70% of the interim storage time, using present worth considerations. For waste storage times of 0.5 to 30 years, costs ranged from 2.2 x 10/sup -3/ to 9.5 x 10/sup -3/ mill/kwh/sub e/ for acid wastes and from 1.7 x 10/sup -3/ to 5.1 x 10/sup -3/ mill/kwh/sub e/ for neutralized wastes. (auth)
Date: August 22, 1961
Creator: Bradshaw, R.L.; Perona, J.J.; Roberts, J.T. & Blomeke, J.O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Annotated Bibliography of Theories of the Equation of State of Ionized Gases and Strong Electrolyte Solutions

Description: This bibliography lists 297 references on the equation of state of ionized gases and electrolyte solutions, including calculations of closely related quantities such as free energy, partition functions, o smotic pre ssure, activity coefficients, and equilibrium compositions of partially ionized systems. A subject index and a supplementary list of 42 bibliographies on plasma physics and similar topics are included. (auth)
Date: August 1, 1961
Creator: Brush, S. G. & Wensrich, C. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Measurement procedures for purified birch

Description: Since start-up of the neptunium recovery and purification program at HAPO, the neptunium-has been subjected to the following process steps: Production of crude neptunium nitrate by the Redox and Purex plants; Production of purified neptunium nitrate, using an anion exchange process, in research and development facilities operated by CPD`s Process Chemistry Operation; Production of neptunium oxide (NpO{sub 2}) by Process Chemistry. Mixing the NpO{sub 2} powder with aluminum powder and incorporation in an aluminum-clad-target element, done by the Plutonium Metallurgy Operation of Hanford Laboratories; and Irradiation of the target elements in the Savannah River reactors; and Chemical reprocessing of the irradiated target elements at Savannah River to recover the desired plutonium-238 and the unconverted neptunium. As frequently happens to between-contractor transfers, neptunium material balances between Hanford`s NpO{sub 2} and Savannah River`s recovered neptunium have sometimes been poorer than expected. Because of wide spread interest in this problem, it was deemed desirable to put on record a description of the measurement techniques which have been used at Hanford for NpO{sub 2} and the improvements which have been made in the analytical methods. The measurement methods used for purified nitrate are also described.
Date: August 14, 1961
Creator: Buckingham, J. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Design of the Sandia High-Altitude Sampler Rocket System (HAS)

Description: Abstract: "This report presents the characteristics incorporated in the design of a ballistic rocket system that is capable of carrying recoverable payloads varying in weight from 75 to 200 pounds to altitudes of 600,000 to 1,000,000 feet (msl)."
Date: August 1961
Creator: Bustamante, A. C. & Walker, W. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Efficiency Studies with Gamma Ray Portion of Specialized Reactor-Shield Monte Carlo Program 18-0

Description: Application studies were made with Specialized Reactor-Shield Monte Carlo Program 18-0 to determine the efficiency and feasibility of calculating energy deposition due to primary core gamma rays throughout the XNJ140E-1 reactor-shield assembly. Monte Carlo results are presented in tabular form for all geometrical regions used to describe the shield. Described here is a means of obtaining adequate and valid heating rates in about 47 hours on the IBM-704 digital computer. Comparison of Monte Carlo and point kernel data are included.
Date: August 1, 1961
Creator: Capo, M. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Identification of Curium-242 in Irradiated Neptunium

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "Curium-242 was experimentally identified as a minor product of the irradiation of neptunium-237 in a nuclear reactor." From Introduction : "Determinations of the half-life, alpha energy, and daughter product of the purified curium nuclide were made in this study to confirm the identity as curium-242."
Date: August 1961
Creator: Carothers, Glenn A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Recommended E-N charge modification (Second cycle PT-IP-350-C E-N demonstration load)

Description: The original charge for the E-N core load at H reactor, consisting of five different types of charges, each group of five containing 199 .947 per cent enriched uranium E-pieces of six inch nominal length and 16 Li-Al I&E (N) pieces of four inch nominal length plus mixers, was intended to provide enough excess reactivity to operate the reactor at all times with reasonable but not excessive flexibility. During actual operation the excess reactivity observed has been somewhat greater than conservatively planned. In addition, a very slight long-term gain rather than the expected loss has been observed up to this time (73 MWD/column average exposure). On this basis, a modification of the original charge makeup has been determined which will permit increased conversion and operating efficiency.
Date: August 15, 1961
Creator: Carter, R. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Preliminary Report on Magnetogasdynamic Aspects

Description: Report describing studies on magnetogasdynamic aspects, presented in three sections: a summary of relevant magnetofluidmechanic fundamentals; a review of relevant literature on flow modification in magnetofluidmechnics; and the results of analytical investigations on highly restricted magnetofluidmechanic flows.
Date: August 1961
Creator: Chenoweth, D. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Daily data sheets, UT-2 test, PT-IP-310-A-FP, D reactor

Description: This report contains daily data of the D reactor`s: outlet temperature; panelist dial; panelist base; front header pressure; and downstream probe thermocouple readings.
Date: August 17, 1961
Creator: Clinton, M. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Supplement A to design of PT-IP-263-A-FP, evaluation of chemically nickel plated fuel elements

Description: Irradiation of the initial test in this program involving ten tubes of alternately charged nickel-plated C-64 alloy clad test elements and X-80001 alloy control elements has been successfully completed. The test indicated that the nickel-plate spalling problem has been resolved, as no significant spalling or flaking was observed during the post-irradiation examination. The second test in this program will be to verify that the nickel-plate integrity problem has been solved by irradiating a pilot loading (up to 100 charges) of fuel elements which have been nickel-plated on a production basis.
Date: August 22, 1961
Creator: Clinton, M. A. & Hodgson, W. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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REACTIVITY EFFECTS OF STRUCTURAL MATERIALS IN THE BEM-II B

Description: Reactivity effects of 93.2% enriched oralloy, molybdenum, iron, niobium, 310 stainless steel, 304 stainless steel, Inconel X, FeC rAl, zirconium, nickel, nichrome V, and chromium clad with FeCrAl, in the form of foils in the center cell of the BEM-II B minimum void, beryllium moderated critical experiment are reported. Nineteen-energy-level diffusion calculations with cell corrections from both coarse and fine energy detail were correlated with the measurements. The fine energy detail improved the correlation, mainly because resonance self- shielding and flux depression are more adequately treated, and residual discrepancies for the most part can be attributed to inadequacies in the cross section data. (auth)
Date: August 1, 1961
Creator: Cooper, K.V. & Henderson, W.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Potting of MC-1353 MATTA units in Lockfoam BX-105 B-10

Description: This program was initiated to develop a more reliable, practical method for potting MC-1353 Multiple Application Tube Transformer Assembly (MATTA) units in slow foaming Lockfoam BX-105 B-10. The study included volume determinations foam density measurements, foam time- temperature relationships, and exotherm effects on subassemblies.
Date: August 1, 1961
Creator: Creed, K.E. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Development of Niobium-Uranium Alloys for Elevated-Temperature Fuel Applications

Description: As a continuation of studies reported in BMI-1400, fabrication characteristics, physical and mechanical properties, and corrosion behavior in NaK, sodium, and water of niobium--uranium binary alloys containing up to 60 wt.% uranium were investigated. Alloys were cast by a skull melting and consumable and nonconsumable arc-melting methods. Fabrication difficulties with alloys containing greater than 25 wt.% uranium were related to coring-type microsegregation during casting. Tensile tests indicated 0.2% offset yield strengths of 16,880, 22,370 and 28,600 psi for niobium2000 deg F. Additional tensile data were obtained for alloys from 1600 to 2400 deg F. Stresses to produce minimum creep rates of 0.001, 0.01, and 0.1%/hr at 1600, 1800, and 2000 deg F were also determined. Both tensile and creep strengths were found to be sensitive to oxygen content. All alloys appeared compatible with NaK at 1600 deg F and with sodium at 1500 deg F. In 600 deg F water, most of the alloys tested exhibited negligible weight changes after 336 days' exposure. Weight changes were greater after 140 days' exposure to 680 deg F water, but corrosion rates were considered satisfactory for a clad fuel. The thermal and electrical conductivities of niobium are lowered by the addition of uranium, while the thermal-expansion characteristics are essentially unaffected. Recrystallization temperatures for 90% cold-reduced niobium-4.38, -14.3, -20, -25.0, and -30 wt.% uranium alloys are 2300, 2300, 2400, 2300, and 2200 deg F, respectively. No appreciable effect of oxygen contents ranging from 100 to 1000 ppm was observed on the composition limits of the gamma immiscibility gap in the niobium-- uranium system. (auth)
Date: August 9, 1961
Creator: DeMastry, John A.; Moak, Donald P.; Epstein, Seymour G.; Bauer, Arthur A. & Dickerson, Ronnald F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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MAGNETIC FIELD MEASUREMENTS IN A CYLINDRICAL PINCH TUBE

Description: Magnetic field measurements in a cylindrical linear pinch tube with probes are described. Tests are performed with a discharge current frequency of 20 kilocycles in nitrogen at an initial pressure of 0.1 mm Hg. Initial capacitor voltage is varied from 1000 to 5000 volts. The magnetic field distribution, the radial current distribution, and the current density in the pinch tube are described. The discharges are concluded to be symmetric above 2000 volts. The symmetric discharges have distinct characteristics. At the start of the discharge, current flows near the outer periphery of the pinch tube. A portion of the current concentrates in a thin shell which moves toward the axis at a high velocity. The remainder of the current flows between the rapidly advancing shell and the outer radius of the pinch tube. After the formation of the first shell a second shell may form and move toward the axis. (auth)
Date: August 1, 1961
Creator: Donner, T. & Aronowitz, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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