Search Results

open access

Securities Regulation and Initial Coin Offerings: A Legal Primer

Description: This report discusses the principles that the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and courts use to determine whether a transaction qualifies as an offering of "securities" under the Securities Act and the Exchange Act, and the application of those principles to initial coin offerings (ICOs).
Date: August 31, 2018
Creator: Sykes, Jay B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Questioning Judicial Nominees: Legal Limitations and Practice

Description: This report examines the relevant considerations for questioning judicial nominees. It describes applicable canons of judicial ethics that may discourage judicial nominees from answering certain questions posed by Members of Congress; which types of questions prior federal judicial nominees have answered or declined to answer, focusing on nominees for the U.S. Supreme Court; and some takeaways for Members.
Date: August 30, 2018
Creator: Lewis, Kevin M. & Brannon, Valerie C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

The "Flores Settlement" and Alien Families Apprehended at the U.S. Border: Frequently Asked Questions

Description: This report answers frequently asked legal questions pertaining to the Flores Settlement and the settlement's impact on the detention of alien families apprehended at or near the U.S. border. In particular, the report addresses (1) background of the litigation, (2) how the Settlement restricts DHS's power to keep families in detention, (3) the relationship between the Ms. L. litigation and the Settlement, (4) the executive branch's policy options under the Settlement, and (5) the extent to which either the executive branch or Congress can override or modify the terms of the Flores Settlement.
Date: August 28, 2018
Creator: Peck, Sarah Herman & Harrington, Ben
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

U.S. Trade Debates: Select Disputes and Actions

Description: This report discusses a number of significant trade disputes involving the United States over the past 100 years. It is a response to the 271 active trade disputes currently being addressed in the World Trade Organization (WTO) that involve the United States.
Date: August 28, 2018
Creator: Schwarzenberg, Andres B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Records, Papers, Decisions: Kavanaugh Records and the Presidential Records Act

Description: This report discusses the release of records pertaining to Judge Brett Kavanaugh's tenure in the George W. Bush Administration and the Office of Independent Counsel Kenneth W. Starr, which have been the subject of ongoing congressional interest since Kavanaugh's nomination to the Supreme Court.
Date: August 27, 2018
Creator: Stuessy, Meghan M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Judicial Fact-Finding and Criminal Sentencing: Current Practice and Potential Change

Description: This report provides an overview of criminal sentencing law by briefly describing the use of relevant conduct under the Guidelines and tracing the Supreme Court case law that has informed the practice, before addressing judicial commentary and recently proposed legislation regarding the use of acquitted or uncharged conduct at sentencing.
Date: August 24, 2018
Creator: Foster, Michael A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Supreme Court Nomination: CRS Products

Description: This document provides a list of all the Congressional Research Service reports describing the judicial decisions of Justice Kennedy and Judge Kavanaugh, as well as Supreme Court vacancies and nominations.
Date: August 24, 2018
Creator: Nolan, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Air Force OA-X Light Attack Aircraft Program

Description: This report discusses the U.S. Air Force's intention to acquire a new type of aircraft. The OA-X light attack aircraft is a small, two-seat turboprop airplane designed for operation in relatively permissive environments.
Date: August 23, 2018
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

CFIUS Reform: Foreign Investment National Security Reviews

Description: This report discusses recent legislation, known as the Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernization Act (FIRRMA) of 2018. The legislation amends the current process for the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) to review -- on behalf of the President -- the national security implications of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the United States.
Date: August 22, 2018
Creator: Jackson, James K. & Cimino-Isaacs, Cathleen D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Judge Brett M. Kavanaugh: His Jurisprudence and Potential Impact on the Supreme Court

Description: This report provides an overview of Judge Kavanaugh's jurisprudence and discusses his potential impact on the Court if he were to be confirmed to succeed Justice Kennedy. It focuses upon those areas of law where Justice Kennedy can be seen to have influenced the High Court's approach to certain issues or served as a fifth and deciding vote on the Court, with a view toward how Judge Kavanaugh might approach these same issues.
Date: August 21, 2018
Creator: Nolan, Andrew & Lewis, Caitlain Devereaux
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Calling Balls and Strikes: Ethics and Supreme Court Justices

Description: This report examines questions related to the integrity and independence of the Supreme Court, and Congress's potential role in regulating the ethics of the Supreme Court Justices. For example: What mechanisms ensure the integrity of Justices as federal officials? Are Justices subject to any rules of ethical conduct? How might such ethics rules be enforced?
Date: August 20, 2018
Creator: Brown, Cynthia
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

MS-13 in the United States and Federal Law Enforcement Efforts

Description: This report provides a brief background on the Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13), a violent criminal gang operating in the United States and abroad--namely Central America. It focuses on MS-13's structure and criminal activities in the U.S. and highlights law enforcement initiatives to counter the gang's illicit activities. The report also provides an overview of selected domestic policy issues Congress may examine as part of its efforts to counter MS-13.
Date: August 20, 2018
Creator: Finklea, Kristin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Substance Abuse Prevention, Treatment, and Research Efforts in the Military

Description: This report discusses substance abuse trends in the military, efforts by the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) to address the opioid crisis, and the main elements of DOD's substance abuse prevention, compliance, and disciplinary policies.
Date: August 17, 2018
Creator: Mendez, Bryce H. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Election Security: Issues in the 2018 Midterm Elections

Description: This report discusses concerns over possible election interference that could take place during the 2018 midterm elections.
Date: August 16, 2018
Creator: Theohary, Catherine A. & Fischer, Eric A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Implementing EPA's 2015 Ozone Air Quality Standards

Description: This report provides background on NAAQS (federal standards that apply to outdoor air), the process used to establish them, the 2008 and 2015 ozone standards, and issues that have been raised as EPA implements the final rule.
Date: August 16, 2018
Creator: McCarthy, James E. & Shouse, Kate C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the Navy's Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) program. A total of 32 LCSs have been procured through FY2018. For FY2019, the Navy is requesting the procurement of the 33rd LCS. The LCS program presents several oversight issues for Congress. Congress's decisions on the program will affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements, and the shipbuilding industrial base.
Date: August 16, 2018
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Toward the Creation of a U.S. "Space Force"

Description: This report discusses the possibility of a new military service branch -- the Space Force -- with the goal of asserting "American dominance in space."
Date: August 16, 2018
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A.; Elsea, Jennifer K.; Kapp, Lawrence & McInnis, Kathleen J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

When Does Double Prosecution Count as Double Jeopardy?

Description: This report discusses the Fifth Amendment's Double Jeopardy Clause; although the Clause provides that no person shall "be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb," the Supreme Court has made clear that that protection has its limits.
Date: August 16, 2018
Creator: Hsin, JD S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

IRS Will No Longer Require Disclosure of Certain Nonprofit Donor Information

Description: This report will first provide background on the statute and regulations regarding tax-exempt organizations' (EOs') disclosure of contributor information. Next, the report will discuss the justifications of and reactions to the new policy, including the views of proponents and opponents of the new policy. The report will then discuss the litigation Montana has filed against the policy. Finally, the report will provide considerations for Congress.
Date: August 14, 2018
Creator: Carpenter, David H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Supreme Court Appointment Process: Consideration by the Senate Judiciary Committee

Description: This report discusses the role played by the Senate Judiciary Committee in the process for appointing Supreme Court Justices. Each appointment to the nine-member Court is of consequence because of the enormous judicial power that the Court exercises, separate from, and independent of, the executive and legislative branches.
Date: August 14, 2018
Creator: McMillion, Barry J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Trade Adjustment Assistance for Workers and the TAA Reauthorization Act of 2015

Description: After a brief discussion of the program's purpose and most recent reauthorization, this report describes TAA as reauthorized by the Trade Adjustment Assistance Reauthorization Act of 2015 (TAARA, Title IV of P.L. 114-27).
Date: August 14, 2018
Creator: Collins, Benjamin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Emergency Use Authorization and FDA's Related Authorities

Description: This report discusses when the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) may permit a medical product to be provided to patients outside of the standard regulatory framework.
Date: August 13, 2018
Creator: Dabrowska, Agata
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Kosovo: Background and U.S. Relations

Description: This report describes Kosovo's government and political structure, economy, and relations with the U.S., Serbia, and the European Union (EU).
Date: August 13, 2018
Creator: Morelli, Vincent L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Back to Top of Screen