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Decommissioning of DMA equipment at Richland. Quarterly status report for period ending June 30, 1974

Description: The project is progressing under the authorizing November 12, 1973, TWX from AL to RL. It provides for removal of the retired equipment in the 234-5 Building, its packaging and burial suitable for 20-year retrieval. The building area affected will be decontaminated and made available for other purposes. Work is progressing on removal of the inspection equipment in Room 192 with two hoods having been detached from the conveyor head. No contamination exterior to the hoods has occurred. Document, Vitro-R-286 and its addendum are attached. They provide the sequence for removal of the inspection line equipment and the special procedure for removal of Hood HI-74. Twelve steel burial boxes have been received and 30 fiberglass burial boxes are in transit from Rocky Flats. No unusual problems have been encountered.
Date: July 1, 1974
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Structure analysis of OmpC, one of the major proteins in the outer membrane of E. coli, by high resolution electron microscopy

Description: This dissertation is concerned with the structure analysis of a pore-forming membrane protein, OmpC, which is one of the major proteins in the outer membrane of Escherichia coli. In order to obtain structural information it was necessary to develop a suitable technique for preparing two-dimensional crystalline arrays of this membrane protein in an unfixed, unstained and hydrated condition. Electron micrographs were recorded at exposures of less than 5 electrons/A/sup 2/ in order to avoid severe radiation damage. The resulting images were crystallographically averaged, in order to overcome the statistical limitations associated with the low electron exposures. The resulting images, which extend to a resolution of approx. 13.5 A, lend themselves to a natural interpretation that is consistent with the mass density of protein, water and lipid, prior data from 2-D and 3-D structure studies of negatively stained specimens at approx. = 20 A resolution, and published spectroscopic data on the peptide chain secondary structure.
Date: July 1, 1983
Creator: Chang, C.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Multiple-quantum NMR studies of spin clusters in liquid crystals and zeolites

Description: This work will describe the use of MQ NMR to study spin clusters in anisotropic materials. A technique known as multiple-quantum spin counting was used to determine average spin cluster sizes liquid crystalline materials and in faujacitic zeolites containing aromatic hydrocarbons. The first half of the thesis will describe MQ NMR and the MQ spin counting technique, and the second half of the thesis will describe the actual experiments and their results.
Date: July 1, 1991
Creator: Pearson, J. (California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Blowup of a weak beam due to interaction with a strong beam in an electron storage ring

Description: The theoretical description of the beam-beam interaction presented here takes into account all the important features of the beam-beam phenomenon: the nonlinear beam-beam force and its dependnce on both transverse coordinates, damping of the oscillations, presence of noise in the particle motion, in particular the quantum noise in its synchrotron radiation, actual machine functions, layout and the number B of interaction points, and to some extent imperfections present in the machine. The model deals not with a separate particle, but with the beam as a whole using phase space distribution functions and the average (unperturbed and perturbed) characteristics of the bunch.
Date: July 1, 1983
Creator: Kheifets, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Low temperature and neutron physics studies: Final progress report, March 1, 1986--May 31, 1987

Description: A search for a novel coupling interaction between the Pendelloesung periodicity which is formed in a diffracting crystal and the Larmor precession of neutrons in a magnetic field has been carried out. This interaction is expected to exhibit a resonant behavior when the two spatial periodicities become matched upon scanning the magnetic field being applied to the crystal. Observations on a diffracting, perfect crystal of silicon with neutrons of wavelength 1 Angstrom show the expected resonant action but some discrepancy between the observed magnitude of the resonance effects remains for interpretation. 16 refs.
Date: July 27, 1989
Creator: Shull, C.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Development of materials for open-cycle MHD. Quarterly report for the period ending March 1983

Description: Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) is conducting an ongoing study of channel components for open-cycle, coal-fired magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) generators. Specifically, electrodes and insulators are being developed. The electrical conductivity has been measured on several compositions based on hafnium oxide, rare earth oxides, and indium oxide. Indium oxide at present appears to be the main constituent required for high conductivity. As part of the development, materials are being corrosion tested in both Montana Rosebud coal slag and potassium sulfate (K/sub 2/SO/sub 4/). The results from three coal slag tests and one K/sub 2/SO/sub 4/ test are discussed in this document.
Date: July 1, 1983
Creator: Marchant, D.D. & Bates, J.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Development and application of a Permit Information System for Shale Oil (PERMISSO). Final report, June 1978--May 1979

Description: This report covers the first phase of a program to develop an information system capable of describing and assessing the federal, state, and county permitting process for oil shale development. It was found that the permitting system is in a constant state of change and is growing in complexity. There are potential direct savings of several millions of dollars in the development and use of an automated permitting system data base. (DLC)
Date: July 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Method of inspecting Raschig rings by neutron absorption counting

Description: A neutron counting method for inspecting borosilicate glass Raschig rings and an apparatus designed specifically for this method are discussed. The neutron count ratios for rings of a given thickness show a linear correlation to the boron oxide content of the rings. The count ratio also has a linear relationship to the thickness of rings of a given boron oxide content. Consequently, the experimentally-determined count ratio and physically-measured thickness of Raschig rings can be used to statistically predict their boron oxide content and determine whether or not they meet quality control acceptance criteria.
Date: July 27, 1979
Creator: Morris, R.N.; Murri, R.L. & Hume, M.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Hydrogeochemical and stream sediment reconnaissance of the National Uranium Resource Evaluation Program primarily for the Rocky Mountain states of New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, and Montana, and the State of Alaska. Semiannual progress report, October 1978-March 1979

Description: During this six-month period, Hydrogeochemical and Stream Sediment Reconnaissance samples were collected by the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LASL) from 623 locations in Colorado for a special study. Additional special studies are planned for nine other areas in the Rocky Mountain states in fiscal year 1979, plus some cleanup reconnaissance sampling in parts of four quadrangles that overlap state borders. Preparations for reconnaissance sampling of the entire North Slope region of Alaska have been made but sampling is contingent upon receiving supplemental funds. Water samples from 6725 locations were analyzed for uranium by fluorometry or delayed-neutron counting (DNC). Water samples from 9390 locations were analyzed by emission spectroscopy for 12 other elements. Sediment samples from 14,414 locations were analyzed for uranium and 31 other elements by combined DNC and neutron activation analysis. Sediment samples from 9876 locations were analyzed for two additional elements by x-ray fluorescence. Nine LASL reconnaissance reports, one pilot study data release, one supplemental multielement data release, a multielement data release for three areas in western Alaska, and one quarterly report were open filed by the Department of Energy, Grand Junction Office during the six-month period. Numerous other reports are in various stages of completion and several will be open filed in the near future.
Date: July 1, 1979
Creator: Aamodt, P. L.; Bunker, M. E.; Waterbury, G. R. & Waller, R. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Observation of stimulated brillouin scattering in a microwave plasma interaction emperiment

Description: Stimulated Brillouin scattering of microwave radiation is investigated in an underdense laboratory plasma. The energy and momentum selection rules are seen to be satisfied for a variety of incident wavelengths (lambda/sub 0/ = 3 approx. 10 cm) and ion species (He, Ne, Ar and Kr). The threshold power, growth rate and scattered power appear to be consistent with the finite interaction length theory. Saturation of the backscatter is observed and compared with existing theories.
Date: July 1, 1979
Creator: Huey, H. E.; Mase, A. & Luhmann, N. C. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A D-He/sup 3/ fusion reactor based on a dipole magnetic field

Description: An innovative fusion reactor suitable for D-He/sup 3/ fuel is proposed, based on a dipole magnetic field produced by a simple one-turn coil with /approx lt/16 T near-field intensity. The equilibrium plasma, phase-space density satisfies /partial derivative//cflx f//sub 0/(/mu/, J, /psi/)//partial derivative//psi/ = O, where /psi/ is the flux function, has a steep enough pressure profile for an efficient fusion reaction yet is stable for low frequency instabilities to local beta exceeding unity. The semi-open field configuration is particularly suitable for D-He/sup 3/ reactions. 8 refs., 1 fig.
Date: July 1, 1989
Creator: Hasegawa, Akira & Chen, Liu
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Sampling the Fermi-Dirac density

Description: A method is given for sampling the nonrelativistic Fermi-Dirac electron energy density for all values of the degeneracy parameter eta on the range - infinity < eta less than or equal to 50. The efficiency of the various rejection techniques employed is never less than 30%, and drops below 50% only for a short range of eta values around eta = 2. The range can certainly be extended beyond eta = 50, the efficiency there being 71%, and decreasing very slowly. 5 references.
Date: July 1, 1979
Creator: Cashwell, E.D. & Everett, C.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Overview of the biomedical and environmental programs at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. [Lead abstract]

Description: Separate abstracts were prepared for each of the 6 chapters presented by the six divisions involved in the Biomedical and Environmental Sciences Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The introduction is not covered by an abstract and deals with the environmental, health and safety considerations of energy technology decisions, the major initiatives now being taken by these 6 divisions, and recent major accomplishments in the biomedical and environmental science program. (KRM)
Date: July 1, 1981
Creator: Pfuderer, H.A. & Moody, J.B. (comps.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Review of composite material applications in the automotive industry for the electric and hybrid vehicle. Annual report, November 1978

Description: A comprehensive review is made of the state-of-the-art in regard to the use of composite materials for reducing the structural mass of automobiles. Reduction of mass will provide, in addition to other engineering improvements, increased performance/range advantages that are particularly needed in the electric and hybrid vehicle field. Problems to be overcome include the attainment of mass production techniques and the prevention of environmental hazards.
Date: July 1, 1979
Creator: Bauer, J.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Some features of Rayleigh scattering from light atoms and ions

Description: When photon energies are well below 1 MeV the only significant contribution to elastic (coherent) photon-atom scattering comes from Rayleigh scattering, the elastic scattering of photons from bound atomic electrons. This report discusses the Rayleigh scattering cross sections for atoms and ions of low nuclear charge, particularly for photon energies in the vicinity of the threshold for photoionization from the K-shell. Just below this threshold energy there is a sequence of resonances in the elastic scattering amplitude. Each resonance occurs at an energy corresponding to the excitation of a K-shell electron to a higher unfilled shell. For a multi-electron atom the total cross section can go through a near zero minimum just below the resonance region due to interference between K and L amplitudes. The resonance region expands with increasing ionization, on the low side as more interior shells become unfilled and accessible, and, on the high side as the ionization threshold increases. Above the ionization threshold, in an isonuclear sequence the K-shell amplitudes share a common curve differing only in the position of the threshold. When the K-shell is opened the amplitude departs from this common curve. Above, but near, threshold the imaginary part of the K-shell amplitude is important but it rapidly decreases. Well above the threshold form factor predictions are approached for the atom and for the scattering from each subshell separately.
Date: July 18, 1979
Creator: Parker, J.C. & Pratt, R.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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FASTBUS Diagnostic Language users manual. Version 3(74)

Description: FASTBUS Diagnostic Language (FDL) is an interactive interpretive language designed to aid the engineer or physicist/user in the testing and debugging of FASTBUS modules and systems. Since FASTBUS systems involve a variety of devices and data paths, it is frequently more efficient to utilize a high-level language system such as FDL for diagnostics, rather than to develop device-specific programs. FDL can also be used to a limited extent for both device control and data acquisition.
Date: July 1, 1983
Creator: Lesny, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Technical assistance. Final report, 15 August 1978-14 July 1979

Description: Under the technical assistance program up to 100 man hours of consultation can be provided, at no cost, to private, public, or corporate entities intending the direct utilization of geothermal energy. Application areas include but are not limited to, space heating and cooling, district heating, aquaculture, food production and processing, drying, chemical and pharmaceutical processes, animal husbandry, etc. Assistance is given primarily for projects in the Pacific Region states of Alaska, Washington, Oregon, California, Nevada, Arizona, and Hawaii. Activities of the technical assistance program for the reporting period are listed by state.
Date: July 14, 1979
Creator: Culver, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Energy savings by means of fuel cell electrodes in electro-chemical industries. Progress report, February 1, 1979-April 30, 1979

Description: Data are presented for investigations involving air cathodes in caustic half cells and hydrogen depolarized anodes for metal electrowinning (acid electrolytes). Studies with air depolarized Pt cathodes in caustic hardware include: progress of the RA19 type air diffusion electrode. Reference data has been obtained with this 10,500 hour old electrode; cathode performance (Reference) vs time for a standard 0.33 mg/cm/sup 2/ cathode; electrode-current collector evaluation; electrode-current collector data as a function of cell temperature; and electrode-current collector data as a function of CO/sub 2/ free air efficiency. Zinc electrowinning data have been obtained for tests involving: current density vs power consumption; current efficiency over the temperature range of from 55 to 80/sup 0/C; and the presence of Co, Fe, Cu, Ge, and Pt impurities in the electrolyte.
Date: July 10, 1979
Creator: Allen, R.J.; Juda, W. & Lindstrom, R.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Direct use applications of geothermal resources at Desert Hot Springs, California. Final report, May 23, 1977--July 31, 1978. Volume II: appendixes

Description: The following appendixes are included: Desert Hot Springs (DHS) Geothermal Project Advisory Board, Geothermal Citizens Advisory Committee, community needs assessment, geothermal resource characterization, a detailed discussion of the geothermal applications considered for DHS, space/water heating, agricultural operations, detailed analysis of a geothermal aquaculture facility, detailed discussion of proposed energy cascading systems for DHS, regulatory requirements, environmental impact assessment, resource management plan, and geothermal resources property rights and powers of cities to regulate indigenous geothermal resources and to finance construction of facilities for utilization of such resources. (MHR)
Date: July 1978
Creator: Christiansen, C. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Semi-annual report on strategic special nuclear material inventory differences

Description: This report provides and explains the generally small differences between the amounts of nuclear materials charged to DOE facilities and the amounts that could be physically inventoried. This report covers data for the period from April 1, 1978, through September 30, 1978, and includes accounting corrections for data from earlier periods. These data and explanations, together with the absences of physical indications of any theft attempt, support a finding that during this period no theft or diversion of a significant amount of strategic special nuclear materials has occurred.
Date: July 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Possible future environmental issues for fossil fuel technologies. Final report

Description: The work reported here was carried out for the Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy to identify and assess 15 to 20 major environmental issues likely to affect the implementation of fossil energy technologies between 1985 and 2000. The energy technologies specifically addressed are: oil recovery and processing; gas recovery and processing; coal liquefaction; coal gasification (surface); in situ coal gasification; direct coal combustion; advanced power systems; magnetohydrodynamics; surface oil shale retorting; and true and modified in situ oil shale retorting. Environmental analysis of these technologies included, in addition to the main processing steps, the complete fuel cycle from resource extraction to end use. The 16 environmental issues identified as those most likely for future regulatory actions and the main features of, and the possible regulatory actions associated with, each are as follows: disposal of solid waste from coal conversion and combustion technologies; water consumption by coal and oil shale conversion technologies; siting of coal conversion facilities; the carbon dioxide greenhouse effect; emission of polycyclic organic matter (POM); impacts of outer continental shelf (OCS) oil development; emission of trace elements; groundwater contamination; liquefied natural gas (LNG), safety and environmental factors; underground coal mining - health and safety; fugitive emissions from coal gasification and liquefaction - health and safety; boomtown effects; emission of fine particulates from coal, oil and oil shale technologies; emission of radioactivity from the mining and conversion of coal; emission of nitrogn oxides; and land disturbance from surface mining. (LTN)
Date: July 1, 1979
Creator: Attaway, L.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Two-stage precipitation of neptunium (IV) oxalate

Description: Neptunium (IV) oxalate was precipitated using a two-stage precipitation system. A series of precipitation experiments was used to identify the significant process variables affecting precipitate characteristics. Process variables tested were input concentrations, solubility conditions in the first stage precipitator, precipitation temperatures, and residence time in the first stage precipitator. A procedure has been demonstrated that produces neptunium (IV) oxalate particles that filter well and readily calcine to the oxide.
Date: July 1, 1983
Creator: Luerkens, D. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Proton linear accelerators: A theoretical and historical introduction

Description: From the beginning, the development of linear accelerators has followed a number of different directions. This report surveys the basic ideas and general principles of such machines, pointing out the problems that have led to the various improvements, with the hope that it may also aid further progress. After a brief historical survey, the principal aspects of accelerator theory are covered in some detail: phase stability, focusing, radio-frequency accelerating structures, the detailed calculation of particle dynamics, and space-charge effects at high intensities. These developments apply essentially to proton and ion accelerators, and only the last chapter deals with a few aspects relative to electrons. 134 refs.
Date: July 1, 1989
Creator: Lapostolle, P.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Objectives and strategies of the International Photovoltaic Program Plan

Description: The Solar Photovoltaic Energy Research, Development, and Demonstration (RD and D) Act of 1978 calls for the Secretary of the US Department of Energy (DOE) to prepare a plan to demonstrate photovoltaic systems in other nations and to facilitate the widespread use of these systems. The objective of the International Photovoltaic Program Plan, the strategies that will be used in the plan, and the approach that is being taken to prepare the plan are described. Background on photovoltaic technology and markets and the DOE domestic photovoltaic effort is also provided. The International Photovoltaic Program Plan will complement the DOE domestic activities to stimulate international markets. A number of national and international benefits could result if the objective of accelerating the widespread use of photovoltaic systems in international markets is realized. A primary benefit is that foreign markets may help stabilize the US photovoltaic industry and foster its expansion. Other benefits include contributions to the advancement of developing countries, reductions in world oil imports, and improvements in the US balance of trade. Strategies to be addressed in the plan are photovoltaic system demonstrations, systems development, information gathering and dissemination, financial incentives, and administrative actions. A critical aspect of the plan will be the coordination of selected programs and the monitoring and assessment of the plan&#x27;s results. Analyses of international markets, international financial institutions, foreign competition, international marketing experiences of other US industries, and system development needs have been initiated to support the plan.
Date: July 1, 1979
Creator: Costello, D.; Posner, D.; Koontz, R.; Heiferling, P.; Carpenter, P. & Perelman, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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