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Thermophysical Properties of Fluids and Fluid Mixtures

Description: The major goal of the project was to study the effect of critical fluctuations on the thermophysical properties and phase behavior of fluids and fluid mixtures. Long-range fluctuations appear because of the presence of critical phase transitions. A global theory of critical fluctuations was developed and applied to represent thermodynamic properties and transport properties of molecular fluids and fluid mixtures. In the second phase of the project, the theory was extended to deal with critical fluctuations in complex fluids such as polymer solutions and electrolyte solutions. The theoretical predictions have been confirmed by computer simulations and by light-scattering experiments. Fluctuations in fluids in nonequilibrium states have also been investigated.
Date: May 3, 2004
Creator: Sengers, Jan V. & Anisimov, Mikhail A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of {gamma}{sub T} with the {gamma}{sub T} quads on and off

Description: An experimental procedure for measuring {gamma}{sub T} has been developed and tested in two different measurements, with the {gamma}{sub T} quads on and off. The results were compared to MAD calculations. The discrepancy between the measured {gamma}{sub T} and the calculated {gamma}{sub T} is less than 5%.
Date: May 24, 2004
Creator: Xi Yang, James MacLachlan and Charles M. Ankenbrandt
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Imaging of Acoustically Coupled Oscillations Due to Flow Past a Shallow Cavity: Effect of Cavity Length Scale

Description: Flow-acoustic interactions due to fully turbulent inflow past a shallow axisymmetric cavity mounted in a pipe, which give rise to flow tones, are investigated using a technique of high-image-density particle image velocimetry in conjunction with unsteady pressure measurements. This imaging leads to patterns of velocity, vorticity, streamline topology, and hydrodynamic contributions to the acoustic power integral. Global instantaneous images, as well as time-averaged images, are evaluated to provide insight into the flow physics during tone generation. Emphasis is on the manner in which the streamwise length scale of the cavity alters the major features of the flow structure. These image-based approaches allow identification of regions of the unsteady shear layer that contribute to the instantaneous hydrodynamic component of the acoustic power, which is necessary to maintain a flow tone. In addition, combined image analysis and pressure measurements allow categorization of the instantaneous flow patterns that are associated with types of time traces and spectra of the fluctuating pressure. In contrast to consideration based solely on pressure spectra, it is demonstrated that locked-on tones may actually exhibit intermittent, non-phase-locked images, apparently due to low damping of the acoustic resonator. Locked-on flow tones (without modulation or intermittency), locked-on flow tones with modulation, and non-locked-on oscillations with short-term, highly coherent fluctuations are defined and represented by selected cases. Depending on which of these regimes occur, the time-averaged Q (quality)-factor and the dimensionless peak pressure are substantially altered.
Date: May 24, 2004
Creator: Oshkai, P; Geveci, M; Rockwell, D & Pollack, M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pilot-Scale Testing of a Spin Tek Rotary Microfilter With Welded Disks and Simulated Savannah River Site High Level Waste

Description: The Department of Energy is developing processes to treat Savannah River Site (SRS) radioactive waste. In the first step, personnel contact the incoming salt solution that contains entrained sludge with monosodium titanate (MST) to adsorb strontium and select actinides. They filter the resulting slurry to remove the sludge and MST. The filtrate receives further treatment to remove cesium. Previously, personnel conducted a review of solid-liquid separation technologies and identified the rotary microfilter as a plausible improvement over the tubular crossflow filter in the current baseline. The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) received funding from the DOE to continue developing the rotary microfilter for SRS high level waste applications. As part of this task, the authors developed a protocol to weld stainless steel and ceramic filter disks. After they welded the disks, they placed them in the pilot-scale rotary microfilter and tested them with simulated SRS waste. The conclusions are: the rotary microfilter has now operated for over 2400 hours with no significant operational problems; filter flux with the welded disks was significantly less than the flux in comparable tests with filter disks fabricated using epoxy; the ceramic filter media produced the highest flux; the Pall filter media produced higher flux than the Mott filter media; MST-only feed filtered at a higher rate than sludge plus MST feed; the Lasaentec(R) data provide insight into the settling behavior of the sludge and MST particles; when agitation resumed, the settled particles re-suspended within a few minutes; the MST-only solids settled more rapidly than the sludge plus MST solids; particle size measurements showed a 25 - 50 percent median particle size reduction during the tests; the median particle size was as much as 35 percent smaller than in previous tests.
Date: May 21, 2004
Creator: POIRIER, MICHAEL
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Microwave Scattering System Design for {rho}{sub i}e-Scale Turbulence Measurements on NSTX

Description: Despite suppression of {rho}{sub i}-scale turbulent fluctuations, electron thermal transport remains anomalous in NSTX. For this reason, a microwave scattering system will be deployed to directly observe the w and k spectra of {rho}{sub e}-scale turbulent fluctuations and characterize the effect on electron thermal transport. The scattering system will employ a Gaussian probe beam produced by a high power 280 GHz microwave source. A five-channel heterodyne detection system will measure radial turbulent spectra in the range |k{sub r}| = 0-20 cm{sup -1}. Inboard and outboard launch configurations cover most of the normalized minor radius. Improved spatial localization of measurements is achieved with low aspect ratio and high magnetic shear configurations. This paper will address the global design of the scattering system, such as choice of frequency, size, launching system, and detection system.
Date: May 19, 2004
Creator: Smith, D.R.; Mazzucato, E.; Munsat, T.; Park, H.; Johnson, D.; Lin, L. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Benchmarking optimization software with COPS 3.0.

Description: The authors describe version 3.0 of the COPS set of nonlinearly constrained optimization problems. They have added new problems, as well as streamlined and improved most of the problems. They also provide a comparison of the FILTER, KNITRO, LOQO, MINOS, and SNOPT solvers on these problems.
Date: May 24, 2004
Creator: Dolan, E. D.; More, J. J. & Munson, T. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 543: Liquid Disposal Units Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Rev. No.: 0 with ROTC 1 and 2

Description: This Corrective Action Investigation Plan (CAIP) contains project-specific information including facility descriptions, environmental sample collection objectives, and criteria for conducting site investigation activities at Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 543: Liquid Disposal Units, Nevada Test Site (NTS), Nevada. This CAIP has been developed in accordance with the ''Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order'' (FFACO) (1996) that was agreed to by the State of Nevada, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the U.S Department of Defense (DoD). Corrective Action Unit 543 is located in Area 6 and Area 15 of the NTS, which is approximately 65 miles (mi) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada (Figure 1-1). Seven corrective action sites (CASs) comprise CAU 543 and are listed below: (1) 06-07-01, Decon Pad; (2) 15-01-03, Aboveground Storage Tank; (3) 15-04-01, Septic Tank; (4) 15-05-01, Leachfield; (5) 15-08-01, Liquid Manure Tank; (6) 15-23-01, Underground Radioactive Material Area; and (7) 15-23-03, Contaminated Sump, Piping. Corrective Action Site 06-07-01, Decon Pad, is located in Area 6 and consists of the Area 6 Decontamination Facility and its components that are associated with decontamination of equipment, vehicles, and materials related to nuclear testing. The six CASs in Area 15 are located at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Farm and are related to waste disposal activities at the EPA Farm. The EPA Farm was a fully-functional dairy associated with animal experiments conducted at the on-site laboratory. The corrective action investigation (CAI) will include field inspections, video-mole surveys, and sampling of media, where appropriate. Data will also be obtained to support waste management decisions. The CASs within CAU 543 are being investigated because hazardous and/or radioactive constituents may be present at concentrations that could potentially pose a threat to human health and the environment. The seven CASs in CAU 543 primarily consist of sanitary and process waste collection, storage, ...
Date: May 1, 2004
Creator: Strand, David A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

After-hours power status of office equipment and energy use of miscellaneous plug-load equipment

Description: This research was conducted in support of two branches of the EPA ENERGY STAR program, whose overall goal is to reduce, through voluntary market-based means, the amount of carbon dioxide emitted in the U.S. The primary objective was to collect data for the ENERGY STAR Office Equipment program on the after-hours power state of computers, monitors, printers, copiers, scanners, fax machines, and multi-function devices. We also collected data for the ENERGY STAR Commercial Buildings branch on the types and amounts of miscellaneous plug-load equipment, a significant and growing end use that is not usually accounted for by building energy managers. For most types of miscellaneous equipment, we also estimated typical unit energy consumption in order to estimate total energy consumption of the miscellaneous devices within our sample. This data set is the first of its kind that we know of, and is an important first step in characterizing miscellaneous plug loads in commercial buildings. The main purpose of this study is to supplement and update previous data we collected on the extent to which electronic office equipment is turned off or automatically enters a low power state when not in active use. In addition, it provides data on numbers and types of office equipment, and helps identify trends in office equipment usage patterns. These data improve our estimates of typical unit energy consumption and savings for each equipment type, and enables the ENERGY STAR Office Equipment program to focus future effort on products with the highest energy savings potential. This study expands our previous sample of office buildings in California and Washington DC to include education and health care facilities, and buildings in other states. We report data from sixteen commercial buildings in California, Georgia, and Pennsylvania: four education buildings, two medical buildings, two large offices (> 500 employees each), ...
Date: May 27, 2004
Creator: Roberson, Judy A.; Webber, Carrie A.; McWhinney, Marla C.; Brown, Richard E.; Pinckard, Marageret J. & Busch, John F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A proposal for a UPC memory consistency model, v1.0

Description: The memory consistency model in a language defines the order in which the results of write operations maybe observed through read operations. The behavior of a UPC program may depend on the timing of accesses to shared variables, so a program defines a set of possible executions, rather than a single execution. The memory consistency model constrains the set of possible executions for a given program; the user may then rely on properties that are true of all of those executions. The memory consistency model is defined in terms of the read and write operations issued by each thread in naive translation of the code, i.e., without any code transformations by the compiler, with each thread issuing operations as defined by the abstract machine defined in ISO C 5.1.2.3. A UPC compiler or run time system may perform various code transformations to improve performance, so long as they are not visible to the programmer - i.e., provided the set of externally-visible behaviors (the input/output dynamics and volatile behavior defined in ISO C 5.1.2.3) from any execution of the transformed program are identical to those of the original program executing on the abstract machine and adhering to the consistency model defined in this document.
Date: May 5, 2004
Creator: Yelick, Katherine; Bonachea, Dan & Wallace, Charles
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Erosion Modeling Analysis For DWPF MFT/SME Tanks

Description: This report presents the application of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methods to qualitative estimate of the erosion phenomena expected in the actual Slurry Mixer Evaporator (SME) and MFT (Melter Feed Tank) process facilities by calculating erosion drivers. Using the transport equations governing the slurry flow, two erosion mechanisms were considered to evaluate high erosion sites and to investigate the primary cause of erosion damage for the modeling domain representative of the actual mixing process in the SME/MFT vessels. One of the two erosion mechanisms is the abrasive erosion which is worn by high wall shear of viscous liquid or by continuous contact or low-angle collision of the moving solids with rough surface, and the other is the chip-off erosion which is mainly governed by high-angle impingement of particles. Ductile wall material such as stainless steel is damaged by wall mechanism when particles are impinged on the ductile surface of the present coil guide geometry with wide-open space and no closed- and curved-flow path. The previous results show that the primary locations of high erosion due to particle impingement are at the occurrence of sudden change of flow direction, sudden contraction, and flow obstruction.
Date: May 3, 2004
Creator: LEE, SI
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluation of Proposed New LLW Disposal Activity Disposal of LLW in a Mega Trench rather than in Slit Trenches

Description: The effect of disposing of low-level waste in a much larger trench than the slit trenches analyzed in the revised performance assessment for the E-Area low-level waste facility is evaluated. The conclusion of the evaluation is that such disposal is bounded by the performance assessment if two restrictions are imposed. These restrictions are: the radionuclide inventory limits for slit trench disposal derived from the revised performance assessment, rather than the radionuclide concentration or package limits, are applied to the larger trench. For stabilized waste radionuclide concentration or package limits derived from the inventory limits for these wasteforms calculated in the performance assessment and the volumetric waste capacity of the entire MegaTrench may be used if this waste fills a large-enough segment of the trench to provide structural support for the closure cap, as assumed in the performance assessment and the stabilized waste is segregated from the unstabilized waste by emplacing the stabilized waste along the edge of the trench and separating the stabilized waste from the unstabilized waste by a minimum of two feet of soil or other material with similar hydraulic properties.
Date: May 4, 2004
Creator: WILHITE, ELMERL.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Erosion Modeling Analysis For Modified DWPF SME Tank

Description: In support of an erosion evaluation for the modified cooling coil guide and its supporting structure in the DWPF SME vessel, a computational model was developed to identify potential sites of high erosion using the same methodology established by previous work. The erosion mechanism identified in the previous work was applied to the evaluation of high erosion locations representative of the actual flow process in the modified coil guide of the SME vessel, abrasive erosion which occurs by high wall shear of viscous liquid. The results show that primary locations of the highest erosion due to the abrasive wall erosion are at the leading edge of the guide, external surface of the insert plate, the tank floor next to the insert plate of the coil guide support, and the upstream lead-in plate. The present modeling results show a good comparison between the original and the modified cases in terms of high erosion sites, as well as the degree of erosion and the calculated shear stress. Wall she ar of the tank floor is reduced by about 30 per cent because of the new coil support plate. Calculations for the impeller speed lower than 103 rpm in the SME showed similar erosion patterns but significantly reduced wall shear stresses and reduced overall erosion. Comparisons of the 103 rpm results with SME measurements indicated that no significant erosion of the tank floor in the SME is to be expected. Thus, it is recommended that the agitator speed of SME does not exceed 103 rpm.
Date: May 3, 2004
Creator: LEE, SI
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Simultaneous Microwave Imaging System for Density and Temperature Fluctuation Measurements on TEXTOR

Description: Diagnostic systems for fluctuation measurements in plasmas have, of necessity, evolved from simple 1-D systems to multi-dimensional systems due to the complexity of the MHD and turbulence physics of plasmas illustrated by advanced numerical simulations. Using the recent significant advancements in millimeter wave imaging technology, Microwave Imaging Reflectometry (MIR) and Electron Cyclotron Emission Imaging (ECEI), simultaneously measuring density and temperature fluctuations, are developed for TEXTOR. The MIR system was installed on TEXTOR and the first experiment was performed in September, 2003. Subsequent MIR campaigns have yielded poloidally resolved spectra and assessments of poloidal velocity. The new 2-D ECE Imaging system (with a total of 128 channels), installed on TEXTOR in December, 2003, successfully captured a true 2-D images of Te fluctuations of m=1 oscillation (''sawteeth'') near the q {approx} 1 surface for the first time.
Date: May 7, 2004
Creator: Park, H.; Mazzucato, E.; Munsat, T.; Domier, C.W.; Johnson, M.; N.C. Luhmann, Jr. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Conceptual Design of a Simplified Skid-Mounted Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Process for Removal of Cesium from Savannah Rive Site High-Level Waste

Description: This report presents the results of a conceptual design of a solvent extraction process for the selective removal of {sup 137}Cs from high-level radioactive waste currently stored in underground tanks at the U.S. Department of Energy's Savannah River Site (SRS). This study establishes the need for and feasibility of deploying a simplified version of the Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) process; cost/benefit ratios ranging from 33 to 55 strongly support the considered deployment. Based on projected compositions, 18 million gallons of dissolved salt cake waste has been identified as having {sup 137}Cs concentrations that are substantially lower than the worst-case design basis for the CSSX system that is to be deployed as part of the Salt Waste Processing Facility (SWPF) but that does not meet the waste acceptance criteria for immobilization as grout in the Saltstone Manufacturing and Disposal Facility at SRS. Absent deployment of an alternative cesium removal process, this material will require treatment in the SWPF CSSX system, even though the cesium decontamination factor required is far less than that provided by that system. A conceptual design of a CSSX processing system designed for rapid deployment and having reduced cesium decontamination factor capability has been performed. The proposed accelerated-deployment CSSX system (CSSX-A) has been designed to have a processing rate of 3 million gallons per year, assuming 90% availability. At a more conservative availability of 75% (reflecting the novelty of the process), the annual processing capacity is 2.5 million gallons. The primary component of the process is a 20-stage cascade of centrifugal solvent extraction contactors. The decontamination and concentration factors are 40 and 15, respectively. The solvent, scrub, strip, and wash solutions are to have the same compositions as those planned for the SWPF CSSX system. As in the SWPF CSSX system, the solvent and scrub flow rates are ...
Date: May 12, 2004
Creator: Birdwell, JR.J.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

MARS simulations of the NuMI primary beamline

Description: MARS is a Monte Carlo code for simulation of three-dimensional hadronic and electromagnetic cascades, muon and low-energy neutron transport in shielding and in accelerator and detector components in the energy range from a fraction of an eV up to 100 TeV. This report uses MARS to both transport the 120 GeV primary proton beam from the NuMI extraction Lambertsons through the NuMI Pre-target Hall and calculate the radiological effect of beam losses at various locations and for a variety of conditions. These results are used to: anticipate where beam losses will be significant; determine the level of activation of components; and calculate ground water activation and confirm adequacy of shielding. The results are presented in tables and figures along with drawings of the magnets as they were modeled in MARS. Details of the model elements are found in Appendix A. Further details of beam loss case studies are included in Appendix B.
Date: May 18, 2004
Creator: Striganov, Sergei I
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Final report. (This is a conference support, no publications were delivered)

Description: The Marine Biotechnology Conference held in Chiba, Japan (September 17-21, 2003) was a very successful meeting. Approximately 700 participants from 32 different countries attended this meeting. The proceedings of MBC2003 will be published in a special edition of the journal Marine Biotechnology. Three PIs, Drs. Feng Chen, Russell Hill, and Yonathan Zohar from the Center of Marine Biotechnology led effort to raise a total of $38,000 from NSF, DOE, Maryland Sea Grant, and Martek BioScience Corp to assist 28 U.S. scientists from various research institutions to participate this conference. Among the 28 awardees, 14 are graduate students and postdocs, and five are female scientists. All the awardees gave either oral or poster presentations at the conference. Each graduate student and junior scientist received $1,375 (the maximum amount) in support towards travel to this conference, and each senior scientist (including tenure-track assistant professor) received $655 (the maximum amount). Specifically, eight scientists (3 seniors and 5 juniors) were supported by the DOE travel award (see attached table). A Grants Specialist at the Center of Marine Biotechnology, Mrs. Nanci Henningsen at COMB took care of all the reimbursements, which were completed on January 16, 2004. The availability of travel fund was advertised on the website of MBC2003 and also through email contacts. During the meeting, these travel funds were acknowledged through slide presentation in each plenary session and in the two poster sessions in the exhibition hall (see attached). Because several people decided in the last minute that they did not need the funds, there is still about $4,142 remaining in the DOE fund. Per my conversation with Dr. Anna Palmisano, the Program Manager at DOE, we will use the remaining $4,142 of DOE fund to support graduate student attendance at major conferences related to Marine Biotechnology in 2004. We have identified several ...
Date: May 1, 2004
Creator: Chen, F.; Hill, R. & Zohar, Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Philips 3T Intera Magnetic Resonance Imaging System and Upgrade of existing MRI equipment

Description: The objective of this proposal was twofold. First, upgrade existing MRI equipment, specifically a research 4.1T whole-body system. Second, purchase a clinical, state-of-the-art 3T MRI system tailored specifically to cardiovascular and neurological applications. This project was within the guidelines of ''Medical Applications and Measurement Science''. The goals were: [1] to develop beneficial applications of magnetic resonance imaging; [2] discover new applications of MR strategies for medical research; and [2] apply them for clinical diagnosis. Much of this proposal searched for breakthroughs in this noninvasive and nondestructive imaging technology. Finally, this proposal's activities focused on research in the basic science of chemistry, biochemistry, physics, and engineering as applied to bioengineering. The centerpiece of this grant was our 4.1T ultra-high field whole-body nuclear magnetic resonance system and the newly acquired state-of-the-art, heart and head dedicated 3T clinical MRI system. We have successfully upgraded the equipment for the 4.1T system so that it is now state-of-the-art with new gradient and radio frequency amplifiers. We also purchase a unique In Vivo EKG monitoring unit that will permit tracking clinical quality EKG signals while the patient is in a high field MR scanner. Important upgrades of a peripheral vascular coil and a state-of-the-art clinical workstation for processing complex heart images were implemented. The most recent acquisition was the purchase of a state-of-the-art Philips 3T Intera clinical MRI system. This system is unique in that the magnet is only 5 1/2 feet long compare to over 12 feet long magnet of our 4.1T MRI system. The 3T MRI system is fully functional and its use and applications are already greatly benefiting the UAB with 200-300 micron resolution brain images and diagnostic quality MR angiography of coronary arteries in less than 5 minutes.
Date: May 14, 2004
Creator: Evanochko, William T
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Methane Screening in JET Reverse Field Experiments

Description: JET plasmas with reverse magnetic field feature a different SOL flow than those with normal field. The observed carbon fueling efficiency from injecting methane gas was similar in reverse and normal field. EDGE2D modeling used an externally applied force to create the SOL flows, without specifying the origin of the force. The resulting flow agreed reasonably with the experimental values between the separatrix and 4 cm mid-plane depth in the SOL. The effect of the flow on the calculated carbon screening was 5 to 15% higher carbon fueling efficiency for the low flow velocity with reverse field.
Date: May 17, 2004
Creator: Strachan, J.D.; Alper, B.; Corrigan, G.; Erents, S.K.; Giroud, C.; Korotkov, A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Optimized Loading for Particle-in-cell Gyrokinetic Simulations

Description: The problem of particle loading in particle-in-cell gyrokinetic simulations is addressed using a quadratic optimization algorithm. Optimized loading in configuration space dramatically reduces the short wavelength modes in the electrostatic potential that are partly responsible for the non-conservation of total energy; further, the long wavelength modes are resolved with good accuracy. As a result, the conservation of energy for the optimized loading is much better that the conservation of energy for the random loading. The method is valid for any geometry and can be coupled to optimization algorithms in velocity space.
Date: May 13, 2004
Creator: Lewandowski, J.L.V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High Level Waste Lag Storage and Feed Blending

Description: SRTC performed small-scale tests to determine the behavior associated with blending streams in the High-level Waste (HLW) Lag Storage and Feed Blending Process System for the Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). The work reported here was planned and designed in response to the test specification. The Office of River Protection Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant consists of three primary facilities: a Pretreatment Facility and two facilities for low-activity and high-level waste vitrification. The Pretreatment Facility contains unit operations which receive waste feed from the Hanford Tank Farms and separate it into two treated waste streams: a low-activity, liquid waste stream stripped of most solids and radioisotopes (processed through the Low-Activity Waste Vitrification Facility) and a high-level waste slurry containing most of the solids and radioisotopes (processed through the High-Level Waste Vitrification Facility). Blending of the later solids a nd radioisotopes streams and their resulting properties is the subject of this report. These mixtures are shown to be unreactive and pumpable by using statistically designed combinations of nonradioactive simulants for the process streams. Properties of the mixtures are also predicted numerically (with the Environmental Simulation Program) and compared with the experimental results. The results did not reveal any problematic solutions, properties, or conditions. The high viscosity and yield stress of the simulated sludge and the resulting test mixtures that included it are, however, of note.
Date: May 10, 2004
Creator: BARNES, M.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of the Internal Magnetic Field of Plasmas using an Alpha Particle Source

Description: The internal magnetic fields of plasmas can be measured under certain conditions from the integrated v x B deflection of MeV alpha particles emitted by a small radioactive source. This alpha source and large-area alpha particle detector would be located inside the vacuum vessel but outside the plasma. Alphas with a typical energy of 5.5 MeV (241Am) can reach the center of almost all laboratory plasmas and magnetic fusion devices, so this method can potentially determine the q(r) profile of tokamaks or STs. Orbit calculations, background evaluations, and conceptual designs for such a vxB (or ''AVB'') detector are described.
Date: May 13, 2004
Creator: Zweben, S.J.; Darrow, D.S.; Ross, P.W.; Lowrance, J.L. & Renda, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy Technology Division research summary 2004.

Description: The Energy Technology (ET) Division provides materials and engineering technology support to a wide range of programs important to the US Department of Energy (DOE). The Division's capabilities are generally applied to technical issues associated with energy systems, biomedical engineering, transportation, and homeland security. Research related to the operational safety of commercial light water nuclear reactors (LWRs) for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) remains another significant area of interest for the Division. The pie chart below summarizes the ET sources of funding for FY 2004.
Date: May 6, 2004
Creator: Poeppel, R. B. & Shack, W. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nuclear Physics Laboratory, University of Colorado, Final Progress Report

Description: OAK-B135 The results and progress of research funded by DOE grant number DOE-FG03-95ER40913 at the University of Colorado at Boulder is described. Includes work performed at the HERMES experiment at DESY to study the quark structure of the nucleon and the hadronization process in nuclei, as well as hadronic reactions studied at LAMPF, KEK, and Fermilab.
Date: May 12, 2004
Creator: Kinney, E.R., ed.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration Plan for Corrective Action Unit 484: Surface Debris, Waste Sites, and Burn Area, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada

Description: This Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration plan details the activities necessary to close Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 484: Surface Debris, Waste Sites, and Burn Area (Tonopah Test Range). CAU 484 consists of sites located at the Tonopah Test Range, Nevada, and is currently listed in Appendix III of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order. CAU 484 consists of the following six Corrective Action Sites: (1) CAS RG-52-007-TAML, Davis Gun Penetrator Test; (2) CAS TA-52-001-TANL, NEDS Detonation Area; (3) CAS TA-52-004-TAAL, Metal Particle Dispersion Test; (4) CAS TA-52-005-TAAL, Joint Test Assembly DU Sites; (5) CAS TA-52-006-TAPL, Depleted Uranium Site; and (6) CAS TA-54-001-TANL, Containment Tank and Steel Structure
Date: May 2004
Creator: Bechel Nevada
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department