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Abscopal Effects of Localized Irradiation by Accelerator Beams

Description: The aim of this series of experiments was to evaluate the existence of abscopal effects of irradiation. No attempt was made towards the elucidation of mechanisms. Very early in the history of radiological research it was noticed radiation produces both local and general effects involving the entire body. Gauss and Lembcke introduced the term "Roentgenkater" (radiation sickness). They ascribed these "General Effects" to the circulation of toxic substances released from cells that disintegrated following irradiation.
Date: February 1, 1963
Creator: Jansen, C. R.; Bond, V. P.; Rai, K. R. & Lippincott, S. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Acid-Base Reactions in Fused Salts. Dichromate-Bromate Reaction

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "The reaction of Lewis acid and base, Cr2O7= and BrO3_, in fused KNO3 - NaNO3 mixtures has been shown to involve an equilibrium followed by a slow decomposition to gaseous products."
Date: February 1963
Creator: Duke, F. R. & Schlegel, James
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Adaptation of a Commercial Counter X-Ray Diffractometer for Investigations to 3000 C

Description: A General Electric XRD-5 diffractometer equipped with a scintillation counter, a pulse height discriminator, and a modified version of the Model X-86G high-temperature diffractometer attachment, was modified for x-ray diffraction analysis at temperatures up to 3000 deg C. These modifications include frame assemblies, viewing port, filament materials, and thermocouples. (D.L.C.)
Date: February 1, 1963
Creator: LaPlaca, S.; Farber, G. & Adler, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Alpha-Gamma Angular Correlation Measurements With Liquid Sources

Description: Alpha-gamma angular correlation measurements were made with solid sources of Am/sup 243/ and with liquid sources containing either Am/sup 243/ or an even-even alpha emitter in dilute perchloric acid solutions. Even-even alpha emitters studied are U/sup 232/, Th/sup 230/, and Ra/sup 226/ . Thicknesses of the soli d sources were controlled so that the neptunium recoils from one source were stopped in Am/sub 2/O/sub 3/, while recoils from the other sources were stopped in the aluminum, gold, or mica backing on which the sources were vaporized. The liquid sources were films consisting of 3 microliters of solution placed between a rubber hydrochloride membrane and a microscope cover glass, 1 cm/sup 2/ in circular cross section. The perchloric acid concentration of the liquid sources ranged from 0.5 to 3.0 molar. All of the angular correlations obtained with solid Am/sup 243/ sources were attenuated, the average attenuation coefficients being 0.29 450 deg C in a 0.01 for sources in which recoils were stopped in Am/sub 2/O/sub 3/, 0.20 450 deg C in a 0.01 for sources in which recoils were stopped in mica, 0.52 450 deg C in a 0.02 for sources in which recoils were stopped in gold, and 0.67 450 deg C in a 0.01 for sources in which recoils were stopped in aluminum. Unattenuated angular correlations were obtained with liquid sources containing Am/sup 243/ in 0.5 M and 1.0 M HClO/sub 4/ . For liquid sources containing Am/sup 243/ in 3.0 M HClO/sub 4/, the correlation was attenuated, with an average attenuation coefficient of 0.86 450 deg C in a 0.01. Attenuated angular correlations were also found with liquid sources containing an even-even nuclide in dilute aqueous solutions The average attenuation coefficients for the even-even nuclide liquid sources were G/sub 2/ = 0.75 450 deg C in a 0.05 …
Date: February 1, 1963
Creator: Murphy, E.S. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY DIVISION ANNUAL PROGRESS REPORT FOR PERIOD ENDING DECEMBER 31, 1962

Description: The report is divided into 4 major parts with several sections in each part. Separate abstracts were prepared for all sections in Parts I and II except 8 and 9 (containing information on mass spectrometry and microscopy). A summary of service analyses is given in Part III, and information concerning the ORNL master analytical manual is presented in Part IV; abstracts were not prepared for these. (J.R.D.)
Date: February 1, 1963
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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BASIC NUCLEAR AND REACTOR INFORMATION FOR THE REACTOR OPERATOR

Description: Basic nuclear and reactor information for the reactor operator is presented in order that the operator will have some knowledge of safe and efficient operation. Some principles of reactor design, construction, and operation are included. Information is given on fission processes, chain reactions, reactor structural components, auxiliary systems, reactor shielding, reactor temperature and pressure measurement, and nuclear instruments. (N.W.R.)
Date: February 1, 1963
Creator: Greenman, E.G. ed.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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BOILING WATER REACTOR TECHNOLOGY STATUS OF THE ART REPORT. VOLUME II. WATER CHEMISTRY AND CORROSION

Description: Information concerning the corrosive effects of water in power reactor moderator-coolant systems is presented. The information is based on investigations reported in the unclassified literature believed to be fairly complete to 1959, but less complete since then. The material is presented in sections on water decomposition, water chemistry, materials corrosion, corrosion product deposits, and radioactivity. It is noted that the report is presented as a part of a continuing program in development of less expensive materials for use in reactors. (J.R.D.)
Date: February 1, 1963
Creator: Breden, C.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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BURNOUT CONDITIONS FOR SINGLE ROD IN ANNULAR GEOMETRY, WATER AT 600 TO 1400 PSIA

Description: Tests were run to determine burnout conditions for sn electrically heated rod in a circular tube with an annular flow path for the upward water flow. The conditions correspond to those which might exist in a reactor core. The burnout results for the basic test geometry (straight concentric annulus) showed that a plot of burnout heat flux vs quality is a straight line with a negative slope, and that the burnout heat flux is increased by a decrease in flow or an increase in pressure, while the hydraulic diameter has a maximum effect on the flux at 0.25 to 0.5 inch. A correlation of the results is given for a certain range of conditions. The following modifications of the basic test geometry were also tested: eccentric rod, simulated spacer, sandblasted rod, and rough liner. The eccentric rod and sandblasted rod decreased the burnout heat flux, while the simulated space had no effect, and the flux for the rough liner is greater than for the smooth liner. The basic test geometry data are compared with other internally heated annular data and with multirod data. (D.L.C.)
Date: February 1, 1963
Creator: Janssen, E. & Kervinen, J.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Calculation of Zero-Point Energies of Molecules by Perturbation Methods

Description: Two methods are proposed for calculating zero-point energies of molecules. The first makes use of the fact that one can easily write down the quantum mechanical Hamiltonian for a vibration system. The zero-point energy can then be obtained by a perturbation scheme without solving the secular equation. The second method requires a knowledge of the normal modes and frequencies of a reference molecule, but then enables one to calculate isotope effects by a perturbation scheme. The methods are applied to some examples and the convergence of the perturbation series is investigated. The approximate validity of the law of the mean for the isotope effect on zero-point energies is explored within the framework of the methods.
Date: February 1963
Creator: Wolfsberg, Max
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Chronic Excess Salt Consumption as an Etiologic Factor in Human Hypertension

Description: Since 1940 it has been known that extra salt (i.e. sodium chloride) facilitated the development of experimental hypertension induced by various sterols; subsequently hypertension was induced by desoxycorticosterone acetate plus sodium chloride; then hypertension was produced by using hypertonic saline as the sole source of liquid; and finally, in 1953, Menesly and his associates reported that chronic ingestion of excess dietary salt alone would produce hypertension in rats. Furthermore, in conformity with general pharmacologic experience relating dose response to successive increments of a drug, as the average daily salt intake increased, the average systolic, blood pressure increased.
Date: February 1, 1963
Creator: Dahl, Lewis K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Comments on Proposed Lasl Ln$sub 2$ System

Description: This report addresses the comments on proposed LASL LN$sub 2$ system.
Date: February 1, 1963
Creator: Kutilek, J.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Critical Studies of Core B for the Enrico Fermi Atomic Power Plant (ZPR-III Assembly No. 35)

Description: Critical studies of a simplified mockup of the second loading (Core B) for the Enrico Fermi fast reactor were made. The core consists of a fully enriched, UO/sub 2/-stainless steel cermet clad in stainless steel and cooled by sodium. The high critical mass found for the reactor mockup led to a series of experiments on reducing neutron leakage from the core by surrounding it with different reflectors. With a nickel reflector in place, measurements were made of the reactivity worths of various engineering features of the Fermi reactor, distributed and local reactivity coefficients, various fission and capture rates and fission ratios, and the prompt-neutron lifetime. Finally, with a nickel oxide reflector in place, some of the above measurements were repeated. (auth)
Date: February 1963
Creator: Doyle, T. A. & Hess, A. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Critical Studies of Uranium-Steel and Uranium-Steel-Sodium Fast Reactor Cores. (ZPR-III Assemblies 32 and 33

Description: S>Critical studies of two fast reactor cores are described: one contains uranium and steel; the other contains uranium, steel, and sodium. Experimental results are given for fission ratio, central and edge reactivity coefficients, fuel bunching, average prompt neutron lifetime, and distributed worth measurements. (auth)
Date: February 1963
Creator: Amundson, P. I.; Gemmell, W.; Long, J. K. & McVean, R. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Deformation Twinning in Face-Centered Cubic Metals. Technical Report No. 1

Description: A review is presented of work on deformation twinning in fcc metals. Experiments which prove the existence of deformation twins are described, the characteristics of the twins are reviewed, and the stresses required for their production are analyzed. The dislocation models which have been proposed to account for the nucleation of deformation twins are reviewed. A model is proposed for the propagation of twins. (D.L.C.)
Date: February 1, 1963
Creator: Venables, J. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Di-Interstitial Annealing During the First Neutron Irradiation of Graphite: The Mobility of C2

Description: Radiation and annealing mechanisms for dimensional and c-axis changes in which the di-interstitial can be mobile at any or all temperatures above absolute zero are shown to be concordant with earlier work used to determine the migration energy energy of single interstitials and the absolute rate of displacing atoms in graphite. The mechanisms account for the stability of c-axis and dimensional changes with time in the absence of irradiation and with observed c-axis annealing at room temperature following irradiation at low temperatures.
Date: February 1, 1963
Creator: Schweitzer, Donals G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Effects of 250-kv X-Ray on the Dog's Pancreas: Morphological and Functional Changes

Description: Previous investigations that the pancreas is a radioresistant organ. Ivy in 1924 noted the presence of a fibrotic atrophic pancreas in a dog which had received one erythema dose to the epigastrium. Fisher in 1923 reported that four to five erythema doses delivered in a single application caused complete disappearance of the irradiated pancreatic remnant in about two months. These dogs died because of uncontrolled diabetes. One dog that received four erythema doses (possibly 200 r) was sacrificed after five months. At autopsy the irradiated pancreas had disappeared, but 275 mgm of regenerated pancreas were found at the base of the main duct and 100 mgm at the base of the accessory duct. Leven in 1933 implanted radon seeds into the pancreas. Dosages varied from 528 to 1584 millicurie hours. At postmorten the pancreas surrounding the seeds demonstrated fibrous atropy and foci of necrosis. The islets appeared normal but were relatively larger in size. Rauch in 1952 reported that dogs given 200 r in air over the pancreas on alternate days until a total of 1600 r was received failed to show any histological changes after two months. Lushbaugh and Spalding and Lushbaugh reported that over 1500 r of whole-body gamma irradiation were required to produce histologic changes in alpha cells in 8 hours, and over 5000 r to produce changes in the beta cells in the same time. These changes had disappeared by 24 hours.
Date: February 1, 1963
Creator: Archamefau, John; Griem, Melvin & Harper, Paul
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Effects of Chronic Gamma Irradiation on the Growth of Kalanchoe cv. "Brilliant Star"

Description: Kalanchoe seedlings were exposed to 330 r/20 hrs/day from a Co60 source. Samples were harvested weekly. No new leaves were produced after initial exposure to irradiation. Mitosis in the apical meristem appears to have been suppressed. However, the axillary meristem and the cambium continue their activity. This results in a much broadened stem tip with enlarged cells, supported by a stout internode in which cell size has remained relatively normal but cell number has increased. After about 26 days of exposure, meristematic activity in the shoot apex region appears to resume. This results in the formation of growth centers which can give rise to leaves or malformed structures. The original phyllotaxy is not recovered. It is suggested that this resumption of growth may be an instance of adaptation to irradiation.
Date: February 1, 1963
Creator: Stein, O. L. & Sparrow, A. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Effects of Radiations of Different let on Early Responses in the Mammal

Description: This paper will first note briefly the place and status of radiobiotopical investigations with fast neutrons. The monoenergetic (fast) neutron technique employed at this laboratory will be then described and results of studies with various criteria-of-effect in the mouse will be reviewed. Finally, certain general patterns of response for these systems will be pointed out as functions of neutron energy.
Date: February 1, 1963
Creator: Bateman, J. L. & Bond, V. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Effects of Trichinella Spiralis Infection on Incorporation of Amino Acids into Serum and Hemoglobin

Description: Encysted Trichinella spiralis larvae incorporated carbon-14 from mice fed diets containing C14 -labeled glycerine and DL-alanine. In general, a higher level of C14 activity (C14 per gram of dry tissue) was found in muscle larvae than in muscle tissue. The presence of encysted Trichinella larvae in the muscles of 56-day and 180-day infected mice did not alter incorporation of C14 from these amino acids into infected muscle protein when compared with noninfected muscle. These experiments were extended to include the aromatic amino acids, DL-tyrosine and DL-tryptophan.
Date: February 1, 1963
Creator: Hankes, Lawrence V. & Stone, Richard D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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