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Evaluation of Kanigen, Electroless Nickel Plating for Steam Side of a Sodium Component Steam Generator

Description: Introduction: This is a final report on the evaluation of Kanigen electroless nickel plating for surfaces in contact with water and steam i a sodium heated AISI Type 316 stainless steel steam generator. The purpose of the coasting was to afford protection from stress corrosion cracking originating on the water-steam side of the unit. It has been concluded that the kanigen coating does not afford adequate protection for the services condition intended. This work was performed as part of the research and development program for the United States Atomic Energy Commission sodium Components Design Project.
Date: February 15, 1961
Creator: Alco Products (Firm).
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fission Product Activity in SM-1 Core I Primary System and Surface Contamination on SM-1 Type Fuel Elements. Task XVIII, Phases 2 and 3

Description: Abstract; The fission product data obtained during SM-1 Core I operation (June 1957 - May 1960) is reviewed briefly and interpreted. Evidence is presented to indicate that a fuel element defect was responsible for the high fission product activity level observed in the primary coolant. Relative escape coefficients are calculated and the defect size estimated. Anticipated fission product levels during SM-1 Core II and SM-1A Core I operation are estimated from alpha surface contamination data on completed fuel elements. The importance of in-line sampling for monitoring fission product activity is stressed as well as the need for failed fuel element detection methods.
Date: February 28, 1961
Creator: Hasse, Robert A. & Zegger, John L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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KW wet critical loading three group flux

Description: A calculation of the three-group flux distribution of the initial wet critical loading of KW reactor was made using the same calculation techniques as those employed in NPR three-group calculations. The calculation results are directly comparable to experimental data obtained during the KW loading. The calculated radial geometrical buckling of the critical loading is 48.2 {mu}b compared to a measured value of 49.8 {mu}b; these agree within estimated experimental error. The calculated reflector augmentation distance is 54.5 cm compared with a measured value of 49.2 cm. The three-group nuclear constants of the KW lattice components were calculated from 18-group data (APEX-515) based on the flux spectrum of HW-63172. A cell calculation was made to determine the effective constants for the homogenized cell. The calculated k {infinity} of this cell came out 0.998 compared to a measured 1.034. Since the resonance capture of U-238 is difficult to treat, in three-group theory, all error was assumed to be in this parameter which was adjusted accordingly to give k {infinity} = 1.034. The resulting core parameters are given in Table I, along with parameters for the dry, unloaded core and the wet unloaded core.
Date: February 15, 1961
Creator: Simpson, D. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Irradiated uranium fire hazard

Description: Earlier this year we briefly discussed the potential hazard of incurring an inadvertent uranium fuel element fire during discharge. This letter will provide data which will be of assistance to you in assessing the potential hazard, and in establishing charge-discharge procedures to minimize the probability of an irradiated fuel element lodged in the discharge area reaching aluminum jacket melting temperature without detection.
Date: February 16, 1961
Creator: Reid, R. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analytical considerations for K-downcomer and bellows

Description: A free body diagram of the bellows will show the possibility of three forces -- one in each direction, three moments -- one in each plane, and the internal pressure. Any or all of these forces and moments may fluctuate due to variations in a driving force, e.g., separation of streamlines which creates slugging of flow through an elbow. Whereas the static equilibrium condition can be analyzed and stresses and strains computed, the dynamic condition cannot be approached without information on the magnitude, frequency and location of the exciting force. Having the latter, some evaluation of the stresses to be expected can be made. By combining strains (or stresses) due to the various forces and moments, the point of maximum stress can be located and the point of maximum stress fluctuation for the fatigue cycle-amplitude-range curve can be determined. Further consideration must be given to stress concentrations. With the complete analysis in mind, we must determine how some of these forces and moments effect the tests and delineate what can he expected from the tests. This report considers each force or moment by itself and studies its relationship to the tests.
Date: February 28, 1961
Creator: Lomax, C. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Revised requirements for continuous birch recovery at Redox

Description: The process criteria proposed use of the existing organic wash column, 10, as a stripping column for the neptunium accumulation and isolation cycles. It is now proposed to employ a new processing concept which will permit the use of the scrub section of the neptunium extraction column, 1S, for neptunium stripping thereby obviating the use of the 10 Column. This proposed new scheme will provide increased neptunium stripping efficiency and greater processing flexibility for the 1S Column. The revision will require four new jumpers, but will permit the deletion of eight jumpers required for the original proposal. This document discusses the technical bases and incentives for the proposed change and presents revised flow diagrams and jumper routings.
Date: February 2, 1961
Creator: Barnes, R. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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100-C water plant

Description: System curves for each portion of the C Area Water Plant were obtained from referenced work and are presented in figures. Field test data, corroborating the calculated curves, are presented as singular points on the same graphs. Present maxima capacity of the C Area Filter Plant was 121,000 gpm with 118,000 gpm available for use as primary reactor coolant. Modifications to the filter effluent piping would increase this available flow to about 180,000 gpm. Of the 118,000 gpm available for C Reactor use, 10,000 to 12,000 gpm was demanded by B Area through the 183 BC intertie. The maximum flow that the intertie line could handle, without reducing the filter capacity of the C Area filters, is about 21,000 gpm.
Date: February 20, 1961
Creator: Agar, J. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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E-N and blanket conversions from analysis of tubes irradiated at H

Description: A block-loading of striped columns and tubes simulating a blanket loading were analyzed for product (Pu, tritium, E-metal) after irradiation in IP-255-A-9-FP. Results are rationalized to full-pile values; pile conversion ratios and pile gains are given.
Date: February 10, 1961
Creator: Lang, L. W. & Nechodom, W. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Design of production test IP-310-A-FP, determination of the dimensional stability of uranium fuel cores classified by the fuel core tester (UT-2)

Description: The objectives of this test are: 1. To establish grain size limits for acceptable uranium fuel element cores. 2. To establish, if possible, criteria for predicting core dimensional stability during irradiation by comparing the relative dimensional stabilities associated with grain size and with variations in grain size in individual cores. 3. To obtain process tube and fuel corrosion data associated with bumper fuel elements in new tubes with no mixer, one mixer in the 10th position and two mixers in the 7th and 15th position from the rear. Fuel cores representing the full range of UT-2 voltage values (grain size converts to d-c voltage) of interest are segregated into three categories: a. Large grains. b. Variations of grain size in an individual core. c. Small grains. Each category will be subdivided into three groups, each covering a small range of values. After canning, the finished fuel elements will be assembled into twenty-seven (27) charges in three latin square patterns for irradiation to a 900 MWD/T exposure goal in D Reactor.
Date: February 15, 1961
Creator: Hodgson, W. H. & Clinton, M. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A standard AlSi braze wetting test for aluminum components used in the lead-dip process

Description: Wetting of the aluminum components by aluminum-silicon brazing alloy is a major factor influencing the quality of the fuel elements. Several process variables associated with the impact extrusion of aluminum components influence the resulting Al surface. In addition, these processing variables interact with the HAPO component production cleaning process to give varying results. Purpose of this document is to define the parameters for selecting, preparing) testing and evaluating the AlSi wetting potential of aluminum components used in the lead-dip process, and to provide a tool for measuring the acceptability of aluminum components for the preparation of fuel elements.
Date: February 1, 1961
Creator: Burgess, C. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radiochemistry for the rupture of a Zircaloy-2 clad uranium fuel element in KER-1

Description: During the 0800--1600 shift on July 7, 1960, the delayed neutron monitor on KER Loop 1 indicated a high coolant activity level. Sympathetic responses were also recorded on the Loop 3 and Loop 4 instruments indicating a possible fuel element failure in Loop 1. The KE Reactor began shutdown operations immediately thereafter. The purpose of this report is to summarize the events pertinent to this reactor outage and to discuss the results obtained from coolant samples and a thermocouple wire sample taken from Loop 1.
Date: February 28, 1961
Creator: Demmitt, T. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fission-product security problem: Preliminary evaluation

Description: The fission products radiostrontium and radiocesium are being recovered for sale, and there is concern about the possibility of revealing irradiation conditions through their compositions. This report presents results of preliminary studies which indicate some possible security problems.
Date: February 20, 1961
Creator: McKee, R. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Final results of production test IP-348-I, K area low-flow calibration test

Description: K area emergency water backup studies have been hampered by poor data on flow through the reactor under various emergency conditions. Various tests have been run where emergency conditions have been simulated and flow measurements attempted. In all previous tests, the accuracy of the flow measurements have been questionable. Flow from the high-pressure crosstie can be measured by an orifice in the crosstie, but there has not been any method of measuring the service water contribution to total reactor flow under simulated emergency conditions. One method of measuring the total reactor flow regardless of its source is to determine the relationship between total flow through the reactor and the bottom of riser pressure. After this relationship has been determined for the flow range of interest, then flow to the reactor can be determined by reading bottom of riser pressure (BORP) and converting that to flow. The objective of this production test was to obtain the relationship between BORP and total reactor flow in the range of 10,000 gpm to 25,000 gpm. An additional objective of this test was to check the accuracy of the No. 2 pump discharge venturi.
Date: February 16, 1961
Creator: Fuller, N. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Heat transfer experiments simulating front header pressure reductions to a K-Reactor process tube

Description: This report presents the results of heat transfer experiments which were conducted to determine the ability of a K-reactor fuel channel assembly to undergo various degrees of coolant supply header pressure decrease without resulting in fuel jacket melting. The experiments were conducted with an electrically heated test section in the single tube prototype Heat Transfer Apparatus of Thermal Hydraulics Operation.
Date: February 20, 1961
Creator: Waters, E. D. & Fitzsimmons, D. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Interim goal exposure plans for O-III-NB and O-III-EB material for B, D, DR and F reactors

Description: The purpose of this report is to recommend variable goal plans for natural and enriched bumper fuel elements, specifically for 0-III-NB and 0-III-EB materials, to be irradiated at the B, D, DR, and F Reactors. The average goal exposure for all bumper fuel elements at D Reactor was specified to be 900 MWD/T, with provisions being made for revision by normal procedures. Exposures for enriched bumper material at the B, M. and F Reactors were not specified in the PITA supplement authorizing charging of this material.
Date: February 13, 1961
Creator: Bloomstrand, R. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Production test IP-394-I: Use of PT-216 fuel columns for routine axial flux determination

Description: It is the objective of this production test to authorize the use of PT IP-216-A (Quality Certification) fuel columns and supplementary numbered columns are required for obtaining routine axial flux measurements suitable for metal performance analysis.
Date: February 13, 1961
Creator: Graves, S. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Artificial cooling of the Columbia River by dam regulation, 1960

Description: This report discusses benefits in an increase in the flow of water from the lower depths of the Grand Coulee Dam which was used to lower river temperature at HAPO. A net average daily reduction of over 1.2{degree}C resulted at HAPO with a peak of 2.7{degree}C. The Net Production gain from temperature change was 6910 MWD and the Cost of Control was: Grand Coulee Charges $3,120.00, and other (Estimated) 6,880.00 for a total of $10,00.00.
Date: February 15, 1961
Creator: Kramer, H. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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