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Fabrication of the PRTR Zircaloy-2 High Pressure Process Tubes

Description: Development of a fabrication process and the manufacture of 95 PRTR process tubes demonstrates that the commercial fabrication of high quality Zircaloy-2 pressure tubing is feasible.
Date: July 31, 1959
Creator: Knecht, R. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Decomposition of Nitrous Oxide Final Report. Period Covered: February 19, 1959-August 18, 1959

Description: The decomposition of N/sub 2/O in a reactor tube containing various fixed-bed catalysts was investigated at 200 to 700 deg C, space velocities of 250, 1250, and 2500 vol. of gas per vol. of catalyst per hr, and various gas mixture compositions. As catalysts, En at 500 deg C and Pd at 650 deg C both gave satisfactory results. NO/sub 2/ was formed with all these catalysts, the amount increasing as the residual N/sub 2/O decreased. (C.J.G.)
Date: August 31, 1959
Creator: Zufall, J. H. & Miller, H. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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AN EVALUATION OF MERCURY COOLED BREEDER REACTORS

Description: Under the New Reactor Concepts Evaluation Program sponsored by the United States Atomic Energy Commission. Advanced Technology Laboratories (a Division of American Radiator & Standard Sanitary Corporation) has undertaken am investigation of the technical feasibility and economic potential of the use of boiling mercury as a coolant for fast breeder reactors The investigation was performed between January 1, 1959, and October 31. 1959. This is the final report on that investigation and is submitted in compliance with the terms of the program authorization, Contract Number AT(04-3)-109, Project Agreement Number 4. (auth)
Date: October 31, 1959
Creator: Bradfute, J.O.; Battles, D.W.; Clark, G.S.; Corridan, R.E.; Gellenbeck, E.T.; Kavanagh, D.L. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Estimate of the Fast Effect in the Lid Tank Source Plate

Description: An estimate was made of the fast effect in the lid tank source plate. The number of fast fissions per thermal fission is 0.019. (auth)
Date: March 31, 1959
Creator: Dresner, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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CALCULATION OF RADIAL NEUTRON-FLUX DISTRIBUTION IN EGCR LATTICE CELL

Description: The neutron flux distributions in an EGCR cell containing seven and clusters of 2.0 and 2.6a enriched uranium odde were obtained by using a one- velocity, one-dimensional P-3 solution to the neutron transport equation and adjusting fluxes in the fuel cluster in a manner which is consistent with previous comparisons of experiments and calculated distributions. Flux traverses in the outer rod perpendicular to diameter of the cluster are also presented. (auth)
Date: August 31, 1959
Creator: DeBoer, T. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Chemical Technology Division, Unit Operations Section Monthly Progress Report for August 1959

Description: The concentration gradients of uranyl ion in aqueous and organic solutions were analyzed by taking a macro photograph of the desired gradient by monochromatic (436 m mu ) light transmitted by the solution normal to the gradient in an appropriate diffusion cell. Two Druhm runs were terminated due to malfunction of the sodium metering system and the third run was terminated when the UF/sub 6/ nozzle ruptured. Calculations of particle temperature versus time relations for the flame denitration-calcination method of preparing metallic oxide from nitrate solutions indicate that the times required for heat transfer are controlled by the rate of radiant heat transfer to particle surfaces instead of by conductive heat transfer within the particles. A completed experimental study indicated that electrolysis in a cell with a mercury cathode and a platinum anode is a practical process for removing nickel from HRT fuel solution. The apparent diffusion coefficient of uranium loading on Dowex 21K was shown to be directly related to the resin size. An explosion of sufficient violence to blow apart the Pyrex pipe dissolver occurred during the fifth Darex dissolution of simulated SRE fuel probably from a rapid gas phase reaction between hydrogen and oxidizing gases such as NO/sub 2/. Materials handling flowsheets were completed for (A) decladding, washing, recanning and storing spent SRE uranium fuel slugs and (B) the shearing and leaching of stainless steel clad UO/sub 2/ and UO/sub 2/- ThO/sub 2/ fuels. A literature survey is being conducted dealing with reactor coolant and coolant loop contamination and decontamination. During run R-17 for calcination of evaporated Darex waste, the same as run R-16 which deformed the bottom calcination vessel except that one of the three added pressure probes was vibrated to keep it unplugged, the bottom of the calcination vessel did not deform, and there was …
Date: December 31, 1959
Creator: Bresee, J. C.; Haas, P. A.; Horton, R. W.; Watson, C. D. & Whatley, M. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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THE HARD-CORE PINCH. PART II

Description: The toroidal version of the hard-core pinch tube is created by levitating a ring conductor inside a toroidal shell. The magnitude of induced H/ sub theta / necessary for levi-tation is small in terms of field strengths normally desired for energetic pinches. In a 3-in. glass-and-copper toroid of square cross section a 3/4-in. hollow copper ring has been levitated with a 60- cycle current of 3 kiloamperes. A 12-in stainless steel tube of round cross section is being built. The stability of nearvacuum field hard-core configurations is best investigated in toroidal geometry. At high power levels and low plasma densities, the conventional toroidal stabilized pinch'' is subject to an anomalous plasma energy leakage to the wall, which cannot be explained by the observed ultraviolet radiation alone. A critical question is, therefore, whether the relative stability of some hard-core pinches, as reflected by the smoothness and reproducibility of magnetic probe traces, is reflected by an improved containment of the plasma en-ergy leading to high temperature. A toroidal hard-core tube is also useful in studying the nature of the nonhydromagnetic instabilities observed in the linear inverse stabilized pinch.'' The presence and condition of electrodes appear to have a substantial effect on the magnitude of these instabilities, as would be expected if they were, for instance, of electrostatic origin. In order to complement the plasma study of the hard-core pinch, we have developed an analogue method using sodium tubes to simulate the current-carrying layer. In this way the purely hydromagnetic aspect of the plasma behavior can be isolated. (auth)
Date: July 31, 1959
Creator: Birdsall, D.H.; Colgate, S.A. & Furth, H.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Zirconium Diboride, Boron Nitride, and Boron Carbide Compatibility With Austenitic Stainless Steel

Description: The compatibility of zirconium diboride, boron carbide, and boron nitride with type 304 stainless steel was evaluated as a function of temperature (1000 to 12OO deg C), time (1-3 hr). Appropriate loadings of the boron compounds and stainless steel powder were blended and fashioned into a compact powder metallurgically. Each compact was roll clad into a plate and subsequently heat treated at a temperature equal to the initial sintering temperature. Metallographic examination of the fabricated and heat-treated plates demonstrated that none of the systems was metallurgically stable. The instability was generally manifested by the interaction of the discrete boron compounds with the matrix and precipitation of a hypothetically boron-rich phase throughout the stainless steel matrix material. Of the three compounds, boron nitride was relatively the most stable in a stainless steel matrix under the test conditions. (auth)
Date: July 31, 1959
Creator: Cherubini, J. H. & Leitten, C. F. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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SER Temperature Coefficient

Description: Experimentally determine the overall isothermal temperature coefficient of the SER up to the design operating temperatures.
Date: December 31, 1959
Creator: Johnson, J. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Stored Energy: Growth and Annealing Status of Graphite Moderator in the BNL Research Reactor. Final Report

Description: The present sthtus, past annealing procedures and experiences, future annealing procedures, annealing sehedule, revised annealing procedure (1958), procedure for combating a graphite fire in fuel channel, high-temperature stored energy, and graphite burning experiments are reportcd for the BNL Research Reactor. The following subjccts are discussed in the appendixes: control of radiation damage in a graphitc reactor; annealing of graphite moderator structure in the BNL; annealing operation in BNL graphite reactor; effect of pile radiation on mechanical and other properties of graphite; neutron sensing instrumentation; instrumentation for sensing fuel failures; thermocouple pattern for enriched fuel loading; environmental hazard from a molten fuel element; retention of volatile flssion products on filters; retention of volatile fission products on water tube coolers; retention of volatile fission products in molten fuel plates; and release of the lowtemperature stored energy in the BEPO Pile. (W.L.H.)
Date: October 31, 1959
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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URANIUM ALLOY POWDERS BY DIRECT REDUCTION OF OXIDES

Description: A process is outlined for the production of uranium alloy powders by co- reduction of mintures of uranium oxide and alloy element oxides. The reduction of mechanical mintures of the oxides of uranium and alloy element with calcium in a sealed reaction vessel is shown to produce powder wtth a variation in particle composition, although of consistert composition over various size fractions. The particular alloy systems which are considered are uranium--nickel, uranium-- chromium, uranium --molybdenum, and uranium--niobium. The uranium-molybdenum and uranium--niobium powders are single phase (metastable gamma), which is of consequence in the production of dimensionaHy stable nuclear fuels. Potential applications of some of these alloys are discussed. (auth)
Date: October 31, 1959
Creator: Myers, R.H. & Robins, R.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fuel Elements Conference Held at Gatlinburg, Tennessee, May 14-16, 1958

Description: The fuel element conference provided a favorable medium for presentation and discussion of recent developments in the field of solid fuel elements. The conference was designed to replace the more general Metallurgy Information Meetings held annually in the past. The scope of the meeting embraced the design fabrication, performance, and material problems of fuel elements. (W.D.M)
Date: October 31, 1959
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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PROCEEDINGS OF THE FRENCH-AMERICAN CONFERENCE ON GRAPHITE REACTORS, HELD AT BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY , NOVEMBER 12 TO 15, 1957

Description: Twenty-eight of the thirty-five papers presented at the conference are included with discussions. Abstracts of the remaining seven papers are given. The seven sessions were devoted to: radiation effects on graphite, nuclear properties of graphitc, graphite lattice reactivities, chemistry of graphite, chemical reactions between liquid Na and Zr, slug canning fer the ORNL Graphite Reactor, and critical assemblies. Separate abstracts have been prepared for each of the twentyeight papers. (T.R.H.)
Date: October 31, 1959
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Quarterly Progress Report for the Period July 1 to September 30, 1958

Description: An evaluation and the resulting conclusions of work performed are given for each project in which definitive progress was made. The principle progress consisted of: obtaining promising fuel fabrication results from production scale investigations of simplified UO/sub 2/ preparations methods, presintering operation elimination, increasing pellet densities and reductions of UO/sub 2/ losses; successfully brazing a ninety-five inch long experimental fuel subassembly in which all joints, including outside ferrules and control rod rubbing strips, had brazed fillets; completing the fabrication of the last group of MTR process water irradiation samples and all of the in-pile test loop samples except for the specimens containing 27% enriched pellets; performing a nuclear analysis of various fuel assembly designs as part of an over-all evaluation of fuel assembly bowing in the Yankee reactor; completing corrosion studies of primary plant materials in static autoclaves to aid in the selection of a pH control agent; developing a Compromise Design'' for the fueh assembly which incorporates a series of small design changes to eliminate the possibility of restricting control rod motion by interference due to a superposition of bowing of the fuel assembly and an adverse accummulation of mechanical tolerances; completing the calculation of the moderator temperature coefficient, the Doppler temperature coefficient, the void coefficient, neutron lifetime, and delayed neutron fraction; obtaining flux profiles, flux peaking, flux spectrum, peripheral fuel rod worth, void coefficient, temperature coefficient, and control rod worth data from the Critical Reactor Experiments with a 3: 1 water-to-uranium metal ratio core at the Westinghouse Reactor Evaluation Center; continuing instrumentation and individual component operational testing of the in-pile test loop; and analyzing the results of the post-irradiation examination of the second group of process water samples and delivery of the last group of samples to the MTR. (For preceding period see YAEC-87.) (auth)
Date: October 31, 1959
Creator: Garbe, R. W. & Walchli, H. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Sodium Reactor Experiment (Sre) Shielding Evaluation for Thermal Neutron Streaming at Reactor Vessel Coolant Pipe Penetrations

Description: The experimental program performed in the SRE auxiliary and main primary galleries was part of a program to determine the adequacy of the shielding configuration for the SRE. The work discussed in this report is concerned with analysis of neutron streaming at coolant pipe penetrations of the reactor vessel, analysis of the shielding required, testing and evaluation of recommended shielding, and measurement and correlation of neutron streaming in labyrinths with theory. The activation analysis method using zinc sheets which was developed for the program of determining thermal neutron streaming in the SRE primary galleries was proven to be versatile, accurate, and reliable. A modified form of the theoretical method of Price, Horton, and Spinney, used to determine neutron scattring through labyrinths, was found to agree favorably with the experimental results obtained from the SRE primary galleries. The theoretical attenuation method used no determine the neutron shield configuration installed in the auxiliary primary gallery was found to give an overestimate of the actual attenuation properties of this shield. The neutron shield configuration installed in the auxiliary primary gallery proved to be adequate in reducing the thermal neutron streaming flux to an acceptable level. It is concluded that both SRE primary galleries are now adequately shielded to prevent excessive neutron- induced activation of the components and equipment located therein. (auth)
Date: October 31, 1959
Creator: Anderson, F. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Development of Uranium Nitride-Stainless Steel Dispersion Fuel Elements

Description: In research in support of the GCRE, procedures for the fabrication of stainless steel-clad flat-plate fuel elements having a core of 28 w/o UN dispersed in an iron-18 w/o chromium--14 w/o nickel--2.5 w/o molybdenum matrix were developed. The preparation of UN and its compatibility with the components of the matrix alloy were studied. The UN for the program was prepared by nitriding uranium metal at 850 C and then dissociating the U/sub 2/N/sub 3/ produced to UN in a vacuum at 1300 C. In compatibility studies, UN reacted with nickel alone at 1800 F, but no reaction with nickel was observed when the other matrix components were also present. The effects of fabricational variables were evaluated by metallographic examination, longitudinal and transverse tensile tests, bend tests, and corrosion tests. Studies indicated that minus 200 plus 325-mesh UN dispersed in a minus 325-mesh elemental-powder matrix rolled green vith a 30 per cent initial reduction at 2100 F and then annealed 3 hr at 2300 F produced the best fuel core. (auth)
Date: July 31, 1959
Creator: Paprocki, S. J.; Keller, D. L.; Cunningham, G. W. & Foulds Jr., A. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Monthly Progress Report for the Period September 1 to 30, 1958

Description: A 95-inch experimental Yankee sub-assembly was successfully brazed at 1890 plus or minus 10 for three hours then furnace cooled. All of the joints, outside ferrules, and control rod rubbing strips showed a brazed flllet. Dimensional surveys and joint strength studies indicate that two brazing techniques appear feasible for subassemblies. Codings for computers for use in core design problems are described. A series of criticality calculations for the three water-to-metal volume ratios of the Yankee critical experiments was concluded with the calculatlon of the critical mass of a 4:1 water-touranium metal volume ratio core. Calculations were performed to determine the Mwd/t burnup in terms of unperturbed nvt for 2.7 and 5.4% enriched process water test specimens. Temperature stability experiments were conducted on Rohm and Haas XE- 150 resin by means of water baths at the puriflcatlon system operating temperature of 14O F and at an elevated temperature of 170 F. Data were obtained on corrosion of construction materials. A study was made of the reaction of soluble oxygen with hydrazine in borated water. Performance of criticality experiments on stainless steel clad UO/sub 2/ fuel elements at various water-to-metal ratios are reported. (For preceding period see YAEC95.) (W.D.M.)
Date: October 31, 1959
Creator: Garbe, R. W. & Walchli, H. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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APPLIED HEALTH PHYSICS SEMI-ANNUAL REPORT FOR JULY 1956-DECEMBER 1956

Description: Routine monitoring procedures are summarized. Based on samples collected by continuous air monitors, the wcekly average value for air contamiration in the laboratory area was 1.98 x 10/sup -12/ mu c/cc. Radioactive fall-out was determined by measuring the total activity and total number of particles collected on gum paper fall-out trays. Two peak periods of activity in July and September were concluded to be the result of weapons tests. Meteorological data are tabulated. Data are included from a survey of natural radioactive elements in TVA lake waters, activity levels in samples of river and lake waters in the laboratory drainage area, rain water, and laundry decontamination measuremcnts. The combination film dosimeter-personnel identification badge was redesigned. A drawing of the badge and its component parts is included. Design modifications are described which wcre made in an automatic air sampler rized from radiation surveys. (C.H.)
Date: October 31, 1959
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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ELK RIVER REACTOR. Quarterly Project Report for December 1958 January- February 1959

Description: Design and construction are proceeding satisfactorily. Fuel capsule irradiation studies are progressing, and preparation of specifications for fuel elements and assemblies is almost complete. Other design, development, and construction progress is reported. Instrumentation developments are described. Reactor physics studies are reported. (For preceding period see AECU-4013.) (T.R.H.)
Date: October 31, 1959
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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HIGH TEMPERATURE PROPERTIES OF URANIUM AND ITS ALLOYS

Description: Data are presented on the mechanical and physical properties of high- purity and normal uranium and for a range of dilute uranium alloys at temperatures up to 700 deg C. The results of thermal conductivity and thermal expansion determinations for a range of alloys are discussed, and some results on the latent heat of fusion and volume change on melting are presented. Results of dilute alloy creep tests are reported and correlated with thermal cycling data and resistence to swelling under irradiation. (J.R.D.)
Date: October 31, 1959
Creator: McIntosh, A.B. & Heal, T.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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VARIABLE MODERATOR REACTOR DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM. Quarterly Progress Report No. 1

Description: Development of the boiling water UO/sub 2/ fueled Variable Moderator Reactor (VMR) is conducted under contract for the USAEC. The initiation and progress of work under Phase I of the contract, Physics and Kinetic Analysis and Initial Evaluation,'' and the preparation for Phase II, Critical Experiment and Analysis of Results,'' are reported. A hydrodynamic flow sheet representing the sequence of calculations for the BOCH program was prepared. A preliminary block diagram of the kinetics model of the VMR was prepared. Work is reported on the PUREE code which is designed to give an accurate representation of the physics of the VMR core. A fuel element fabrication speciftcation was prepared and released for quotations. A study was made to select the most appropriate material for void simulation throughout the range of interest in the VMR. (W.D.M.)
Date: August 31, 1959
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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NUCLEAR BATTERY--THERMOCOUPLE TYPE. Quarterly Progress Report No. 8 for October 1, 1958 to December 31, 1958

Description: A demonstration battery containing an 880-curie polonium-2l0 heat source was constructed and tested. The battery initially had an open circuit voltage of 23.6 volts, a maximum output of 161 milliwatts, and an overall efficiency of 0.57%. Details for the construction of the battery generator are given. (For preceding period see MLM-CF-58-4-59.) (auth)
Date: October 31, 1959
Creator: Blanke, B.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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