Search Results

open access

Correlation of alluvial deposits at the Nevada Test Site

Description: Because characteristics of rock layers and problems in drilling must be studied before radioactive waste can be safely contained, an evaluation was made of methods for correlating alluvial deposits at Yucca Flat of the Nevada Test Site (NTS). Although correlation of Tertiary volcanic tuff beds at the NTS has been successfully achieved, correlation of stratigraphic zones in the overlying alluvium has posed technical difficulties. We have evaluated several methods for correlating alluvial deposits from drillholes, including electric resistivity logs (E logs), visual examination of sidewall samples and comparison of their carbonate (CO/sub 2/) content, downhole stereo photography for identifying debris flow deposits, caliche age-dating, and specific yield and permeability measurements of deposits. For predicting the thickness of zones having similar physical properties in the alluvium, E log measurements were found to be the most useful of these methods.
Date: September 30, 1977
Creator: Grothaus, B. & Howard, N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Magnetic Properties of Insulators. Quarterly Report No. 2 Covering Period May 15, 1961 to August 15, 1961

Description: The electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) of color centers in additively colored KCl crystals is measured to observe the effects of optical bleaching at room temperature. Earlier measurements on the F-center are confirmed and the susceptibility is measured at 78 and 300 deg K over five decades of power, including the very low power region. The width and the saturation properties of the individual multiplets are studied in detail and the technique of making E PR measurements on inhomogeneously broadened lines is discussed. A calculation is presented which shows that a slight departure from a Lorentzian multiplet shape can account for the saturation data. The bleached crystals show a resonance which has a width of 35 gauss and a different rate of saturation than the F- center. This resonance is associated with the B-band which appears in the optical absorption. (auth)
Date: August 30, 1961
Creator: Markham, J. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Cadmium sulfide/copper sulfide heterojunction cell research. Final report, February 26, 1979-July 15, 1980

Description: Extensive modifications were made to the multi-source deposition apparatus. These include the installation of a larger vacuum chamber on the existing system. The new chamber provides improved inter-source shielding, an improved substrate mounting and heating system, and a vacuum interlock for introducing substrates. CdS resistivity control by both In doping and off-stoichiometric deposition has been investigated. Indium doping has been achieved both by diffusion from a pre-deposited In layer and by using In doped sputtering targets. Resistivities in the range 0.1 to 5 ..cap omega..-cm have been obtained for target doping levels of from 0.1 to 1 at. percent of In. These resistivities were found to be critically dependent on the H/sub 2/S injection rate, apparently because of compensation by Cd vacancies. Off-stoichiometry CdS coatings with solar-illuminated resistivities of about 10/sup 2/ ..cap omega..-cm have been deposited, using a cyclic reactive sputtering process were the H/sub 2/S injection is periodically switched on and off. The Cu/sub x/S deposition process was found to be sensitive to the period of cathode operation prior to coating deposition, probably because of the conditioning of cathode and shield surfaces. All-sputter-deposited Cd(Zn)S/Cu/sub 2/S cells, with Cd(Zn)S layers deposited using a Cd-0.10 Zn target doped with 2 atomic percent In, have yielded efficiencies of approx. 0.4%. All-sputtered cells with efficiencies of approx. 0.6% have been fabricated, using undoped CdS deposited by the pulse injection process. Efficiencies of approx. 1.2% have been achieved for cells with undoped sputter-deposited CdS and CuCl dry processed Cu/sub 2/S.
Date: June 30, 1980
Creator: Thornton, J. A. & Cornog, D. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

APPLICATIONS OF SNAP REACTOR SYSTEMS TO COMMUNICATIONS SATELLITES

Description: Methods are presented for determining the electric power requirements of a given communications mission in terms of mission and orbit parameters. Analyses were made of possible applications of available and projected space auxiliary power units in these satellites. The satellitc as a communication node is discussed. Example calculations are given. (M.C.G.)
Date: July 30, 1962
Creator: Wimmer, R.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

MHD Coal-Fired Flow Facility. Quarterly technical progress report, January-March 1980

Description: The University of Tennessee Space Institute (UTSI) reports on significant activity, task status, planned research, testing, development, and conclusions for the Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) Coal-Fired Flow Facility (CFFF) and the Research and Development Laboratory. Although slowed by incessant rain during several days, work on the CFFF Bid Packages progressed to nearly 100 percent completion, excluding later punchlist items. On the quench system, the cyclone separator was delivered to UTSI, and under Downstream Components, the secondary combustor was received and the radiant slagging furnace was emplaced at the CFFF. Water quality analysis of Woods Reservoir provided the expected favorable results, quite similar to last year's. Generator experiments describing local current distribution are reported along with behavior under conditions of imposed leakage. Also, during the Quarter, the shelter for the cold flow modeling facility was constructed and circuits installation begun. A jet turbine combustor was tested for use as a vitiation burner. Samples taken from the exhaust duct, besides other applications, show that the refractories used are performing well in alleviating heat loss while exhibiting acceptable degredation. A new resistive power take-off network was designed and implemented.
Date: May 30, 1980
Creator: Altstatt, M. C. & Attig, R.C. Baucum, W.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

PROCESSES FOR RECOVERY OF URANIUM AND THORIUM FROM GRAPHITE-BASE FUEL ELEMENTS. PART II

Description: Laboratory-scale tests on methods for recovering uranium and thorium from graphite-base reactor fuel elements are reported. The 90% HNO/sub 3/ process, which involves simultaneous disintegration and leaching in 21 M HNO/sub 3/, is applicable to all fuel elenments which do not contain coated fuel particles. Leaching of irradiated (0.001% burnup) fuels containing 3 and 12% uranlum recovered approximates 99.3 and 99.9%, respectively, of the uranium in two 4-hr leaches with boiling acid. The graphite residue retained > 50% of the long-lived fission products. Three successive leaches of fuel containing uranium and thorium recovered approximates 99% of both elements. Uranium recoveries by combustion in oxygen followed by dissolution of the ash hn nitric acid or fluorlde-catalyzed nitric acid are quantitative only when the fuel is not coated, does not contain Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/-coated fuel particles, and is free from impurities such as iron. During combustion up to 95% of the Ru-106 was volatilized from irradiated specimens. Recoveries, by leaching with 70% HNO/sub 3/, from fuel specimens containing Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/-coated fuel particles were greater than 99% when the specimens were ground finer than 200 mesh to ensure crushing of the fuel particles. (auth)
Date: November 30, 1961
Creator: Ferris, L.M.; Kibbey, A.H. & Bradley, M.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

STUDIES OF THE SCINTILLATION PROCESS IN CsI(Tl)

Description: The scintillation response of CsI(Tl) crystals, having various thallium contents, was measured for excitation of the crystals by monoenergetic gamma rays, protons, and alpha particles. The investi gation was made to provide a test of some of the features of a theoretical model of the scintillation process in thallium-activated alkali iodides proposed by Murray and Meyer. In order to insure that the results obtained in this program would provide a critical test of the scintillation model, special attention was paid to technical effects which could influence the interpretation of the experimental data. For example, the effect of the pulseanalysis time on the relative scintillation response of CsI(Tl) to various charged parti cles was investigated. In addition, the emission spectra of the CsI(Tl) crystals were measured for excitation by x rays, protons, and alpha particles. The results of the investigation showed that the scintillation efficiency of CsI(Tl) is a continuous function of dE/dx, as assumed in the scintillation model, within the accuracy of the experiments when the effect of delta ravs are considered. This led to the conclusion that the light output of CsI(Tl) crystals is, in general, a nonlinear function of the energy of the particle. The shape of the dL/dE versus dE/dx curve for CsI(Tl) crystals is shown to be nearly independent of the thallium content of the crystal. This is in distinct contrast to the predictions of the scinti llation model. An examination of the emission spectra of CsI(Tl) crystals showed that light is emitted in a band, centered at about 3300A, which is characteristic of the emission of the pure crystal, as well as the characteriatic thallium luminescence. The relative intensity of this luminescence with respect to the thallium- activator luminescence increases as the ionization density in the crystal increases and increases as the thallium content decreases. …
Date: November 30, 1962
Creator: Gwin, R. & Murray, R. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Design of a water jet drill for development of geothermal resources. Progress report, October 1--November 30, 1977

Description: Progress is reported in the evaluation of the performance of a water jet drill in a stressed rock, particularly in drilling at hole diameters in excess of one inch. Drilling tests are being carried out in a barrier pillar in a layer of coarse, lead-bearing sandstone. Problems encountered in the test drilling are discussed. (JGB)
Date: November 30, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

State-Local Revenue Systems and Educational Finance

Description: Research report prepared for the President's Commission on School Finance outlining various ways that funding is allocated for schools and possible areas of reform, organized in four major chapters: [1] State-Local Revenue Systems and Educational Finance, [2] The Present State-Local Revenue System, [3] Achieving a Heavy-Duty State-Local Revenue System, and [4] A High Quality State-Local Revenue System -- The Prospects for Adoption. It also includes several appendices with supplementary information.
Date: December 30, 1971
Creator: United States. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Delayed Failure Hydrogen Embrittlement of Zirconium. Quarterly Report No. 2, December 15, 1961 to March 14, 1962

Description: The purpose of this investigation is to determine the extent to which Zr and Zr alloys exhibit delayed failure (static fatigune) as caused by a combination of absorbed H and applied stress. Both notched and unnotched specimens of unalloyed Zr and Zircaloy-2 were hydrogenated to 200 ppm and 500 ppm by means of a modified Sieverts apparatus; specimens were evaluated at room temperature. Thus far, no time-dependent fracture was observed which can be attributed to the delayed failure phenomenon; it appears that these materials are relatively insensitive to static fatigune. The effects of grain size, temperature, cold deformation, and superheated water and steam corrosion on susceptibility to delayed failure are being determined. (auth)
Date: March 30, 1962
Creator: Weinstein, D. & Holtz, F. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

The Electoral College: A Selected Bibliography

Description: This report provides a bibliography of resources related to the electoral college divided by resource type.
Date: April 30, 1970
Creator: Dwyer, Paul
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Pakistan: Situation Report

Description: This report is the situational report of Pakistan which includes its Political Affairs, Economy, and Foreign Relations.
Date: September 30, 1968
Creator: Niksch, Larry A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Savannah River Site computing architecture migration guide

Description: The SRS Computing Architecture is a vision statement for site computing which enumerates the strategies which will guide SRS computing efforts for the 1990s. Each strategy is supported by a number of feature statements which clarify the strategy by providing additional detail. Since it is a strategic planning document, the Architecture has sitewide applicability and endorsement but does not attempt to specify implementation details. It does, however, specify that a document will be developed to guide the migration from the current site environment to that envisioned by the new architecture. The goal of this document, the SRS Computing Architecture Migration Guide, is to identify specific strategic and tactical tasks which would have to be completed to fully implement the architectural vision for site computing as well as a recommended sequence and timeframe for addressing these tasks. It takes into account the expected availability of technology, the existing installed base, and interdependencies among architectural components and objectives.
Date: July 30, 1991
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Rockwell Hanford Operations' 1978 radiological improvement program

Description: This document describes the radiological improvement program (RIP) to be undertaken by Rockwell Hanford Operations during calendar year 1978. Actions taken in each facility to reduce exposure and to implement the Company's policy to conduct operations in a manner that assures radiation exposures to employees are maintained at the lowest levels reasonably achievable.
Date: December 30, 1977
Creator: Cunningham, D. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Periodic Waste Disposal System Material Balance Test. Core 1, Seed 2. Test Evaluation T-641317. Section 1

Description: A test was carried out to determine the adequacy of storage capacity and operating procedures of the radioactive waste disposal system during a normal reactor plant warmup. The capacity and operating procedures were found to be adequate. It was impossible to perform a complete material balance based on existing level instrumentation and using the data required by the test procedure. Approximately 21,290 gal. of waste were received in the system and 13,210 gal. were discharged to the river with a total activity of 1200 mu c. A quantity of 6,670 gal. of reactor coolant effluent was processed. Approximately 634 lb of combustible waste were incinerated. (M.C.G.)
Date: June 30, 1961
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Pathfinder Atomic Power Plant Technical Progress Report, January 1962-March 1962

Description: S>Progress is reported on the research and development program being performed in connection with the design of the Pathfinder Atomic Power Plant. The topics covered include: fuel material cladding, bonding, and irradiation testing; heat transfer and fluid flow; fuel element manufacturing research and development; low-enrichment superheater fuel element design; mechanical studies of control rods, guide tubes, and control rod drives; reactor physics; and reactor and system dynamics. (C.H.)
Date: June 30, 1962
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

PL FINAL DESIGN REPORT. VOLUME II. PLANT DRAWINGS

Description: Plant drawings for the final design for the Army Reactor (PL-2) are presented. Two hundred and twenty-eight figures are included. (M.C.G.)
Date: June 30, 1961
Creator: Combustion Engineering, Inc. Nuclear Div., Windsor, Conn.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Research and Development Reports for Sodium to Sodium Intermediate Heat Exchanger and Sodium to Water Steam Generator

Description: Results are presented of research and development work performed in conjunction with the 70-Mw design of a sodium-to- sodium intermediate heat exchanger and a sodium-to-water steam generator. Kanigen plating was substituted for Inconel overlays. A program to evaluate this plating was undertaken. Elimination of tube end ferrules, mechanical behavior of sine wave tubes, tube-to- tube sheet welded connections, metallurgical examination of bimetallic tubes, transition weld test, bayonet tube test, and bayonet tube weld cap test are discussed. (M.C.G.)
Date: October 30, 1960
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Preliminary evaluation of two-element optical concentrators for use in solar photovoltaic systems

Description: The objective of this program was: to evaluate for photovoltaic applications the use of the compound parabolic concentrator design as a field collector--in conjunction with a primary focusing concentrator. The primary focusing concentrator may be a parabolic reflector, an array of Fresnel mirrors, a Fresnel lens, or some other type; Select several candidate configurations of such compound systems (focusing concentrators/CPC field collectors); Perform an analytic evaluation of the technical performance of these systems; and identify the most promising configurations and perform a cost effectiveness study pertinent to coupling CPC concentrators to solar cells. (WDM)
Date: June 30, 1975
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Characterization of carbonaceous materials using extraction with supercritical pentane

Description: The use of carbonaceous adsorbents is limited by irreversible adsorption of some compounds so the use of supercritical pentane as an extracting solvent was examined. Carbon black appeared to be broken down slowly, but continuously, by the penane. To see if other types of carbon behaved similarly, high purity graphite, technical grade graphites, active carbons, and charcoals were examined. The extracts were characterized by uv spectroscopy, packed column chromatography using flame ionization and flame photometric detectors, and capillary GC/MS. The extracts were characteristic for each class of carbonaceous material. The high purity graphite yielded large, polycyclic aromatic compounds; the technical grade graphites yielded alkanes and alkyl-substituted benzenes and naphthalenes; the active carbons yielded alkanes, dienes, and small amounts of alkyl-substituted benzenes; and the charcoals yielded almost entirely alkanes in small amounts.
Date: May 30, 1980
Creator: Fetzer, J.C.; Graham, J.A.; Arrendale, R.R.; Klee, M.S. & Rogers, L.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Kinetics and mechanism of desulfurization and denitrogenation of coal-derived liquids

Description: The design of the high-pressure liquid-phase microreactor has been completed, and assembly of the reactor system is at least half completed. The analytical techniques available for the analysis of sulfur and nitrogen-containing compounds in multicomponent white oil have been thoroughly reviewed, and a satisfactory analysis scheme has been developed. The scheme is centered around high-temperature gas chromatography with a nitrogen-specific detector for analysis of nitrogen-containing organic compounds and a sulfur-specific detector for sulfur-containing compounds. Samples of deactivated catalyst from the Synthoil pilot plant reactor have been analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and electron microprobe. Catalyst near the front of the reactor is 50 to 70% covered with a crust of ferrous sulfide which appears to be responsible for activity reduction. Smaller amounts of Cu, Si, Al, Zn and Ti were also present. Catalyst samples from near the exit of the reactor are essentially free of ferrous sulfide but have an irregular crust of Si-Al ash which covers 20 to 40% of the surface. A 300-cc autoclave has been purchased and set up for the hydrodenitrogenation studies. A catalyst-oil injection system which allows the catalyst and the nitrogen-containing reactant to be injected into the white oil in the autoclave which is already at reaction conditions has been developed. This avoids the problems associated with the heat-up period. (auth)
Date: September 30, 1975
Creator: Katzer, J. R.; Gates, B. C.; Olson, J. H.; Kwart, H. & Stiles, A. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Back to Top of Screen