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Fundamental studies of fusion plasmas. Annual performance report

Description: The major portion of this program is devoted to critical ICH phenomena. The topics include edge physics, fast wave propagation, ICH induced high frequency instabilities, and a preliminary antenna design for Ignitor. This research was strongly coordinated with the world`s experimental and design teams at JET, Culham, ORNL, and Ignitor. The results have been widely publicized at both general scientific meetings and topical workshops including the speciality workshop on ICRF design and physics sponsored by Lodestar in April 1992. The combination of theory, empirical modeling, and engineering design in this program makes this research particularly important for the design of future devices and for the understanding and performance projections of present tokamak devices. Additionally, the development of a diagnostic of runaway electrons on TEXT has proven particularly useful for the fundamental understanding of energetic electron confinement. This work has led to a better quantitative basis for quasilinear theory and the role of magnetic vs. electrostatic field fluctuations on electron transport. An APS invited talk was given on this subject and collaboration with PPPL personnel was also initiated. Ongoing research on these topics will continue for the remainder fo the contract period and the strong collaborations are expected to continue, enhancing both the relevance of the work and its immediate impact on areas needing critical understanding.
Date: May 26, 1992
Creator: Aamodt, R. E.; Catto, P. J.; D`Ippolito, D. A.; Myra, J. R. & Russell, D. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fundamental studies of fusion plasmas

Description: The major portion of this program is devoted to critical ICH phenomena. The topics include edge physics, fast wave propagation, ICH induced high frequency instabilities, and a preliminary antenna design for Ignitor. This research was strongly coordinated with the world's experimental and design teams at JET, Culham, ORNL, and Ignitor. The results have been widely publicized at both general scientific meetings and topical workshops including the speciality workshop on ICRF design and physics sponsored by Lodestar in April 1992. The combination of theory, empirical modeling, and engineering design in this program makes this research particularly important for the design of future devices and for the understanding and performance projections of present tokamak devices. Additionally, the development of a diagnostic of runaway electrons on TEXT has proven particularly useful for the fundamental understanding of energetic electron confinement. This work has led to a better quantitative basis for quasilinear theory and the role of magnetic vs. electrostatic field fluctuations on electron transport. An APS invited talk was given on this subject and collaboration with PPPL personnel was also initiated. Ongoing research on these topics will continue for the remainder fo the contract period and the strong collaborations are expected to continue, enhancing both the relevance of the work and its immediate impact on areas needing critical understanding.
Date: May 26, 1992
Creator: Aamodt, R.E.; Catto, P.J.; D'Ippolito, D.A.; Myra, J.R. & Russell, D.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The drag of two streamline bodies as affected by protuberances and appendages

Description: This report presents the results of wind tunnel tests of two airship models conducted to determine the drag coefficients at zero pitch, and the effect of fins and cars and of flat and streamlined protuberances located at various positions along the hull. During the investigation the stern of one model was rounded off to produce a blunter shape. The extreme range of the Reynolds number based on the over-all length of the models was from 1,300,000 to 33,000,000. At large values of the Reynolds number the streamlined protuberance affected the drag very little, and the additional drag caused by the flat protuberance was less than the calculated drag by the protuberance alone. The fins and cars together increased the bare-hull drag about 20 per cent.
Date: September 26, 1932
Creator: Abbott, Ira H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Growth of molten core debris pools in concrete. Part II. A. Pool growth in composite beds; B. Effect of overlaying steel layers. Final report, March 1, 1978-September 30, 1979. [LMFBR]

Description: The heat and mass transfer processes taking place in molten core debris/concrete systems have been experimentally investigated. Two types of experiments have been conducted. The first experiment simulates the growth of a molten debris pool in a composite sacrificial bed. This experiment models debris pool growth in an inner, low-melting point, sacrificial material zone followed by a melting attack on the concrete bed. The purpose of the inner zone is to quickly melt and dilute the debris pool so that its subsequent downward growth in the concrete may be slowed. In the second experiment a two-layer immiscible liquid system is volumetrically heated and allowed to melt into a low-density gas releasing solid bed which is miscible in the initially-higher-density bottom liquid. The solid melts, mixes with, and dilutes the bottom liquid pool until its density is lower than that of the top liquid.
Date: December 26, 1979
Creator: Abdel-Khalik, S I
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Use of a General Nonlinear Least-Squares Curve Fitting Program With Nonclosed Form Relationships. [GNLS, in FORTRAN for CDC Computers]

Description: A use for GNLS, a general nonlinear least-squares curve fitting program, is presented. In this use GNLS determines a set of best parameters for relationships that cannot be written in closed form. This program can be useful for experimenters who need to determine experimental parameters by fitting nonclosed-form relationships to experimental data. Two examples are given to indicate how GNLS can be used for this type of problem. 11 figures.
Date: December 26, 1979
Creator: Abey, A. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Final Scientific Report

Description: Viscosities of water, nitrogen and carbon dioxide have been measured at elevated pressures and temperatures in the diamond-anvil cell. A strong correlation between viscosity and entropy has been confirmed.
Date: June 26, 2009
Creator: Abramson, Evan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Thermal Decomposition of Radiation-Damaged Polystyrene

Description: The radiation-damaged polystyrene (given the identification name of 'polycube') was fabricated by mixing high-density polystyrene material ("Dylene Fines # 100") with plutonium and uranium oxides. The polycubes were used in the 1960s for criticality studies during processing of spent nuclear fuel. The polycubes have since been stored for almost 40 years at the Hanford Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) after failure of two processes to reclaim the plutonium and uranium oxides from the polystyrene matrix. Thermal decomposition products from this highly cross-linked polystyrene matrix were characterized using Gas Chromatograph/Mass Spectroscopy (GC/MS) system coupled to a horizontal furnace. The decomposition studies were performed in air and helium atmospheres at about 773 K. The volatile and semi-volatile organic products for the radiation-damaged polystyrene were different compared to virgin polystyrene. The differences were in the number of organic species generated and their concentrations. In the inert (i.e., helium) atmosphere, the major volatile organic products identified (in order of decreasing concentrations) were styrene, benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene, nathphalene, propane, .alpha.-methylbenzene, indene and 1,2,3-trimethylbenzene. But in air, the major volatile organic species identified changed slightly. Concentrations of the organic species in the inert atmosphere were significantly higher than those for the air atmosphere processing. Overall, 38 volatile organic species were identified in the inert atmosphere compared to 49 species in air. Twenty of the 38 species in the inert conditions were also products in the air atmosphere. Twenty-two oxidized organic products were identified during thermal processing in air.
Date: September 26, 2000
Creator: Abrefah, John & Klinger, George S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development of a stable cobalt-ruthenium Fischer-Tropsch catalyst

Description: The work performed in the program suggests that cobalt catalytic performance is a complex function of crystallite size, crystallite composition, and cobalt-support interaction. These properties are determined by the nature of support, the bimetallic component, the promoters, and the method of preparation. Results so far indicate that the lowest methane selectivity occurs on support No. 8, and the highest activity is obtained on support No. 10. Also, promoters 2 and 3 may help lower the formation of methane. These findings, along with the catalyst knowledge gained during Union Carbide's former contract AC22-84PC70028, will be used to develop a superior cobalt catalyst.
Date: August 26, 1992
Creator: Abrevaya, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development of a stable cobalt-ruthenium Fischer-Tropsch catalyst. Technical progress report No. 9, October 1, 1991--December 31, 1991

Description: The work performed in the program suggests that cobalt catalytic performance is a complex function of crystallite size, crystallite composition, and cobalt-support interaction. These properties are determined by the nature of support, the bimetallic component, the promoters, and the method of preparation. Results so far indicate that the lowest methane selectivity occurs on support No. 8, and the highest activity is obtained on support No. 10. Also, promoters 2 and 3 may help lower the formation of methane. These findings, along with the catalyst knowledge gained during Union Carbide`s former contract AC22-84PC70028, will be used to develop a superior cobalt catalyst.
Date: August 26, 1992
Creator: Abrevaya, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT

Description: The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which produces at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals. The objective is to have these products produced by technologies capable of using synthesis gas derived from coal and/or other carbonaceous feedstock. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site and to develop a Research, Development, and Testing Plan (RD and T) for implementation in Phase II. The objective of Phase II is to implement the RD and T as outlined in the Phase I RD and T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology that produces high-value products, particularly those that are critical to our domestic fuel and power requirements. The project will resolve critical knowledge and technology gaps on the integration of gasification and downstream processing to coproduce some combination of power, fuels, and chemicals from coal and other feedstocks. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information that will be needed to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation by industry.
Date: October 26, 2000
Creator: Abughazaleh, John S.; Ahmed, Mushtaq; Anand, Ashok; Anderson, John H.; Benham, Charles; Brent, Fred D. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Monitoring the Migrations of Wild Snake River Spring/Summer Chinook Salmon Juveniles, 2007-2008 Report of Research.

Description: This report provides results from an ongoing project to monitor the migration behavior and survival of wild juvenile spring/summer Chinook salmon in the Snake River Basin. Data reported is from detections of PIT tagged fish during late summer 2007 through mid-2008. Fish were tagged in summer 2007 by the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) in Idaho and by the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) in Oregon. Our analyses include migration behavior and estimated survival of fish at instream PIT-tag monitors and arrival timing and estimated survival to Lower Granite Dam. Principal results from tagging and interrogation during 2007-2008 are listed below: (1) In July and August 2007, we PIT tagged and released 7,390 wild Chinook salmon parr in 12 Idaho streams or sample areas. (2) Overall observed mortality from collection, handling, tagging, and after a 24-hour holding period was 1.4%. (3) Of the 2,524 Chinook salmon parr PIT tagged and released in Valley Creek in summer 2007, 218 (8.6%) were detected at two instream PIT-tag monitoring systems in lower Valley Creek from late summer 2007 to the following spring 2008. Of these, 71.6% were detected in late summer/fall, 11.9% in winter, and 16.5% in spring. Estimated parr-to-smolt survival to Lower Granite Dam was 15.5% for the late summer/fall group, 48.0% for the winter group, and 58.5% for the spring group. Based on detections at downstream dams, the overall efficiency of VC1 (upper) or VC2 (lower) Valley Creek monitors for detecting these fish was 21.1%. Using this VC1 or VC2 efficiency, an estimated 40.8% of all summer-tagged parr survived to move out of Valley Creek, and their estimated survival from that point to Lower Granite Dam was 26.5%. Overall estimated parr-to-smolt survival for all summer-tagged parr from this stream at the dam was 12.1%. Development and improvement of instream ...
Date: May 26, 2009
Creator: Achord, Stephen; Sandford, Benjamin P. & Hockersmith, Eric E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Legislative Prayer and School Prayer: The Constitutional Difference

Description: The Supreme Court's decisions holding government-sponsored prayer in the public schools to violate the First Amendment's establishment clause but prayer in legislative assemblies to be constitutional are sometimes lifted up as contradictory. This report summarizes the relevant decisions and identifies the distinctions the Court has drawn between the two situations.
Date: October 26, 1994
Creator: Ackerman, David A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Technical basis for establishing process tube pressure limits for KER loops 2 and 3 and for the NPR Prototype Facility

Description: In compliance with a request from Coolant Testing Operation, the Reactor Engineering Operation has made a study to determine the maximum operating pressure limits for the pertinent Zircaloy-2 process tubes. Since these tubes shall be used for testing NPR fuel elements, it is considered desirable that KER Loops 2 and 3 permit operation at temperatures of around 300{degrees}C while the NPR prototype facility permit operation at about 316{degrees}C in a manner such that there is minimum hazard to the KE-Reactor and to personnel.
Date: June 26, 1959
Creator: Adams, O. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reactor Development Program Progress Report: September 1966

Description: Report issued by the Argonne National Laboratory discussing progress made within the Reactor Development Program for September, 1966. The report includes highlights of the different project activities including plutonium utilization, fast breeder reactors, general reactor technology, advanced systems research, and nuclear safety. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: October 26, 1966
Creator: Adams, R. M. & Glassner, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Final report: Efficient thyratron modulator project

Description: The purpose of this program was to examine methods of increasing the efficiency of producing pulses to drive Klystrons in the 150 MW range. This may include 2 Klystrons in the 75 MW range. Specific methods of interest to improve the pulse efficiency were the use of a circuit to add energy to the tail of the pulse, the use of a bipyrimidal transformer, and the use of gas insulation as a means of improving the pulse shape. These methods were investigated using both thyratron and IGBT switching. The low cost designs developed in this work consisted of low voltage designs which don't require the oil immersion. These designs can be ''hot tuned'' based on the use of simple, tunable inductors.
Date: November 26, 1999
Creator: Adler, R. J.; Richter-Sand, R. J. & Gregg, C. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Waste and Solvent Composition Limits for Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU)

Description: This study examined waste feed and solvent limits for the Modular Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction Unit (MCU) currently being designed and built at the Savannah River Site (SRS) to remove cesium from highly alkaline radioactive waste. The study involved proposing ranges for 12 waste feed components (i.e., Na{sup +}, K{sup +}, Cs{sup +}, OH{sup -}, NO{sub 3}{sup -}, NO{sub 2}{sup -}, Cl{sup -}, F{sup -}, SO{sub 4}{sup 2-}, PO{sub 4}{sup 3-}, and CO{sub 3}{sup 2-}, and AlO{sub 2}{sup -}) through a compilation of SRS waste data. Statistical design methods were used to generate numerous wastes with varying compositions from the proposed ranges. An Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) model called SXFIT was used to predict the cesium extraction distribution coefficients (D-values) between the organic (solvent) phase and the aqueous waste phase using the waste component concentrations as inputs. The D-values from the SXFIT model were used as input along with MCU base case process parameters to a SASSE (Spreadsheet Algorithm for Stagewise Solvent Extraction) model to calculate final cesium concentrations for the MCU. The SASSE model was developed at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). The SXFIT D-value and the waste component concentration data were used to develop a handier alternative model (neural network model) to the SXFIT model that predicts D-values within 15% of the SXFIT D-values. Both the SXFIT and the neural network model revealed the following. The solvent extractant concentration ratios are approximately equal to the corresponding D-value ratios; a useful feature that could be used to predict extraction D-values when the extractant concentration in the solvent changes in the MCU operation. Also, potassium is the only waste component out of the 12 that shows a distinct relationship with the cesium extraction D-values; an indication of potassium's competition with cesium in the Caustic-Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) process. A waste feed ...
Date: May 26, 2005
Creator: Adu-Wusu, Kofi; Waler, Douglas D. & Edwards, Thomas B
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

K-Reactor Retubing Program graphite temperature study

Description: A project has been proposed and the funds allocated for the replacement of the central zone aluminum process tubes at both K Reactors with smooth bore zirconium process tubes of approximately the same outside diameter as the original tubes. Associated with this project is the problem of relieving the present graphite stack distortion in the vicinity of the process tube channels and counteracting or prereliving, at this time, the expected graphite stack distortion that, will take place over the next ten years. Such relief becomes increasingly important when it is realized that long reactor life is required for the zirconium tubes in order to justify the cost of the project. This justification is also based upon the ability to charge normal sized, self supported fuel elements during the reactor life of the tubes. Relieving the restrictions in the graphite process channels caused by stack contraction will be done by removing localized portions of the graphite from the tube blocks and trunion blocks with a guided cutting tool. This immediately brings up the question of graphite temperatures and the presently imposed maximum graphite in temperature limits. Combined coring and graphite stark distortion could result in excessive graphite temperatures or localized hot spots. This graphite temperature study was undertaken to permit predicting possible temperature problems that might be associated with the restoration of graphite channel straightness since the timing of the overall project completion will not allow time for extensive testing to determine such problem areas.
Date: December 26, 1962
Creator: Agar, J. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Section 312 Housing Rehabilitation Program

Description: This report describes the Section 312 of the Housing Act of 1964, which provides direct, long-term, low-interest rehabilitation loans to individuals whose residential and business properties are located in certain specified program areas.
Date: May 26, 1978
Creator: Agelasto, Michael A., 2
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department