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Measurement of Xenon Poisoning in the HRT

Description: Measurements obtained during three periods of HRT operations indicated that the xenon poison fraction was approximately 0.010. The technique used was based on mass spectrographic analyses of the stable xenon isotopes in the reactor off-gas stream. Models proposed to explain the measurements show that xenon, which is formed primarily by decay of iodine adsorbed on the pipe walls, is held up on the walls, out of the circulating stream, for an average period of about eight hours. (auth)
Date: April 19, 1962
Creator: Burch, W.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Corrosion Behavior of Reactor Materials in Fluoride Salt Mixtures

Description: Molten fluoride salts, because of their radiation stability and ability to contain both Th and U, offer important advantages as high-temperature fuel solutions for nuclear reactors and as media suitable for nuclear fuel processing. Both applications have stimulated experimental and theoretical studies of the corrosion processes by which molten salt mixtures attack potential reactor materials. Corrosion experiments with fluoride salts which were conducted in support of the Molten-Salt Reactor E xperiment and analytical methods employed to interpret corrosion and masstransfer behavior in this reactor system are discussed. The products of corrosion of metals by fluoride melts are soluble in the molten salt; accordingly passivation is precluded and corrosion depends directly on the thermodynamic driving force of the corrosion reactions. Compatibility of the container metal and molten salt, therefore, demands the selection of salt constituents which are not appreciably reduced by useful structural alloys and the development of container materials whose components are in near thermodynamic equilibrium with the salt medium. Utilizing information gained in corrosion testing of commercial alloys and in fundamental interpretations of the corrosion process, an alloy development program was conducted to provide a high temperature container material that combined corrosion resistance with useful mechanical properties. The program culminated in the selection of a high-strength Nibase alloy containing 17% Mo, 7% Cr, and 5% Fe. The results of several long-term corrosion loops and in-pile capsule tests completed with this alloy are reviewed to demonstrate the excellent corrosion resistance of this alloy composition to fluoride salt mixtures at high temperatures. Methods based on thermodynamic properties of the alloy container and fused salt are presented for predicting corrosion rates in these systems. The results of radiotracer studies conducted to demonstrate the proposed corrosion model also are discussed. (auth)
Date: September 19, 1962
Creator: DeVan, J. H. & Evans, R. B., III
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Marketing of coal mining equipment. Evaluation of present techniques: suggestions to aid commercialization. Final report

Description: This report is an examination of the equipment preferences and decision-making methodology of the coal industry. The prime purpose is to indicate directions in which equipment research might proceed and also to indicate methods by which investment in new, more productive mining equipment could be encouraged. In addition to this, an investigation of the research and development decisions of major mining equipment manufacturers was conducted. The findings can best be condensed into three categories: needs for equipment in underground mining, needs for equipment in surface mining, and the purchase decision by coal mine operators.
Date: September 19, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Useful characteristics of the Savannah River

Description: The following information about the Savannah River is tabulated: significant activities and discharges along the Savannah River, river water temperature data near Jackson st Savannah River Plant, flow informatiom, and reservoir parameters for Clarks Hill, Richard B. Russell and Hartwell reservoirs.
Date: May 19, 1982
Creator: Watts, J. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analytical theory of ion-temperature-gradient instability

Description: The relationship between the threshold values of ion-temperature-gradient instabilities and the temperature parameters of plasmas is investigated analytically in slab and toroidal geometries separately. It is found that the threshold values increase rapidly when the ion temperature becomes much higher than the electron temperature. The change of the threshold vaues with respect to the ion temperature is quite similar for both geometric models. This finding is consistent with PLT observations. Furthermore, the analytical results also agree with those of the numerical calculations.
Date: January 19, 1982
Creator: Guo, S.; Shen, J.; Chen, L. & Tsai, S.T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Spectrophotometric studies of solutions at elevated temperatures and pressures: status and program for FY1961 and part of FY 1962

Description: A program was initiated on the spectrophotometric study of aqueous solution chemistry. The goal is operation at temperatures up to at least 330 deg C and at pressures up to 200 atm, and to near the critical point if this appears to be feasible. A spectrometer capable of operation under these extreme conditions is being designed. (W.L.H.)
Date: July 19, 1960
Creator: Biggers, R. E. & Chilton, J. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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MOLTEN-SALT REACTOR PROGRAM PROGRESS REPORT FOR PERIOD FROM MARCH 1 TO AUGUST 31, 1961

Description: The Molten Salt Reactor Experiment design, component development, and engineering analysis is discussed. Materials studies for the Molten-Salt Reactor Program including metallurgy, in-pile tests, chemistry, engineering research, and fuel processing are described. (M.C.G.)
Date: January 19, 1962
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Election of the President by the house of Representatives

Description: This report discusses the historical statistics of presidential election, the declaration of the results and other reports.
Date: August 19, 1968
Creator: Government and General Research Division
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Base sequence effects on interactions of aromatic mutagens with DNA

Description: Within this period, we have completed our investigations on the thermodynamic characteristics and base sequence dependence of duplex formation of benzo(a)pyrene diol epoxide (BPDE) DNA adducts. Different 11-mer oligonucleotides containing covalently bound BPDE moieties at the exocyclic amino group of a single guanine base were utilized in these studies. Last year, in the three-year progress report, some preliminary data were discussed. A final account is provided here. New techniques were developed for assessing the preferred orientations of the enantiomers of (+)-BPDE and ({minus})-BPDE relative to the 5in {r arrow} 3in polarity of DNA strands; these investigations were prompted by predictions derived from our computer modeling studies. Significant progress was made towards synthesizing BPDE-adenine adducts in base sequence-specific oligonucleotides. We failed, on the other hand, to synthesize nitrosopyrene-oligonucleotide adducts because of intrinsic low reactivities of the nitrenium derivative ions with oligonucleotides. Nature was against us in this effort. Therefore, this particular goal to be abandoned. 14 refs., 8 figs., 4 tabs.
Date: September 19, 1991
Creator: Geacintov, N.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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EXTRACTION OF NEPTUNIUM FROM ACIDIC SOLUTIONS BY ORGANIC NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS COMPOUNDS

Description: Neptunium distribution coefficients from acid nitrate, chloride, and sulfate solutions by several organic nitiogen and phosphorus compounds were measured as functions of several extraction variables, including neptunium valence, acid and salt concentration, and reagent concentration. Extractability by all the reagents varied in the order Np(IV)> Np(VI)>> Np(V). Except for primary amines, all reagents extracted Np(IV) much more strongly from nitrate than sulfate solutions. Among organonitrogen compounds the order of extractability of Np(IV) was: quaternary> tertiary> primary and secondary from nitrate solutions but primary>> secondary> tertiary from sulfate solutions. Neptunium(IV) nitrate extractions with the different extractants passed through maxima at widely different acid concentrations. In most cases, extraction increased when nitric acid was replaced by nitrate salt. Extraction was usually approximately proportional to the square of the reagent concentration. (auth)
Date: October 19, 1961
Creator: Weaver, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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RADIOLOGICAL HAZARDS FROM RUPTURE OF THE SECONDARY COOLANT SYSTEM OF THE 10 Mw ESCR

Description: The hazards study was made to determine the radiation level from the secondary sodium lines of the l0-Mw ESCR, and to evaluate the corresponding radioactive concentration in the secondary loop and the maximum permissible effective activation flux in the intermediate heat exchanger. The results are presented graphicallyn the radiation level from the coolant lines during normal operation as a function of line diameter and Na/sup 4/ concentration; the effective thermal neutron activation flux level in the intermediate heat exchanger as a function of the Na/sup 4/ concentration in the secondary loop and the ratio of the time spent in the flux field to the time spent in making one cycle; average Na concentration in the reactor room atmosphere for operative and inoperative ventilation systems, assuming that all the sodium in the secondary system is released to the room and burns; and the downwind concentration of Na/ sup 24/ resulting from the release of all the secondary sodium on an open pad area exterior to the reactor building. An analysis of the results shows that in the event of an accident the toxicological hazards are more severe than the radiological hazards. Recommendations are given for minimizing the toxological hazards. (B.O.G.)
Date: January 19, 1960
Creator: Piccot, A.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Design of a /sup 18/F production system at ORNL 86-inch cyclotron

Description: A target system for the production of /sup 18/F by proton bombardment of H/sub 2//sup 18/O was designed for the ORNL 86-inch cyclotron facility. The system consists of concentric titanium and aluminum cylinders. Oxygen-18-enriched H/sub 2/O circulates through the inner titanium cylinder and through an external heat exchanger with cooling water flowing in the annulus. Yields of 5.0 curies are expected for a 250-..mu..A proton beam current and 24-min irradiation time.
Date: October 19, 1977
Creator: Shaeffer, M.C.; Barreto, F.; Datesh, J.R. & Goldstein, B.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Civilian Power Reactor Program. Part II. Economic Potential and Development Program. Heavy Water-Moderated Power Reactor

Description: The reactor design which forms the base for the current economic status of D/sub 2/O-moderated reactors was estimated from developments in several reactor programs. However, since a heavy water-moderated reactor was not operated on natural U fuel at power reactor conditions, considerable improvement from this current status can be foreseen. A summary of improvements is presented concerning the concept which would result solely from operation of succeeding generation plants without a parallel development program, and improvements which would result from the successful completion of the development program as presented. One plant size was used in the evaluation of plant potential, with a 300 Mw/sub e/ nominal rating. The boiling D/sub 2/O-cooled, pressure tube direct cycle plant design was used. The current development program is outlined; this work includes several items leading to the long-range development of the concept. (auth)
Date: August 19, 1960
Creator: Hutton, J. H.; Davis, S. A.; Graves, C. C. & Duffy, J. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Civilian Power Reactor Program. Part III. Status Report on Large (100 and 300 MWe) Heavy Water-Moderated Power Reactors--as of 1960

Description: An evaluation of 300- and 100-Mwe power plants was conducted using ground rules prescribed by the USAEC for this study. Costs corresponding to two average discharged fuel burnups are: 8.6 mills/kwh (8500 Mwd/ metric ton) and 8.8 mills/kwh (7500 Mwd/metric ton) for the 300-Mw plant. Costs for the 100 Mw plant are 14.7 mills/kwh for an average discharged fuel burnup of 6010 Mwd/metric ton. Estimates of future potential indicate that the 300 Mw/sub 3/ (8500 Mwd/metric ton) plant could produce power for 7.3 mills/kwh in a second generation, full scale plant of the same type. A further reduction to 6.4 mills/kwh should be possible as the result of the recommended ten-year development program. The current development program is adequate for providing the data needed to design and construct a prototype reactor. However, there is no natural U-fueled prototype and no prototype of the chosen reference design scheduled in the U.S. Current technology is sufficiently developed to initiate the design and construction of a pressure tube, boiling D/sub 2/Ocooled, natural UO/sub 2/- fueled reactor prototype plant in the immediate future. This plant would demonstrate the main features of a full scale plant and, in addition. would provide design data which could only be obtained by operation of a natural U- fueled reactor. (auth)
Date: August 19, 1960
Creator: Hutton, J. H.; Davis, S. A.; Graves, C. C. & Duffy, J. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Establishment and maintenance of a coal sample bank and data base

Description: During the current reporting period a total of 139 samples (46 DOE Sample Bank samples and 93 other Penn State samples) of various sizes were distributed. Sixty-three of the samples were distributed to DOE or its contractors; 76 were distributed to other agencies. A total of 88 data printouts were distributed. In addition, seven special data requests were fulfilled by either search/sort and printout or creation of a data disk. Several preliminary requests for Sample Bank and Data Base information have also been handled.
Date: April 19, 1989
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Establishment and maintenance of a coal sample bank and data base. [Including sample preparation without oxidation]

Description: Retrieval of 5-lb splits of -1/4 inch coal from designated 30-gallon drums was completed. Preparation and analysis of these samples for the second yearly quality evaluation is in progress. After consultation with the DOE Project Manager, two replacement samples were collected. These are the first of the series which will be stored in foil laminate bags. Both of these samples were placed in 30 gallon steel drums lined with polyethylene bags at the mine site. They were equipped with lid gaskets made from Tygon tubing, and 1/4 in. metal tubing fittings to purge and pressurize the drum with argon.
Date: January 19, 1990
Creator: Davis, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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CHARACTERIZATION OF UO$sup 2$ POWDERS. Progress Report No. 8, May and June 1961

Description: Correlation of a number of physical and chemical properties of 12 different UO/sub 2/ powders was continued. The UO/sub 2/ powders were studied by means of infrared absorption measurements, oxidation temperatures as determined by hot stage microscopy techniques, and B. E. T. surface area measurements. Additional pellets were prepared to study ceramic performance. (M.C.G.)
Date: July 19, 1961
Creator: Carpenter, J.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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(Test and gather data on sweep spike combination tillage tool)

Description: This summary presents the data accumulated to date with only brief comment. It is prepared with the intent that the viewers will offer advice on terminology, data presentation, methods and other. The year end analysis will detail changes in the data due to the tillage treatments. The data is incomplete due to equipment problems and time limitations due to the wet fall and early freeze up. The trial was not completed due to our inability to get the Mikkelsen Chisel Plow Shovel (MCP), a 16 inch sweep with an anhydrous knife, to penetrate untilled land. The MCP shovel penetrated to deep on plowed ground and pulled so hard that the front wheels of our JD4440 tractor were jerked off the ground. The Standard Chisel Plow Shovels (SCP), a 16 inch sweep, worked well and the data is included.
Date: June 19, 1992
Creator: Lukach, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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