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Foreign Policy Roles of the President and Congress

Description: he United States Constitution divides foreign policy powers between the President and the Congress so that both share in the making of foreign policy. The executive and legislative branches each play important roles that are different but that often overlap. Both branches have continuing opportunities to initiate and change foreign policy, and the interaction between them continues indefinitely throughout the life of a policy. This report reviews and illustrates 12 basic ways that the United States can make foreign policy.
Date: June 1, 1999
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Consumer Proposals in the Bankruptcy Reform Act of 1998: H.R. 3150, 105th Congress, 2d Session (1998)

Description: This report considers the legislative history of the current consumer bankruptcy scheme. It examines current consumer bankruptcy practice and surveys the consumer proposals set forth in Title I of H.R. 3150, with an emphasis on the likely impact of the bill on family support obligations.
Date: June 1, 1998
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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China's Most-Favored-Nation Status: U.S. Wheat Exports

Description: By June 3, 1993, President Clinton must determine whether or not he intends to recommend to the Congress a one-year extension of his Jackson-Vanik waiver authority, in effect extending most-favored-nation (MFN)[1] trading status to China for another year. The media are reporting that the President has decided to grant an extension, but that he is still deliberating over whether or not to attach certain conditions to the approval
Date: June 1, 1993
Creator: Ek, Carl & Epstein, Susan B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA)

Description: On August 5, 2004, the United States, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and the Dominican Republic signed the Dominican Republic- Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement, or the DR-CAFTA. The DR-CAFTA was negotiated as a regional agreement in which all parties would be subject to the “the same set of obligations and commitments,” but with each country defining its own separate schedules for market access. It is a comprehensive and reciprocal trade agreement, which distinguishes it from the unilateral preferential trade arrangement between the United States and these countries as part of the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI), as amended. It liberalizes trade in goods, services, government procurement, intellectual property, investment, and addresses labor and environment issues.
Date: June 1, 2005
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Posse Comitatus Act and Related Matters: The Use of the Military to Execute Civilian Law

Description: The Posse Comitatus Act outlaws willful use of any part of the Army or Air Force to execute the law unless expressly authorized by the Constitution or an Act of Congress. History supplies the grist for an argument that the Constitution prohibits military involvement in civilian affairs subject to only limited alterations by Congress or the President, but the courts do not appear to have ever accepted the argument unless a violation of more explicit constitutional command could also be shown. The provision for express constitutional authorization when in fact the The constitution contains no such express authorizations has been explained alternatively as a meaningless political face-saving device or as an unartful reference to the President's constitutional powers.
Date: June 1, 2000
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Navy Ship Acquisition: Options for Lower-Cost Ship Designs - Issues for Congress

Description: Rising procurement costs for Navy ships have recently emerged as a matter of concern for both Navy officials and some Members of Congress who track Navyrelated issues. Combined with constraints on ship-procurement funding, these rising costs have caused the Navy to reduce planned ship procurement rates.
Date: June 1, 2005
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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War on Drugs: Reauthorization of the Office of National Drug Control Policy

Description: Authorization of the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) expired on September 30, 2003. Located in the Executive Office of the President, the ONDCP Director often referred to as the “drug czar,” is responsible for overseeing and coordinating the federal war on drugs and directly runs certain drug control programs such as the High-Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (HIDTA) program, the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign, and the Counter-Drug Technology Assessment Center. The office was created in 1988 and reauthorized twice since then.
Date: June 1, 2005
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Active Sonar and Marine Mammals: Chronology with References

Description: The deployment of active sonar by the U.S. Navy and its potential impacts on marine mammals has been an ongoing issue of intense debate; regulatory, legislative, and judicial activity; and international concern. This report provides a chronology of significant events and documents since 1994.
Date: June 1, 2005
Creator: Calvert, Kori & Buck, Eugene H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Federal-Aid Highway Program: "Donor-Donee" State Issues

Description: This report provides information about "Donor-Donee" State Issues on Federal-Aid Highway Program which raised such heated debate as the arguments over how closely the program's payment to the individual states.
Date: June 1, 2004
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Military Base Closures: Implementing the 2005 Round

Description: On November 15, 2002, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld announced the first steps in implementing the new 2005 base realignment and closure (BRAC) law. These included development of a force structure plan, comprehensive inventory of military installations, and establishment of criteria for selecting bases for closure and realignment.
Date: June 1, 2005
Creator: Lockwood, David E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Federal Student Loans: Terms and Conditions for Borrowers

Description: The federal government operates two major student loan programs: the Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) program, authorized by Part B of Title IV of the Higher Education Act (HEA), and the William D. Ford Direct Loan (DL) program, authorized by Part D of Title IV of the HEA. These programs provide loans to undergraduate and graduate students and the parents of undergraduate students to help them meet the costs of postsecondary education.
Date: June 1, 2004
Creator: Stoll, Adam
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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China/Taiwan: Evolution of the "One China" Policy - Key Statements from Washington, Beijing, and Taipei

Description: In Part I, this CRS report discusses the policy on “one China” since the United States began in 1971 to reach understandings with the People’s Republic of China (PRC) government in Beijing. Part II documents the evolution of the “one China” principle as articulated in key statements by Washington, Beijing, and Taipei. The U.S. policy on “one China” has evolved to cover three issues: sovereignty, peaceful resolution, and cross-strait dialogue.
Date: June 1, 2004
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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School Prayer

Description: No Description Available.
Date: June 1, 1982
Creator: Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Drunk Driving and Raising the Drinking Age

Description: This brief report is prepared in response to numerous requests for information on the related issues of drunk driving and raising the drinking age.
Date: June 1, 1983
Creator: Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Coast Guard Deepwater Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: The Coast Guard’s FY2007 budget requests $934.431 million for the Deepwater acquisition program. The House-reported version of H.R. 5441, the FY2007 Department of Homeland Security (DHS) appropriations bill, recommends $892.64 million for the Deepwater program.
Date: June 1, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Nigeria in Political Transition

Description: No Description Available.
Date: June 1, 2006
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Liability Insurance Crisis

Description: This report discusses liability insurance crisis, including complaints from businesses, professionals , and municipalities as well threat of lawsuits.
Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Cohen, Henry & Whiteman, David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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