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An Evaluative Study of the Physical Education Program for College Women in the Punjab of West Pakistan with Recommendations for Future Development

Description: The study was undertaken for the following purposes: 1. To make a study of the past and present Pakistan culture significant to physical education for college women in the Punjab. 2. To make a study of the present physical education program for women in colleges in the Punjab. 3. To evaluate the present women's physical education program for the college level in the Punjab of West Pakistan. 4. To make recommendations for future development of the physical education program for college women in the Punjab area of West Pakistan.
Date: August 1964
Creator: Kraft, Dorothy C.
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Sikh Terrorism in India 1984-1990: A Time Series Analysis

Description: In recent times, religion has become a powerful force in giving legitimacy to terrorist actions. The present work considers this highly salient fact, as well as stresses the necessity to consider the historical and social contexts and group power resources in any meaningful analysis of violent protest movements. Quantitative rigor is combined with a sensitivity to context. Terrorism is operationalized by taking a time-based count of terrorist killings of innocent people. Regime acts of omission and commission are coded as time series interventions. The analysis also includes a continuous variable measuring the incidence of economic distress in Punjab. A case is also made for the superiority of Box- Jenkins time series techniques for the quantitative analysis of problems of this nature.
Date: August 1991
Creator: Singh, Karandeep
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

An Open Economy Model of Pakistan : Relative Effectiveness of Monetary and Fiscal Policy

Description: This thesis examines the relative effectiveness of monetary and fiscal policy in Pakistan by utilizing an open economy framework. There is a great need for research about the effectiveness of macroeconomic policies as the knowledge of the relative importance of monetary and fiscal policy could prove useful to policymakers and help them understand the macroeconomic adjustment processes of these policy measures.
Date: August 1995
Creator: Hameed, Abid
Partner: UNT Libraries
open access

Crisis, New Imperialisms, and Accumulation by Dispossession: The Case of the Pakistan Railways

Description: My research examines the three interrelated concepts of crisis; new imperialisms, spatial-temporal fix and accumulation by dispossession (ABD) stemming from the work of David Harvey as a way to understand the contested history of the Pakistan Railways. For the first thirty odd years after Pakistan's inception in 1947, the railways, a state-owned institution, was the primary mode of transport for the public, cargo, and workers. Alongside basic infrastructure, the railways had a vast network of hospitals, schools, workers' colonies and an array of physical infrastructure connected to production, operations and other aspects of the economy. The systematic ransack and decline of the Pakistan Railways reached its peak in 2010. Despite several attempts throughout the 1990s by successive democratic and military-led governments backed by the IMF/World Bank in 2015, it was announced that Pakistan railways would be revived under the banner of the 46 billion dollar China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) as part of the changing geopolitical context of growing regional connectivity and new Chinese imperialism. By examining the processes that underlie ABD, such as spatial-temporal fix, the following research shows that these processes not only reflect a shift of resources away from the public domain, but in Pakistan also entailed the transformation of the railways from a utilitarian welfare organization to an entity that facilitates looting, unbundling, and dispossession of shared resources and infrastructure.
Date: August 2020
Creator: Khan, Sher Ali
Partner: UNT Libraries
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