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Neutron prompt burst assembly proposal

Description: The development of new techniques of initiating nuclear weapons has amplified the requirement for an accurate knowledge of the probability of initiation as a function of the various parameters involved. The results of the codes presently used to calculate these probabilities are self-consistent, but have been shown to be quite sensitive to the value of fission cross section used. Accordingly the critical assemblies group vas requested informally by small weapons division to investigate the feasibility of providing a prompt critical assembly which could give an experimental basis for normalization of the code results. A study of the various assemblies which met the requirements of this experiment was therefore conducted to determine which was best suited. The conclusion of the study is that a bare spherical oralloy assembly similar in operation to that of the Los Alamos Godiva would be the most suitable device with which to make these measurements. This conclusion was based on the fact that the prompt critical behavior of such a bare oralloy sphere is well understood and further, this behavior can be calculated by means of the present weapons codes. Such an assembly could be in operation in less than six months and would require an estimated total expenditure of $70,000 exclusive of the oralloy components.. Safety of operation could be insured by proper design of components, interlocks and operating procedures. The proposed assembly would be housed in the West Vault in Building 110 which can be made available in the near future. Much of the present instrumentation in the vault can be used for the new assembly. Some modification to the vault will be necessitated by the higher shielding requirements of the prompt assembly. Cost of these modifications is included in the basic cost estimate.
Date: October 21, 1959
Creator: Christie, E. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On reducing the amplitude of surface waves by source arrays

Description: The Geneva conference of experts stated that surface waves help define the nature of a seismic perturbation. A `phase equalization` method has been proposed by several seismologists to determine the polarity of the source using crustal surface waves. In this report a horizontal source array is designed which will reduce the amplitude of the crustal surface waves by a factor of five. Experimental data from Geophysical Prospecting is cited to support the effectiveness of such arrays. It is thought that phase shifts will accompany this amplitude reduction. It is concluded that these amplitude and phase changes will make the phase equalization method unreliable. The significance of the report is that the Geneva negotiations must take into account the possibility of horizontal as well as vertical arrays.
Date: November 23, 1959
Creator: Werth, G. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental evidence to support the double head wave method of generating a rare faction first motion

Description: An earlier report suggested a double headwave method of generating a rarefaction first motion. In this method a geologic situation is selected so that energy that has been critically refracted once above the shot and once below shot arrives first. Since the theory of headwaves gives in the usual stationary phase approximation a ninety degree phase shift for each critical refraction, energy that has been critically refracted twice produces a 180 degree phase shift. Oil well data was presented to show that the necessary geologic situation exists in nature. A question has come up regarding the propagation of long wave lengths (16,000 ft) in the thin bed (3000 ft.) above the shot in the geologic situation cited in the earlier report. At the tine of writing of the report it was realized that the thickness of the bed should be considered in propagating the 3 to 5 wavelengths along the bed. The theoretical problem of propagation in high speed elastic bed has not been solved. The best information available at this time indicates that it might indeed be possible to go out into reef country and experimentally find a location suitable to generate a rarefaction first motion by the double head wave method. As in the earlier report this scheme is offered only as a second method that could fool a set of rules regarding first notions.
Date: November 25, 1959
Creator: Werth, G. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wooden explosives for woodcock

Description: The explosives group of the Chemistry Division has spent considerable time on the high explosives portion of the Woodcock program. The preliminary results obtained in the course of this investigation as well as data accumulated at other laboratories throughout the country are presented in this memorandum. Part I is concerned with the preparation and properties of the most promising `wooden` explosives (shock insensitive and high-temperature stable) explosives. Part II deals with several substitute explosives which could be used immediately in a hydrodynamic program. Part III presents a tentative schedule and indicates the role various groups at UCRL have agreed to play in the Woodcock explosives program for the next few weeks.
Date: July 23, 1958
Creator: Kury, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Report on discussion of Pinex experiment with J-12 group at Los Alamos

Description: Plans for participation in Operation Hardtack include performance of a Pinex experiment on three barge-based events: Nutmeg, Hickory, and Juniper. The J-12 group at Los Alamos has been planning for a group of similar experiments. Inclusion of Pinex in the Hardtack diagnostic program occurred considerably later; also, J-12 has successfully carried out two Pinex experiments during Operation Plumbbob. This visit was made to take the fullest possible advantage of their experience to date. Discussion of the experiment at these meetings is summarized under five convenient headings: Detector; Pinhole and Collimator Assembly; Alignment; Data Analysis; and Recovery.
Date: December 30, 1957
Creator: Boyrie, E.; Chesterman, A. & Clark, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Interim report on the development of an epoxy resin bonded explosive

Description: This report summarizes the work done to date on the development of an epoxy resin bonded explosive (HMX). The original target values have been satisfied and further investigations will be on a semi-pilot plant scale. The following characteristics have been determined on laboratory specimens. Compressive strength, 11-12,000 psi; sensitivity (50 % height) 31 cm; density, 1.81 gm/cc; vacuum stability (cc gas/gm/24 hrs at 100{degrees}C), .42 cc/gm.
Date: August 19, 1957
Creator: Archibald, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bonding of DATB progress report

Description: A series of DATB (diaximotrinitrobenzine) pressings were made in an effort to find the most suitable binder. The requirements for this binder were as follows: Thermal stability (Must be as stable as DATB or not show any reaction with DATB at 200 degrees C); Density (Must press to 95% theoretical or higher); Compressive Strength (Must be strong enough to machine, and stronger if possible); Moldability (Must be adaptable to isostatic pressing conditions). After investigating various materials such as epoxies, a high temperature silicon phenolic and Exon, it was found that, DATB could not be pressed at 110 degrees C and 20,000 psi to an acceptable density and strength. While a plastic binder is not needed for reasons of strength or desensitization, it may however be needed as a plasticizer to resist thermal shock. This can only be determined by the production of larger specimens at Site 300. Summarized data is presented.
Date: August 2, 1958
Creator: Archibald, P. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Informal progress report of the explosives group. Quarterly progress report, September--November 1958

Description: The relatively high heats of combustion of CHN compounds containing multiple bonds has prompted an investigation of the possible use of these compounds as explosives components. Three possible systems are being considered for testing in the small scale plate push apparatus: acrylonitrile-tetranitromethane, propiolonitrile-tetranitromethane and dicyanoacetylene-tetranitromethane. Samples of propiolamide and acetylene dicarboxamide, intermediates in the synthesis of propiolonitrile and dicyanoacetylene respectively, have been prepared and their infrared spectra determined. The heats of explosion of uncased charges of bis-trinitroethylnitramine has been performed. A program to investigate some properties of high explosives at microwave frequencies is being undertaken. Heterogeneous explosives consisting of metal-loaded organic explosives were also tested. Synthesis work was performed on nitrogen-fluorine compounds, boron-hydrogen-nitrogen compounds, reaction of hexachloromelamine with chlorinetrifluoride, and nitration studies.
Date: January 7, 1959
Creator: Kury, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Proposed gamma polarization experiment on an underground shot

Description: This memorandum represents a preliminary look at using a nuclear device as a source of polarized rays to perform a polarization experiment on the photoelectric effect. No intensities have been computed but just a look at the effect to be expected. It is anticipated that this would be a more difficult experiment to perform than the earlier proposed neutron polarization experiment. The theory of the experiment and the proposed experiment are described.
Date: August 8, 1958
Creator: McMaster, W.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department