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Search for neutrino oscillations at the Brookhaven AGS

Description: We report on a search for neutrino oscillations of the type nu/sub ..mu../ ..-->.. nu/sub e/ in a detector located an effective distance of 96m from the neutrino source in the wide band neutrino beam at the Brookhaven AGS. No excess of electron events was observed. The resulting upper limit on the strength of the mixing between nu/sub ..mu../ and nu/sub e/ in the case of large mass difference ..delta..m/sup 2/ = absolute value m/sub 1//sup 2/ - m/sub 2//sup 2/ between the neutrino mass eigenstates m/sub 1/ and m/sub 2/ is sin/sup 2/2..cap alpha.. less than or equal to 3.4 x 10/sup -3/ at 90% CL. The corresponding upper limit for small mass difference is ..delta..m/sup 2/sin2..cap alpha.. < 0.43 eV/sup 2/. 9 refs.
Date: February 20, 1985
Creator: Ahrens, L.A.; Aronson, S.H.; Connolly, P.L.; Gibbard, B.G.; Murtagh, M.J.; Murtagh, S.J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Neutron spectrum measurements for radiation protection purposes

Description: The energy spectra of low-intensity neutron sources used for calibrating personnel neutron dose-rate meters and dosimeters and for characterizing the neutron fields to which personnel are exposed were measured. Several detector-analyzer systems that will measure in the energy range 50 keV to 20 MeV at intensities from 10/sup -1/ to 10/sup 5/ n/cm/sup 2/-s are described. The systems include NE213 and stilbene organic scintillators as well as H/sub 2/, /sup 3/He, and CH/sub 4/ proportional counters. Also described are pulse-height analysis and pulse-shape discrimination systems. An unfolding code, NUTSPEC, reduces the pulse-height data to an absolute differential neutron flux phi(E) for the above detectors. The code uses a derivative unfolding method for the scintillation detectors, and for the proportional counters it calculates a response matrix and uses an iterative unfolding method to determine phi(E). The unfolded flux distribution combined with published conversion factors produces differential neutron dose-equivalent and kerma rates. Spectral segments obtained with different detectors from several measurements merge into a single differential flux spectrum over the range 50 keV to 20 MeV, together with the corresponding differential kerma and neutron dose-equivalent distributions. Also reported are spectrum measurements near /sup 252/Cf and /sup 238/PuBe sources with various moderators.
Date: February 21, 1978
Creator: Slaughter, D.R.; Rueppel, D.W. & Fuess, D.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department