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A Comparison of Academic Achievement of Economically Disadvantaged Elementary Students Served in Title I Part A Programs: Targeted Assistance Versus Schoolwide Models

Description: This study analyzed test scores of economically disadvantaged students who attended two elementary schools implementing different types of Title I models from 1999-2001. Test scores from the Texas Assessment of Academic Skills (TAAS), the Iowa Test of Basic Skills (ITBS) and the Stanford Achievement Test (SAT-9) were analyzed. One school implemented the targeted assistance model (less than 50% poverty), which focused resources on students were identified as failing or at risk of failing. The other a schoolwide model (95% poverty), which used resources to help all students in a school regardless of whether they ware failing, at risk of failing, or economically disadvantaged. The quantitative approach was used with a causal comparative design. A cohort of continuously enrolled students was identified for the TAAS (n=169 and 189) and the ITBS/SAT-9 (n=49 and 87). Descriptive statistics such as the frequency, mean, and standard deviation, were used to measure differences on the Texas Learning Index (TLI) for the TAAS, and Normal Curve Equivalent (NCE) on the ITBS/SAT-9. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to partially adjust for preexisting differences among the groups and because randomization was not possible. The independent variable was type of Title I model, targeted assistance or schoolwide. The dependent variable was the achievement measure, and the covariate was the initial achievement scores in third grade (pretest). The ANCOVA reports and descriptive statistics showed that economically disadvantaged students performed better in reading and math on TAAS and ITBS/SAT-9 at the targeted assistance school in 1999 and 2001, with mixed results in 2000. The academic performance of economically disadvantaged students at the targeted model was consistent all three school years. They scored slightly lower than the non-economically disadvantaged students, but higher than their peers at the schoolwide model. The students' third grade pretest score was the most significant predictor of ...
Date: May 2005
Creator: Hinojosa, Marco A.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Effects of Parental Substance Abuse on the Behavior of School Children

Description: The purpose of the present archival study was to investigate the relationship between parental substance abuse and the risk for maladjustment and psychopathology in children in a clinic sample. Children of alcoholic parents and children of drug-dependent parents were compared to children of non-substance abusing parents. The subjects were 83 boys age 6 to 12. Children of substance abuse parents had lower levels of adaptive functioning and higher levels of school behavioral problems. Although previous studies have reported a strong association between an adverse family environment and the risk of child maladjustment, the present study did not find that the addition of an adverse family environment increased the risk for maladjustment or school behavioral problems in children of substance abusers.
Date: May 1993
Creator: Prelow, Hazel (Hazel M.)
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Case Study in the Rhetoric of Resistance: Desegregation of the Dallas Independent School District During the 1975-1976 School Year

Description: This thesis describes, classifies, analyzes and evaluates the rhetoric of resistance to forced busing to desegregate the Dallas Independent School District during the 1975-1976 school year. This thesis also applies the characteristics of social, protest and agitational movements to the antibusing movement in Dallas to determine the effectiveness of the resistance rhetoric. The findings of this case study demonstrate that, although the Dallas protesters did not achieve all of their goals, their resistance rhetoric did accomplish specific, effective results. However, this thesis also concludes that, in the American system of government, neither violent nor non-violent resistance can prevent implementation of court-ordered busing.
Date: December 1978
Creator: Krug, Paulinda A.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Effects of Socioeconomic Status on Growth Rates in Academic Achievement.

Description: The purpose of the study was to examine the differences in academic growth rates as demonstrated on the TAKS test among students based on those who received free lunches, those who received reduced-price lunches, and those not economically disadvantaged. Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) for reading and mathematics scale scores were obtained from five Texas public school districts for students who were in 3rd grade in 2003, 4th grade in 2004, 5th grade in 2005, and 6th grade in 2006. The sample included almost 10,000 students. The data were analyzed using SPSS and HLM. SPSS was used to identify descriptive statistics. Due to the nested nature of the data, HLM was used to compare data on three levels- the test level, student level, and district level. Not economically disadvantaged students scored the highest on both TAKS reading and mathematics exams with a mean scale score of 2357 and 2316 respectively in 2003. Compared to the not economically disadvantaged students, students receiving reduce-priced lunches scored approximately 100 points lower, and lowest were the students receiving free lunches, scoring another 50 points below students receiving reduced-price lunches. The results revealed that while gaps in achievement exist between SES levels, little difference exists in the growth rates of the SES subgroups. The results of this study support the need for continued effort to decrease the gap between students who are not economically disadvantaged and those receiving free or reduced-price meals.
Date: December 2007
Creator: Chow, Priscilla En-Yi
Partner: UNT Libraries

An Analytical Study of the Recreation Program of the Dallas County Juvenile Home Dallas, Texas

Description: "It has been the purpose of this study to make an analysis of the recreational program at the Dallas County Juvenile Home...certain conclusions concerning the recreational program have been reached. 1. The principles upon which the recreational program is based are in line with the recommendations of the National Recreation Association. 2. In practice, recreation in the Dallas County Juvenile Home has not reached maximum efficiency. 3. The program is built largely to fill the needs of the majority of the boys who are detained at the home. 4. The program has been modified in some cases to meet the needs of the individual groups. 5. The recreation program serves as a means for the boys to express themselves; therefore, the supervisors and the case workers are able to establish better rapport with each boy. 5. The better rapport with each boy enables the case worker to determine the proper placement of the boy. 7. Through the efforts of recreation many personality adjustments have been made. 8. The study shows that the majority or 51 percent of the boys chose yard play as a first choice of activities offered at the home. 9. Because of the maintained interest of the entire staff to find and improve the defects of the program, recreation facilities have been expanded. 10. Inadequate funds limit the full use of the facilities at the home. "--leaf 67.
Date: August 1953
Creator: Taylor, Ralph R.
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Effects of Writing-to-learn Tasks on Achievement and Attitude in Mathematics

Description: The problem of this study was to determine the effects of implementing writing-to-learn tasks in mathematics instruction on fourth grade students' achievement and attitude toward mathematics. Also addressed in this study is whether or not achievement and attitude measures of female students and low achieving students are effected by the use of writing in mathematics.
Date: May 1994
Creator: Millican, Beverly Robinson
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Relationships Among a Reading Guidance Program and the Reading Attitudes, Reading Achievement, and Reading Behavior of Fifth Grade Children in a North Louisiana School

Description: The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not the introduction of a regular librarian-centered reading guidance program as an integral part of the entire school program would improve the reading attitudes and habits of elementary school students and increase the reading achievement scores on a standardized test of elementary school students. In addition, the reading attitudes of students were compared with reading achievement scores to assess any relationship between the two.
Date: August 1986
Creator: Mosley, Mattie Jacks
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Apparent Relationship between Classroom Behavior Problems and the Emotional Stability of Twenty-Five Second Grade Children in the Sam Houston Elementary School, Denton, Texas

Description: The problem of this study was to determine the apparent relationship between classroom behavior problems and the emotional stability of twenty-five pupils in the second grade of the Sam Houston Elementary School, Denton, Texas.
Date: 1949
Creator: Crain, Ruth Seat
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Comparative Study of Personality and Achievement of Latin-American and Anglo-American Children in the Intermediate Grades of one Elementary School

Description: The purpose of this study was to compare the achievement and personality development of Latin-American and Anglo-American school children of similar intelligence in the Washington Height School, Fort Worth, Texas. This was done in order to determine if the Latin-American children had as great a chance of success in school as did the Anglo-American children.
Date: 1950
Creator: Stone, Hazel Mildred
Partner: UNT Libraries

A Comparative Sociometric Ethnological Study

Description: The purpose of this study is to compare sociometric data obtained from Negro and white pupils in fourth, fifth, and sixth grade public school classrooms in Fort Worth, Texas. An attempt will be made to determine, as nearly as possible with the methods available and other limitations of this study, to what degree socialization is affected by racial factors in groups which are comparable in terms of socio-economic status.
Date: 1951
Creator: McElroy, A. L., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Food Choice and Waste in Texas Middle School Cafeterias

Description: Infographic on a study of food choice and waste in Texas middle school cafeterias. During winter/spring 2011 researchers at the University of North Texas (UNT) documented school meal choices in a district that participated in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP). This infographic describes the methods and results of the study.
Date: 2011
Creator: Connors, Priscilla L. & Sandifer, Kirby
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

[News Clip: Sun star]

Description: B-roll video footage from the KXAS-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, to accompany a news story. Story aired at 10pm.
Date: October 11, 1996, 10:00 p.m.
Creator: KXAS-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Participation of Negro children in school lunch programs.

Description: Describes the School Lunch Program signed into law by President Truman in 1946 and its role in African-American schools. Provides guidance for parents and teachers wishing to start a local school lunch program. Includes reports from and photographs of successful school lunch programs throughout the southern United States.
Date: June 1951
Creator: United States. Department of Agriculture. Production and Marketing Administration.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

School lunch recipes for main dishes and desserts.

Description: A collection of large quantity recipes intended for school lunches. Includes recipes for main dishes, salad, and desserts. The recipes were laboratory-tested and field-tested by the U.S. Bureau of Human Nutrition and Home Economics.
Date: February 1953
Creator: United States. Bureau of Human Nutrition and Home Economics.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[News Clip: Tardy kid]

Description: Video footage from the KXAS-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, to accompany a news story. This story aired at 6 P.M.
Date: December 11, 1996
Creator: KXAS-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[News Clip: Lunch - PR]

Description: Video footage from the KXAS-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, covering a news story by reporter Larry Mullins about school food and a change in their process for making the food which allows for longer lasting food. This story aired at 6pm.
Date: December 13, 1989
Creator: KXAS-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[News Clip: Kids sing VOSOT]

Description: Video footage from the KXAS-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, to accompany a news story. This story aired at 10 P.M.
Date: October 4, 1990
Creator: KXAS-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[News Clip: Killeen]

Description: Video footage from the KXAS-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, to accompany a news story.
Date: 1991-10-uu
Creator: KXAS-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

Student Lunch Tray: 01_20110217_01B6102

Description: Images taken at a North Texas middle school documenting the food on a lunch tray and the remains on the same tray after the meal was consumed. These images are part of a study to document what food students are eating.
Date: February 17, 2011
Creator: Connors, Priscilla
Partner: UNT College of Merchandising, Hospitality and Tourism

Student Lunch Tray: 01_20110217_01B6104

Description: Images taken at a North Texas middle school documenting the food on a lunch tray and the remains on the same tray after the meal was consumed. These images are part of a study to document what food students are eating.
Date: February 17, 2011
Creator: Connors, Priscilla
Partner: UNT College of Merchandising, Hospitality and Tourism

Student Lunch Tray: 01_20110217_01B6105

Description: Images taken at a North Texas middle school documenting the food on a lunch tray and the remains on the same tray after the meal was consumed. These images are part of a study to document what food students are eating.
Date: February 17, 2011
Creator: Connors, Priscilla
Partner: UNT College of Merchandising, Hospitality and Tourism

Student Lunch Tray: 01_20110217_01B6106

Description: Images taken at a North Texas middle school documenting the food on a lunch tray and the remains on the same tray after the meal was consumed. These images are part of a study to document what food students are eating.
Date: February 17, 2011
Creator: Connors, Priscilla
Partner: UNT College of Merchandising, Hospitality and Tourism