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Composite particle production in relativistic Au+Au collisions at AGS: First results from the E866 forward spectrometer @ 2, 4, and 10.8 A{center_dot}GeV

Description: Particle spectra were measured for Au + Au collisions at 2, 4, and 10. 8 A{center_dot}GeV using the E866 spectrometers. Recent results on proton emission and composite particle production form the E866 forward spectrometer data taken in 1994 together with the first results from the 1995/6 AGS running period are presented. Preliminary results indicate a decrease in the coalescence scaling coefficient with increasing projectile energy and centrality.
Date: December 31, 1996
Creator: Ashktorab, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Capabilities of the upgraded MIPP experiment with respect to Hypernuclear physics

Description: We describe the state of analysis of the MIPP experiment, its plans to upgrade the experiment and the impact such an upgraded experiment will have on hypernuclear physics. The upgraded MIPP experiment is designed to measure the properties of strong interaction spectra form beams {pi}{sup {+-}}, K{sup {+-}}, and p{sup {+-}}, for momenta ranging from 1 GeV/c to 120 GeV/c. The layout of the apparatus in the data taken so far can be seen in Figure 1. The centerpiece of the experiment is the time projection chamber, which is followed by the time of flight counter, a multi-cell Cerenkov detector and the RICH detector. The TPC can identify charged particles with momenta less than 1 GeV/c using dE/dx, the time of flight will identify particles below approximately 2 GeV/c, the multi-cell Cerenkov detector is operational from 2.5 GeV/c to 14 GeV/c and the RICH detector can identify particles up to 120 GeVc. Following this is an EM and hadronic calorimeter capable of detecting forward going neutrons and photons. The experiment has been busy analyzing its data taken on various nuclei and beam conditions. The table 2 shows the data taken by MIPP I to date. We have almost complete acceptance in the forward hemisphere in the lab using the TPC. The reconstruction capabilities of the TPC can be seen in Figure 3. The particle identification capabilities of the TPC can be seen in Figure 4. The time of flight system provides further measurement of the particles with momenta less than 2 GeV/c. Figure 5 shows the time of flight data where a kaon peak is clearly visible.
Date: January 1, 2012
Creator: Raja, Rajendran
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

CROSS SECTION MEASUREMENTS IN THE MAIN INJECTOR PARTICLE PRODUCTION (FNAL-E907) EXPERIMENT AT 58 GEV ENERGY

Description: Cross-sections are presented for 58 GeV {pi}, K, and p on a wide range of nuclear targets. These cross-sections are essential for determining the neutrino flux in measurements of neutrino cross-sections and oscillations. The E907 Main Injector Particle Production (MIPP) experiment at Fermilab is a fixed target experiment for measuring hadronic particle production using primary 120 GeV/c protons and secondary {pi}, K, and p beams. The particle identification is made by dE/dx in a time projection chamber, and by time-of-flight, differential Cherenkov and ring imaging Cherenkov detectors, which together cover a wide range of momentum from 0.1 GeV/c up to 120 GeV/c. MIPP targets span the periodic table, from hydrogen to uranium, including beryllium and carbon. The MIPP has collected {approx} 0.26 x 10{sup 6} events of 58 GeV/c secondary particles produced by protons from the main injector striking a carbon target.
Date: December 1, 2009
Creator: Gunaydin, Yusuf Oguzhan & U., /Iowa
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Search for anomalous production of multiple leptons in association with $W$ and $Z$ bosons at CDF

Description: This paper presents a search for anomalous production of multiple low-energy leptons in association with a W or Z boson using events collected at the CDF experiment corresponding to 5.1 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity. This search is sensitive to a wide range of topologies with low-momentum leptons, including those with the leptons near one another. The observed rates of production of additional electrons and muons are compared with the standard model predictions. No indications of phenomena beyond the standard model are found. A 95% confidence level limit is presented on the production cross section for a benchmark model of supersymmetric hidden-valley Higgs production. Particle identification efficiencies are also provided to enable the calculation of limits on additional models.
Date: February 1, 2012
Creator: Aaltonen, T.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Annovi, A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Azimuthal HBT and Transverse Momentum Fluctuations from CERES.

Description: CERES is a dilepton experiment at the CERN SPS, known for its observation of enhanced production of low mass efe- pairs in collisions between heavy nuclei [1]. The upgrade of CERES in 1997-1998 by a radial Time Projection Chamber (TPC) [2] allowed to improve the momentum resolution and the particle identification capability while retaining the cylindrical symmetry. The upgraded experiment is shown in Fig. 1. The upgrade also extended the sensitivity of CERES to hadrons and made possible results like those described below. The measurement of central Pb+Au collisions at the maximum SPS energy of 158 GeV per nucleon in the fall of 2000 was the first run of the fully upgraded CERES and at the same time the last run of this experiment. About 30 million Pb+Au collision events at 158 GeV per nucleon were collected, most of them with centrality within the top 7% of the geometrical cross section {sigma}{sub G} = 6.94 b. Small samples of the 20% and the minimum bias collisions, as well as a short run at 80 AGeV, were recorded in addition. The dilepton mass spectra from this experiment were published in [3]. In this talk I present two particular results of hadron analysis, the azimuthal dependence of two-pion correlations and a differential p{sub t} fluctuation study.
Date: July 9, 2007
Creator: Miskowiec,D.; Rehak, P. & al., et
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Trigger and DAQ issues in low-mass Higgs searches

Description: Results from ongoing trigger and DAQ studies at the Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory are presented. Specific Higgs decay modes are identified, calorimetric triggering algorithms are examined, and implications for data acquisition are discussed.
Date: October 1, 1992
Creator: Wang, E.M.; Botlo, M.; Dorenbosch, J. & Walbran, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Overview of the GEM muon system cosmic ray test program at the SSCL

Description: Muon track resolution exceeding 75-{mu}m per plane is one of the main strengths of the GEM detector design, and will be crucial in searches for Higgs Bosons, heavy Z-Bosons, technicolor, and supersymmetry. Achieving this resolution coal requires improved precision in muon chambers and their alignment. A cosmic ray test stand known as the Texas Test Rio, (TTR) has been created at the SSCL for studying candidate GEM muon chamber technologies. Test results led to selecting Cathode Strip Chambers (CSC) as the GEM muon system baseline chamber technology.
Date: April 1, 1993
Creator: Milner, E.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Searches for new gauge bosons using the D0 detector

Description: We present the results of searches for additional gauge bosons beyond the W and Z bosons using the 1992-1993 Tevatron data set collected with the D0 detector. The signatures studied are W{prime} {yields} e{nu}, W{prime} {yields} {tau}{nu} with {tau} {yields} e{nu}{bar {nu}}, assuming stable neutrinos; W{sub R} {yields} e + X and W{sub R} {yields} eejj, assuming massive neutrinos; and Z{prime} {yields} ee. Lower limits on the W{prime} mass and Z{prime} mass at the 95% confidence level, and the mass exclusion contour in the W{sub R} mass vs. neutrino mass plane are presented.
Date: July 1, 1995
Creator: Abachi, S.; Abbott, B. & Abolins, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Observation of the top quark

Description: The D{O} collaboration reports on a search for the Standard Model top quark in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.8 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron, with an integrated luminosity of approximately 50 pb{sup -1}. We have searched for t{bar t} production in the dilepton and single-lepton decay channels, with and without tagging of b quark jets. We observe 17 events with an expected background of 3.8 {+-} 0.6 events. The probability for an upward fluctuation of the background to produce the observed signal is 2 x 10{sup -6} (equivalent to 4.6 standard deviations). The kinematic properties of the excess events are consistent with top quark decay. We conclude that we have observed the top quark and measure its mass to be 199{sub -21}{sup +19} (stat.) {+-}22 (syst.) GeV/c{sup 2}1 and its production cross section to be 6.4 {+-} 2.2 pb. Other decay channels are under study such as the t{bar t} to all-jets channel which might yield additional information about the top quark.
Date: October 1, 1995
Creator: Bantly, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Finding the Higgs boson: A status report

Description: The search for the Higgs boson of the minimal Standard Model has been a major focus of experimental high energy physics for some years now. Here, the authors review the current experimental limits and discuss the prospects for finding the Higgs boson at future accelerators, such as LEPII and the LHC. They consider only the Standard Model Higgs boson. Since a null result which definitively excluded a Higgs boson below some mass scale would be extremely important, they emphasize the case where the Higgs boson is much heavier than the relevant collider energy (or where there is no Higgs boson at all). Many of the results given here are a summary of those obtained by the DPF Committee on Long Term Planning.
Date: August 16, 1995
Creator: Dawson, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calorimetry at 0{degree} in RHIC: Some issues in the choice of detector technology

Description: The authors discuss briefly the case for a zero degree calorimeter at RHIC and space constraints on such a device. Two GEANT simulations of quartz fiber calorimeters are then studied and compared to the corresponding case of scintillator sampling. The authors find that the Q-cal calorimeter does provide some improvement in response uniformity near the calorimeter edge to hadronic showers (due to the filtering out of wide angle shower products). This may be an advantage when space is limited and the calorimeter transverse dimensions are small.
Date: May 1, 1994
Creator: Christie, B.; White, S.; Gorodetzky, P. & Lazic, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Final report of the High Energy Physics Group at the University of South Alabama, April 15, 1990--April 14, 1997

Description: The experimental high energy physics group at the University of South Alabama worked on three experiments conducted at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. These experiments were E-705, E-771, and E-871. The group helped in taking data, analysis of data, and for one experiment in the construction of a new spectrometer. Experiment E-705 used 300 GeV/c p, {pi}{sup {minus}}, {anti p} and {pi}{sup +} on Li to study hadronic production of charmonium and direct photon production. The authors participated in the E-705 data analysis. They helped in the assembly of the E-771 spectrometer. E-771 used 800 GeV/c p-Si interactions to study hadronic beauty production and charmonium production. The groups task was to bring up the electromagnetic calorimeter and interface it into the data acquisition system. Off-line work done for the analysis of E-771 concentrated on the electromagnetic reconstruction package. Other work done in conjunction with E-771 included the development of a tracking program that used the Hough Transformation. In March of 1994, the group joined Experiment E-871. This experiment is a search for CP violation. The group took responsibility for the scintillation trigger hodoscopes to be used by the experiment.
Date: August 15, 1998
Creator: Jenkins, C.M. & Clark, R.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High energy ion collisions. Final technical report, December 14, 1995--March 17, 1997

Description: This grant supported one year of work on Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions at the University of New Mexico. The Principal Investigator, an Adjunct Associate Professor at UNM, recruited a student (Mikhail Kopytine), sent him to CERN for several months to participate in the final data taking period of the NA44 experiment at CERN, then initiated analysis of the data collected during the run. A Hewlett-Packard workstation was purchased and Mr. Kopytine performed calibration, software development, and data analysis using it. A collaboration between Los Alamos National Laboratory and other faculty members at the University of New Mexico was begun, with the goal of working closely together on the PHENIX experiment for RHIC. At this time, a close collaboration continues, centered around the Muon tracking detectors for PHENIX. Station 1 of the tracking system is under construction at UNM, while stations 2 and 3 are the responsibility of LANL. The following accomplishments were made: (1) Participation in final data taking period of NA44; (2) Work on commissioning of aerogel Cerenkov trigger and performed offline analysis to demonstrate its performance; (3) Calibration of the uranium calorimeter in NA44 in preparation for Data Summary Tape production; (4) An optimized DST production for tapes with single pion, kaon, and proton triggers for Pb+Pb collisions was performed; (5) Analysis of pion and kaon distributions and production cross sections from Pb+Pb collisions; and (6) Participation in MVD development meetings and contributed to planning of the analysis software for MVD.
Date: December 31, 1997
Creator: Jacak, B.V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Crystal ball single event display

Description: The Single Event Display (SED) is a routine that is designed to provide information graphically about a triggered event within the Crystal Ball. The SED is written entirely in FORTRAN and uses the CERN-based HICZ graphing package. The primary display shows the amount of energy deposited in each of the NaI crystals on a Mercator-like projection of the crystals. Ten different shades and colors correspond to varying amounts of energy deposited within a crystal. Information about energy clusters is displayed on the crystal map by outlining in red the thirteen (or twelve) crystals contained within a cluster and assigning each cluster a number. Additional information about energy clusters is provided in a series of boxes containing useful data about the energy distribution among the crystals within the cluster. Other information shown on the event display include the event trigger type and data about {pi}{sup o}`s and {eta}`s formed from pairs of clusters as found by the analyzer. A description of the major features is given, along with some information on how to install the SED into the analyzer.
Date: October 15, 1997
Creator: Grosnick, D.; Gibson, A.; Allgower, C. & Alyea, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The BRAHMS experiment at RHIC goals and status

Description: The BRAHMS experiment is designed to measure semi-inclusive spectra of charged hadron over a wide range of rapidity. It will yield information on particle production, both at central rapidity and in the baryon rich fragmentation region. Examples of measures for soft as well as for hard physics are presented. The present status of BRAHMS is discussed, as well as the plans for measurements in the first year of running at RHIC.
Date: December 1, 1998
Creator: Videbaek, F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High energy collider physics. Final report

Description: With the demise of the Superconducting Supercollider (SSC) Project, there was great concern that the technological developments for that accelerator and its associated detectors might well be lost in the aftermath. In the case of scintillating fiber tracking, such as not been the case. During the period 1990--1993, several tracking technologies were under development for SDC, including Scintillating Fiber Tracking, Straw-tubes, and Microstrip Gas Chambers. In summer 1990, several members of the Fiber Tracking Group (FTG) proposed the use of Scintillating Fiber Tracking to the D0 experiment at Fermilab. This proposal was accepted, and D0 now is building a 75,000 fiber channel tracking detector with readout via Visible Light Photon Counters (VLPC) which were devices pioneered by the SDC Fiber Tracking Group. In addition, all the preshower detectors for D0 also make use of fiber readout (in this case waveshifting fibers) and VLPC for photosensing. In February 1993, a full 7 months prior to cancellation of the SSC project by Congress, the SDC experiment rejected scintillating fiber tracking for further development. Fortunately for all concerned, the D0 experiment had already embraced this technology, so this important detector concept could be further developed, refined, and utilized for physics experimentation. In early 2000, data will be taken with the D0 fiber tracker to study Top Quarks, Beauty Particles, Electroweak Physics, QCD phenomena, and to search for new phenomena. The University of Notre Dame has played a fundamental and seminal role in the development and implementation of this detector technology. R. Ruchti has served as cospokesman of the Fiber Tracking Group since its inception in 1989, and has been a pioneer of fiber tracking technology since 1980. In addition, at least one other experiment at Fermilab, E835, has utilized scintillating fibers with VLPC readout to study Charmonium in proton-antiproton collisions using a gas-jet ...
Date: December 31, 1997
Creator: Ruchti, R.C.; Biswas, N.N. & Wayne, M.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The BNL rare kaon decay program

Description: The rare kaon decay program at Brookhaven National Laboratory is reviewed. Results from the last round of experiments are briefly discussed. The three experiments currently collecting data are described. Prospects for future experiments are discussed.
Date: December 31, 1996
Creator: Littenberg, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Spin physics with the PHENIX detector system

Description: The PHENIX experiment at RHIC has extended its scope to cover spin physics using polarized proton beams. The major goals of the spin physics at RHIC are elucidation of the spin structure of the nucleon and precision tests of the symmetries. Sensitivities of the spin physics measurements with the PHENIX detector system are reviewed.
Date: December 31, 1997
Creator: Saito, N. & Collaboration, PHENIX
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charm decays and high energy photoproduction. Final report, April 1994--May 1997

Description: This project involved continued participation by the Physics Department at the Mayaguez Campus of the University of Puerto Rico (UPR) in high energy physics experiments carried out at Fermilab. The UPR is a member of the E831 collaboration which includes Fermilab and leading US, Italian, Brazilian and Korean universities. E831 is an upgrade to the E687 spectrometer with the goal of a tenfold increase in the statistics for the study of the photoproduction and decay of charmed particles. This spectrometer has been significantly upgraded to maintain and expand its capabilities even at considerably higher beam intensities. E687 completed its last data run in January 1992. Approximately 100,000 charm events were fully reconstructed from this data and results of the analysis have appeared in several publications. The UPR has been participating in E687 since 1985 when the experiment was in its early stages of construction. A grant from the DOE Division of High Energy Physics (starting in April 1994) and another from the DOE EPSCoR Program (starting in October 1994) allowed a considerable increase in the activities of the UPR group. Given the group`s capable performance, the responsibilities assigned to it by the collaboration have increased to the point where they now include four major detectors in E831. All four detectors were ready on time for the start of the E831 run in July 1996. This is a remarkable performance if one considers that there is only one senior member in the group and that the students are all MS or undergraduate students. The group has also been active in the development of simulation, data acquisition and analysis software.
Date: December 31, 1997
Creator: Lopez, A.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Report of research activities and continuation request for the High Energy Physics Group at Southern Methodist University. Final report

Description: The main effort of the Southern Methodist University (SMU) group is devoted to the CLEO experiment at CESR concentrating on studies of the properties of the tau lepton and of the bottom and charm quarks. In addition to the data analysis they have initiated a major effort in the construction of the particle identification device (RICH) for the CLEO III upgrade. At SMU in Dallas, Thomas Coan, with the help of Jingbo Ye and five graduate students, is leading the construction of the RICH inner radiator. This task includes design and assembly of RICH mechanical structure and tests of the LiF crystals used to generate Cerenkov light. This second independent construction effort is still in its early stage. The initial project is to develop inter-chip connectors for the RICH front-end readout boards. In parallel, they work with a Cornell engineer on the design of a VME based interface board between the front-end data board and DAQ electronics. They expect this project to expand and to include the fabrication of the data interface board for the RICH readout starting in the spring of 1996.
Date: March 12, 1999
Creator: Stroynowski, R. & Coan, T.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental studies of rare K{sup +} decays

Description: Experiment E865 at the BNL AGS is a search for the lepton number violating decay K{sup +} {r_arrow} {pi}{sup +}{mu}{sup +}e{sup {minus}} with an expected sensitivity of 3 {times} 10{sup {minus}12}. The experimental apparatus involves a magnetic spectrometer with two Cerenkov counters, a calorimeter and a muon detector for particle identification. In addition, other rare K{sup +} decays are studied. The experiment has been collecting data since 1995, and preliminary results are presented.
Date: December 31, 1996
Creator: Appel, R.; Atoyan, G.S. & Bassalleck, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The PHENIX experiment at RHIC

Description: The primary goals of the heavy-ion program of the PHENIX collaboration are the detection of the quark-gluon plasma and the subsequent characterization of its physical properties. To address these aims, PHENIX will pursue a wide range of high energy heavy-ion physics topics. The breadth of the physics program represents the expectation that it will require the synthesis of a number of measurements to investigate the physics of the quark-gluon plasma. The broad physics agenda of the collaboration is also reflected in the design of the PHENIX detector itself, which is capable of measuring hadrons, leptons and photons with excellent momentum and energy resolution. PHENIX has chosen to instrument a selective acceptance with multiple detector technologies to provide very discriminating particle identification abilities. Additionally, PHENIX will take advantage of RHIC`s capability to collide beams of polarized protons with a vigorous spin physics program, a subject covered in a separable contribution to these proceedings.
Date: December 1, 1997
Creator: Morrison, D.P.; Akiba, Y.; Alford, O. & Collaboration, PHENIX
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evidence of K{sup +} {r_arrow} {pi}{sup +}{nu}{anti {nu}}: The BNL E787 1995 result (How did we get here)

Description: The kaon was studied very thoroughly since its discovery some 50 years ago. In the study of charged kaon branching ratios, it was noticed that K{sup +} {r_arrow} {pi}{sup 0}e{sup +}{nu}{sub e} is allowed while K{sup +} {r_arrow} {pi}{sup +}{nu}{anti {nu}} is not. The latter was then empirically classified as a forbidden decay, leading to the so called strangeness changing current rule. The decay K{sup +} {r_arrow} {pi}{sup 0}e{sup +}{nu}{sub e} is mediated by the strangeness changing charged current and its branching ratio is 4.8%. By contrast K{sup +} {r_arrow} {pi}{sup +}{nu}{anti {nu}} is a strangeness changing neutral current, which is forbidden. In 1970, the GIM model was introduced to explain this effect and in 1974, Gaillard and Lee calculated the K{sup +} {r_arrow} {pi}{sup +}{nu}{anti {nu}} branching ratio to be on the order of 10{sup {minus}10}. In the current theory, the K{sup +} {r_arrow} {pi}{sup +}{nu}{anti {nu}} is mediated by a Flavor Changing Neutral Current (FCNC) in which the cancellation of the three quark generations should be complete down to second order except for the difference in the quark masses. The top quark is much heavier than the charm and up quarks, so that the cancellation is not complete. In other words, this decay is more dependent on the top sector. The measurement of K{sup +} {r_arrow}{pi}{sup +}{nu}{anti {nu}} branching ratio measures the modulus of the V{sub td} element of the CKM Matrix. The 1995 results of E787 were published in 1997. This report is focused on how the author achieved the goal of detecting events with such as small branching ratio.
Date: February 1, 1998
Creator: Chiang, I.H. & Collaboration, E787
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[High Energy Physics Program at the University of Alabama. Final report]

Description: The High Energy Physics group at University of Alabama is a member of the L3 collaboration studying e+e{minus} collisions near the Z{degree} pole at the LEP accelerator at CERN. About 2 million Z{degree} events have been accumulated and the experiment has been prolific in publishing results on the Z resonance parameters, the Z couplings to all leptons and quarks with mass less than half the Z mass, searches for new particles and interactions, and studies of strong interactions and/or weak charged current decays of the quarks and leptons abundantly produced in Z decays. The group is contributing to data analysis as well as to detector hardware. In particular, the authors are involved in a major hardware upgrade for the experiment, namely the design, construction and commissioning of a Silicon Microvertex Detector (SMD) which has successfully been installed for operation during the present grant period. The authors present here a report on their recent L3 activities and their plans for the next grant period of twelve months (April 1, 1994--March 31, 1995). Their main interests in data analysis are in the study of single photon final states and the physics made more accessible by the SMD, such as heavy flavor physics. Their hardware efforts continue to be concentrated on the high precision capacitive and optical alignment monitoring systems for the SMD and also includes gas monitoring for the muon system. They are also planning to participate in the coming upgrade of the L3 detector.
Date: October 1, 1993
Creator: Baksay, L. & Busenitz, J.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department