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DOE site-specific threat assessment

Description: A facility manager faced with the challenges of protecting a nuclear facility against potential threats must consider the likelihood and consequences of such threats, know the capabilities of the facility safeguards and security systems, and make informed decisions about the cost-effectivness of safeguards and security upgrades. To help meet these challenges, the San Francisco Operations Office of the Department of Energy, in conjunction with the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, has developed a site-specific threat assessment approach and a quantitative model to improve the quality and consistency of site-specific threat assessment and resultant security upgrade decisions at sensitive Department of Energy facilities. 5 figs.
Date: July 12, 1985
Creator: West, D.J.; Al-Ayat, R.A. & Judd, B.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Publications: 1977-1981

Description: This is a compilation of documents that communicate the results of scientific and technical work done at Savannah River. The compilation includes those documents that have been published (research and development reports, journal articles, book chapters, etc.), and documents that have been announced in Energy Research Abstracts. Where applicable the meeting at which the paper was presented is given. The information was compiled by machine methods to produce bibliographic, subject, and author listings.
Date: March 1, 1982
Creator: Hilborn, H. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Industrial applications of computed tomography at Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory

Description: A research and development program was begun two years ago at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LASL) to study nonmedical applications of computed tomography. This program had several goals. The first goal was to develop the necessary reconstruction algorithms to accurately reconstruct cross sections of nonmedical industrial objects. The second goal was to be able to perform extensive tomographic simulations to determine the efficacy of tomographic reconstruction with a variety of hardware configurations. The final goal was to construct an inexpensive industrial prototype scanner with a high degree of design flexibility. The implementation of these program goals is described.
Date: June 1, 1980
Creator: Kruger, R.P.; Morris, R.A.; Wecksung, G.W.; Wonn, G. & London, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Department of Energy research in utilization of high-performance computers

Description: Department of Energy (DOE) and other Government research laboratories depend on high-performance computer systems to accomplish their programmatic goals. As the most powerful computer systems become available, they are acquired by these laboratories so that advances can be made in their disciplines. These advances are often the result of added sophistication to numerical models, the execution of which is made possible by high-performance computer systems. However, high-performance computer systems have become increasingly complex, and consequently it has become increasingly difficult to realize their potential performance. The result is a need for research on issues related to the utilization of these systems. This report gives a brief description of high-performance computers, and then addresses the use of and future needs for high-performance computers within DOE, the growing complexity of applications within DOE, and areas of high-performance computer systems warranting research. 1 figure.
Date: August 1, 1980
Creator: Buzbee, B.L.; Worlton, W.J.; Michael, G. & Rodrigue, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pinellas plant ion accelerator facility: an apparatus for low-energy ion scattering and nuclear reaction analysis

Description: The General Electric Neutron Devices Department (GEND) Ion Accelerator Facility first came to being in the Chemistry Laboratory of the Department of Energy (DOE) Pinellas Plant in 1975, with the installation of an Accelerator Inc. Model 200 HP Ion Implanter. The machine was originally used for ion implantation work; and since the machine's relocation in 1979 from the main plant building, the facility has been heavily involved in target assessment and material analysis work. An ultrahigh vacuum beam line has recently been added and the present facility represents a unique combination of accelerator and vacuum technology for broad application in low energy nuclear, solid-state and atomic physics, and material science. First, the general design and performance characteristics of the system are discussed. Some general results of typical applications are presented followed by some plans for future applications.
Date: January 1, 1983
Creator: Malbrough, D.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Management and organizational assessments: a review of selected organizations

Description: This report is part of a larger project designed to assist the NRC in its responsibilities for assessing the management and organization of utilities applying for an operating license for a nuclear power plant. This report reviews the processes and criteria used by other organizations that conduct management and organization audits and evaluations. It was undertaken in order to provide data and a basis for future analysis by taking a comparative perspective. When considering changes in criteria and procedures as the NRC is doing, a standard benchmark is the performance of other organizations that are similarly situated. It was our goal to directly inform the NRC about the activities of other organizations so that a reconsideration of NRC activities could benefit from the perspective of organizations with a longer, broader, and different experience than the NRC has in the management and organization area. Data collected for this report has provided useful information in designing organization and administration guidelines and assessment procedures for consideration by the NRC.
Date: February 1, 1984
Creator: Nadel, M.V. & Kerwin, C.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Writer's Guide for technical procedures

Description: A primary objective throughout the Department of Energy (DOE) complex is that operations be conducted in a deliberate and controlled manner with emphasis upon recognition and maintenance of the facility-specific safety envelope. One critical element of maintaining the safety envelope is procedures. DOE is providing guidance through this and other writer's guides to assist procedure writers across the DOE complex in producing accurate, complete, and usable procedures that promote safe and efficient operations in keeping with such DOE Orders as 5480.19, Conduct of Operations for DOE Facilities'', 5480.5, Safety of Nuclear facilities'', and 5480.6, Safety of Department of Energy-Owned Nuclear Reactors''. This Writer's Guide addresses the content, format, and style of technical procedures (procedures that prescribe production, operation of equipment and facilities, and maintenance activities) and is intended to be applied in a manner appropriate to the individual facility, 15 refs.
Date: September 1, 1991
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Conduct of operations: The foundation of safety -- An overview

Description: This paper discusses issues and approaches dealing with conceptualizing, implementing, and maintaining configuration control commensurate with the conduct of operations approach defined by DOE ORDER 5480.19. Specific topics reviewed will include key elements of assessments to determine the status quo such as assessment criteria, assessment personnel, and assessment scope; administrative programs to maintain the status quo such as organizational definition, responsibilities, interfaces, and priorities; oversight to determine control effectiveness via compliance and performance assessment.
Date: May 1, 1992
Creator: Willett, D.J. & Hertel, N.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Physics Division annual progress report for period ending June 30, 1977. [ORNL]

Description: The bulk of the Division's effort concerned nuclear physics and accelerator development, but work in the areas of nuclear data, research applicable to the magnetic fusion project, atomic and molecular physics, and high-energy physics is also recounted. Lists of publications, technical talks, personnel, etc., are included. Individual reports with sufficient data are abstracted separately. (RWR)
Date: September 1, 1977
Creator: Stelson, P.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bringing a large computer network into FOCUS

Description: The development and implementation of the Facility for Operations Control and Utilization Statistics (FOCUS), a new centralized node in the Integrated Computing Network of the Los Alamos National Laboratory is described. FOCUS consists of production control, performance measurement, and network information subsystems. The software engineering practices on which the development was based are discussed, with emphasis on the application of those practices to network systems development.
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Morse, N.R. & Thompson, J.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Integrated personnel system

Description: The development of the integrated personnel system at the Savannah River Plant to handle almost all of the personnel department's needs from the application through retirement or termination is described. A detailed look at the lateral pay increase programs shows how a computerized system is developed. (GHT)
Date: January 1, 1983
Creator: Wehman, M H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Saturday Academay of Computing and Mathematics (SACAM) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Description: To be part of the impending Information Age, our students and teachers must be trained in the use of computers, logic, and mathematics. The Saturday Academy of Computing and Mathematics (SACAM) represents one facet of Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL) response to meet the challenge. SACAM attempts to provide the area's best high school students with a creative program that illustrates how researchers are using computing and mathematics tools to help solve nationally recognized problems in virtually all scientific fields. Each SACAM program is designed as eight 3-hour sessions. Each session outlines a current scientific question or research area. Sessions are presented on a Saturday morning by a speaker team of two to four ORNL scientists (mentors) working in that particular field. Approximately four students and one teacher from each of ten area high schools attend the eight sessions. Session topics cover diverse problems such as climate modeling cryptography and cryptology, high-energy physics, human genome sequencing, and even the use of probability in locating people lost in a national forest. Evaluations from students, teachers, and speakers indicate that the program has been well received, and a tracking program is being undertaken to determine long-range benefits. An analysis of the program's successes and lessons learned is presented as well as resources required for the program.
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Clark, D.N. (Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant, TN (USA))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Trends and balances: 1985-1990

Description: This is the seventh edition of Trends and Balances to be presented to the staff of Oak Ridge National (ORNL) and other interested parties. Each year at the end of the planning cycle the Laboratory publishes its official planning document, the Institutional Plan. Trends and Balances is brought out as a condensation of that more formal document and is intended to provide a reference to the kinds of plans that have occupied senior laboratory management over the past year. An institution as large as ORNL changes slowly, so some of the information in this document overlaps that contained in the previous edition of Trends and Balances. Much, however, is different. A new section, for example, describes what senior Laboratory management feels are five new directions for science and technology at ORNL. This document is intended to provide new insights into the programs and structure of the Laboratory.
Date: January 1, 1985
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Los Alamos tool-oriented software development methodology

Description: We present the details of a software development methodology which addresses all phases of the software development life cycle, yet is well suited for application by small projects with limited resources. The methodology has been developed at the Los Alamos Neutron Scattering Center (LANSCE) and was utilized during the recent development of the LANSCE Data Acquisition Command Language. The methodology employs a comprehensive set of software tools to support development and maintenance of exhaustive documentation for all software components. The impact of the methodology upon software quality and programmer productivity is assessed.
Date: January 1, 1985
Creator: Cort, G. & Nelson, R.O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Los Alamos National Laboratory compliance with cultural resource management legislation

Description: Cultural resources management is one aspect of NEPA-induced legislation increasingly affecting federal land managers. A number of regulations, some of them recent, outline management criteria for protecting cultural resources on federal land. Nearly all construction projects at the 11,135 hectare Los Alamos National Laboratory in northern New Mexico are affected by cultural resource management requirements. A substantial prehistoric Puebloan population occupied the Laboratory area from the 13th to the early 16th centuries. Grazing, timbering, and homesteading followed Indian occupation. Therefore, archaeological and historical ruins and artifacts are abundant. The Laboratory has developed a cultural resources management program which meets both legal and project planning requirements. The program operates in coordination with the New Mexico State Historical Preservation Office. Major elements of the Laboratory program are illustrated by a current project involving relocation of a homesteader's cabin located on land required for a major new facility. The Laboratory cultural resource management program couples routine oversight of all engineering design projects with onsite resource surveys and necessary mitigation prior to construction. The Laboratory has successfully protected major archaeological and historical ruins, although some problems remain. The cultural resource program is intended to be adjustable to new needs. A cultural resource management plan will provide long-term management guidance.
Date: January 1, 1984
Creator: Olinger, C.E. & Rea, K.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Application of robotics in nuclear facilities

Description: Industrial robots and other robotic systems have been successfully applied at the Savannah River nuclear site. These applications, new robotic systems presently under development, general techniques for the employment of robots in nuclear facilities, and future systems are discussed.
Date: January 1, 1986
Creator: Byrd, J S & Fisher, J J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wet chemical analysis with a laboratory robotic system

Description: Emphasis on laboratory automation has increased in recent years. The desire to improve analytical reliability, increase productivity, and reduce exposure of personnel to hazardous materials has been fundamental to this increase. The Savannah River Laboratory (SRL) performs research and development on nuclear materials. Development of methods to increase efficiency and safety and to reduce exposure of personnel to radioactive materials is an ongoing process at our site. Robotic systems offer a potentially attractive way to achieve these goals.
Date: January 1, 1984
Creator: Burkett, S D; Dyches, G M & Spencer, W A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

User experience with memory management

Description: Effects on computer users of the introduction of CMM at NOS1.3(485) at Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque are reported. Background information on the configuration, operating environment, users, and kinds of applications run on the different machines is given. Then some of the problems associated with CMM are described. Although they were overcome, they were more numerous than anticipated. (RWR)
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Lane, G.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geothermal instrumentation development activities at Sandia

Description: A major element of Sandia's Geothermal Technology Development Program is the effort directed toward development of instrumentation. This effort has two aspects, the development of high temperature components and prototype tools and the investigation of new concepts and capabilities. The focus of these activities is the acquisition of information to make geothermal drilling and resource development more efficient. Several projects of varying nature and scope make up the instrumentation development element, and this element will expand as the program emphasis on development of an advanced geothermal drilling system and the need for improved information grow. 13 refs.
Date: March 1, 1985
Creator: Carson, C.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Status report to the DOE Nuclear Data Committee. [ORNL]

Description: This report was prepared for the DOE Nuclear Data Committee and covers work performed at ORNL since April 1978 in areas of nuclear data of relevance to the U.S. applied nuclear energy program. The report was mostly generated through a review of abstracts of work completed to the point of being subjected to some form of publication in the open literature, formal ORNL reports, ORNL technical memoranda, progress reports, or presentation at technical conferences. As much as possible the complete abstract of the original publication is reproduced with only minor editing. In a few cases progress reports were written specifically for this publication. The editors have selected the materials to be included in this report on basis of perceived interests of DOE Nuclear Data Committee members and cannot claim completeness.
Date: April 1, 1979
Creator: Perey, F.G. & Gentry, J.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department