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Optimization of Preprocessing and Densification of Sorghum Stover at Full-scale Operation

Description: Transportation costs can be a prohibitive step in bringing biomass to a preprocessing location or biofuel refinery. One alternative to transporting biomass in baled or loose format to a preprocessing location, is to utilize a mobile preprocessing system that can be relocated to various locations where biomass is stored, preprocess and densify the biomass, then ship it to the refinery as needed. The Idaho National Laboratory has a full scale 'Process Demonstration Unit' PDU which includes a stage 1 grinder, hammer mill, drier, pellet mill, and cooler with the associated conveyance system components. Testing at bench and pilot scale has been conducted to determine effects of moisture on preprocessing, crop varieties on preprocessing efficiency and product quality. The INLs PDU provides an opportunity to test the conclusions made at the bench and pilot scale on full industrial scale systems. Each component of the PDU is operated from a central operating station where data is collected to determine power consumption rates for each step in the process. The power for each electrical motor in the system is monitored from the control station to monitor for problems and determine optimal conditions for the system performance. The data can then be viewed to observe how changes in biomass input parameters (moisture and crop type for example), mechanical changes (screen size, biomass drying, pellet size, grinding speed, etc.,), or other variations effect the power consumption of the system. Sorgum in four foot round bales was tested in the system using a series of 6 different screen sizes including: 3/16 in., 1 in., 2 in., 3 in., 4 in., and 6 in. The effect on power consumption, product quality, and production rate were measured to determine optimal conditions.
Date: August 1, 2011
Creator: Yancey, Neal A.; Tumuluru, Jaya Shankar; Conner, Craig C. & Wright, Christopher T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Potential for thermal coal and Clean Coal Technology (CCT) in the Asia-Pacific

Description: The Coal Project was able to make considerable progress in understanding the evolving energy situation in Asia and the future role of coal and Clean Coal Technologies. It is clear that there will be major growth in consumption of coal in Asia over the next two decades -- we estimate an increase of 1.2 billion metric tons. Second, all governments are concerned about the environmental impacts of increased coal use, however enforcement of regulations appears to be quite variable among Asian countries. There is general caution of the part of Asian utilities with respect to the introduction of CCT's. However, there appears to be potential for introduction of CCT's in a few countries by the turn of the century. It is important to emphasize that it will be a long term effort to succeed in getting CCT's introduced to Asia. The Coal Project recommends that the US CCT program be expanded to allow the early introduction of CCT's in a number of countries.
Date: November 22, 1991
Creator: Johnson, C.J. & Long, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Natural gas monthly, September 1991. [Contains glossary]

Description: The Natural Gas Monthly highlights activities, events, and analyses of interest to public and private sector organizations associated with the natural gas industry. Volume and price data are presented each month for natural gas production distribution consumption, and interstate pipeline activities. Producer-related activities and underground storage data are also reported. From time to time, the NGM features articles designed to assist readers in using and interpreting natural gas information. The data in this publication are collected on surveys conducted by the EIA to fulfill its responsibilities for gathering and reporting energy data. Some of the data are collected under the authority of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), an independent commission within the DOE, which has jurisdiction primarily in the regulation of electric utilities and the interstate natural gas industry. Geographic coverage is the 50 States and the District of Columbia.
Date: October 18, 1991
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

LC-Fining of SRC: a logical second stage in two-step coal liquefaction

Description: In conclusion, it may be stated that: Recycle processing of SRC-I coal extract produced an equilibrium recycle solvent containing 9 weight percent hydrogen after two recycle passes in the PDU; no refractory 850/sup 0/F+ material was detected when recycling 500/sup 0/F+ material; an 850/sup 0/F+ conversion of approximatly 87 weight percent (based on fresh SRC-I feed) was obtained during recycle processing at temperatures of 790 to 810/sup 0/F; a distillate product (390 to 850/sup 0/F) containing < 0.3 weight percent nitrogen was routinely obtained during recycle processing at the above noted high conversion; and in the recycle mode of processing coal extract at 780/sup 0/F, a catalyst addition rate of one pound of catalyst per ton of moisture-free coal gave an 850/sup 0/F+ conversion of 62 weight percent (based on fresh SRC-I feed) and a nitrogen content in the distillate fraction (390 to 850/sup 0/F) of 0.36 weight percent.
Date: August 20, 1979
Creator: Chillingworth, R S; Hastings, K E; Potts, J D & Unger, H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Estimation, forecasting, and multiplier-simulation analyses of industrial demand for electricity in the United States

Description: This paper discusses the specification of electricity demand and price equations for manufacturing industries and presents empirical results, based on the data for 16 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) three-digit industries from 1959 to 1976. Performances of estimated coefficients for the equations are evaluated by sample-period simulation tests. The estimated coefficients are then used to forecast electricity demand by industry and also to conduct multiplier-simulation analysis. Preliminary results show that most of the estimated coefficients have the expected signs and are statistically significant. The estimated equations perform well in terms of sample-period simulation tests, registering small mean absolute percentage errors and mean square percentage errors. Forecasted results indicate that total electricity demand for the sector will grow at an average annual rate of 3.4% from 1977 to 1990 with a wide range of variation in the growth rates of individual industries. Results from multiplier simulation analyses reveal that changes in the price of natural gas, the value added, and the costs of generating electricity will affect future industrial demand for electricity substantially.
Date: January 1, 1979
Creator: Chang, H S & Chern, W S
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Feeding Activity, Rate of Consumption, Daily Ration and Prey Selection of Major Predators in the John Day Pool. 1982 Annual Report.

Description: This study was initiated to determine the extent of predation by resident populations of native and introduced fish on juvenile salmonids in main stem Columbia River Reservoirs. The John Day Reservoir and tailrace was selected as the study area. First year objectives were: (1) determine whether native and introduced predators preyed on juvenile salmonids; (2) determine which species were major predators; and (3) locate areas where predation was most intense. Results indicated that juvenile salmonids were consumed by all four predatory fish species studied: northern squawfish (Ptychocheilus oregonensis), walleye (Stizostedion vitreum vitreum), smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu), and channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). However, degree of predation varied among predators as a function of spatial distribution, apparent abundance, size, and temporal feeding behavior. 15 figs., 16 tabs.
Date: March 1, 1984
Creator: Gray, Gerard A. & Administration, United States. Bonneville Power
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Capital requirements for the transportation of energy materials: 1979 ARC estimates. Draft final report

Description: This report contains TERA's estimates of capital requirements to transport natural gas, crude oil, petroleum products, and coal in the United States by 1990. The low, medium, and high world-oil-price scenarios from the EIA's Mid-range Energy Forecasting System (MEFS), as used in the 1979 Annual Report to Congress (ARC), were provided as a basis for the analysis and represent three alternative futures. TERA's approach varies by energy commodity to make best use of the information and analytical tools available. Summaries of transportation investment requirements through 1990 are given. Total investment requirements for three modes (pipelines, rails, waterways and the three energy commodities can accumulate to a $49.9 to $50.9 billion range depending on the scenario. The scenarios are distinguished primarily by the world price of oil which, given deregulation of domestic oil prices, affects US oil prices even more profoundly than in the past. The high price of oil, following the evidence of the last year, is projected to hold demand for oil below the recent past.
Date: August 13, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

1975 energy conditions in the South

Description: This report depicts energy supply and demand conditions in the South in 1975 and highlights differences in production and utilization patterns relative to the United States (some of the consumption data is for 1974). Significant changes during the previous three years are noted to provide continuity with the predecessor report, Energy Conditions in the South: 1972. The most important changes are the substantial increase in nuclear generation of electricity, the absolute and relative decline in oil and gas production, and the increase in per capita energy consumption relative to the nation. Each state within the region is described in detail to ascertain important sub-regional differences in energy conditions. The intent is to provide a description rather than analysis of regional energy patterns, noting variations and emphasizing the comparative advantages of the South. Such a presentation can yield insight into the future role of the region in contributing to the economic growth and welfare of the nation as its natural resource base is depleted and the transition to alternative energy sources is made.
Date: March 1, 1978
Creator: Rice, P.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electric power supply and demand 1978--1987 for the continuous United States as projected by the Regional Electric Reliability Councils in their April 1, 1978 long-range coordinated planning reports to the Department of Energy

Description: The Regional Reliability Council projections of peak demand, generating capability, and electric energy requirements for the contiguous U.S. have declined for the fourth consecutive year. On the basis of these projections, it appears that the electric utility industry believes the U.S. will experience smaller annual increases in power use than have occurred in the past. The summer peak demand growth rates of the Councils range from 3.52 percent annually, as projected by the Northeast Power Coordinating Council, to the 6.21 percent projected by the Southwest Power Pool. Subregional growth covers a wider range, from the 2.77 percent of the New York Power Pool to the 6.51 percent of the Southern Company area. Total reserve margins at the time of summer peak demands are projected to decline from an estimated 30.16 percent in 1978 to about 23.81 percent in 1987. If projected loads are not exceeded, if projected capability levels are actually attained, if fuel requirements are satisfied, and if no contingencies worse than those normally met with are experienced, electric power supply should be adequate for the next decade. However, it is possible that the projected reserve margins will not be attained, and that adequate primary energy supply (fuel and hydro) will not be available when needed. Completion of generating units and transmission facilities on schedule is made uncertain by difficulties related to financing, environmental pressures, procedural delays and some inadequacies with respect to quality control of manufactured and field-assembled components.
Date: June 15, 1978
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Description of LLNL AERIN code revision to include ICRP30 concepts

Description: The AERIN code was written in 1976 at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to calculate the internal dose to several organs of the body resulting from inhalation of transuranic radioactive materials. A major revision of the code was made in 1982 to incorporate the concepts of ICRP30 and to expand the model to include additional body organs. The code was compiled to run on a CDC7600 computer. In 1987 the code was revised in order that it could be compiled to run on a CRAY-1 computer. This document will describe the AERIN code as it exists now. The current version of the code will compute the time transport of a radioisotope from an initial site of deposition through the various organs of the body and calculate the dose equivalent to those organs using the ICRP30 concepts. The model described by the code can be used to study inhalation, ingestion and wounds either singly or in any combination of depositions. 5 refs., 3 figs.
Date: December 1, 1987
Creator: King, W.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Regional demand forecasting model: 1977-1978 versions. Task 3, supplement to final documentation report

Description: This appendix supplements Chapter II of the RDFOR Model documentation report. It consists of six tables: US total sector quantities, 1960-1975 in trillions of Btu; US fuel sector quantities, 1960-1975 in trillions of Btu; US fuel sector prices, 1960-1975 in constant 1975 dollars per million Btu; historical total sector quantities by region, 1960-1975 in trillions of Btu; historical energy prices by fuel/sector by region, 1960-1975 in constant 1975 dollars per million Btu; and historical energy quantities by fuel/sector by region, 1960-1975 in trillions of Btu.
Date: September 25, 1978
Creator: Parhizgari, A M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Regional application of fossil energy technologies: an analytical approach. Final report

Description: Energy supply/demand profiles are presented for the 50 states and the nine US census regions using 1974 statistics. These profiles include quantity and type of energy reserves, annual primary resource production, and consumption by end-use sector. Each state's and region's energy balance is presented for fossil fuels, quantitatively designating the state or region as a net importer or exporter of these fuels. Finally, the dependence of each consumption sector on each energy source is tabulated. A major part of the project was devoted to the development of a method for use by energy planners in assessing the effects of policy decisions on energy profiles. A series of energy indices is derived for each census region. The indices are defined to include the effect of consumption of relatively scarce fuels (oil and gas) versus plentiful fuels (coal). The fuel-weighting factors, incorporated into the indices, are based upon national depletion rates, i.e., production. The energy indices technique can be used as a basis for comparisons between consumption sectors in a region, similar sectors in two or more regions, etc. A number of fossil-energy technologies under development at DOE are described. The potential impact of the maturation of these technologies on each census region's energy posture is discussed in conjuncton with any regional constraints that may exist. Finally, a number of sample what if scenarios are discussed and the impact of fossil-fuel replacements on national, regional, and sector energy consumption quantitatively assessed.
Date: September 1, 1979
Creator: Rebello, W.; Canete, D.; Phipps, H. & Smith, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

User's guide for TRANZ: a data transformation and analysis program

Description: This report is a user's guide for TRANZ, a program developed by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for an IBM PC with a basic compiler, Version 2.0. The purpose of TRANZ is to convert, organize, and evaluate electrical end-use load data obtained from the Field Data Acquistion Systems (FDAS). These FDAS will be installed in commercial buildings and residence as part of the End-Use Load and Conservation Assessment Program (ELCAP) that is being managed by PNL for the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). TRANZ has been developed with highly interactive menu-driven routines and requires little computer experience for proper operation. It is executable on a single or double disk drive IBM PC. The program can be used for spot checking data, troubleshooting installation problems, and preparing tabular and graphical summaries. Sample files and program output, and a program source code listing are provided as appendices. The program itself contains six primary routines: The first routine converts the raw character byte data dumped from the FDAS into a formatted ASCII engineering unit file. The second routine checks the data to make sure that each value is within a reasonable range. The third routine sorts a file so that the records start at the earliest time and end at the latest time. The fourth routine appends two files for the same building or residence, removing any overlap in the files. The fifth routine summarizes the data in both a tabular and graphical form. The sixth routine generates a hard copy table of day numbers and their corresponding dates.
Date: December 1, 1985
Creator: Fischer, K.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Building and occupant characteristics as determinants of residential energy consumption

Description: The major goals of the research are to gain insight into the probable effects of building energy performance standards on energy consumption; to obtain observations of actual residential energy consumption that could affirm or disaffirm comsumption estimates of the DOE 2.0A simulation model; and to investigate home owner's conservation investments and home purchase decisions. The first chapter covers the investigation of determinants of household energy consumption. The presentation begins with the underlying economic theory and its implications, and continues with a description of the data collection procedures, the formulation of variables, and then of data analysis and findings. In the second chapter the assumptions and limitations of the energy use projections generated by the DOE 2.0A model are discussed. Actual electricity data for the houses are then compared with results of the simulation. The third chapter contains information regarding households' willingness to make energy conserving investments and their ranking of various conservation features. In the final chapter conclusions and recommendations are presented with an emphasis on the policy implications of this study. (MCW)
Date: October 1, 1981
Creator: Nieves, L.A. & Nieves, A.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis to develop a program for energy-integrated farm systems

Description: A program to use renewable energy resources and possibly develop decentralization of energy systems for agriculture is discussed. The purpose of the research presented is to establish the objective of the program and identify guidelines for program development. The program's objective is determined by: (1) an analysis of the technologies that could be utilized to transform renewable farm resources to energy by the year 2000, (2) the quantity of renewable farm resources that are available, and (3) current energy-use patterns. Individual research, development, and demonstration projects are fit into a national program of energy-integrated farm systems on the basis of: (1) market need, (2) conversion potential, (3) technological opportunities, and (4) acceptability. Quantification of these factors for the purpose of establishing program guidelines is conducted using the following four precepts: (1) market need is identified by current use of energy for agricultural production; (2) conversion potential is determined by the availability of renewable resources; and (3) technological opportunities are determined by the state-of-the-art methods, techniques, and processes that can convert renewable resources into farm energy. Each of these factors is analyzed in Chapters 2 to 4. Chapter 5 draws on the analysis of these factors to establish the objective of the program and identify guidelines for the distribution of program funds. Chapter 6 then discusses the acceptability of integrated farm systems, which can not be quantified like the other factors.
Date: September 1, 1981
Creator: Eakin, D.E.; Clark, M.A.; Inaba, L.K. & Johnson, K.I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Solvent refined coal (SRC) process: prepilot SRC-II development project, hydrogen consumption kinetics. Interim report for the period February 1, 1981-September 30, 1981. [A-1 unit, 16 experiments]

Description: This report summarizes the experimental work performed on the A-1 Unit for investigating the rate of hydrogen consumption in the SRC-II reactor variable space of interest. Sixteen experiments were carried out with an Ireland coal at process conditions where the reaction rate ranged from the highest to the lowest expected values. The major variables of interest were temperature (430 to 470/sup 0/C), hydrogen partial pressure (1500 to 3000 psig), recycle ash content (2 to 10.4 wt %), and nominal slurry residence time (0.57 to 1.5 hr). Very definitive values of the hydrogen consumption rate as a function of the nominal slurry residence times were determined at three distinct levels within the parameter space, namely those process conditions which correspond to maximum, minimum, and baseline values for the intrinsic reaction rate. The reaction rate measurements indicated a significant variation in hydrogen consumption with the reaction severity levels investigated. This report provides the experimental data for future analysis and rate model building.
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Carr, N.L.; King, W.E. Jr. & Moon, W.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Research into the methodology of the LEAP model

Description: This report summarizes the research carried out in the analysis of the LEAP model and its underlying methodology. The report is divided into two parts, with the first part describing the LEAP model (as opposed to the algorithm used to solve the model), and placing it in context with the general economic theory. A basic result of the first part emphasizes that LEAP is mathematically a simulation model described by sets of equations governing the relations between quantities and prices of various commodities at various processes over time. It is not an optimization model, but can be conceptualized as an n-person sequential game. The equations that constitute LEAP are structured in such a way that their solution (if one exists) can be conveniently handled with the Successive Over-Relaxation Method. The second part of this report treats various aspects and extensions of this method, as well as alternate methods commonly employed to solve simultaneous equations. Remarks addressing decomposition are also developed in this part.
Date: December 1, 1979
Creator: Falk, J.E.; McCormick, G.P. & Soland, R.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of a coal brokerage for a midwest site. [Green Bay and Kewaunee, Wisconsin]

Description: Coal demand of an area aggregated and served through a single facility in order to achieve the high volumes necessary to justify unit-train service is deemed a coal brokerage. Once such a system is initiated, it is conjectured that coal users too small to individually receive unit-train orders can begin to capture the cost savings associated with large volume shipments. In order to examine the coal-brokerage concept closely, the Green Bay-Kewaunee, Wisconsin region was chosen as the site for analysis because: (1) there had been speculation by lower peninsula Michigan utilities concerning a Wisconsin transshipment site for western coal; (2) the area's paper industry is a large coal user; (3) the Wisconsin Energy Office has researched coal consumption in depth, and has an available data base for industrial boilers and their fuel type; (4) line-haul rail routes allow for adequate access from western mines to utility and industrial coal users; and (5) there is no single user or facility currently large enough to handle unit-train shipments. Details on planning and design decisions for a coal brokerage are presented. (MCW)
Date: October 1, 1979
Creator: Knorr, R. & Wilkie, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Role of water in energy development

Description: One consequence of the recently increasing emphasis on energy development is public concern about the adequacy of ancillary natural resources, particularly water. This concern accompanies other water-related issues such as droughts, decling water tables, and increasing urbanization. But as the relatively new user on the water scene, energy attracts a major share of public attention. The physical availabiltiy of water and the role of economics in water demand by energy are reviewed. Also described are the social mechanisms through which the physical availability of water, the historical pattern of water use, and unresolved water issues combine to constrain and channel the energy industry's use of water. These mechanisms include the developing markets for water rights, the legal and administrative structure governing water allocation, the formation of social attidudes about water, and the political process that often implements concensus. The narrow physical interpretation commonly given to the question Is there enough water is broadened to include the social dimension, the most important component of the quenstion.
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Abbey, D.; Roach, F. & Brown, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Projection of light-truck population to year 2025

Description: The recent growth in the number of light trucks is a matter of considerable interest in that it may have far-reaching implications for gasoline consumption. This paper forecasts the number of light trucks in the years to 2025. The forecast is based on economic scenarios developed by SRI International. Except for the case of the most-dismal economic forecast, the number of light trucks is predicted to increase monotonically and to show the greatest rate of increase between 1973 and 1980.
Date: October 1, 1978
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Impact of 1980 scheduled capacity additions on electric-utility oil consumption

Description: The electric-utility sector currently consumes approximately 8% of the total oil used in the Nation. This oil represented about 15% of total fuel consumed by electric utilities in 1979. Two important factors that affect the level of utility oil consumption in 1980 are the substantial increase in coal-fired generating capacity and the uncertainty surrounding nuclear-plant licensing. With particular emphasis on these considerations, this report analyzes the potential for changes in electric-utility oil consumption in 1980 relative to the 1979 level. Plant conversions, oil to coal, for example, that may occur in 1980 are not considered in this analysis. Only the potential reduction in oil consumption resulting from new generating-capacity additions is analyzed. Changes in electric-utility oil consumption depend on, among other factors, regional-electricity-demand growth and generating-plant mix. Five cases are presented using various electricity-demand-growth rate assumptions, fuel-displacement strategies, and nuclear-plant-licensing assumptions. In general, it is likely that there will be a reduction in electric-utility oil consumption in 1980. Using the two reference cases of the report, this reduction is projected to amount to a 2 to 5% decrease from the 1979 oil-consumption level; 7% reduction is the largest reduction projected.
Date: August 1, 1980
Creator: Gielecki, M.; Clark, G. & Roberts, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Time-of-Use Electricity Price Effects: Ohio

Description: Under time-of-use rates, higher prices are charged for electricity used during those parts of the day when demand and system costs are higher, with lower charges when demand and system costs are lower. In the Ohio project, 160 customers of the Dayton Power and Light Co. (100 on a seasonal time-of-use electricity rate and 60 on the control rate) became part of an 18-month study from 6/76 through 11/77. The experimental rate schedule used two rating periods during weekdays and a single rating on weekends and holidays. Electricity-consumption patterns of customers on the TOU rate and a control group on the existing (declining block) rate showed that customers on the TOU rate used less electricity than the control group during the six-hour period of peak prices and used correspondingly more electricity during the base period of low prices. As a result of these offsetting effects, overall consumption was unaffected. Tests of hypotheses showed the peak-period decreases (ranging from 21 to 38% on a monthly basis) to be statistically significant. On the other hand, the base-period increases were not significant (at the 5% level) because of much larger customer-to-customer variation in base period usage. Other significant findings were that the diversified demand of the residential class at the time of system peak was, in the two months examined (August and September 1976), significantly lower for the experimental group. The residential class load factor based on that diversified demand was significantly higher for the experimental group during August. At the time of system peak, diversified demand was lower by 29 to 40% and the associated load factor was 135 to 161% of that under the control rate.
Date: December 1, 1979
Creator: White, S. B.; Clayton, C. A.; Alexander, B. V. & Duncan, D. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Exploratory research on solvent-refined coal liquefaction. Quarterly technical progress report, July 1-September 30, 1980

Description: Work continued on the study of disposable catalysts and the effect of specific additives in both the SRC I and SRC II processing modes. At 450/sup 0/C, 2250 psig and 1.0 hour residence time with Loveridge coal in the SRC II mode, yields and hydrogen consumptions were essentially the same for runs with 5 wt % added pyrite or 3.3 wt % added ferric oxide. When Loveridge coal was impregnated with 0.7 wt % molybdenum, slightly higher oil yields and slightly lower hydrocarbon gas, SRC and IOM yields were obtained than with the iron compounds above. When Loveridge coal was processed in the SRC I mode at 450/sup 0/C, 1900 psig and 26 minutes residence time, there was a 3.7% increase in total oil yield with a corresponding decrease in SRC yield when pyrite was added to the feed slurry. There was a smaller effect with a FeS/sub 2//Fe/sub 2/O/sub 3/ combination and little or no effect when ferric oxide alone was added.
Date: February 1, 1981
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electric power monthly, January 1994

Description: The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Data in this report are presented for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. This publication provides monthly statistics at the US Census division, and State levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. Statistics by company and plant are published in the EPM on the capability of new generating units, net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and quality of fuel, and cost of fossil fuels.
Date: January 26, 1994
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department