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Magnetic ordering in tetragonal FeS: Evidence for strong itinerant spin fluctuations

Description: Mackinawite is a naturally occurring layer-type FeS mineral important in biogeochemical cycles and, more recently, in the development of microbial fuel cells. Conflicting results have been published as to the magnetic properties of this mineral, with Moessbauer spectroscopy indicating no magnetic ordering down to 4.2 K but density functional theory (DFT) predicting an antiferromagnetic ground state, similar to the Fe-based high-temperature superconductors with which it is isostructural and for which it is known that magnetism is suppressed by strong itinerant spin fluctuations. We investigated this latter possibility for mackinawite using photoemission spectroscopy, near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy, and DFT computations. Our Fe 3{sub s} core-level photoemission spectrum of mackinawite showed a clear exchange-energy splitting (2.9 eV) consistent with a 1 {micro}{sub B} magnetic moment on the Fe ions, while the Fe L-edge x-ray absorption spectrum indicated rather delocalized Fe 3{sub d} electrons in mackinawite similar to those in Fe metal. Our DFT computations demonstrated that the ground state of mackinawite is single-stripe antiferromagnetic, with an Fe magnetic moment (2.7 {micro}{sub B}) that is significantly larger than the experimental estimate and has a strong dependence on the S height and lattice parameters. All of these trends signal the existence of strong itinerant spin fluctuations. If spin fluctuations prove to be mediators of electron pairing, we conjecture that mackinawite may be one of the simplest Fe-based superconductors.
Date: November 1, 2010
Creator: Kwon, K.D.; Refson, K.; Bone, S.; Qiao, R.; Yang, W.; Liu, Z. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electron energies in metals

Description: The modern era of electron-electron interactions began a decade ago. Plummer's group initiated a program of using angular resolved photoemission to examine the band structure of the simple metals. Beginning with aluminum, and carrying on to sodium and potassium, they always found that the occupied energy bands were much narrower than expected. For example, the compressed energy bands for metallic potassium suggest a band effective mass of m* = 1.33m{sub e}. This should be compared to the band mass found from optical conductivity m*/m{sub e} = 1.01 {plus minus} 0.01. The discrepancy between these results is startling. It was this great difference which started my group doing calculations. Our program was two-fold. On one hand, we reanalyzed the experimental data, in order to see if Plummer's result was an experimental artifact. On the other hand, we completely redid the electron-electron self-energy calculations for simple metals, using the most modern choices of local-field corrections and vertex corrections. Our results will be reported in these lectures. They can be summarized as following: Our calculations give the same effective masses as the older calculations, so the theory is relatively unchanged; Our analysis of the experiments suggests that the recent measurements of band narrowing are an experimental artifact. 38 refs., 9 figs.
Date: July 10, 1991
Creator: Mahan, G.D. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States) Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

New developments in the theory of HTSC

Description: The superconductor is supposed to consist of alternating layers of two kinds: (1) layers with an attractive electron interaction and an effective mass of usual magnitude, (2) layers without interaction and with a large effective mass. The overlap between the layers is assumed to be small, its energy, t, being much less than {Delta}. It is shown, that such a model explains the most peculiar property found in experiments on electronic Raman light scattering in BSCCO 2212: different threshold values for the Raman satellite measured at two different polarizations of the incident and scattered light. The tunneling conductance G(V) = dJ/dV is analyzed for the same model. In order to fit the qualitative features of experimental data, it is assumed that the tunneling probability to the normal layers is much less, than to the superconducting layers. The conductance is calculated for the case t {much_lt} {Delta}. A brief analysis is given for the case t {approximately} {Delta}, which proves that such an assumption definitely contradicts the experimental data for BSCCO. The possible nature of the electronic states in the normal layers is discussed. In connection with the experimental discovery (angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy, ARPES) of the extended saddle point singularities in the electron spectrum of a variety of HTSC consequences are derived for T{sub c} and {Delta} in a simple model. A large enhancement of superconductivity is possible if the singularity has a sufficient extension and is located close to the Fermi energy. In order to explain the anisotropy of the energy gap, observed in ARPES experiments, on the basis of the {open_quotes}extended saddle point singularities{close_quotes} an assumption is done that the Coulomb interactions are weakly screened, i.e. the Debye screening radius is much larger than the lattice period; this makes the electron interaction long ranged (E-L model).
Date: September 1, 1994
Creator: Abrikosov, A.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: High-resolution synchrotron based photoemission and x-ray absorption spectroscopy have been used to study the interaction of SO{sub 2} with a series of metals and oxides. The chemistry of SO{sub 2} on metal surfaces is rich. At low coverages, the molecule fully decomposes into atomic S and O. At large coverages, the formation of SO{sub 3} and SO{sub 4} takes place. The following sequence was found for the reactivity of the metals towards SO{sub 2}: Pt {approx} Rh < Ru < Mo << Zn, Sn, Cs. Alloying can be useful for reducing the chemical affinity of a metal for SO{sub 2} and controlling S poisoning. Pd atoms bonded to Rh and Pt atoms bonded to Sn interact weakly with SO{sub 2}. In general, SO{sub 2} mainly reacts with the O centers of metal oxides. SO{sub 4} is formed on CeO{sub 2} and SO{sub 3} on ZnO. On these systems there is no decomposition of SO{sub 2}. Dissociation of the molecule is observed after introducing a large amount of Ce{sup 3+} sites in ceria, or after depositing Cu or alkali metals on the oxide surfaces. These promote the catalytic activity of the oxides during the destruction of SO{sub 2}.
Date: July 9, 2000
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Soft X-ray photoemission studies of Hf oxidation

Description: Soft X-Ray Photoemission Spectroscopy using surface sensitive Synchrotron Radiation has been applied to accurately determine the binding energy shifts and the valence band offset of the HfO2 grown on Hf metal. Charging of oxide films under x-rays (or other irradiation) is circumvented by controlled and sequential in-situ oxidation. Photoemission results show the presence of metallic Hf (from the substrate) with the 4f7/2 binding energy of 14.22 eV, fully oxidized Hf (from HfO2) with the 4f7/2 binding energy of 18.16 eV, and at least one clear suboxide peak. The position of the valence band of HfO2 with respect to the Hf(m) Fermi level is determined as 4.05 eV.
Date: February 1, 2002
Creator: Suzer, S.; Sayan, S.; Banaszak Holl, M.M.; Garfunkel, E.; Hussain, Z. & Hamdan, N.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

4th-International Symposium on Ultrafast Surface Science - Final Report

Description: The 4-th International Symposium on Ultrafast Surface Dynamics (UDS4) was held at the Telluride Summer Research Center on June 22-27, 2003. The International Organizing Committee consisting of Hrvoje Petek (USA), Xiaoyang Zhu (USA), Pedro Echenique (Spain) and Maki Kawai (Japan) brought together a total of 51 participants 16 of whom were from Europe, 10 from Japan, and 25 from the USA. The focus of the conference was on ultrafast electron or light induced processes at well-defined surfaces. Ultrafast surface dynamics concerns the transfer of charge and energy at solid surfaces on the femtosecond time scale. These processes govern rates of fundamental steps in surface reactions, interfacial electron transfer in molecular electronics, and relaxation in spin transport. Recent developments in femtosecond laser technology make it possible to measure by a variety of nonlinear optical techniques directly in the time domain the microscopic rates underlying these interfacial processes. Parallel progress in scanning probe microscopy makes it possible at a single molecular level to perform the vibrational and electronic spectroscopy measurements, to induce reactions with tunneling electrons, and to observe their outcome. There is no doubt that successful development in the field of ultrafast surface dynamics will contribute to many important disciplines.
Date: January 26, 2005
Creator: Petek, Hrvoje
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Correction and alignment strategies for the beam separator of thePEEM3 microscope

Description: A new high-resolution aberration corrected photoemission electron microscope (PEEM3) will be installed on an undulator beam line at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The aim of this instrument is to provide a substantial flux and resolution improvement by employing an electron mirror for correcting both the third-order spherical aberration and the primary chromatic aberration. In order to utilize this concept of correction, a beam separator is a prerequisite. Crucial to achieving a resolution of 5nm for the high resolution mode, and a sixteen-fold increase in throughput at the same resolution as its predecessor, PEEM2, specified as 20nm at 2% transmission, for the high flux mode is the double symmetric design of the beam separator, which eliminates all the second order geometric aberrations. Nonetheless, substantial tuning capabilities must be incorporated into the PEEM3 design to compensate for both systematic and random errors. In this paper, we investigate how to correct for non-systematic imperfections and for systematic uncertainties in the accuracy of the magnetic fields and focus on how degradation of the resolution and the field of view can be minimized. Finally, we outline a tentative correction strategy for PEEM3.
Date: July 1, 2004
Creator: Schmid, Peter; Feng, Jun; Padmore, Howard; Robin, David; Rose,Harald; Schlueter, Ross et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An unusual isotope effect in a high-transition-temperature superconductor

Description: In conventional superconductors, the electron pairing that allows superconductivity is caused by exchange of virtual phonons, which are quanta of lattice vibration. For high-transition-temperature (high-Tc) superconductors, it is far from clear that phonons are involved in the pairing at all. For example, the negligible change in Tc of optimally doped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 (Bi2212) upon oxygen isotope substitution (16O to 18O leads to Tc decreasing from 92 to 91 K) has often been taken to mean that phonons play an insignificant role in this material. Here we provide a detailed comparison of the electron dynamics of Bi2212 samples containing different oxygen isotopes, using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. Our data show definite and strong isotope effects. Surprisingly, the effects mainly appear in broad high-energy humps, commonly referred to as ''incoherent peaks''. As a function of temperature and electron momentum, the magnitude of the isotope effect closely correlates with the superconducting gap--that is, the pair binding energy. We suggest that these results can be explained in a dynamic spin-Peierls picture, where the singlet pairing of electrons and the electron-lattice coupling mutually enhance each other.
Date: April 1, 2004
Creator: Gweon, G.-H.; Sasagawa, T.; Zhou, S.Y.; Graf, J.; Takagi, H.; Lee, D.-H. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Advanced Strained-Superlattice Photocathodes for Polarized Electron Sources

Description: Polarized electrons have been essential for high-energy parity-violating experiments and measurements of the nucleon spin structure. The availability of a polarized electron beam was crucial to the success of the Stanford Linear Collider (SLC) in achieving a precise measurement of the electroweak mixing angle, and polarized electron beams will be required for all future linear colliders. Polarized electrons are readily produced by GaAs photocathode sources. When a circularly polarized laser beam tuned to the bandgap minimum is directed to the negative-electron-affinity (NEA) surface of a GaAs crystal, longitudinally polarized electrons are emitted into vacuum. The electron polarization is easily reversed by reversing the laser polarization. The important properties of these photocathodes for accelerator applications are: degree of polarization of the extracted beam; ability to extract sufficient charge to meet accelerator pulse-structure requirements; efficiency and stability of operation; and absence of any asymmetries in the beam properties (charge, position, energy, etc.) upon polarization reversal. The performance of GaAs photocathodes has improved significantly since they were first introduced in 1978 [1]. The theoretical maximum polarization of 50% for natural GaAs was first exceeded in 1991 using the lattice mismatch of a thin InGaAs layer epitaxially grown over a GaAs substrate to generate a strain in the former that broke the natural degeneracy between the heavy- and light-hole valence bands [2]. Polarizations as high as 78% were produced for the SLC from photocathodes based on a thin GaAs epilayer grown on GaAsP [3,4]. After 10 years of experience with many cathode samples at several laboratories [5], the maximum polarization using the GaAs/GaAsP single strained-layer cathode remained limited to 80%, while the quantum efficiency (QE) for a 100-nm epilayer is only 0.3% or less. Two factors were known to limit the polarization of these cathodes: (1) the limited band splitting; and (2) a relaxation ...
Date: January 31, 2005
Creator: Moy, Dr. Aaron
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Photoemission Study of the Rare Earth Intermetallic Compounds: RNi2Ge2 (R=Eu, Gd)

Description: EuNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} and GdNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} are two members of the RT{sub 2}X{sub 2} (R = rare earth, T = transition metal and X = Si, Ge) family of intermetallic compounds, which has been studied since the early 1980s. These ternary rare-earth intermetallic compounds with the tetragonal ThCr{sub 2}Si{sub 2} structure are known for their wide variety of magnetic properties, Extensive studies of the RT{sub 2}X{sub 2} series can be found in Refs [ 1,2,3]. The magnetic properties of the rare-earth nickel germanides RNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} were recently studied in more detail [4]. The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate the electronic structure (both valence band and shallow core levels) of single crystals of EuNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} and GdNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} and to check the assumptions that the f electrons are non-interacting and, consequently, the rigid-band model for these crystals would work [11], using synchrotron radiation because, to the best of our knowledge, no photoemission measurements on those have been reported. Photoemission spectroscopy has been widely used to study the detailed electronic structure of metals and alloys, and especially angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) has proven to be a powerful technique for investigating Fermi surfaces (FSs) of single-crystal compounds.
Date: December 19, 2004
Creator: Park, Jongik
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An aberration corrected photoemission electron microscope at the advanced light source

Description: Design of a new aberration corrected Photoemission electron microscope PEEM3 at the Advanced Light Source is outlined. PEEM3 will be installed on an elliptically polarized undulator beamline and will be used for the study of complex materials at high spatial and spectral resolution. The critical components of PEEM3 are the electron mirror aberration corrector and aberration-free magnetic beam separator. The models to calculate the optical properties of the electron mirror are discussed. The goal of the PEEM3 project is to achieve the highest possible transmission of the system at resolutions comparable to our present PEEM2 system (50 nm) and to enable significantly higher resolution, albeit at the sacrifice of intensity. We have left open the possibility to add an energy filter at a later date, if it becomes necessary driven by scientific need to improve the resolution further.
Date: November 1, 2003
Creator: Feng, J.; MacDowell, A.A.; Duarte, R.; Doran, A.; Forest, E.; Kelez, N. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Final report for grant: DE-FG02-93ER45481 [Polymers at engineered interfaces]

Description: Studies have been made of polymer interfaces, self-assembly of micelles at surfaces, phase separation in blends, diffusion and dewetting at and near interfaces, and nanomechanical properties of thin films. The main projects are summarized under the following topics: dislocations in lamellar diblock structures, effects of surface tension; compliance measurements and profiles of end-grafted polystyrene in solution observed by atomic force microscopy and neutron reflectivity; self-assembly of diblock polymer micelles from solution; dewetting dynamics; polymers on patterned surfaces; Flory-Huggins interaction parameter for polystyrene/poly-2-vinylpyridine (PS/P{sub 4}VP) blends; phase separation-induced patterns in dPS/PVME and dPEP/PEP blends; and high-resolution lateral imaging studies of phase separation and dewetting by scanning transmission X-ray microscopy (STXM) and photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM).
Date: January 17, 2000
Creator: Rafailovich, Miriam & Sokolov, Jonathan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Temperature dependent 5f-states in URu2Si2

Description: A dramatic temperature dependent enhancement of U 5f spectral weight at EF is observed in angle-resolved photoemission measurements of URu{sub 2}Si{sub 2} at the center of an X-point hole-pocket. Comparison of this temperature dependent behavior for excitation both at and below the U 5d->5f resonant threshold is presented.
Date: November 1, 2001
Creator: Denlinger, Jonathan D.; Gweon, Gey-Hong; Allen, James W. & Sarrao, John L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mechanism of current modulation by optic phonon emission in heterojunction tunneling experiments

Description: We explain recent observations by Hickmott et al. of sequential longitudinal optic phonon emission in tunneling currents of GaAs-Al/sub x/Ga/sub 1-x/As heterojunctions in terms of inhomogeneous tunneling and a magnetopolaronic mass correction. 16 refs., 13 figs.
Date: August 27, 1985
Creator: Hanna, C.B.; Hellman, E.S. & Laughlin, R.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Spin polarized photoemission studies of surfaces and thin-films

Description: Spin polarized photoemission is used to study the magnetic states associated with the clean iron (001) surface. These studies reveal evidence for a minority spin surface state in agreement with first principles calculation. Studies of the same surface with silver and chromium epitaxial overlayers reveal evidence for interface states derived from the states found on the clean surface. In the case of the silver overlayer the binding energy of this state is found to be dependent on the layer thickness of the overlayer. With chromium overlayers the binding energy for the same interface state does not show the same thickness dependence. However, a second interface state is observed immediately below the Fermi level.
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Johnson, P.D.; Brookes, N. & Chang, Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The use of light emission in failure analysis of CMOS ICs

Description: The use of photon emission for analyzing failure mechanisms and defects in CMOS ICs is presented. Techniques are given for accurate identification and spatial localization of failure mechanisms and physical defects, including defects such as short and open circuits which do not themselves emit photons.
Date: January 1, 1990
Creator: Hawkins, C.F. (New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (USA). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering); Soden, J.M.; Cole, E.I. Jr. & Snyder, E.S. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA))
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Simple laser-driven, metal photocathodes as cold, high-current electron sources

Description: Recent developments in excimer laser design have made near ultraviolet light intensities of several MW/cm/sup 2/ possible in unfocused beams. These advances and recent experiments indicate that high-current, simple-metal photoemissive electron guns are now feasible. Producing more than 50 A/cm/sup 2/ of illuminated cathode surface, the guns could operate at vacuums of 10/sup -6/ torr with no complicated system components inside the vacuum enclosure. The electron beam produced by such photoemission guns would have very low emittance and high brightness. This beam would also closely follow the temporal characteristics of the laser pulse, making fast risetime, ultrashort electron beam pulses possible.
Date: January 1, 1987
Creator: Saunders, J.D.; Ringler, T.J.; Builta, L.A.; Kauppila, T.J.; Moir, D.C. & Downey, S.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Synchrotron radiation photoemission study of metal overlayers on hydrogenated amorphous silicon at room temperature

Description: In this dissertation, metals deposited on a hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) film at room temperature are studied. The purpose of this work is mainly understanding the electronic properties of the interface, using high-resolution synchrotron radiation photoemission techniques as a probe. Atomic hydrogen plays an important role in passivating dangling bonds of a-Si:H films, thus reducing the gap-state distribution. In addition, singly bonded hydrogen also reduces states at the top of the valence band which are now replaced by deeper Si-H bonding states. The interface is formed by evaporating metal on an a-Si:H film in successive accumulations at room temperature. Au, Ag, and Cr were chosen as the deposited metals. Undoped films were used as substrates. Since some unique features can be found in a-Si:H, such as surface enrichment of hydrogen diffused from the bulk and instability of the free surface, we do not expect the metals/a-Si:H interface to behave exactly as its crystalline counterpart. Metal deposits, at low coverages, are found to gather preferentially around regions deficient in hydrogen. As the thickness is increased, some Si atoms in those regions are likely to leave their sites to intermix with metal overlayers like Au and Cr. 129 refs., 30 figs.
Date: September 21, 1990
Creator: Pi, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Optical techniques for actinide research

Description: In recent years, substantial gains have been made in the development of spectroscopic techniques for electronic properties studies. These techniques have seen relatively small, but growing, application in the field of actinide research. Photoemission spectroscopies, reflectivity and absorption studies, and x-ray techniques will be discussed and illustrative examples of studies on actinide materials will be presented.
Date: January 1, 1978
Creator: Veal, B.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bosonic mechanism for high-temperature

Description: The temperature dependent photoemission data of D. S. Dessau et al. show strong modulations in the superconducting state when compared to the normal state. These are similar to but larger than those seen historically in standard tunneling experiments in lower temperature superconductors. We have analyzed the Dessau data using Nambu-Eliashberg theory assuming some (as yet unknown) boson exchange as the primary mechanism for the superconductivity. The derived {alpha}{sup 2}F's, {lambda}'s and {mu}*'s show features which resemble those derived from inversions of other low-temperature superconductors, albeit that {lambda} here is about 8.67 and {mu}* is approximately 0.15. Several bosonic mechanisms are considered. 29 refs., 3 figs.
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Mueller, F.M. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Arnold, G.B. (Notre Dame Univ., IN (USA). Dept. of Physics) & Swihart, J.C. (Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (USA). Dept. of Physics)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental program to build a multimegawatt lasertron for super linear colliders

Description: A lasertron (a microwave ''triode'' with an RF output cavity and an RF modulated laser to illuminate a photocathode) is a possible high power RF amplifier for TeV linear colliders. As the first step toward building a 35 MW, S-band lasertron for a proof of principle demonstration, a 400 kV dc diode is being designed with a GaAs photocathode, a drift-tube and a collector. After some cathode life tests are made in the diode, an RF output cavity will replace the drift tube and a mode-locked, frequency-doubled, Nd:YAG laser, modulated to produce a 1 us-long comb of 60 ps pulses at a 2856 MHz rate, will be used to illuminate the photocathode to make an RF power source out of the device. This paper discusses the plans for the project and includes some results of numerical simulation studies of the lasertron as well as some of the ultra-high vacuum and mechanical design requirements for incorporating a photocathode.
Date: April 1, 1985
Creator: Garwin, E.L.; Herrmannsfeldt, W.B.; Sinclair, C.; Weaver, J.N.; Welch, J.J. & Wilson, P.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Normal state electronic structure and the superconducting energy gap in HTSC's as determined from photoemission spectroscopy

Description: Photoemission spectroscopy has been utilized to determine the electronic structure of high-T{sub c} materials. The observation of dispersive bands at E{sub F} suggests a Fermi surface similar to that obtained from a band calculation. The results apparently are not inconsistent with the notion of a correlated Fermi liquid consisting of hybridized p-d bands. However, it is becoming more and more difficult to distinguish between Fermi liquid behavior in the new high-T{sub c} superconductors and behavior expected on the basis of the novel new non-Fermi liquid theories. The differences are now predicted to be on an energy scale smaller than our experimental resolution. We point out that, while deviations from simple band theory certainly do exist in the form of core and valence band satellites, band narrowing, and rapid photoemission peak broadening away from E{sub F}, there are sufficient agreements with the overall DOS that it should be considered a good starting point for the electronic structure. For example, the calculated Fermi surface for both the 123 and 2212 structures is reasonably well reproduced experimentally and the bands at E{sub F} consist of p-d hybridized orbitals just as predicted by local density functional theory. Our spectra clearly show that a BCS-like DOS is obtained at the Fermi energy as a gap opens up below T{sub c}. This is just one more indication that the old conventional models should be considered more seriously. 18 refs., 6 figs.
Date: January 1, 1989
Creator: Arko, A.J.; List, R.S.; Bartlett, R.J.; Cheong, S.W.; Fisk, Z.; Thompson, J.D. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)) et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Status of Switched-Power Linac studies at BNL (Brookhaven National Laboratory) and CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research)

Description: The switched-power linac (SPL) concepts are reviewed briefly, and recent work on computer-modelling of the photoemission process at the photocathode and the experimental study of the process are discussed. Work on rf-modelling of the properties of the radial transmission line is outlined. (LEW)
Date: October 31, 1986
Creator: Aronson, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Study of electrons photoemitted from field-emission tips. Progress report, July 1, 1980-January 1, 1981

Description: Photo-induced field emission is a technique which studies electrons that have been photoemitted from a field emission tip. This new experimental method promises to combine the proven utility of both field emission and photoemission for investigating the electronic states near a metal surface. The primary objective of the research being performed is to investigate photo-induced field emitted electrons using a tuneable cw dye laser. To fully exploit this continuously tuneable photon source, a differential energy analyzer has been constructed to allow energy resolved measurements of the photo-field emitted electrons. This report describes the progress made in implementing experiments on photo-induced field emission from July 1980 to January 1981.
Date: January 1, 1981
Creator: Reifenberger, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department