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Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) possesses a divergent family of cinnamoyl CoA reductases with distinct biochemical properties

Description: Article on switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) possessing a divergent family of cinnamoyl CoA reductases with distinct biochemical properties.
Date: July 27, 2009
Creator: Escamilla-Treviño, Luis; Shen, Hui; Uppalapati, Srinivasa Rao; Ray, Tui; Tang, Yuhong; Hernandez, Timothy et al.
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Body shape differences in a pair of closely related Malawi cichlids and their hybrids: Effects of genetic variation, phenotypic plasticity, and transgressive segregation

Description: This article investigates the contributions of genetic and plastic components for differences in body shape in two species of Lake Malawi cichlids using wild-caught specimens and a common garden experiment.
Date: January 28, 2017
Creator: Husemann, Martin; Tobler, Michael; McCauley, Cagney; Ding, Baoqing & Danley, Patrick D.
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Plant Cell Walls: Basics of Structure, Chemistry, Accessibility and the Influence on Conversion - Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological and Chemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals

Description: This book is focused on the pretreatment of biomass, a necessary step for efficient conversion of the plant cell wall materials to fuels and other products. Pretreatment is required because it is difficult to access, separate, and release the monomeric sugars comprising the biopolymers within the biomass that can be further upgraded to products through chemical processes such as aqueous phase reforming or biological routes such as fermentation of the sugars to ethanol This resistance to degradation or difficulty to release the monomers (mostly sugars) is commonly referred to as recalcitrance. There are many methods to overcome plant recalcitrance, but the underlying cause of the recalcitrance lies in the complex combination of chemical and structural features of the plant cell walls.
Date: January 1, 2013
Creator: Davison, Brian H; Davis, Dr. Mark F.; Parks, Jerry M & Donohoe, Bryan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Understanding enzyme catalysis using computer simulation

Description: Enzymes catalyze biochemical reactions with remarkable specificity and efficiency, usually under physiological conditions. Computer simulation is a powerful tool for understanding enzyme catalytic mechanisms, particularly in cases where standard experimental techniques may be of limited utility. Here, we present an overview of the application of computer simulation techniques to understanding enzyme catalytic mechanisms. Examples using quantum chemical methods, as well as combined quantum mechanical/classical mechanical approaches, are provided.
Date: January 1, 2010
Creator: Parks, Jerry M; Imhof, Petra & Smith, Jeremy C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transgenic Switchgrass (Panicum Virgatum L.) Targeted for Reduced Recalcitrance to Bioconversion: A 2-Year Comparative Analysis of Field-Grown Lines Modified for Target Gene or Genetic Element Expression

Description: This article discusses the investigation of clones of plants representing independent transgenic events and their respective nontransgenic control lines for biomass yield, carbohydrate composition and recalcitrance to bioconversion via separate hydrolysis and fermentation to yield ethanol.
Date: August 18, 2016
Creator: Dumitrache, Alexandru; Natzke, Jace; Rodriguez, Miguel, Jr.; Yee, Kelsey L.; Thompson, Olivia A.; Poovaiah, Charleson R. et al.

Identification of bottlenecks in the accumulation of cyclic fatty acids in camelina seed oil

Description: This article proposes a model for the accumulation of substantial levels of cyclopropane fatty acids (CPA) in camelina, and discusses the differences between CPA accumulation in camelina and Arabidopsis.
Date: July 10, 2017
Creator: Yu, Xiao-Hong; Cahoon, Rebecca E.; Horn, Patrick J.; Shi, Hai; Prakash, Richa R.; Cai, Yuanheng et al.
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Population Evacuations

Description: Emergency evacuation is one of the most important protective action alternatives when facing a natural or a man-made disaster. The planning and implementation of a large-scale emergency evacuation is a difficult and complex problem that requires the interactions of many agencies and involves a large amount of information. This article focuses on the latter and discusses the models that are normally used in the planning phase to evaluate this type of protective action alternatives and the information requirements for their implementation. Although many advances have been achieved in this area, especially during the last few years, a considerable amount of work still remains incomplete. Some of the important areas that need attention, such as improvements in the demographic models, integration of traffic simulation and threat evolution models, and real-time information for the deployment phase, are also discussed in this paper.
Date: January 1, 2008
Creator: Franzese, Oscar
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Corrosion Performance of Ferritic Steel for SOFC Interconnect Applications

Description: Ferritic stainless steels have been identified as potential candidates for interconnects in planar-type solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) operating below 800ºC. Crofer 22 APU was selected for this study. It was studied under simulated SOFC-interconnect dual environment conditions with humidified air on one side of the sample and humidified hydrogen on the other side at 750ºC. The surfaces of the oxidized samples were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) equipped with microanalytical capabilities. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis was also used in this study.
Date: November 1, 2006
Creator: Ziomek-Moroz, M.; Holcomb, G.R.; Covino, B.S., Jr.; Bullard, S.J.; Jablonski, P.D. & Alman, D.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Conservation Laws for Coupled Hydro-mechanical Processes in Unsaturated Porous Media: Theory and Implementation

Description: We develop conservation laws for coupled hydro-mechanical processes in unsaturated porous media using three-phase continuum mixture theory. From the first law of thermodynamics, we identify energy-conjugate variables for constitutive modeling at macroscopic scale. Energy conjugate expressions identified relate a certain measure of effective stress to the deformation of the solid matrix, the degree of saturation to the matrix suction, the pressure in each constituent phase to the corresponding intrinsic volume change of this phase, and the seepage forces to the corresponding pressure gradients. We then develop strong and weak forms of boundary-value problems relevant for 3D finite element modeling of coupled hydro-mechanical processes in unsaturated porous media. The paper highlights a 3D numerical example illustrating the advances in the solution of large-scale coupled finite element systems, as well as the challenges in developing more predictive tools satisfying the basic conservation laws and the observed constitutive responses for unsaturated porous materials.
Date: February 19, 2010
Creator: Borja, R I & White, J A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department