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The Oxidation of Exhaust Gases at Room Temperature

Description: Report presenting an investigation made to determine the effectiveness of various oxides and oxide mixtures in oxidizing at room temperature the exhaust gases from an internal-combustion engine for the determination of fuel-air ratio. The oxides of silver, copper, manganese, cobalt, nickel, iron, cerium, lead, bismuth, and mercury were tested individually and in various combinations.
Date: February 1945
Creator: Gerrish, Harold C.; Meem, J. Lawrence, Jr. & Tuck, Vivian C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Method for Studying the Longitudinal Dynamic Stability of Flying-Boat-Hull Models at High Planing Speeds and During Landing

Description: Report presenting an investigation of a method of studying the longitudinal dynamic stability of flying-boat-hull models, as instability may be encountered when flying a flying boat on the water at high speeds and high trim angles, especially upper-limit porpoising and skipping. A method is described for carrying out generalized experimental studies of the longitudinal dynamic stability of flying-boat-hull models.
Date: April 1945
Creator: Locke, F. W. S., Jr. & Hugli, W. C., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Investigation of Boundary-Layer and Profile-Drag Characteristics of Smooth Wing Sections of a P-47D Airplane

Description: Report presenting a flight investigation made of boundary-layer and profile-drag characteristics of smooth wing sections of a P-47D airplane. Measurements were made at three stations on the wing: boundary-layer measurements, pressure-distribution measurements, and wake surveys. The results indicated that a minimum profile-drag coefficient of 0.0062 for the smooth section at 63 percent semispan was obtained.
Date: October 1945
Creator: Zalovcik, John A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic Characteristics of a 1/8-Scale Powered Model of a High-Speed Bomber With a Dual Pusher Propeller Aft of the Empennage

Description: Report presenting wind-tunnel tests made to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of a scale model of a high-speed bomber with a dual pusher propeller aft of the empennage. Some of the results discussed include longitudinal, lateral, and directional stability and control, the empennage design, and ground effects on the aerodynamic characteristics. The results indicate that this particular airplane has several advantages with regard to stability and control over the conventional-type single-engine airplane configuration.
Date: October 12, 1945
Creator: Weiberg, James A. & Schnurbusch, Alfred W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fuel Consumption Corrected for Cooling Drag of an Air-Cooled Radial Aircraft Engine at Low Fuel-Air Ratios and With Variable Spark Advance

Description: Report presenting results of tests conducted with an air-cooled, radial aircraft engine to determine the reduction in the brake specific fuel consumption that would result from operating with a very low fuel-air ratio and an increased spark advance. Computed values of the brake specific fuel consumption corrected for cooling-air drag are also given.
Date: February 1945
Creator: Munger, Maurice
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight and Test-Stand Investigation of High-Performance Fuels in Double-Row Radial Air-Cooled Engines 3: Comparison of Cooling Characteristics of Flight and Test-Stand Engines

Description: Report presenting the cooling characteristics of a 14-cylinder double-row radial air-cooled engines in a test stand and in flight. Three types of cooling tests were made for both engines: variable charge-air flow, variable cooling-air pressure drop, and variable fuel-air ratio. For the same operating conditions, the test-stand engine was found to run consistently cooler than the flight engine.
Date: February 1945
Creator: White, H. Jack; Blackman, Calvin C. & Dandois, Marcel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Investigation of a Thermal Ice-Prevention System for a C-46 Cargo Airplane 6: Dry-Air Performance of Thermal System at Several Twin- and Single-Engine Operating Conditions at Various Altitudes

Description: Report presenting flight tests to establish the dry-air-performance characteristics of a thermal ice-prevention system at various operating conditions and altitudes. Results regarding twin-engine tests and single-engine tests of characteristics such as skin temperatures and location of heating are provided.
Date: May 1945
Creator: Selna, James & Kees, Harold L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Investigation of a Thermal Ice-Prevention System for a C-46 Cargo Airplane 5: Effect of Thermal System on Airplane Cruise Performance

Description: Report presenting flight tests conducted to evaluate the effect of a thermal ice prevention system on the aerodynamic performance of a C-46 cargo airplane. The installation of the thermal ice-prevention system was found to reduce the indicated airspeed by about 6 miles per hour. Results regarding the overall performance change resulting from the installation of the thermal system, reduction of power attributed to heat-exchanger exhaust-gas back pressure, reduction of power attributed to the internal and external drag of the thermal system, and the additional airplane gross weight attributed to the thermal system are provided.
Date: May 1945
Creator: Selna, James
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Investigation of a Thermal Ice-Prevention System for a C-46 Cargo Airplane 2: The Design, Construction, and Preliminary Tests of the Exhaust-Air Heat Exchanger

Description: Report presenting an investigation of an exhaust-air heat exchanger, which has been designed, constructed, and flight-tested for a C-46 cargo airplane. The primary purpose of the investigation was to provide the C-46 airplane with a satisfactory source of heated air and to continue the development of the heat exchanger as a part of thermal ice-prevention equipment. Results indicated that the required thermal output and desired air-temperature rise have been achieved and that the exchanger is suitable for use in the C-46 airplane.
Date: February 1945
Creator: Jackson, Richard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Infrared Cloud Indicator 1: Analysis of Infrared-Radiation Exchange With Tables and Chart for Calibration of the Cloud Indicator

Description: Report presenting a description of an experimental model of a flight instrument that utilizes infrared radiations for detecting and indicating the location of clouds at night. A preliminary investigation is made of data in the scientific literature. A table and chart are developed that make it practical to determine the magnitude of the net exchange of radiation for any particular atmosphere of known composition and distribution of temperature.
Date: November 1945
Creator: Warfield, Calvin N. & Kenimer, Robert L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Protection of Nonmetallic Aircraft From Lightning 4: Electrocution Hazards From Inductive Voltages

Description: Report presenting tests made on an XCG-7 all-wood glider on a PT-19A training airplane with a tubular metal fuselage and wooden wings by passing electrical surges simulating lightning discharges through the aircraft and measuring the voltage induced between various points which might be touched by an occupant. While certain recommendations for electrical protection are provided, the personnel in a metal fuselage aircraft are reasonably well protected from induced voltage shock without other protection.
Date: March 1945
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Low-Pressure Boundary-Layer Control in Diffusers and Bends

Description: Report presenting tests to study the effectiveness of small pressure differences in removing the dust boundary layer through slots in the duct wall of airplane ducts and reducing separation losses. Two-dimensional diffusers of 15 and 30 degrees included angles and some 90 degree bends were tested. The 30 degree diffuser was tested with and without an intercooler.
Date: April 1945
Creator: Biebel, William J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of Operating Stresses in an Aircraft Engine Crankshaft Under Power

Description: Report presenting strain-gage measurements made on the crankshaft of a Wright R-1820-73 test engine while under power. Bakelite-bonded wire strain gages were installed on the front half of the crankshaft and the connecting wires were brought out through the oil passages and connected to slip rings at the rear of the engine. The inertia-excited bending and tensile-compressive stresses increased almost directly with speed.
Date: February 1945
Creator: Walstrom, Douglas P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Heat-Transfer Tests of Several Engine Coolants

Description: Report presenting the relative cooling performance of water, commercial Prestone, and several ethylene-glycol and diethylene-glycol derivatives obtained from tests conducted with a small electrically heated heat exchanger.
Date: February 1945
Creator: Manganiello, E. J. & Stalder, J. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Langley Full-Scale-Tunnel Stability and Control Tests of the Bell YP-59A Airplane

Description: Report discussing tests of the drag clean-up and stability of the Bell YP-59A jet-propelled airplane. The general stability, static stability, and control characteristics were examined. Specific details are also included about the effects of the exhaust jet on air flow at the tail.
Date: January 18, 1945
Creator: Brewer, Gerald W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance Comparison of Two Deep Inducers as Separate Components and in Combination With an Impeller

Description: Report presenting testing of two deep inducers as separate components and in combination with an impeller as part of an investigation to correlate design requirements of inducers and impellers. Both inducers, when tested as separate components at a speed corresponding to an impeller tip speed of 1000 feet per second, had a peak adiabatic efficiency of approximately 82 percent. Results regarding the inducers as separate components, inducer-impeller units, and a comparison of inducer performance as a separate and as an integral impeller component are provided.
Date: October 1945
Creator: Ritter, William K.; Ginsburg, Ambrose & Beede, William L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Heat-Transfer Tests of Aqueous Ethylene Glycol Solutions in an Electrically Heated Tube

Description: "As part of an investigation of the cooling characteristics of liquid-cooled engines, tests were conducted with an electrically heated single-tube heat exchanger to determine the heat-transfer characteristics of AN-E-2 ethylene glycol and other ethylene glycol-water mixtures. Similar tests were conducted with water and commercial butanol (n-butyl alcohol) for check purposes. The results of tests conducted at an approximately constant liquid-flow rate of 0.67 pound per second (Reynolds number, 14,500 to 112,500) indicate that at an average liquid temperature 200 degrees f, the heat-transfer coefficients obtained using water, nominal (by volume) 30 percent-70 percent and 70 percent-30 percent glycol-water mixtures are approximately 3.8, 2.8, and 1.4 times higher, respectively, than the heat-transfer coefficients obtained using an-e-2 ethylene glycol.
Date: August 1945
Creator: Bernardo, Everett & Eian, Carroll S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Heat-Transfer Coefficients for Air Flowing in Round Tubes, in Rectangular Ducts, and Around Finned Cylinders

Description: Report reviews published data and presents some new data on heat transfer to air flowing in round tubes, in rectangular ducts, and around finned cylinders. The available data for heat transfer to air in straight ducts of rectangular and circular cross section have been correlated in plots of Stanton number versus Reynolds number to provide a background for the study of the data for finned cylinders. Equations are recommended for both the streamlined and turbulent regions, and data are presented for the transition region between turbulent and laminar flow.
Date: February 1945
Creator: Drexel, Roger E. & McAdams, William H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Additional Investigation of the High-Speed Lateral-Control Characteristics of Spoilers

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the characteristics of partial-span spoilers located at 0.75 of the chord on an NACA 66-series tapered wing, especially at high speeds. The effect of small spoiler projections was found to increase with an increase in speed until the critical Mach number was exceeded.
Date: June 1945
Creator: Laitone, Edmund V. & Summers, James L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Column and Plate Compressive Strengths of Aircraft Structural Materials: Extruded R303-T Aluminum Alloy

Description: "Column and plate compressive strengths of extruded R303-T aluminum alloy were determined both within and beyond the elastic range form tests of thin-strip columns and local-instability tests of H-, Z-, and channel-section columns. These tests are part of an extensive research investigation to provide data on the structural strength of various aircraft materials. The results are presented in the form of curves and charts that are suitable for use in the design and analysis of aircraft structures" (p. 1).
Date: October 1945
Creator: Heimerl, George J. & Fay, Douglas P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison of the Energy Method With the Accelerometer Method of Computing Drag Coefficients From Flight Data

Description: "A comparison was made between the energy and the accelerometer methods of computing drag coefficients from flight tests of the P-51B and the P-39N airplanes. The energy method was found to be unreliable with the present types of instrumentation except under the practically unattainable conditions of very steady flight at constant indicated airspeed within a vertically stationary air mass" (p. 1).
Date: October 1945
Creator: Keller, Thomas L. & Keuper, Robert F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lifting-Surface-Theory Values of the Damping in Roll and of the Parameter Used in Estimating Aileron Stick Forces

Description: Report presenting an investigation by lifting-surface theory of a thin elliptic wing of aspect ratio 6 in a steady roll by means of the electromagnetic-analogy method. The results obtained by lifting-surface theory indicate that the damping in roll for a wing of aspect ratio of 6 is 13 percent less than that give by lifting-line theory and 5 percent less than that given by lifting-line theory with the edge-velocity correction derived by Robert T. Jones applied. Simple practical methods of applying the results of the investigation to wings of other plan forms are given.
Date: August 1945
Creator: Swanson, Robert S. & Priddy, E. LaVerne
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cylinder Temperatures of Two Liquid-Cooled Aircraft Cylinders for Various Engine and Coolant Conditions

Description: Report presenting tests conducted with two liquid-cooled cylinders in order to isolate the effects of the various engine and coolant variables on cylinder temperatures and to obtain engine-cooling data required for a fundamental study of the heat-transfer processes in liquid-cooled engines. Cylinder temperatures were obtained for a large range of engine speeds, manifold pressures, carburetor-air temperatures, fuel-air ratios, spark advances, coolant-flow rates, average coolant temperatures, and coolant pressures with water and AN-E-2 ethylene glycol and other ethylene glycol-water mixtures as coolants.
Date: October 1945
Creator: Manganiello, Eugene J. & Bernardo, Everett
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Investigation of Aircraft Heaters 21: Measured and Predicted Performance of a Flattened-Tube Type Crossflow Exhaust Gas and Air Heat Exchanger

Description: Report presenting data on the thermal performance and the static pressure drop characteristics of a flattened-tube type crossflow exhaust gas and air heat exchanger. The measured thermal outputs and static pressure drops are compared with predicted magnitudes.
Date: April 1945
Creator: Boelter, L. M. K.; Guibert, A. G.; Rademacher, J. M.; Romie, F. E.; Sanders, V. D. & Sloggy, L. J. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department