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High-Speed Tests of Radial-Engine Cowlings

Description: The drag characteristics of eight radial-engine cowlings have been determined over a wide speed range in the N.A.C.A. 8-foot high-speed wind tunnel. The pressure distribution over all cowlings was measured, to and above the speed of the compressibility burble, as an aid in interpreting the force tests. One-fifth-scale models of radial-engine cowlings on a wing-nacelle combination mere used in the tests.
Date: April 1939
Creator: Robinson, Russell G. & Becker, John V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-Speed Tests of a Model Twin-Engine Low-Wing Transport Airplane

Description: "Force tests were made of a 1/8-scale model of a twin-engine low-wing transport airplane in the NACA 8-foot high-speed wind tunnel to investigate compressibility and interference effects at speeds up to 450 miles per hour. In addition to tests of the standard arrangement of the model tests were made with several modifications designed to reduce the drag and to increase the critical speed. The results show serious increases in drag at critical speeds below 450 miles per hour due to the occurrence of compressibility burbles on the standard radial-engine cowlings, on sections of the wing as a result of wing-nacelle interference, and on the semi-retracted main landing wheels" (p. 1).
Date: April 1940
Creator: Becker, John V. & Leonard, Lloyd H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Full-Scale Wind-Tunnel Investigation of Wing Cooling Ducts, Special Report

Description: "The systematic investigation of wing cooling ducts at the NACA laboratory has been continued with tests in the full-scale wind tunnel on ducts of finite span. These results extend the previous investigation on section characteristics of ducts to higher Reynolds numbers and indicate the losses due to the duct ends. The data include comparisons between ducts completely within the ring and the conventional underslung ducts" (p. 1).
Date: October 1938
Creator: Nickle, F. R. & Freeman, Arthur B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Full-Scale Tests of 4- and 6-Blade, Single- and Dual-Rotating Propellers, Special Report

Description: "Test of 10-foot diameter, 4- and 6-blade single- and dual-rotating propellers were conducted in the 20-foot propeller-research tunnel. The propellers were mounted at the front end of a streamline body incorporating spinners to house the hub portions. The effect of a symmetrical wing mounted in the slipstream was investigated. The blade angles investigated ranged from 20 degrees to 65 degrees; the latter setting corresponds to airplane speeds of over 500 miles per hour" (p. 1).
Date: August 1940
Creator: Biermann, David & Hartman, Edwin P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Full-Scale Tests of Several Propellers Equipped with Spinners, Cuffs, Airfoil and Round Shanks, and NACA 16-Series Sections, Special Report

Description: "Wind-tunnel tests of several propeller, cuff, and spinner combinations were conducted in the 20 foot propeller-research tunnel. Three propellers, which ranged in diameter from 8.4 to 11.25 feet, were tested at the front end of a streamline body incorporating spinners of two diameters. The tests covered a blade angle range from 20 deg to 65 deg. The effect of spinner diameter and propeller cuffs on the characteristics of one propeller was determined" (p. 1).
Date: October 1940
Creator: Biermann, David; Hartman, Edwin P. & Pepper, Edward
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Full-Scale Wind-Tunnel Investigation of Wing-Cooling Ducts Effects of Propeller Slipstream, Special Report

Description: Report presenting an investigation of finite span wing-cooling ducts that has been extended to include a study of the effects of slipstream on the duct characteristics. The results indicated that the propeller slipstream is effective in generating a flow of air through the ducts of the ground condition.
Date: March 1939
Creator: Nickle, F. R. & Freeman, Arthur B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ice Prevention on Aircraft by Means of Impregnated Leather Covers, Special Report

Description: "The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics is testing the effectiveness of a method to prevent the formation of ice on airplanes. The system makes use of a leather cover that is attached to the leading edge of the wing. A small tube, attached to the inner surface of the leather, distributes to the leading edge a solution that permeates throughout the leather and inhibits the formation of ice on the surface. About 25 pounds of the liquid per hour would be sufficient to prevent ice from forming on a wing of 50-foot span" (p. 1).
Date: August 1935
Creator: Clay, William C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Measurements of the Aileron Characteristics of a Grumman F4F-3 Airplane

Description: "The aileron characteristics of a Grumman F4F-3 airplane were determined in flight by means of NACA recording and indicating instruments. The results show that the ailerons met NACA minimum requirements for satisfactory control throughout a limited speed range. A helix angle of approximately 0.07 radian was produced with flaps down at speeds from 90 to 115 miles per hour indicated airspeed and with flaps up from 115 to 200 miles per hour" (p. 1).
Date: September 1942
Creator: Kleckner, Harold F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Tests of Exhaust Gas Jet Propulsion, Special Report

Description: "Flight tests were conducted on the XP-41 airplane, equipped with a Pratt & Whitney R1830-19, 14-cylinder, air-cooled engine, to determine the increase in flight speed obtainable by the use of individual exhaust stacks directed rearwardly to obtain exhaust-gas thrust. Speed increases up to 18 miles per hour at 20,000 feet altitude were obtained using stacks having an exit area of 3.42 square inches for each cylinder. A slight increase in engine power and decrease in cylinder temperature at a given manifold pressure were obtained with the individual stacks as compared with a collector-ring installation" (p. 1).
Date: November 1940
Creator: Pinkel, Benjamin & Turner, L. Richard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation in the 7-By-10 Foot Wind Tunnel of Ducts for Cooling Radiators Within an Airplane Wing, Special Report

Description: "An investigation was made in the NACA 7- by 10-foot wind tunnel of a large-chord wing model with a duct to house a simulated radiator suitable for a liquid-cooled engine. The duct was expanded to reduce the radiator losses, and the installation of the duct and radiator was made entirely within the wing to reduce form and interference drag. The tests were made using a two-dimensional flow set-up with a full-span duct and radiator" (p. 1).
Date: July 1938
Creator: Harris, Thomas A. & Recant, Isidore G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Intercooler Design for Aircraft, Special Report

Description: "When an airplane is operating at high altitude, it is necessary to use a supercharger to maintain ground pressure at the carburetor inlet. This maintenance and high intake-manifold pressure tends to keep the power output of the engine at ground-level value. The air, being compressed by the supercharger, however, is heated by adiabatic compression and friction to a temperature that seriously affect the performance of the engine. It is thus necessary to use an intercooler to reduce the temperature of the air between the supercharger outlet and the carburetor inlet" (p. 1).
Date: September 1939
Creator: Brevoort, M. J.; Joyner, U. T. & Leifer, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Interference of Tail Surfaces and Wing and Fuselage from Tests of 17 Combinations in the N.A.C.A. Variable-Density Tunnel

Description: "An investigation of the interference associated with tail surfaces added to wing-fuselage combinations was included in the interference program in progress in the NACA variable-density tunnel. The results indicate that, in aerodynamically clean combinations, the increment to the high-speed drag can be estimated from section characteristics within useful limits of accuracy. The interference appears mainly as effects on the downwash angel and as losses in the tail" (p. 1).
Date: January 1939
Creator: Sherman, Albert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance Characteristics of an Aircraft Engine with Exhaust Turbine Supercharger, Special Report

Description: "The Pratt and Whitney Aircraft company and the Naval Aircraft Factory of the United States Navy cooperated in a laboratory and flight program of tests on an exhaust turbine supercharger. Two series of dynamometer tests of the engine super-charger combination were completed under simulated altitude conditions. One series of hot gas-chamber tests was conducted by the manufacturer of the supercharger" (p. 1).
Date: May 1941
Creator: Lester, E. M. & Paulson, W. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Boundary-Layer Transition on the N.A.C.A. 0012 and 23012 Airfoils in the 8-Foot High-Speed Wind Tunnel, Special Report

Description: Determinations of boundary-layer transition on the NACA 0012 and 2301 airfoils were made in the 8-foot high-speed wind tunnel over a range of Reynolds Numbers from 1,600,000 to 16,800,000. The results are of particular significance as compared with flight tests and tests in wind tunnels of appreciable turbulence because of the extremely low turbulence in the high-speed tunnel. A comparison of the results obtained on NACA 0012 airfoils of 2-foot and 5-foot chord at the same Reynolds Number permitted an evaluation of the effect of compressibility on transition.
Date: January 1940
Creator: Becker, John V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

N.A.C.A. Stall-Warning Device

Description: With some airplanes the approach to the stall is accompanied by changes in the behavior, such as tail buffeting or changes in the control characteristics of the airplane so that the pilot obtains a warning of the impending stall. Vith other airplanes it is possible to approach the stall without any perceptible warning other than the reading of the air-speed meter, in which case the danger of inadvertent stalling is considerably greater. Although it is not within the scope of this paper to discuss stalling characteristics, it is desired to point out that in general the danger of inadvertent stalling is greatest with those airplanes that behave worse when the stalling occurs; that is, with airplanes in which the stall starts at the wing tips. A warning of the impending stall is desirable in any case, but is particularly desirable with airplanes of the latter type.
Date: February 1938
Creator: Thompson, F. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department