398 Matching Results

Search Results

Advanced search parameters have been applied.

Plasma lens experiments at the final focus test beam

Description: The authors intend to carry out a series of plasma lens experiments at the Final Focus Test Beam facility at SLAC. These experiments will be the first to study the focusing of particle beams by plasma focusing devices in the parameter regime of interest for high energy colliders, and is expected to lead to plasma lens designs capable of unprecedented spot sizes. Plasma focusing of positron beams will be attempted for the first time. They will study the effects of lens aberrations due to various lens imperfections. Several approaches will be applied to create the plasma required including laser ionization and beam induced tunneling ionization of a working gas--the latter which has never been observed before. The compactness of the device should prove to be of interest for applications at the SLC and the next generation linear colliders.
Date: February 1, 1995
Creator: Barletta, W.; Chattopadhyay, S. & Chen, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The virtual library in action: Collaborative international control of high-energy physics pre-print

Description: This paper will discuss how control of the grey literature in high-energy physics pre-prints developed through a collaborative effort of librarians and physicists. It will highlight the critical steps in the development process and describe one model of a rapidly evolving virtual library for high-energy physics information. In conclusion, this paper will extend this physics model to other areas of grey literature management.
Date: February 1, 1996
Creator: Kreitz, P.A.; Addis, L.; Galic, H. & Johnson, T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Precision measurement of the neutron spin dependent structure functions

Description: In experiment E154 at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center the spin dependent structure function g{sub 1}{sup n} (x, Q{sup 2}) of the neutron was measured by scattering longitudinally polarized 48.3 GeV electrons off a longitudinally polarized {sup 3}He target. The high beam energy allowed the author to extend the kinematic coverage compared to the previous SLAC experiments to 0.014 {le} x {le} 0.7 with an average Q{sup 2} of 5 GeV{sup 2}. The author reports the integral of the spin dependent structure function in the measured range to be {integral}{sub 0.014}{sup 0.7} dx g{sub 1}{sup n}(x, 5 GeV{sup 2}) = {minus}0.036 {+-} 0.004(stat.) {+-} 0.005(syst.). The author observes relatively large values of g{sub 1}{sup n} at low x that call into question the reliability of data extrapolation to x {r_arrow} 0. Such divergent behavior disagrees with predictions of the conventional Regge theory, but is qualitatively explained by perturbative QCD. The author performs a Next-to-Leading Order perturbative QCD analysis of the world data on the nucleon spin dependent structure functions g{sub 1}{sup p} and g{sub 1}{sup n} paying careful attention to the experimental and theoretical uncertainties. Using the parameterizations of the helicity-dependent parton distributions obtained in the analysis, the author evolves the data to Q{sup 2} = 5 GeV{sup 2}, determines the first moments of the polarized structure functions of the proton and neutron, and finds agreement with the Bjorken sum rule.
Date: February 1, 1997
Creator: Kolomensky, Y.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Duality in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory

Description: These lectures provide an introduction to the behavior of strongly-coupled supersymmetric gauge theories. After a discussion of the effective Lagrangian in nonsupersymmetric and supersymmetric field theories, the author analyzes the qualitative behavior of the simplest illustrative models. These include supersymmetric QCD for N{sub f} < N{sub c}, in which the superpotential is generated nonperturbatively, N = 2 SU(2) Yang-Mills theory (the Seiberg-Witten model), in which the nonperturbative behavior of the effect coupling is described geometrically, and supersymmetric QCD for N{sub f} large, in which the theory illustrates a non-Abelian generalization of electric-magnetic duality. 75 refs., 12 figs.
Date: February 1, 1997
Creator: Peskin, M.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Summary report of the impedance and instability subgroup

Description: This subgroup discussed several technical issues facing the BTCF (Beijing tau-charm factory). Most of these are R and D issues to be performed before a construction start. The two uncertainties facing the B-factories and the BTCF alike, namely the transient ion instability and the photo-electron instability are much weaker in the BTCF. Another uncertainty concerns the monochromator scheme, for which a round of parameters optimization is called for. The R and D issues can be collected into a long list. These discussions are by no means exhaustive, but are listed below as a summary of this report: (1) impedance policing is to be established; (2) single bunch instability is marginally acceptable; (3) beam-beam effects is to be considered together with microwave instability to optimize the overall design; (4) microwave power is a new issue which needs attention; (5) trapped modes need attention; (6) aluminum antechamber vacuum chamber design is recommended; (7) electrostatic separators need to be designed to minimize the microwave power generation; (8) dust particles need attention.
Date: February 1, 1996
Creator: Chao, A. W.; Fang, S. X. & Guo, Z. Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comments on the possible use of the SLC as an e{sup -}e{sup -} collider

Description: It has been suggested that the SLAC Linear Collider, which was designed to collide electrons with positrons, could be modified to collide electrons with electrons. A cursory examination of this suggestion leads us to conclude that such a modification is technically feasible, but by no means trivial. In this letter we outline the issues that must be addressed to realize this possibility.
Date: February 1, 1996
Creator: Erickson, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Probing new physics in B Penguins

Description: Constraints placed on physics beyond the Standard Model from the recent CLEO observation of the inclusive decay B {yields} X{sub s}{gamma} are summarized. Further searches for new physics using the process B {yields} X{sub s}l{sup +}l{sup {minus}} are discussed.
Date: February 1, 1995
Creator: Hewett, J.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wake fields, potential well distortion and beam stability in the LER PEP-II

Description: Longitudinal and transverse wake fields are constructed for LER PEP-II. The effects of potential well distortion and the single bunch longitudinal stability are discussed for LER PEP-II storage ring. The coupled-bunch stability recalculated with the updated impedance.
Date: February 1, 1996
Creator: Heifets, S.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Next Linear Collider Test Accelerator's RF Pulse Compression and Transmission Systems

Description: The overmoded rf transmission and pulsed power compression system for SLAC's Next Linear Collider (NLC) program requires a high degree of transmission efficiency and mode purity to be economically feasible. To this end, a number of new, high power components and systems have been developed at X-band, which transmit rf power in the low loss, circular TE01 mode with negligible mode conversion. In addition, a highly efficient SLED-II* pulse compressor has been developed and successfully tested at high power. The system produced a 200 MW, 250 ns wide pulse with a near-perfect flat-top. In this paper we describe the design and test results of the high power pulse compression system using SLED-II.
Date: February 24, 1999
Creator: Tantawi, Sami
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} collisions at the SLC: The left-right asymmetry

Description: The Sanford Linear Collider has operated successfully to produce over 50,000 Z{sup O}{prime}s with polarized electron beams. The asymmetry in the production of Z{sup O}{prime}s with respect to left and right handed electron beams has been measured, and a preliminary result is presented.
Date: February 1, 1994
Creator: Shapiro, G. & Collaboration, SLD
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Network resource and applications management at SLAC

Description: The Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) has a heterogeneous networked computing environment with a variety of transmission media, protocols, equipment from multiple vendors, Local Areas Network (LAN) and Wide Area Network (WAN) connections, workstations, servers, legacy mainframes, operating systems, network services and applications, and users of various skill levels. New technologies are continually being deployed as they become available. All of these components work together (most of the time) but result in a complex distributed computing environment (henceforth referred to as the system) which requires automated monitoring and management for the maintenance of high quality performance with limited personnel and budgets. There is no Network Management Station (NMS) product which comes close to doing the job of monitoring and managing the LAN and WAN for SLAC. However, by making use of Ping, Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) and its Management Information Bases (MIBs), as well as network applications (trace-route, File Transfer Protocol (FTP), Remote Procedure Calls (RPCs), Remote Shell (rsh), et.al.), an NMS (Netview for AIX), and the accounting and monitoring facilities provided by the server operating systems, the challenge is surmountable.
Date: February 1, 1996
Creator: Logg, C.A. & Cottrell, R.L.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of Small Electron Beam Spots

Description: Measurements of transverse beam size are tremendously important to the performance of e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} linear colliders. In this paper we review the traditional technologies used to make such measurements, such as profile monitors and wire scanners, and the limitations on same. We then introduce a new tool for electron beam size measurement: Compton-scattered laser light, which may be used as an unbreakable ''wire'' or in the form of an interferometer beam size monitor. We describe the use of such an interferometer BSM, noting both the general issues related to its design and operation and the specific experiences with such an interferometer at the Final Focus Test Beam (FFTB) at SLAC. We conclude by considering the ultimate limits of the laser-interferometer BSM.
Date: February 3, 1999
Creator: Tenenbaum, Peter G
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Test of CPT Invariance in B Factories

Description: Feasibility of setting limits on CPT violating parameters for the case of both CP conjugate and semileptonic decays of neutral Bd mesons were examined. For the case of semileptonic final states of neutral Bd meson decays, bounds on CPT violating parameters at the level of few percent can be easily obtained. This sensitivity is better than the similar analysis using the CP conjugate final states of neutral Bd meson decays mainly due to the substantial increase on the statistics.
Date: February 2, 1999
Creator: Yang, Songhoon
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Polarized lepton-nucleon scattering

Description: Deep inelastic polarized lepton-nucleon scattering is reviewed in three lectures. The first lecture covers the polarized deep inelastic scattering formalism and foundational theoretical work. The second lecture describes the nucleon spin structure function experiments that have been performed up through 1993. The third lecture discusses implication of the results and future experiments aimed at high-precision measurements of the nucleon spin structure functions.
Date: February 1, 1994
Creator: Hughes, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Novel Wire Scanner for High Intensity Pulsed Beams

Description: A novel wire scanner has been developed with applications at linear accelerators where small beam spots or high intensities would otherwise destroy wires. A pattern of wires is supported on a thin membrane and remains in place even when punctured by the beam. Many scans can be made before the material needs to be replaced. Tests of the principle have been carried out at the Final Focus Test Beam at SLAC.
Date: February 19, 1999
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Studies of Nonlinear QED in Collisions of 46.6 Electrons with Intense LaserPulses

Description: We report on measurements of quantum electrodynamic processes in an intense electromagnetic wave, where nonlinear effects (both multiphoton and vacuum polarization) are prominent. Nonlinear Compton scattering and electron-positron pair production have been observed in collisions of 46.6 GeV and 49.1 GeV electrons of the Final Focus Test Beam at SLAC with terawatt pulses of 1053 nm and 527 nm wavelengths from a Nd:glass laser. Peak laser intensities of approximately 0.5 x 10{sup 18} W/cm{sup 2} have been achieved, corresponding to a value of approximately 0.4 for the parameter {eta} = eE{sub rms}/m{omega}{sub 0}c, and to a value of approximately 0.25 for the parameter {Upsilon}{sub e} = E{sub rms}/E{sub crit} = eE{sub rms}{h_bar}/m{sup 2}c{sup 3}, where E{sub rms} is the rms electric field strength of the laser in the electron rest frame. We present data on the scattered electron spectra arising from nonlinear Compton scattering with up to four photons absorbed from the field. A convolved spectrum of the forward high energy photons is also given. The observed positron production rate depends on the fifth power of the laser intensity, as expected for a process where five photons are absorbed from the field. The positrons are interpreted as arising from the collision of a high-energy Compton scattered photon with the laser beam. The results are found to be in agreement with theoretical predictions.
Date: February 16, 1999
Creator: McDonald, Kirk T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Joint probabilities of noncommuting observables and the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen question in Wiener-Siegel quantum theory

Description: Ordinary quantum theory is a statistical theory without an underlying probability space. The Wiener-Siegel theory provides a probability space, defined in terms of the usual wave function and its ``stochastic coordinates``; i.e., projections of its components onto differentials of complex Wiener processes. The usual probabilities of quantum theory emerge as measures of subspaces defined by inequalities on stochastic coordinates. Since each point {alpha} of the probability space is assigned values (or arbitrarily small intervals) of all observables, the theory gives a pseudo-classical or ``hidden-variable`` view in which normally forbidden concepts are allowed. Joint probabilities for values of noncommuting variables are well-defined. This paper gives a brief description of the theory, including a new generalization to incorporate spin, and reports the first concrete calculation of a joint probability for noncommuting components of spin of a single particle. Bohm`s form of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Gedankenexperiment is discussed along the lines of Carlen`s paper at this Congress. It would seem that the ``EPR Paradox`` is avoided, since to each {alpha} the theory assigns opposite values for spin components of two particles in a singlet state, along any axis. In accordance with Bell`s ideas, the price to pay for this attempt at greater theoretical detail is a disagreement with usual quantum predictions. The disagreement is computed and found to be large.
Date: February 1, 1996
Creator: Warnock, R.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Borel summation and momentum-plane analyticity in perturbative QCD

Description: We derive a compact expression for the Borel sum of a QCD amplitude in terms of the inverse Mellin transform of the corresponding Borel function. The result allows us to investigate the momentum-plane analyticity properties of the Borel-summed Green functions in perturbative QCD. An interesting connection between the asymptotic behavior of the Borel transform and the Landau singularities in the momentum plane is established. We consider for illustration the polarization function of massless quarks and the resummation of one-loop renormalon chains in the large-{beta}{sub 0} limit, but our conclusions have a more general validity.
Date: February 5, 1999
Creator: Neubert, Matthias
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The LCLS X-Ray FEL at SLAC

Description: The design status and R and D plan of a 1.5 Angstrom SASE-FEL at SLAC, called the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS), are described. The LCLS utilizes one third of the SLAC linac for the acceleration of electrons to about 15 GeV. The FEL radiation is produced in a long undulator and is directed to an experimental area for its utilization. The LCLS is designed to produce 300 fsec long radiation pulses at the wavelength of 1.5 Angstrom with 9 GW peak power. This radiation has much higher brightness and coherence, as well as shorter pulses, than present 3rd generation sources. It is shown that such leap in performance is now within reach, and is made possible by the advances in the physics and technology of photo-injectors, linear accelerators, insertion devices and free-electron lasers.
Date: February 9, 1999
Creator: Cornacchia, Massimo
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of High Power IGBT Short Circuit Failures

Description: The Next Linear Collider (NLC) accelerator proposal at SLAC requires a highly efficient and reliable, low cost, pulsed-power modulator to drive the klystrons. A solid-state induction modulator has been developed at SLAC to power the klystrons; this modulator uses commercial high voltage and high current Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT) modules. Testing of these IGBT modules under pulsed conditions was very successful; however, the IGBTs failed when tests were performed into a low inductance short circuit. The internal electrical connections of a commercial IGBT module have been analyzed to extract self and mutual partial inductances for the main current paths as well as for the gate structure. The IGBT module, together with the partial inductances, has been modeled using PSpice. Predictions for electrical paths that carry the highest current correlate with the sites of failed die under short circuit tests. A similar analysis has been carried out for a SLAC proposal for an IGBT module layout. This paper discusses the mathematical model of the IGBT module geometry and presents simulation results.
Date: February 11, 2005
Creator: Pappas, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electroweak interaction: Standard and beyond

Description: Several important topics within the standard model raise questions which are likely to be answered only by further theoretical understanding which goes beyond the standard model. In these lectures we present a discussion of some of these problems, including the quark masses and angles, the Higgs sector, neutrino masses, W and Z properties and possible deviations from a pointlike structure. 44 refs.
Date: February 1, 1987
Creator: Harari, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Design of a lead-glass drift calorimeter with MWPC detection

Description: A drift collection calorimeter having a combined radiator and field-shaping structure made of lead-glass tubing is described. A high-resistance metallic layer is formed by reduction of the lead oxide at the surface of the glass and forms a continuous voltage divider for drift-field shaping. The energy resolution of such a calorimeter is modeled, for several configurations, by the Monte Carlo technique.
Date: February 1, 1983
Creator: Perez-Mendez, V.; del Guerra, A.; Mulera, T.; Hirayama, H. & Nelson, W.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department