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Word Alignment for Languages with Scarce Resources

Description: This paper presents the task definition, resources, participating systems, and comparative results for the shared task on word alignment which was organized as part of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL) 2005 Workshop on Building and Using Parallel Texts. The shared task included English-Inuktitut, Romanian-English, and English-Hindi sub-tasks, and drew the participation of ten teams from around the world with a total of 50 systems.
Date: June 2005
Creator: Martin, Joel; Mihalcea, Rada, 1974- & Pedersen, Ted
Partner: UNT College of Engineering

Use of the Beck Depression Inventory in Northern Brazil

Description: The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) is a popular screening and research instrument for measuring severity of depression. The instrument was translated to Portuguese for use in Brazil in 1979; however, it was not until recently that its psychometric properties have been tested empirically for the Brazilian population. The purpose of the present study was to explore the BDI's psychometric properties in a northern region of Brazil and to test for possible relationships between certain demographic variables and BDI outcomes. Samples used in this study were from an urban area in Roraima, the northernmost state of Brazil. The BDI showed adequate levels of internal consistency in nonclinical and clinical samples. Female respondents had significantly higher scores than male respondents. Those who had lower levels of education, income, or occupational status had significantly higher scores than those with higher levels of these variables. Adolescents had significantly higher scores than adults from all age groups except those from age 19 to 22. No significant difference was found between those who identified themselves as “indigenous” and those who identified themselves as “non-indigenous.” Regression analysis results showed that the combination of gender, education, and age best accounted for the variance in BDI scores. An ANCOVA revealed that clinically depressed adults had significantly higher BDI scores than nonclinically depressed adults. Factor analysis results showed that there were two main factors in the item structure for both female respondents and male and female respondents combined: one factor of mainly cognitive-affective items and the other factor of mainly somatic items. The results were discussed in terms of the future use of the BDI in Brazil.
Date: May 2002
Creator: Albert, Christopher
Partner: UNT Libraries

The Construct Validity of Self-Reported Historical Physical Activity

Description: The purpose of this study was to determine the construct validity of self-reported historical walking, running, and jogging (WRJ) activity. The criterion measure was concurrent performance on a maximal treadmill test. Subjects completed a medical exam and treadmill test between the years 1976 and 1985, and completed a follow-up questionnaire in 1986. Questionnaire included an item that assessed WRJ for each year from 1976 through 1985. Data analysis included Spearman correlations, partial correlations, ANOVA, and ANCOVA. Results indicated self-reported historical WRJ can be assessed with reasonable validity when compared with concurrently measured treadmill performance, and there is no decay in the accuracy of this reporting for up to ten years in the past.
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Date: May 2002
Creator: Bowles, Heather R.
Partner: UNT Libraries

Text Semantic Similarity, with Applications

Description: In this paper, the authors present a knowledge-based method for measuring the semantic-similarity of texts. Through experiments performed on two different applications: (1) paraphrase and entailment identification, and (2) word sense similarity, the authors show that this method outperforms the traditional text similarity metrics based on lexical matching.
Date: September 2005
Creator: Corley, Courtney; Csomai, Andras & Mihalcea, Rada, 1974-
Partner: UNT College of Engineering

Unsupervised Large-Vocabulary Word Sense Disambiguation with Graph-based Algorithms for Sequence Data Labeling

Description: This paper introduces a graph-based algorithm for sequence data labeling, using random walks on graphs encoding label dependencies. The algorithm is illustrated and tested in the context of an unsupervised word sense disambiguation problem, and shown to significantly outperform the accuracy achieved through individual label assignment, as measured on standard sense-annotated data sets.
Date: October 2005
Creator: Mihalcea, Rada, 1974-
Partner: UNT College of Engineering

Retention and Recruitment of Women in Computer Engineering

Description: This presentation discusses strategies and goals for recruiting more women to Computer Science and Engineering degree (CSE) programs at the University of North Texas (UNT). It also describes a series of activities aimed at improving retention rates of women students already in our programs. Such recruitment and retention of women is critical to the country's efforts to increase the number of engineering professionals, and is a priority for the CSE Department at UNT.
Date: July 2006
Creator: Akl, Robert G. & Garlick, Ryan
Partner: UNT College of Engineering