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The Effect of the Sperry Messenger Fuselage on the Air Flow at the Propeller Plane

Description: "In order to study the effect of the fuselage, landing gear, and engine on the air flow through the propeller, a survey was made in the plane of the Sperry Messenger propeller with the propeller removed. The tests were made in the 20-foot air stream of the propeller research tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics at Langley Field, Virginia. The variation of the velocity with distance from the center in the propeller plane was found to be appreciable and well worth consideration in the design of propellers" (p. 1).
Date: January 1928
Creator: Weick, Fred E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Tests of Wing Flaps Suitable for Direct Control of Glide-Path Angle

Description: "Preliminary tests have been made for the purpose of obtaining a flap arrangement suitable for direct and immediate control of the steepness of the glide path of an airplane, a use for which present flaps are not satisfactory. An attempt has been made to develop a flap giving a reasonably high maximum lift coefficient with relatively low deflection and maintaining this value of the maximum lift coefficient with a large increase of deflection, the increase in deflection being accompanied by a large increase in drag. An arrangement was found that gave a maximum lift coefficient of approximately 1.90 for all flap deflections between 25 and 80 degrees, within which range the drag of the wing increased regularly to a large value" (p. 1).
Date: January 1936
Creator: Weick, Fred E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Tests on the Lateral Control of an Airplane having a Split Flap which Retracts Ahead of Conventional Ailerons, Special Report

Description: "Since the recent more or less extensive adoption of high-lift flaps on airplane wings, the problem of providing satisfactory lateral control without sacrificing a part of the span of the flaps has become one of some importance. The difficulties have been largely a matter of obtaining satisfactory rolling moments with a smoothly graduated action, together with sufficiently small control forces throughout the entire speed range. As part of an investigation including several different lateral-control arrangements to be used with split flaps, the tests reported in this paper were made on one arrangement in which conventional ailerons of narrow chord are used, and a split flap is retracted into the under surface of the wing forward of the ailerons" (p. 1).
Date: December 1933
Creator: Weick, Fred E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Simplified Propeller Design for Low-Powered Airplanes

Description: "The object of this report is to furnish the designer and builder of small airplanes a simple system for designing the propeller and making the drawing. An empirical design method is used, based on tests of model propellers in a wind tunnel and full scale tests of propellers in flight. The actual designing is accomplished by means of charts and involves very little calculation" (p. 1).
Date: January 1925
Creator: Weick, Fred E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Propeller Scale Effect and Body Interference

Description: "This note shows that the main part of the discrepancy between full flight propeller performance and the performance of models in a wind tunnel is due to a scale effect, and that a minor part is caused by body interference. Analyses are made of propeller performances on several standard airplanes, and the actual brake horsepower compared with the power as calculated from model test data. The calculated power is based on that absorbed by a wind tunnel propeller model which is geometrically similar to the full scale propeller and is operating under the same ratio of V/nD" (p. 1).
Date: September 1925
Creator: Weick, Fred E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of Length of Handley Page Tip Slots on the Lateral-Stability Factor, Damping in Roll

Description: "Tests have been made in the NACA 7 by 10 foot wind tunnel on a Clark Y wing model equipped with various lengths of Handley Page slots extending inward from the wing tips. The slot lengths tested ranged from 20 to 100 per cent of the semi span. The effect of slot lengths on damping in roll was determined by means of both free-autorotation and forced-rotation test. In addition, the maximum lift coefficient was found with each slot length. The optimum length of slot for satisfactory damping in roll over a large range of angles of attack was found to be slightly over 50 per cent of the semispan for the form of slot tested" (p. 1).
Date: July 1932
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Wenzinger, Carl J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Characteristics of a Clark Y Wing Model Equipped With Several Forms of Low-Drag Fixed Slots

Description: This investigation was undertaken to develop a low-drag fixed slot for an airplane wing which would avoid the complications and maintenance difficulties of the present movable-type Handley Page slot. Tests were conducted on a series of fixed slots in an attempt to reduce the minimum drag coefficient without decreasing the maximum lift coefficient or the stalling angle of the slotted wing. The tests were made in the NACA 5-foot vertical wind tunnel on a Clark Y basic section having a 10-inch chord.
Date: 1932
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Wenzinger, Carl J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Investigation of Rolling Moments Obtained With Spoilers on Both Slotted and Plain Wings

Description: "A wind-tunnel study has been made to determine the possibility of developing spoilers suitable for providing the lateral control for airplanes in place of the usual ailerons. The first tests were made on a model wing with a fixed tip slot, but when it was found that the effectiveness of the spoilers did not depend to any great extent on the slot, tests were made on a plain wing also. In both cases certain spoiler positions were found which were free from the usual adverse rolling moments with small deflections" (p. 1).
Date: April 1932
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Wenzinger, Carl J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Research Comparing Lateral Control Devices, Particularly at High Angles of Attack 9: Tapered Wings With Ordinary Ailerons

Description: Tests were made with ordinary flap-type ailerons on two wings with different amounts of taper, one medium and the other extreme. On each wing both medium sized tapered ailerons and short wide tapered ailerons were tested.
Date: February 1933
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Wenzinger, Carl J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Research Comparing Lateral Control Devices, Particularly at High Angles of Attack 12: Upper-Surface Ailerons on Wings With Split Flaps

Description: "This report covers the twelfth of a series of tests conducted to compare different lateral control devices with particular reference to their effectiveness at high angles of attack. The present wind tunnel tests were made with two sizes of upper-surface ailerons on rectangular Clark Y wing models equipped with full span split flaps. The tests showed the effect of the upper-surface ailerons and of the split flaps on the general performance characteristics of the wings, and on the lateral controllability and stability characteristics" (p. 463).
Date: June 8, 1934
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Wenzinger, Carl J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Research Comparing Lateral Control Devices, Particularly at High Angles of Attack 3: Ordinary Ailerons Rigged Up 10 Degrees When Neutral

Description: This report presents the results of wind-tunnel tests made on three model wings having different sizes of ordinary ailerons rigged up 10 degrees when neutral, the same models having previously been tested with the ailerons rigged even with the wings in the usual manner. One of the wings had ailerons of medium size, 25 per cent of the wing chord by 40 per cent of the semispan, one had long, narrow ailerons, and one had short, wide ones. These tests are part of a general investigation on lateral control devices, with particular reference to the control at high angles of attack, in which all the devices are being subjected to the same series of tests in the 7 by 10 foot wind tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics.
Date: February 5, 1932
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Wenzinger, Carl J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic tests of a low aspect ratio tapered wing with various flaps, for use on tailless airplanes

Description: From Introduction: "The tests described in this report are the first in an investigation by N.A.C.A. of the aerodynamic characteristics of possible tailless arrangements. The investigations will be extended to include whatever range is through most desirable and may include, among other things, variations in aspect ratio, taper, sweepback, washout, air-foil section, dihedral, and also control flaps or other control devices of different forms and proportions."
Date: June 1933
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Sanders, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Research Comparing Lateral Control Devices, Particularly at High Angles of Attack 5: Spoilers and Ailerons on Rectangular Wings

Description: "This report covers the fifth of a series of systematic investigations in which lateral control devices are compared with particular reference to their effectiveness at high angles of attack. The present report deals with tests of spoilers and ordinary ailerons on rectangular Clark Y wing models. In an effort to obtain satisfactory control throughout the entire angle-of-attack range that can be maintained in flight, various spoilers were tested in combination with two sizes of previously tested ordinary ailerons - one of average proportions and the other short and wide. In addition, one large spoiler was tested alone" (p. 719).
Date: June 13, 1932
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Shortal, Joseph A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development of the N.A.C.A. Slot-Lip Aileron

Description: "An investigation of the undesirable delayed action, or lag, of the spoiler-type lateral control device led to the development of the NACA slot-lip aileron. The tests were made in the 7- by 10-foot wind tunnel with a 4- by 8-foot wing hinged at the tunnel jet boundary and restrained in roll by elastic cords. Time histories were taken of the motion of the control device under test and of the resulting wing motion" (p. 1).
Date: November 1935
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Shortal, Joseph A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Effect of Multiple Fixed Slots and a Trailing-Edge Flap on the Lift and Drag of a Clark Y Airfoil

Description: "Lift and drag tests were made on a Clark Y wing equipped with four fixed slots and a trailing-edge flap in the 5-foot vertical wind tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. All possible combinations of the four slots were tested with the flap neutral and the most promising combinations were tested with the flap down 45 degrees. Considering both the maximum lift coefficient and the speed-range ratio with the flap neutral no appreciable improvement was found with the use of more than the single leading-edge slot" (p. 3).
Date: 1932
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Shortal, Joseph A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind Tunnel Research Comparing Lateral Control Devices, Particularly at High Angles of Attack 8: Straight and Skewed Ailerons on Wings With Rounded Tips

Description: Tests showed the effect of the ailerons and the tip shapes on the general performance of the wing, as well as on the lateral control and stability characteristics. The hinge moments were not measured but the approximate values are given in the first report of the series.
Date: February 1933
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Shortal, Joseph A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Model Wing Having a Split Flap Deflected Downward and Moved to the Rear

Description: "Tests were made on a model wing with three different sized split trailing-edged flaps, in the NACA 7 by 10 foot wind tunnel. The flaps were formed of the lower rear portion of the wing and were rotated downward about axes at their front edges. The lift, drag, and center of pressure were measured with the axis in its original position and also with it moved back in even steps to the trailing edge of the main wing, giving in effect an increase in area. The split flaps when deflected about their original axis locations gave slightly higher maximum lift coefficients than conventional trailing-edge flaps, and the lift coefficients were increased still further by moving the axes toward the rear" (p. 1).
Date: May 1932
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Harris, Thomas A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Wind-Tunnel and Flight Tests of a Balanced Split Flap, Special Report

Description: One disadvantage that has been apparent in the operation of split flaps as used to date is the time and effort required to operate them. In this communication an investigation is being made of possible means for balancing them aerodynamically to make their operation easier. Several arrangements have been tested in the 7 by 210 foot wind tunnel, and the results of the wind-tunnel tests as well as preliminary flight tests on one of the more promising forms are given in this paper.
Date: August 1934
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Thompson, Floyd L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Research Comparing Lateral Control Devices, Particularly at High Angles of Attack 1: Ordinary Ailerons on Rectangular Wings

Description: "This report is the first in a series in which it is intended to compare the relative merits of all ordinary and some special forms of ailerons and other lateral control devices in regard to their effect on lateral controllability, lateral stability, and airplane performance. The comparisons are based on wind-tunnel test data, all the control devices being fitted to model wings having the same span, area, and airfoil section, and being subjected to the same series of force and rotation tests. The results are given for five different aileron movements: one with equal up-and-down deflection, one with average and one with extreme differential motion, one with upward deflection only, and one with the ailerons arranged to float with respect to the wing" (p. 357).
Date: December 10, 1931
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Wenzinger, Carl J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind Tunnel Research Concerning Lateral Control Devices, Particularly at High Angles of Attack 7: Handley Page Tip and Full-Span Slots With Ailerons and Spoilers

Description: Tests were made with ordinary ailerons and different sizes of spoilers on rectangular Clark Y wing models with Handley Page tip and full span slots. The tests showed the effect of the control devices on the general performance of the wings as well as on the lateral control and lateral stability characteristics.
Date: January 1933
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Wenzinger, Carl J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Tests of a Hall High-Life Wing

Description: "Wind-tunnel tests have been made to find the lift, drag, and center-of-pressure characteristics of a Hall high-lift wing model. The Hall wing is essentially a split-flap airfoil with an internal air passage. Air enters the passage through an opening in the lower surface somewhat back of and parallel to the leading edge, and flows out through an opening made by deflecting the rear portion of the under surface downward as a flap. For ordinary flight conditions the front opening and the rear flap can be closed, providing in effect a conventional airfoil (the Clark Y in this case)" (p. 1).
Date: May 1932
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Sanders, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Tests of a Clark Y Wing With a Narrow Auxiliary Airfoil in Different Positions

Description: "Aerodynamic force tests were made on a combination of a Clark Y wing and a narrow auxiliary airfoil to find the best location of the auxiliary airfoil with respect to the main wing. The auxiliary was a highly cambered airfoil of medium thickness having a chord 14.5 per cent that of the main wing. It was tested in 141 different positions ahead of, above, and behind the nose portion of the main wing, the range of the test points being extended until the best aerodynamic conditions were covered" (p. 537).
Date: February 23, 1932
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Bamber, Millard J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Tests on Combinations of a Wing With Fixed Auxiliary Airfoils Having Various Chords and Profiles

Description: This report presents the results of wind tunnel tests on various auxiliary airfoils having three different airfoil sections and several different chord lengths in combination with a Clark Y model wing in a sufficient number of relative positions to determine the optimum with regard to certain criterions of aerodynamic performance. The airfoil sections included a symmetrical profile, one of medium camber, and a highly cambered one. The chord sizes of the auxiliary airfoils ranged from 7.5 to 25 percent of the chord of the main wing, and the span was equal to that of the main wing.
Date: June 10, 1933
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Sanders, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Resume and analysis of NACA lateral control research

Description: "An analysis of the principal results of recent NACA lateral control research is made by utilizing the experience and progress gained during the course of the investigation. Two things are considered of primary importance in judging the effectiveness of different control devices: the (calculated) banking and yawing motion of a typical small airplane caused by a deflection of the control, and the stick force required to produce this deflection. The report includes a table in which a number of different lateral control devices are compared on these bases" (p. 1).
Date: April 20, 1937
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Jones, Robert T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department