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Aerodynamic computation of gliders

Description: From Introduction: "In the following discussion, a knowledge of the theoretical principles of airplane construction is assumed, as presented in detail by Vogt and Lippisch in Nos. 7 and 10-19 of the 1919 volume of this publication. A few quantities will however be otherwise designated, in accordance with the Gottingen symbols."
Date: September 1922
Creator: Schrenk, M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Behavior of vortex systems

Description: Progressive application of the Kutta-Joukowsky theorem to the relationship between airfoil lift and circulation affords a number of formulas concerning the conduct of vortex systems. The application of this line of reasoning to several problems of airfoil theory yields an insight into many hitherto little observed relations. This report is confined to plane flow, hence all vortex filaments are straight and mutually parallel (perpendicular to the plane of flow).
Date: June 1933
Creator: Betz, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Apparatus for measurements of time and space correlation

Description: The report describes a brief review is made of improvements to an experimental apparatus for time and space correlation designed for study of turbulence. Included is a description of the control of the measurements and a few particular applications.
Date: April 1955
Creator: Favre, Alexandre; Gaviglio, J & Dumas, R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experiments on a tail-wheel shimmy

Description: Model tests on the "running belt" and tests with a full-scale tail wheel were made on a rotating drum as well as on a runway in order to investigate the causes of the undesirable shimmy phenomena frequently occurring on airplane tail wheels, and the means of avoiding them. The small model (scale 1:10) permitted simulation of the mass, moments of inertia, and fuselage stiffness of the airplane and determination of their influence on the shimmy, whereas by means of the larger model with pneumatic tires (scale 1:2) more accurate investigations were made on the tail wheel itself. The results of drum and road tests show good agreement with one another and with model values. Detailed investigations were made regarding the dependence of the shimmy tendency on trail, rolling speed, load, size of tires, ground friction,and inclination of the swivel axis; furthermore, regarding the influence of devices with restoring effect on the tail wheel, and the friction damping required for prevention of shimmy. Finally observations from slow-motion pictures are reported and conclusions drawn concerning the influence of tire deformation.
Date: October 1954
Creator: Dietz, O. & Harling, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experiments with an airfoil from which the boundary layer is removed by suction

Description: Our attempts to improve the properties of airfoils by removing the boundary layer by suction, go back to 1922. The object of the suction is chiefly to prevent the detachment of the boundary layer from the surface of the airfoil. At large angles of attack, such detachment prevents the attainment of the great lift promised by the theory, besides greatly increasing the drag, especially of thick airfoils. This report gives results of those experiments.
Date: August 1926
Creator: Ackeret, J.; Betz, A. & Schrenk, O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experiments on a slotted wing

Description: The results of pressure distribution measurements that were made on a model wing section of a Fieseler F 5 R type airplane are presented. Comparison of those model tests with the corresponding flight tests indicates the limitations and also the advantages of wind tunnel investigations, the advantages being particularly that through the variety of measuring methods employed the more complicated flow conditions may also be clarified. A fact brought out in these tests is that even in the case of "well rounded" slots it is possible for a vortex to be set up at the slot entrance and this vortex is responsible for certain irregularities in the pressure distribution and in the efficiency of the slot.
Date: March 1939
Creator: Ruden, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experiments on airfoils with aileron and slot

Description: The present report contains the results of a few experiments on three airfoils to which the rear portions, having chords respectively 1/4, 1/3, and 2/5 of the total chords, are hinged so as to form ailerons, especial attention being given to the shape of the slot between the aileron and the main portion of the aileron.
Date: November 1927
Creator: Betz, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental study of flow past turbine blades

Description: From Introduction: "The requirements on gas turbines for aircraft power units, namely, adequate efficiency, operation at high gas temperatures, low weight, and small dimensions, must be taken into consideration during the design of the blading. To secure good efficiency, it is necessary that the gas flow past the blades as smoothly as possible without separation. This is relatively easily obtainable in the accelerated flow of turbine blading, if the blade spacing is chosen small enough. A small blade spacing, however, is detrimental to the other requirements outlined above. Operation at high gas temperatures usually calls for blade cooling. This cooling is associated with a power input that lowers the turbine efficiency. Since the amount of heat that must be carried off for coding a blade can be influenced rather little, the gross power input for a turbine stage can be reduced by keeping the number of blades to a minimum, that is, with blades of high spacing ratio. But here also a limit is imposed, the exceeding of which is followed by separation of flow. Hence the requirement of finding blade forms on which the flow separates at rather high spacing ratios."
Date: June 1949
Creator: Eckert, E. & Vietinghoff-Scheel, K. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Heat Transfer to a Plate in Flow at High Speed

Description: From Summary: "The heat transfer in the laminar boundary layer of a heated plate in flow at high speed can be obtained by integration of the conventional differential equations of the boundary layer, so long as the material values can be regarded as constant. This premise is fairly well satisfied at speeds up to about twice the sonic speed and at not excessive temperature rise of the heated plate. The general solution of the equation includes Pohlhausen's specific cases of heat transfer to a plate at low speeds and of the plate thermometer. The solution shows that the heat transfer coefficient at high speed must be computed with the same equation as at low speed, when it is referred to the difference of the wall temperature of the heated plate in respect to its "natural temperature." Since this fact follows from the linear structure of the differential equation describing the temperature field, it is equally applicable to the heat transfer in the turbulent boundary layer."
Date: May 1943
Creator: Eckert, E. & Drewitz, O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The 5- by 7-meter wind tunnel of the DVL

Description: The report contains a description of the DVL wind tunnel. According to the cones fixed, an elliptical stream with axes 5 by 7 meters and length 9 meters, or a stream 6 by 8 meters in cross section and 11 meters in length is available. The top speed with the smaller cone is 65 meters per second. The testing equipment consists of an automatic six-component balance and a test rig for propellers and engines up to 650 horsepower.
Date: March 1936
Creator: Kramer, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Systematic airfoil tests in the large wind tunnel of the DVL

Description: The present report is a description of systematic tests at maximum lift on airfoils with and without split flap and of profile drag at low lift. In order to obtain an opinion as to the suitability of the airfoils with flaps, the maximum-lift measurements were repeated on airfoils with split flaps. The profile drag at low lift was arrived at by direct weighing and momentum measurements and, since the profiles were of unusual depth, extended to large Reynolds numbers.
Date: March 1938
Creator: Doetsch, H. & Kramer, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests for the determination of the stress condition in tension fields

Description: The present experiments treat the stress of actual tension fields within the elastic range. They give the magnitude of the flexural stresses due to wrinkling. They also disclose, particularly by slightly exceeded buckling load, the marked unloading - as compared with the tension-field theory - of the uprights as a result of the flexural stiffness of the web plate. The test sheets were clamped at the edges and brought to buckling through shearing and compressive stresses applied in the direction of the long sides.
Date: November 1936
Creator: Lahde, R. & Wagner, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Statistical analysis of the time and fatigue strength of aircraft wing structures

Description: The results from stress measurements in flight operation afford data for analyzing the frequency of appearance of certain parts of the static breaking strength during a specified number of operating hours. Appropriate frequency evaluations furnish data for the prediction of the required strength under repeated stress in the wing structures of aircraft of the different stress categories for the specified number of operating hours demanded during the life of a component.
Date: October 1941
Creator: Kaul, Hans W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Propeller blade stresses caused by periodic displacement of the propeller shaft

Description: The present report deals with different vibration stresses of the propeller and their removal by an elastic coupling of propeller and engine. A method is described for protecting the propeller from unstable oscillations and herewith from the thus excited alternating gyroscopic moments. The respective vibration equations are set down and the amount of elasticity required is deduced.
Date: June 1942
Creator: Meyer, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some remarks concerning soaring flight

Description: The publication of the following details is due to the desire of the editor to have the problems of soaring flight treated on the occasion of the Rhone Soaring Flight Contest. Soaring flight is defined as motorless flight without loss of height. Some calculations are provided in order to maximize the potential effects of wind and air currents.
Date: October 1921
Creator: Prandtl, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Statistical analysis of service stresses in aircraft wings

Description: On the wing structures of modern high speed aircraft, in particular, the comparatively high-service stresses and the consistently increasing number of hours of operation during the life of the separate airplane parts make the studies of strength requirement under recurrent stresses appear of major concern. The DVL has therefore made exhaustive studies for this structural group of airplanes, some results of which are reported here.
Date: June 1942
Creator: Kaul, Hans W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Propeller problems

Description: This report tries to give a comprehensive survey of the most important propeller problems such as the shape of propellers and the effect of atmospheric conditions on propeller performance.
Date: December 1928
Creator: Betz, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Synthetic resins in aircraft construction - their composition, properties, present state of development and application to light structures

Description: This report gives a brief review of the properties that have been attained with the synthetic materials with which we are at present familiar. Results of investigations are presented as well as possibilities for construction applications. Endurance strength and bonding tests are also presented.
Date: November 1937
Creator: Riechers, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of artificial flight at high altitudes

Description: From Report: "If we wish to form an accurate idea of the extraordinary progress achieved in aeronautics, a comparison must be made of the latest altitude records and the figures regarded as highest attainable limit some ten years ago. It is desirable, for two reasons, that we should be able to define the limit of the altitudes that can be reached without artificial aid. First, to know to what extent the human body can endure the inhalation of rarified air. Second, the mental capacity of the aviator must be tested at high altitudes and the limit known below which he is able to make reliable observations without being artificially supplied with oxygen. A pneumatic chamber was used for the most accurate observations."
Date: November 1920
Creator: Gradenwitz, Arthur
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department