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Tests of an attack-type airplane in the Ames 40- by 80-foot wind tunnel to improve the high-speed maneuvering control-force characteristics

Description: Report discussing testing on a twin-engine airplane to determine which modifications would make it suitable for ground-support attack operations. Some of the suggested modifications include replacing fabric-covered elevators with metal-covered elevators with a balance tab, replacing fabric-covered ailerons with metal-covered ailerons with a balance tab, sealing the airplane, fairing the nose guns, removing the lower-periscope deflector, and fairing the bomb racks. The results of other types of configurations are included in the report.
Date: November 1945
Creator: McCormack, Gerald M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of a 1/7-scale powered model of the Kaiser tailless airplane in the Langley full-scale tunnel

Description: Report discussing testing of a model of the Kaiser tailless airplane in order to determine its general aerodynamic characteristics and the probable stability and control characteristics. Only the results of the tests are presented in this report; the estimated flying qualities are in a separate report. Information about the lift, stall, drag, elevator effectiveness and hinge moments, rudder effectiveness and hinge moments, aileron effectiveness and hinge moments, and characteristics in yaw is included.
Date: March 1946
Creator: Brewer, C. W. & Rickey, E. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of air valves for intermittent-jet engines at speeds of 20 and 25 cycles per second

Description: Report discussing a study of automatic nonreturn air valves for use in an intermittent-jet engine. Four valve-spring materials, three valve-grill materials, and five types of valves were used. Valve A, which was made out of aluminum, was found to perform the best and last the longest.
Date: May 8, 1945
Creator: Bressman, Joseph R. & McCready, Robert J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of an adjustable-area exhaust nozzle for jet-propulsion engines

Description: Report discussing a comparison between a centrifugal-flow-type turbojet engine with an adjustable-area exhaust nozzle and with a series of fixed-area nozzles of various throat diameters. The adjustable-area nozzle was found to be as efficient as the fixed-area nozzles in testing. Information about the corrected static thrust, fuel flow, and tail-pipe gas temperature for both types of nozzles is provided.
Date: August 16, 1945
Creator: Wilcox, E. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of a 1/14-scale powered model of the XB-36 airplane in the Langley 19-foot pressure tunnel 1: stalling characteristics and aileron effectiveness of several wing and flap arrangements

Description: Report discussing an investigation into the stalling characteristics, aileron effectiveness, and longitudinal stability of a scale model of the XB-36 airplane. The model was tested with the original configuration as well as with several modifications to the outboard panels and flap arrangement.
Date: February 1945
Creator: Alexander, S. R. & Sivells, James C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of cast aluminum-alloy mixed-flow impellers

Description: From Summary: "A machined mixed-flow centrifugal impeller of a relatively complex passage shape was used as a pattern to cast a number of aluminum-alloy impellers from two aluminum-base alloys (designated alloys 1 and 2) by the 'lost wax' process. An investigation was conducted to determine whether these cast impellers, could be considered satisfactory for use in compressors. The investigation included preliminary examination, physical tests, metallurgical examination, and performance tests."
Date: April 1946
Creator: Douglas, John E. & Schwartz, Irving R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Tests of a 1/6-Scale Model of Republic XF-12 Vertical Tail with Stub Fuselage and Stub Horizontal Tail

Description: A 1/6-scale model of the Republic XF-12 vertical tail with stub fuselage and stub horizontal tail was tested in the Langley stability tunnel to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of the model, The investigation included a study of the effects of boundarylayer thickness, rudder area, and cover-plate alinement on the aerodynamic characteristics. Tuft studies were made in the vicinity of the junction of the vertical and stub horizontal tails. The results of the investigation indicated that the flow in the vicinity of the junction of the vertical and stub horizontal tails was only slightly improved by the addition of a fillet. An increase in boundary-layer thickness produced a slight decrease in rudder effectiveness. The increase in lift of the combined rudders over that of the upper rudder alone was not proportional at low deflections and was approximately proportional at high deflections to the increase in rudder area. When the balance-chamber cover plates were bowed out, the change in rudder hinge moment with rudder angle was less negative. The variation of the lift coefficient with angle of attack and the variation, at small values of angle of attack, of rudder hinge-noment coefficient with angle of attack was approximately the same for all model configurations tested. The upper rudder used in conjunction with a tab was found to satisfy the Army specifications regarding asymmetric power on a multiengine airplane.
Date: June 2, 1945
Creator: MacLachlan, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Tests of a 1/6-Scale Model of Republic XF-12 Vertical Tail Incorporating a De-Icing Air Duct

Description: A 1/6-scale model of the Republic XF-12 vertical tail with stub fuselage, stub horizontal tail, and a de-icing air duct was tested in the Langley stability tunnel. The investigation consisted of a study of the effects of the duct, with and without air flow, on the aerodynamic characteristics of the model. The model tested was a revision of a model previously tested in the Langley stability tunnel. The revised model differed from the original model in that it incorporated a de-icing air duct, included a dorsal fin, and had a larger stub fuselage. A comparison of data obtained form tests of the original and revised models was made. The results of the investigation indicated that the air duct had very little effect on the aerodynamic characteristics of the model. A small change occurred in the variation of rudder hinge-moment coefficient with angle of attack but it is believed that this change can be corrected by a properly applied spring tab.
Date: 1945
Creator: MacLachlan, Robert & Miller, Sadie M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Tests of a 1/5-Scale Semispan Model of the Republic XF-12 Horizontal Tail Surface

Description: Wind-tunnel tests of a 1/5-scale semispan model of the Republic XF-12 horizontal tail surface equipped with an internally balanced elevator were conducted in the 6- by 6-foot test section of the Langley stability tunnel. The tests included measurements of the aerodynamic characteristics of the horizontal tail with and without a beveled trailing edge and also included measurements of the tab characteristics. The variation of the aerodynamic characteristics with boundary-layer conditions and leakage in the internal-balance chambers, measurements of the boundary-layer displacement thickness near the elevator hinge axis, and pressure distributions at the mean geometric chord were also obtained. The results showed that the hinge-moment characteristics of the elevator were critical to boundary-layer conditions and internal-balance leakage. Increasing the boundary-layer displacement thickness by use of roughness strips reduced the rate of change of elevator hinge moments with tab deflection by about 20 percent. The present horizontal tail appears to be unsatisfactory for longitudinal stability with power on, however, an increase in horizontal-tail lift effectiveness should correct this difficulty. The maneuvering stick force per unit acceleration will be extremely critical to minor variations of the elevator hinge moments if the elevator is linked directly to the stick.
Date: 1945
Creator: Denaci, H. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Tests of a Portion of a PV-2 Helicopter Rotor Blade

Description: From Summary: "A portion of a PV-2 helicopter rotor blade has been tested in the 6- by 6-foot test section of the Langley stability tunnel to determine if the aerodynamic characteristics were seriously affected by cross flow or fabric distortion. The outer portion of the blade was tested as a reflection plane model pivoted about the tunnel wall to obtain various angles of cross flow over the blade. Because the tunnel wall acts as a plane of symmetry, the measured aerodynamic characteristics correspond to those of an airfoil having various angles of sweepforward and sweepback. Tests were made with the vents on the lower surface open and also with the vents sealed and the internal pressure held at -20 inches of water producing an internal pressure coefficient of -1.059."
Date: March 29, 1945
Creator: Kemp, William B., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight tests of various tail modifications on the Brewster XSBA-1 airplane 3: measurements of flying qualities with tail configuration 3

Description: Report presenting a series of tests on the Brewster XSBA-1 airplane to determine the effects of various tail modifications. Some of the modifications include variations of the chord of the elevator and rudder while the span and total area of the surfaces are kept constant and variations of the total area of the vertical tail surface. Results regarding the longitudinal stability and control and lateral stability and control are provided.
Date: July 1944
Creator: Crane, H. L. & Reeder, J. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic data for a wing section of the Republic XF-12 airplane equipped with a double slotted flap

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the two-dimensional low-turbulence tunnels for the purpose of developing an optimum flap configuration for maximum lift on an airfoil section for the Republic XF-12 airplane equipped with a double slotted flap. Lift and flap loads were obtained at several flap deflections for two flap paths. Results regarding lift, drag, and flap loads are provided.
Date: January 1946
Creator: Cahill, Jones F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic tests of an NACA 66(215)-116, a=0.6 airfoil with a 0.25c slotted flap for the Fleetwings XA-39 airplane

Description: Report presenting testing in the two-dimensional low-turbulence tunnels on a 24-inch-chord model of the NACA 66(215)-116 a = 0.6 airfoil with a 0.25-chord slotted flap. The optimum flap pivot positions were found for three different conditions. The conditions were determined from a consideration of the landing, take-off, and strafing requirements of the airplane.
Date: November 1944
Creator: Cahill, Jones F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Two-dimensional wind-tunnel investigation of 0.20-airfoil-chord plain ailerons of different contour on an NACA 65(sub 1)-210 airfoil section

Description: Report presenting an investigation of three interchangeable sealed-gap 0.20-airfoil-chord plain ailerons of different contour on the NACA 65(sub 1)-210 airfoil section. The three aileron contours tested were the true airfoil contour, straight sides, and a beveled trailing edge. Results regarding the aileron effectiveness, aileron hinge moments, lift, pitching moment, and drag are provided.
Date: December 1945
Creator: Underwood, William J.; Braslow, Albert L. & Cahill, Jones F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight tests of a pursuit airplane fitted with an experimental bellows-type bob weight

Description: Report presenting flight tests to determine the longitudinal stability characteristics of a pursuit airplane when flown with and without an experimental bellows-type bob weight. When the weight was installed, the stick-free static stability remained approximately constant irrespective of the shift in center of gravity resulting from a change in fuel quantity in the auxiliary fuselage fuel tank. Although the weight functioned satisfactorily, the performance could have been enhanced by the reduction of the friction in the mechanism.
Date: October 1944
Creator: Spreiter, John R. & Nissen, James M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

General free to trim tests in NACA tank no.2 of three 1/8-full-size models of flying-boat hulls at low speeds-NACA models 116E-3K, 120R, and 143

Description: Report presenting tests of representative models of flying boat hulls to determine the resistance at low speeds. Results regarding the effect of load coefficients, resistance coefficients, and towing and drifting calculations are provided.
Date: January 1943
Creator: Carter, Arthur W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of a section of the horizontal tail surface for the Bell XP-63 airplane

Description: Report presenting force tests conducted on a model of a section of the XP-63 horizontal tail surface in the 4- by 6-foot closed-throat vertical wing tunnel. The angle-of-attack range was from the negative to the positive stall for all flap deflections.
Date: August 1941
Creator: Ames, Milton B., Jr. & Hoggard, H. Page, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The effect of xylidines on the load-carrying capacity of an aircraft-engine oil 1

Description: Report presenting testing to determine the effect of xylidines on the load-carrying capacity of aircraft-engine oil in several test devices. Lubricating oil and lubricating oil with xylidines added was tested in four different testing machines. In all of the experiments, adding the xylidines made the oil a poorer lubricant in the boundary region of lubrication, where metal-to-metal contact occurs.
Date: August 1943
Creator: Spurr, Robert A. & Olson, Walter T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The effect of xylidines on the corrosiveness of aircraft-engine oil

Description: Report presenting testing to determine the effect of xylidines of the corrosiveness of aircraft-engine oil toward engine bearings as part of an investigation on the suitability of xylidines as an antiknock component in aviation gasoline. Results regarding the loss in bearing weight, corrosion losses, temperature characteristics, and types of corrosion are provided.
Date: July 1943
Creator: Meyrowitz, Emanuel & Olson, Walter T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gasoline-water distribution coefficients of xylidines

Description: Report presenting experimental data on the distribution coefficients of technical xylidines for the system gasoline-water. The distribution coefficient is defined as the ratio of the concentration of xylidines in the gasoline layer to that in the water layer. Results regarding the effect of concentration of xylidines, effect of aromatic content of fuel, effect of sea water, and effect of temperature are provided.
Date: June 1943
Creator: Tischler, Adelbert O.; Slabey, Vernon A. & Olson, Walter T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The low-temperature solubility of technical xylidine in aviation gasoline

Description: Report presenting testing to determine the low-temperature solubility of technical xylidines in aviation gasoline. Testing included measuring the cloud point, or incipient separation temperature, at several concentrations of technical xylidines in a 65-octane-number clear gasoline without aromatics and with aromatics added in various percentages up to 15 percent by volume and a grade 130, specification AN-F-28, amendment 2, gasoline.
Date: June 1943
Creator: Olson, Walter T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Water tolerance of aviation gasoline containing xylidines

Description: Report presenting investigations to determine the effect of xylidines on the saturation concentration of water in aviation gasoline. The saturation concentration of water in gasoline containing 0, 1, and 3 percent xylidines was determined using fresh water at two temperatures and sea water at one temperature.
Date: July 1943
Creator: Revilock, Joseph & Olson, Walter T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Drag measurements at high Reynolds numbers of a 100-inch-chord NACA 23016 practical construction wing section submitted by Chance Vought Aircraft Company

Description: Report presenting drag measurements in the two-dimensional low-turbulence tunnel of an available 100-inch-chord model of the NACA 23016 wing section. Results regarding the curves of section drag coefficient plotted against Reynolds number for various surface conditions and lift coefficients, variation of drag coefficient with lift coefficient, and effects of skin friction are provided.
Date: June 1944
Creator: von Doenhoff, Albert E. & Nuber, Robert J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Accelerations measured at center of gravity and along span of the wing of a B-24D airplane in landing impacts

Description: Report presenting measurements of a Consolidated B-24D airplane of accelerations at various points on the wing during landing impacts. landings were made with the wheels initially stationary but free to rotate, with the brakes set before contact, and with the main wheels rotating prior to contact.
Date: August 1944
Creator: Westfall, John R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department