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Office of Technology Assessment (OTA)

Description: The Congressional Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) closed on September 29, 1995. During its 23-year history, OTA provided Congressional members and committees with analyses of the scientific and technological issues that were increasingly relevant to public policy and legislative action. The agency's legacy is found in the many items of legislation it influenced and in the channels of communication its staff helped foster between legislative policymakers and members of the scientific, technical, and business communities. The Office's legacy is also found in its hundreds of publications, gathered for the first time in electronic form on the set of 5 CD-ROMs: The OTA Legacy, 1972-1995. This Web site presents the complete contents of the five CD-ROMs with additional enhancements and features that facilitate access and retrieval.
Date: June 1, 2001
Creator: Office of Technology Assessment
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The clinical economics of nutrition support services and antibiotic medications for the critically and terminally ill elderly

Description: This report reviews the techniques that are available for assessing the economic impact of medical care intervention, provided a critical review of the studies that have examined the financial consequences of the use of nutrition support services and antibiotic medication. It also describes how their economic impact may vary from different points of view, and proposes the need for further studies and suggests policy implementation of the available data.
Date: June 2, 1986
Creator: Kitz, Deborah S.; Glick, Henry & Eisenberg, John M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal government information technology: electronic record systems and individual privacy

Description: This report addresses four major areas: 1) technological developments relevant to government record systems; 2) current and prospective Federal agency use of electronic record systems; 3) the interaction of technology and public law relevant to protecting privacy; and 4) possible policy actions the warrant congressional attention, including amendment of existing laws such as the Privacy Act of 1974 and establishment of new mechanisms such as Data Protection Board or Privacy Protection Commission.
Date: June 1986
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Biotechnology in a global economy

Description: This report discusses the biotechnology in the following countries: Australia, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Ireland, Japan, Korea, Netherlands, Switzerland, and United Kingdom.
Date: June 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mapping our genes: federal genome projects: How vast? How fast?: transcript of workshop, "Issues of Collaboration for Human Genome Projects

Description: This report discusses the research and technology efforts aimed at mapping and sequencing large portions or entire genomes. It includes the implication of technologies, social and ethical issues, applications in research biology and medicine etc.
Date: June 26, 1987
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Scenarios of five federal agencies (1991-95) as shaped by information technology: a report to the Federal Government Information Technology Project

Description: This report concentrates on the impacts of telecommunications and computer technology over the next ten years on the civil sector of the federal government.
Date: June 21, 1985
Creator: Hitchcock, Henry H.; Heinz, Lisa & Coates, Joseph F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Accuracy of diagnosis and consequences of misdiagnosis of disorders causing dementia

Description: This report discusses the diagnosis of clinical syndrome of dementia, accuracy of differential diagnosis of dementig disorders, prognosis and prognostic accuracy, public health consequences of misdiagnosis,and summary of recommendations.
Date: June 1986
Creator: Katzman, Robert; Lasker, Bruce & Bernstein, Nancy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

RA (Research Assistants) Handbook, June 1992

Description: This handbook was created by the staff of the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) for new Research Assistants, to introduce them to OTA policy and provide guidelines for Research Assistant activities.
Date: June 23, 1992
Creator: Office of Technology Assessment
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Research Assistants Handbook

Description: This manual was designed to guide research assistants new to the OTA. It was used alongside the OTA Employee Handbook and other introductory materials from the OTA Information Center. It covers life at OTA, basics about projects, office equipment and resources, contractors, and an introduction to the DC area. This is not an official OTA document; it was an unpublished office manual.
Date: June 1992
Creator: Office of Technology Assessment
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Distance learning case studies

Description: This report discuses distance learning projects, and ways telecommunications technologies such as satellites, cable television, fiber optics, slow scan TV, instructional television fixed services, and microcomputer networking have opened up opportunities for school districts to coordinate schedules and to share resources.
Date: June 1989
Creator: Barker, Bruce O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The role of private business in distance learning: the educational partnership

Description: This report explicates private corporation's role in developing and executing educational partnerships to serve elementary and secondary schools. It discusses the impact of these partnerships on distance learning. as well as the cooperative role of private enterprise in serving the public authority by addressing the educational needs as the local, regional, state and national levels.
Date: June 1989
Creator: Otterman, Lloyd O. & Pease, Pamela S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The CDC's Case Definition of AIDS: Implications of Proposed Revisions

Description: This background paper examines the epidemiologic evidence used by the CDC in deciding to revise the AIDS case definition and the impact the proposed definition will have on surveillance. The paper also explores the logistical consequences and other implications of the revised definition, including its impact on Social Security disability determinations.
Date: June 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

How effective is AIDS education?

Description: This paper summarizes what is known about the effectiveness of AIDS education programs and programs in other health-related areas. Also documented are AIDS education programs currently being funded by selected Federal agencies. What is known and not known about the effectiveness of past education can guide the design of future AIDS education and the research agendas of Federal agencies.
Date: June 1988
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Inconsistent Picture: A Compilation of Analyses of Economic Impacts of Competing Approaches to Health Care Reform by Experts and Stakeholders

Description: This report reviews numerous analyses of the economic impacts of the major approaches to health care reform addressed in this Report-Single Payer, Play-or-Pay, Individual Vouchers or Tax Credits, and Managed Competition and identifies some of the key issues and significant assumptions behind the estimates provided in these analyses.
Date: June 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Moving Ahead: 1991 Surface Transportation Legislation

Description: This report discusses the major issues surrounding the reauthorization of highway and transit legislation is laid out and four illustrative types of surface transportation programs are presented in chapters 1 and 2. Chapter 3 is devoted to the discussion of motor carrier programs, with special attention to issues related to longer combination trucks.
Date: June 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Building Future Security: Strategies for Restructuring the Defense Technology and Industrial Base

Description: This report elaborates on the findings of the earlier OTA publications and examines in greater detail the specific policy choices involved in restructuring the defense technology and industrial base (DTIB) over the next decade.
Date: June 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Disposal of Chemical Weapons: Alternative Technologies

Description: This background paper briefly describes the Army’s chemical weapons destruction program, discusses the factors that could affect a decision to develop alternatives, discusses the alternatives, and illustrates the difficulty of gaining public acceptance of complex technical systems.
Date: June 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department