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1/12-scale physical modeling experiments in support of tank 241-SY- 101 hydrogen mitigation

Description: Hanford tank 241-SY-101 is a 75-ft-dia double-shell tank that contains approximately 1.1 M gal of radioactive fuel reprocessing waste. Core samples have shown that the tank contents are separated into two main layers, a article laden supernatant liquid at the top of the tank and a more dense slurry on the bottom. Two additional layers may be present, one being a potentially thick sludge lying beneath the slurry at the bottom of the tank and the other being the crust that has formed on the surface of the supernatant liquid. The supernatant is more commonly referred to as the convective layer and the slurry as the non-convective layer. Accumulation of gas (partly hydrogen) in the non-convective layer is suspected to be the key mechanism behind the gas burp phenomena, and several mitigation schemes are being developed to encourage a more uniform gas release rate (Benegas 1992). To support the full-scale hydraulic mitigation test, scaled experiments were performed to satisfy two objectives: 1. provide an experimental database for numerical- model validation; 2. establish operating parameter values required to mobilize the settled solids and maintain the solids in suspension.
Date: January 1, 1993
Creator: Fort, J. A.; Bamberger, J. A.; Bates, J. M.; Enderlin, C. W. & Elmore, M. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

2. 6/sup 0/K refrigeration system for CBA magnet testing

Description: The superconducting magnets for the accelerator's rings will be cooled by a forced flow supercritical helium system from a central refrigeration plant. The design temperature for these magnets varies from 2.6 to 3.8/sup 0/K depending on a magnet's location in the ring. This paper describes the forced flow cooling system for testing a prototype magnet near 2.6/sup 0/K; this lowest temperature being of special interest to evaluate magnet quench protection. The test forced flow cooling system uses a three-stage approach, including an ejector pumped bath, similar to a cycle described previously. The coolant exists at 3.8/sup 0/K from these first stages and is then cooled further in a 64 cm diameter by 3 m high shielded liquid helium dewar. The supercritical helium gas passes through a submerged copper coil in this bath which is pumped to a pressure of 65 mm absolute by a screw compressor system. Temperatures are measured by thermistors located in the gas stream, and also embedded in the magnet coil.
Date: January 1, 1982
Creator: Bamberger, J.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

10-GeV heavy-ion collider

Description: This paper presents a brief report on a study for a relativistic heavy-ion collider covering an energy span from 1 GeV on 1 GeV to 10 GeV on 10 GeV. This energy range was selected as most appropriate for exploitation of the baryon-rich region of relativistic nucleus-nucleus collisions. The study was done prior to the Wells College meeting of the NSAC Long-Range Plan Working Group which recommended a collider with tip energy of 30 GeV on 30 GeV. The present work has not been modified to reflect this higher top energy but some remarks will be made at the end about changes needed to reach these energies. The basic elements of the facility would remain much the same.
Date: January 1, 1983
Creator: Young, G.R.; Martin, J.A. & Ball, J.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

24 Hour pumping test of production well 905-120P

Description: As part of the Savannah River Site (SRS) Aquifer Characterization Program, the Environmental Sciences Section (ESS) of the Savannah River Laboratory (SRL) is attempting to determine the water transmitting characteristics of the different aquifer units underlying the SRS by conducting single well pumping tests on wells installed as part of the SRS Baseline Hydrogeologic Investigation. In April 1990, while performing the single well pumping test, an opportunity became available to collect data on aquifer properties utilizing a production well and observation wells. At this time the US Army Corps of Engineers (COE) was completing a new production well (well 905-120P) in P-Area. This well, located in close proximity to well cluster P-24, was to undergo a 24-hour performance test by the COE. ESS arranged with the subcontractor working on the Single Well pumping Test project. Dames Moore, to instrument the appropriate observation wells and to coordinate data collection with the COE.
Date: December 1, 1990
Creator: Bledsoe, H.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

30-MJ superconducting magnetic energy storage for BPA transmission-line stabilizer

Description: The Bonneville Power Administration operates the transmission system that joins the Pacific Northwest and southern California. A 30 MJ (8.4 kWh) superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) unit with a 10 MW converter can provide system damping for low frequency oscillations. The unit is scheduled to operate in late 1982. Progress to date is described. The coil is complete. All major components of the electrical and cryogenic systems have been received and testing has begun. Computer control hardware is in place and software development is proceeding. Support system components and dewar lid are being fabricated and foundation design is complete. A contract for dewar fabrication is being negotiated.
Date: January 1, 1981
Creator: Schermer, R.I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

30-MJ superconducting magnetic-energy storage for BPA transmission-line stabilizer

Description: The Bonneville Power Administration operates the transmission system that joins the Pacific Northwest and southern California. A 30 MJ (8.4 kWh) Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) unit with a 10 MW converter can provide system damping for low frequency oscillations. The unit is scheduled to operate in 1982. Progress during FY 81 is described. The coil is complete. All major components of the electrical and cryogenic systems have been received and testing has begun. Computer control hardware is in place and software development is proceeding. Support system components and dewar lid are being fabricated and foundation design is complete. A contract for dewar fabrication is being negotiated.
Date: January 1, 1981
Creator: Schermer, R.I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

30-MJ superconducting magnetic energy storage for electric-transmission stabilization

Description: The Bonneville Power Administration operates the electric power transmission system that connects the Pacific Northwest and southern California. The HVAC interties develop 0.35 Hz oscillations when the lines are heavily loaded. A 30 MJ (8.4 kWh) Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) unit with a 10 MW converter can provide system damping for the oscillation. The unit is scheduled for installation in 1982 and operation in 1982-83. Status of the project is described. The conductor has been fully tested electrically and mechanically and the 5 kA superconducting cable has been produced. The 30 MJ superconducting coil is essentially complete. All major components of the electrical and cryogenic systems except the nonconducting dewar have been completed. The refrigerator and converter are undergoing tests. The system is to be located at the BPA Tacoma Substation and operated by microwave link from Portland, OR.
Date: January 1, 1981
Creator: Turner, R.D. & Rogers, J.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

40 CFR 265 interim-status ground-water monitoring plan for the 2101-M pond

Description: This report outlines a ground-water monitoring plan for the 2101-M pond, located in the southwestern part of the 200-East Area on the Hanford Site in south-central Washington State. It has been determined that hazardous materials may have been discharged to the pond. Installation of an interim-status ground-water monitoring system is required under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act to determine if hazardous chemicals are moving out of the pond. This plan describes the location of new wells for the monitoring system, how the wells are to be completed, the data to be collected, and how those data can be used to determine the source and extent of any ground-water contamination from the 2101-M pond. Four new wells are planned, one upgradient and three downgradient. 35 refs., 12 figs., 9 tabs.
Date: March 1, 1989
Creator: Chamness, M.A.; Luttrell, S.P. & Dudziak, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

40 CFR 265 interim status indicator-evaluation ground-water monitoring plan for the 216-B-63 trench

Description: This document outlines a ground-water monitoring plan for the 216-B-63 trench located in the northeast corner of the 200-East Area on the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State. It has been determined that hazardous materials (corrosives) were disposed of to the trench during past operations. Installation of an interim-status ground-water monitoring system is required to determine whether hazardous chemicals are leaching to the ground water from beneath the trench. This document summarizes the existing data that are available from near the 216-B-63 trench and presents a plan to determine the extent of ground-water contamination, if any, derived from the trench. The plan calls for the installation of four new monitoring wells located near the west end of the trench. These wells will be used to monitor ground-water levels and water quality immediately adjacent to the trench. Two existing RCRA monitoring wells, which are located near the trench and hydraulically upgradient of it, will be used as background wells. 46 refs., 15 figs., 12 tabs.
Date: March 1, 1989
Creator: Bjornstad, B.N. & Dudziak, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

101-SY Hydrogen Safety Project chemical analysis support: Window C'' total organic carbon analysis

Description: Core samples taken from Hanford double-shell waste tank 101-SY during Window C'' (after the May 1991 gas release event) were analyzed for total organic carbon by the staff of the Analytical Chemistry Laboratory at Pacific Northwest Laboratory. The procedure uses the oxidation/extraction method of hot acid persulfate oxidation. Evolved CO{sub 2} is measured by a UIC Coulometric Carbon Analyzer coulometry detector. Samples are acidified with heated sulfuric acid to drive off all inorganic carbonate carbon as CO{sub 2}. Excess potassium persulfate oxidant, along with a silver catalyst, is then added to the heated sulfuric acid solution. All organic carbon is oxidized to CO{sub 2}, swept away by the carrier gas to the Coulometrics Analyzer, and the results calculated and displayed directly as {mu}g carbon titrated.
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Gillespie, B.M.; Stromatt, R.W.; Baldwin, D.L. & Hoopes, F.V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

200 Area waste storage study

Description: As a part of the five year budget study requested by HOO-AEC, a study of separations waste storage requirements for this period was made. This study took into consideration the variant estimates of amount of irradiated uranium to be processed, and the goals in the waste reduction research and development program. The conclusions of this study were at variance, to some extent, with prior studies. Interest has been expressed in publication of this study to permit independent assessment of its bases and assumptions.
Date: March 27, 1956
Creator: Hanthorn, H.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

200-UP-2 Operable Unit technical baseline report

Description: This report is prepared in support of the development of a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) Work Plan for the 200-UP-2 Operable Unit by EBASCO Environmental, Incorporated. It provides a technical baseline of the 200-UP-2 Operable Unit and results from an environmental investigation undertaken by the Technical Baseline Section of the Environmental Engineering Group, Westinghouse Hanford Company (Westinghouse Hanford). The 200-UP-2 Operable Unit Technical Baseline Report is based on review and evaluation of numerous Hanford Site current and historical reports, Hanford Site drawings and photographs and is supplemented with Hanford Site inspections and employee interviews. No field investigations or sampling were conducted. Each waste site in the 200-UP-2 Operable Unit is described separately. Close relationships between waste units, such as overflow from one to another, are also discussed. The 200-UP-2 Operable Unit consists of liquid-waste disposal sites in the vicinity of, and related to, U Plant operations in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site. The U Plant'' refers to the 221-U Process Canyon Building, a chemical separations facility constructed during World War 2. It also includes the Uranium Oxide (UO{sub 3}) Plant, which was constructed at the same time and, like the 221-U Process Canyon Building, was later converted for other missions. Waste sites in the 200-UP-2 Operable Unit are associated with the U Plant Uranium Metal Recovery Program mission that occurred between 1952 and 1958 and the UO{sub 3} Plant's ongoing uranium oxide mission and include one or more cribs, reverse wells, french drains, septic tanks and drain fields, trenches, catch tanks, settling tanks, diversion boxes, waste vaults, and the lines and encasements that connect them. 11 refs., 1 tab.
Date: February 1, 1991
Creator: Deford, D.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

216-S-1 and S-2 mixed-fission-product crib-characterization study

Description: The 216-S-1 and 2 crib is an underground structure that was used for the disposal of radioactively contaminated liquid waste at the Hanford Site. The crib received acidic, intermediate level, mixed fission-product waste solutions from 1952 to 1956. The 1980 status of radioactive contaminants in the sediment beneath the crib was investigated. The results indicate that the radionuclide distributions are stable, with no evidence of significant translocations found since the late 1960's.
Date: March 1, 1982
Creator: Van Luik, A. E. & Smith, R. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

300-Area accident analysis for Emergency Planning Zones

Description: The Department of Energy has requested SRL assistance in developing offsite Emergency Planning Zones (EPZs) for the Savannah River Plant, based on projected dose consequences of atmospheric releases of radioactivity from potential credible accidents in the SRP operating areas. This memorandum presents the assessment of the offsite doses via the plume exposure pathway from the 300-Area potential accidents. 8 refs., 3 tabs.
Date: June 27, 1983
Creator: Pillinger, W.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

300 Area process trench sediment analysis report

Description: This report describes the results of a sampling program for the sediments underlying the Process Trenches serving the 300 Area on the Hanford reservation. These Process Trenches were the subject of a Closure Plan submitted to the Washington State Department of Ecology and to the US Environmental Protection Agency in lieu of a Part B permit application on November 8, 1985. The closure plan described a proposed sampling plan for the underlying sediments and potential remedial actions to be determined by the sample analyses results. The results and proposed remedial action plan are presented and discussed in this report. 50 refs., 6 figs., 8 tabs.
Date: December 1, 1987
Creator: Zimmerman, M.G. & Kossik, C.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

324 and 325 Building hot cell cleanout program: Decontamination of C-Cell

Description: During FY 1989 the decontamination of C-Cell of Hanford's 324 Building was completed as part of the 324 and 325 Building Hot Cell Cleanout Program sponsored by the DOE Nuclear Energy's Surplus Facilities Management Program. The decontamination effort was completed using a series of remote and contact decontamination techniques. Initial radiation readings in C-Cell averaged 50 rad/hr and were reduced remotely to less than 200 mrad/hr using an alkaline foam cleaner followed by a 5000-psi water flush. Contact decontamination was then permissible using ultra high-pressure water, at 36,000 psi, further reducing the average radiation level in the cell to less than 86 mrem/hr. The approach used in decontaminating C-Cell resulted in a savings in radiation exposure of 87% and a cost savings of 39% compared to a hands-on procedure used in A-Cell, 324 Building in 1987. The radiation dose and the costs to achieve a 244-fold reduction in radiation contamination were 1.65 mrem per ft{sup 2} and $96 per ft{sup 2} of cell surface area. 14 figs., 4 tabs.
Date: October 1, 1989
Creator: Katayama, Y.B. & Holton, L.K. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

324 building safety analysis report supplement

Description: Process engineering designs, major equipment and plant facilities to be utilized in commercial nuclear waste preparation and vitrification in the 324 Radiochemical Engineering Building are reviewed with regard to accident potential and consequences. This Safety Analysis Report Supplement compares calculated environmental doses anticipated from the Commercial Nuclear Waste Vitrification Project (CNWVP) routine operations with the average doses from past waste management operations conducted at the Hanford Project and finds them to be significantly less. The calculated CNWVP environmental doses are found to be far below presently applicable ERDA standards and standards proposed by the EPA for nuclear power operations. (DLC)
Date: June 24, 1977
Creator: Dodd, A. O. & Wittenbrock, N. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

1500-MeV fixed-field alternating-gradient synchrotron for a pulsed-spallation neutron source

Description: The first conceptual design of the FFAG for ASPUN was an 1100-MeV, 20-sector machine with an injection radius of 17.5 m and an extraction radius of 18.75 m. The conceptual design currently under study has a higher extraction energy, a larger average radius, but still has 20 sectors. The current interest in higher extraction energy is stimulated by calculations that indicate that the useful neutron production per incident proton is still increasing proportionally up to 1500 MeV. The larger radius also matches existing buildings at Argonne that could be made available for the facility. 11 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.
Date: January 1, 1985
Creator: Kustom, R.L.; Khoe, T.K. & Crosbie, E.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

1976 annual summary report

Description: Abstracts of papers published during the previous calendar year, arranged in accordance with the project titles used in the USDOE Schedule 189 Budget Proposals, are presented. The collection of abstracts supplements the listing of papers published in the Schedule 189. The following subject areas are represented: high-energy physics; nuclear physics; basic energy sciences (nuclear science, materials sciences, solid state physics, materials chemistry); molecular, mathematical, and earth sciences (fundamental interactions, processes and techniques, mathematical and computer sciences); environmental research and development; physical and technological studies (characterization, measurement and monitoring); and nuclear research and applications.
Date: March 1, 1978
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department