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20,000 KW Nuclear Power Plant Study for United States Atomic Energy Commission

Description: Introduction: In September of 156, Gilbert Associates, Inc., entered into a contract with the United States of America, acting through the United States Atomic Energy Commission, for the study and preliminary design of a nuclear power plant being considered for integration into a central station power system at an overseas site.
Date: July 7, 1957
Creator: Gilbert Associates, Inc.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: An 80 Mw aqueous homogeneous burner reactor suitable for producing 20 Mw of electricity at a remote location is described. The reactor fuel consists of a light water uranyl sulfate solution which acts as its own moderator and coolant. The uranium is highly enriched (93% U/sup 235/). The primary considerstions for the design were simplicity and reliability of the components, automatic demand control and safe for any load change, full xenon override not required, possibility of construction within the immediate future, and economic operation not the cortrolling factor. Reasonably complete studies are presented for the reactor physics, safety, stability, chemistry, hent transfer, and operation of the system. (auth)
Date: August 1, 1957
Creator: Chapman, R.H.; Collins, H.L.; Dollard, W.J.; Fieno, D.; Hernandez- Fragoso, J.; Miller, J.W. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

100-B Area flow analysis

Description: Results of experimental programs indicate that it might be desirable in the future to modify the existing reactors by replacing the aluminum process tubes with tubes made of a zirconium alloy. The zirconium tubes would be more corrosion resistant than the aluminum ones and would also be stronger at higher temperatures. These new tubes would have the same outer diameter as the present tubes (for ease of handling and in order to provide adequate graphite cooling) but would have a thinner wall (since zirconium alloy is both stronger and more expensive than aluminum). The inner diameter of the new tubes would, therefore, be greater than in the present tubes. In addition to the tube change, it might also be desirable to replace the existing solid fuel elements with those known as ``I&E`` alements. These pieces would be similar to the present elements except for a longitudinal hole which would allow the passage of cooling vater through the center. The element would then be Internally and Externally cooled, and would have a more uniform temperature distribution. The combination of the larger tube inside diameter and the central hole in the fuel element would result in reduced friction loss for the reactor cooling water with a resulting increase in flaw. The 100-B process water system was chosen arbitrarily for analysis and this analysis vas undertaken to determine if the process water system would be capable of providing the additional flow required by the modification.
Date: June 1, 1957
Creator: Bainard, W. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

183 B-C cross tie justification and scope

Description: After the present solid slugs are replaced with the new I&E elements` in the 105-B reactor, the friction loss for the reactor cooling water will be decreased with a resulting opportunity for increase in flow through the reactor. The amount that this flow could be increased is limited by the capacity of the B water plant as well as the reactor itself. It is possible that there will be a shortage of filtered water at 183-B during the critical periods of each year. To overcome this possible shortage of water it has been proposed to construct a thirty inch tie line from the 183-C reservoir to the 183-B clear-well to supply filtered water to 183-B by gravity flow from 183-C. This report presents justification and the scope of this project.
Date: December 2, 1957
Creator: Brinkman, L. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Abnormal grain growth in M-252 and S-816 alloys

Description: Report discussing an experimental investigation was carried out on air- and vacuum-melted M-252 and S-816 alloys to find conditions of heating and hot-working which resulted in abnormal grain growth. The experiments were mainly limited to normal conditions of heating for hot-working and heat treatment and normal temperatures of solution treatment were used to allow grain growth after susceptibility to abnormal grain growth was developed by various experimental conditions. Results indicated that small reductions of essentially strain-free metal were the basic cause of such grain growth.
Date: November 1957
Creator: Decker, R. F.; Rush, A. I.; Dano, A. G. & Freeman, J. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Abnormal grain growth in nickel-base heat-resistant alloys

Description: From Introduction: "The data included in this report for Nimonic 80A alloy, for instance, represent experiments carried out to help clarify a production problem of grain-size control in an alloy which has been extensively used. The general procedure of the investigation was to carry out controlled laboratory experiments on samples of bar stock to find conditions of heating and hot-working which resulted in abnormal grain growth."
Date: December 1957
Creator: Decker, R. F.; Rush, A. I.; Dano, A. G. & Freeman, J. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Accelerations in fighter-airplane crashes

Description: From Introduction: "This report describes some measurements of these quantities obtained by crashing fighter aircraft under circumstances approximating those observed in service."
Date: November 4, 1957
Creator: Acker, Loren W.; Black, Dugald O. & Moser, Jacob C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: A series of explosions, estimated at five, occurred over a period of ten seconds within the continuous dissolver pilot plant, of the Fluoride Volatility Project on May 15, 1957. The explosive reactions occurred in the dissolver vessels as a result of violent chemical reactions between uranium and an interhalogen mixture. Just what the conditions were which triggered the explosions, have not been definitely established. Nevertheless, based upon the evidence which has been collected, several possible explanations, listed according to probability, are presented. A number of recommendations are included to be followed before operation of the pilot plant is resumed. These recommendations relate to additional laboratory research, equipment design, facility design, and use of a review committee. Safety rules for handling BrF/ sub 3/, BrF/sub 5/, ClF/sub 3/, and Br/sub 2/ are appended. (C.H.)
Date: July 10, 1957
Creator: Strickland, G.; Horn, F.L.; Johnson, R. & Dwyer, O.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Accidents from explosives at metal and nonmetallic mines

Description: Circular produced by the U.S. Bureau of Mines to promote safety through a series of reports on accident prevention in mines. According the the scope statement, "This is the fourth section of the revised series of circulars that cover various phases of accident prevention in metal and nonmetallic mines; it give information on accidents and injuries from storing, handling, and using explosive in metal and nonmetallic mines and discusses the precautions by which they can be prevented" (p. 2).
Date: 1957
Creator: Cash, Frank E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Accounting for Self-Insurance--Theory and Practice

Description: This study is an investigation of the theoretical accounting viewpoints and the accounting procedures used in business practice for the origination and administration of a self-insurance program. The purpose of this study is to compare the correct theoretical accounting procedures for self-insurance planning with those used in practice today.
Date: August 1957
Creator: Saleh, John Thomas
Partner: UNT Libraries

Action and Emission Spectra of the Luminescence of Green PlantMaterials

Description: The action and emission spectra of the delayed light emission from Chlorella, Nostoc, and spinach chloroplasts have been measured. The action spectra for Chlorella and for spinach chloroplasts are quite similar to the absorption spectra of these materials. The action spectrum for Nostoc, on the other hand, shows a relatively low activity for chlorophyll and carotenoids and a high activity for phycocyanin. The emission spectra of these materials demonstrates that the luminescence is the result of a transition between the first excited singlet state and the ground state of chlorophyll. Low-temperature studies suggest that the triplet state of chlorophyll is not involved at all in the luminescence of spinach chloroplasts. There is some indication that part of the light emitted from Nostoc is due to a phycocyanin transition.
Date: December 29, 1957
Creator: Tollin, G.; Fujimori, E. & Calvin, Melvin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department


Description: The activation cross section of sodium in the range from thermal energy through the 3-kev resonance is generally assumed to be given by the one-level BreitWigner formula, the GAMMA /sub gamma / being selected to describe correctly the known thermal absorption cross section. The contribution of this resonance to the resonance activation integral then turns out to be 0.12 barns. This somewhat indirectly inferred value is considerably larger than the value given by Dancoff et al., in an old paper, the latter value being based on experimental work. It is shown in the present memo, that Dancoff's actual measurements are quite consistent with the Breit-Wigner formula and the above mentioned GAMMA /sub gamma /. The discrepancy is a result of Dancoff's transition from the actual measurements to the resonance integral, this transition being based on data that is now obsolete. (auth)
Date: February 1, 1957
Creator: Ergen, W.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department