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Effect of Tensor Range in Nuclear Two-Body Problems

Description: The interaction between neutron and proton in the triplet state has been investigated. The central and tensor potentials have been assumed to be of the ''meson'' type but of possibly different ranges. The variational-iterational method has been utilized to determine V{sub o}, the strength of the central potential, and {gamma}V{sub o}, the strength of the tensor potential. A wide variation in the values of both central and tensor ranges were included. Calculations of this type have proved difficult in the past principally because of the sensitivity of the results to the quadrupole moment Q of the deuteron for which accurate wave functions are necessary. It would be desirable to have a more accurate value of Q deduced from experiment. The percent D state in the deuteron and the effective triplet range have also been computed. The results are applied to the discussion of the magnetic moment of the deuteron, the photoelectric disintegration of the deuteron, and neutron-proton scattering. It is concluded that experimental information on neutron-proton interaction at their present accuracy does not determine the range of the tensor forces except within rather broad limits. A decrease in the uncertainty in the triplet range by an order of magnitude would be required. Finally it is concluded that charge independence of nuclear forces can be maintained with the meson well.
Date: November 1, 1949
Creator: Feshbach, H.; Schwinger, J. & Harr, J.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On Closed Shells in Nuclei

Description: It has been suggested in the past that special numbers of neutrons or protons in the nucleus form a particularly stable configuration.{sup1} The complete evidence for this has never been summarized, nor is it generally recognized how convincing this evidence is. That 20 neutrons or protons (Ca{sup40}) form a closed shell is predicted by the Hartree model. A number of calculations support this fact.{sup2} These considerations will not be repeated here. In this paper, the experimental facts indicating a particular stability of shells of 50 and 82 protons and of 50, 82, and 126 neutrons will be listed.
Date: February 1, 1948
Creator: Mayer, M.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department