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Late Mesozoic and Cenozoic Stratigraphic and Structural Framework Near Hopewell, Virginia

Description: From introduction: This study was undertaken as part of the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) Reactor Hazards Reduction Program. One of the goals of this program is to contribute to the growing recognition and cataloging of Cenozoic faults in the Atlantic Coastal Plain. Once the faults are recognized and cataloged, the stress field and resulting tectonic framework that produced these faults can be determined. This study defines the stratigraphic and structural relationships of a tectonically anomalous area in the vicinity of Hopewell, Va.
Date: 1987
Creator: Dischinger, James B., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stratigraphic Nomenclature of the Central Santa Monica Mountains, Los Angeles County, California

Description: From abstract: The stratigraphic nomenclature of the central Santa Monica Mountains is revised to conform with present knowledge of the age, distribution, and stratigraphic relations of about 35 bedrock units. The revision is based on 1:12,000-scale mapping of the entire stratigraphic sequence and its facies, the position and stage assignment of abundant fossils, and contact relations.
Date: June 16, 1979
Creator: Yerkes, R. F. & Campbell, Russell H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Revisions in Stratigraphic Nomenclature of the Columbia River Basalt Group

Description: From abstract: New stratigraphic nomenclature for units within the Columbia River Basalt Group is introduced to revise and expand that currently in use; it is based largely on subdivisions made informally by T. L. Wright, M. J. Grolier, and D. A. Swanson in 1973. The Yakima Basalt is raised to subgroup status, and three formations-the Grande Ronde Basalt, Wanapum Basalt, and Saddle Mountains Basalt, in order of decreasing age-are defined within it.
Date: 1979
Creator: Swanson, Donald A.; Bentley, Robert Donald; Hooper, P. R. & Wright, Thomas L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Silurian, Devonian, and Mississippian Formations of the Funeral Mountains in the Ryan Quadrangle, Death Valley Region, California

Description: From abstract: A composite section of the Silurian, Devonian, and Mississippian formations in the Funeral Mountains between Death Valley and Amargosa Valley is about 4,700 feet thick. The formations are in the top of a concordant, complexly faulted sequence that is about 25,000 feet thick from the highest part of the Precambrian to the Upper Mississippian. The Silurian and younger formations consist of marine dolomite and limestone that contain some regionally characteristic cherty and siliceous clastic beds as well as widely spaced fossiliferous zones.
Date: 1974
Creator: McAllister, James Franklin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology and Mineral Resources of the Northern Part of the North Cascades National Park, Washington

Description: Introduction: This report was started as part of a study of the North Cascade Primitive Area, an area of about 830,000 acres, which adjoined the Canadian border on the north and which extended from Mount Shuksan on the west to Rock Mountain on the east. In the fall of 1968, Public Law 90-544, 90th Cong., reclassified the North Cascade Primitive Area and certain other national forest lands and created the North Cascades National Park, the Ross Lake National Recreation Area, and the Pasayten Wilderness. Ross Lake National Recreational Area, a corridor 21/2-4 miles wide along the Skagit River and its dammed portions, Ross, Diablo, and Gorge Lakes, separates the park into two parts and separates the northern part of the park from the Pasayten Wilderness. The present study concerns those parts of North Cascades National Park and the Ross Lake National Recreation Area that are north of Skagit River and west of Ross Lake (fig. 1), as well as part of the Mount Baker National Forest west of the park (pl. 2).
Date: 1972
Creator: Staatz, Mortimer Hay; Tabor, R. W.; Weis, Paul L.; Robertson, Jacques F.; Van Noy, Ronald M. & Pattee, Eldon C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ancient Lavas in Shenandoah National Park Near Luray, Virginia

Description: Abstract: In the Blue Ridge Province of northern Virginia, Maryland, and southern Pennsylvania, Lower Cambrian beds are underlain by a thick sequence of greenstone and interbedded sedimentary rocks known as the Catoctin Formation. An area near Luray, Va., was studied to determine the thickness of the formation, its relationship to overlying and underlying rocks, and the original nature of the lavas from which the Catoctin greenstone was derived. There the Catoctin Formation lies unconformably on granitic rocks. Its basal sedimentary layer ranges from a few inches to 150 feet in thickness and contains pebbles of underlying basement rocks. The erosion surface beneath the Catoctin is irregular, and in several places, hills as much as 1,000 feet high were buried beneath the Catoctin lavas. No important time break is indicated between the deposition of the Catoctin Formation and the overlying Cambrian sediments. The original Catoctin lavas were basaltic and were probably normal plateau basalts. Columnar joints, amygdules, sedimentary dikes, flow breccias, low-dipping primary joints, and other primary structures are well preserved.
Date: 1969
Creator: Reed, John Calvin, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gold Veins Near Great Falls, Maryland

Description: From abstract: Small deposits of native gold are present along an anastomosing system of quartz veins and shear zones just east of Great Falls, Montgomery County, Md. The deposits were discovered in 1861 and were worked sporadically until 1951, yielding more than 5,000 ounces of gold. The vein system and the principal veins within it strike a few degrees west of north, at an appreciable angle to foliation and fold axial planes in enclosing rocks of the Wissahickon Formation of late Precambrian (?) age. The veins cut granitic rocks of Devonian or pre-Devonian age and may be as young as Triassic. Further development of the deposits is unlikely under present economic conditions because of their generally low gold content and because much of the vein system lies on park property, but study of the Great Falls vein system may be useful in the search for similar deposits elsewhere in the Appalachian Piedmont.
Date: 1969
Creator: Reed, John Calvin, Jr. & Reed, John Calvin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pecos National Monument, New Mexico: Its Geologic Setting

Description: From introduction: The ruins of the pueblos and missions of Pecos lie on the east bank of Glorieta Creek near its junction with the Pecos River at the south end of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in north-central New Mexico. Here the Pecos River and Glorieta Creek have formed a broad rolling valley in which the red adobe walls of the mission church stand as a striking monument to a historic past.
Date: 1969
Creator: Johnson, Ross B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Surficial Geology of Mount Rainier National Park, Washington

Description: From introduction: Much of the ground surface around Mount Rainier volcano is directly underlain by loose geologic deposits that veneer the hard rock formations. Examples of these deposits are sand and gravel bars along the rivers, ridges of loose rock debris beside the glaciers, and sloping aprons of rock fragments beneath almost every cliff. Even though they are generally thin and inconspicuous when compared with the rock formations, these surficial deposits are clues to geologic events that. have profoundly influenced the shape of the park's landscape. Thus, from the character and extent of glacial deposits one can judge the age and size of former glaciers that carved the cirques and deep canyons of the park; from the mudflows which streamed down nearly every valley one can infer the age and size of huge landslides of the past that helped determine Mount Rainier's present shape; and from the pumice deposits some of the volcano's recent eruptive activity can be reconstructed.
Date: 1969
Creator: Crandell, Dwight Raymond
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Oxidized Zinc Deposits of the United States: Part 3. Colorado

Description: From abstract: Deposits of oxidized zinc ore are widely distributed in the western part of Colorado in the Rocky Mountains west of the Front Range and in the uplifted plateaus that border the main area of the Colorado Plateau. The principal production and reserves are restricted to several mining districts--Leadville. Aspen, Monarch, Spring Creek. Horseshoe, Tomichi, Tincup, and Rico--in all of which limestone and dolomites of Paleozoic age are the main host rocks. One deposit, that of the Sedalia mine near Salida has produced commercial quantities of oxidized zinc-copper ore from noncarbonate host rocks, but other known deposits in noncarbonate rocks are mostly low grade.
Date: 1964
Creator: Heyl, Allen V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology and Coal Resources of the Salyersville North Quadrangle, Magoffin, Morgan, and Johnson Counties, Kentucky

Description: From introduction: The U.S. Geological Survey has conducted investigations of the geology and coal resources of the area in and adjacent to the Salyers-ville North quadrangle in the Eastern Kentucky coal field (fig. 7). The Salyersville North quadrangle lies between lat. 3745' and 37052'30'' N., and long. 8300' and 83 07'30'' E.; it is a 71/2-minute quadrangle in the southeast quarter of the Dingus 15-minute area which also includes the Dingus, Lenox, and White Oak 7 -minute quadrangles (fig. 8). The present report is the second for the 15-minute Dingus area; a report by Adkison (1957) has been published for the White Oak quadrangle and a third report is in preparation for the Lenox quadrangle. Other published reports for quadrangles in the vicinity are those by Englund (1955) for Cannel City to the west; Bergin (1962) for Seitz to the southwest; and Hauser (1953) for Paintsville to the east.
Date: 1963
Creator: Adkison, W. L. & Johnston, J. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology of the Jewel Cave Southwest Quadrangle, Custer County, South Dakota

Description: From introduction: This study was part of the U.S. Geological Survey's continuing study of the geology and ore deposits of the southern Black Hills, which was stimulated by the discovery of uranium deposits in sandstone in the area in 1951 (Page and Redden, 1952; Bell and Bales, 1955).
Date: 1963
Creator: Braddock, William A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ordovician Graptolites of the Basin Ranges in California, Nevada, Utah, and Idaho

Description: From introduction: This report presents a summary of the graptolite faunas of the Basin Ranges as known from the collections of the U.S. Geological Survey and the Departments of Geology of the University of California at Los Angeles and Utah State University. The collections were made in the period 1872-1958, but only a very small number of specimens have been described or illustrated in the 80 or so years elapsed.
Date: 1963
Creator: Ross, Reuben James, Jr. & Berry, William B. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Oxidized Zinc Deposits of the United States: Part 2. Utah

Description: From introduction: This report is compiled from fieldwork and available published data on the oxidized zinc deposits of Utah. Most of the deposits were examined by the author during the autumns of 1952-55 as part of a general study of oxidized zinc deposits of the Western States. In addition, several deposits were visited by geologists of the U.S. Geological Survey as a part of mineral investigation studies since 1940. In the process of obtaining this information many mining companies and individuals have been consulted.
Date: 1963
Creator: Heyl, Allen V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bentonite Deposits of the Northern Black Hills District Wyoming, Montana, and South Dakota

Description: From abstract: The northern Black Hills bentonite mining district includes parts of Crook County, Wyo., Carter County, Mont., and Butte County, S. Dak. Within this district, many beds of bentonite occur interspersed with sedimentary strata of Cretaceous age that have an average total thickness of about 3,000 feet and consist chiefly of marine shale, marl, and argillaceous sandstone. The bentonite beds occur in formations ranging upward from the Newcastle sandstone to the lower part of the Mitten black shale member of the Pierre shale. Tertiary (?) and Quaternary deposits of gravel, sand, and silt are present on extensive terraces, and deposits of such materials also extend along stream courses in all parts of the district.
Date: 1962
Creator: Knechtel, Maxwell M. & Patterson, Sam H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Oxidized Zinc Deposits of the United States: Part 1. General Geology

Description: From introduction: This report is intended as a descriptive summary. The fieldwork on which it is based was completed in the central Western States in 1952-56, and additional studies were made in the Central and Eastern States before and after the western studies. Research and compilation were completed in 1956-59. Other reports will describe in detail the geology and origin of the oxidized zinc deposits in Colorado, Utah, Nevada, and California. (See also Heyl and Bozion, 1960.)
Date: 1962
Creator: Heyl, Allen V. & Bozion, C. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology and Mineral Deposits of the Carlile Quadrangle, Crook County, Wyoming

Description: From introduction: Geologic mapping of the Carlile quadrangle, which includes one of several uranium-producing areas in northeastern Wyoming, was undertaken to provide a detailed geologic map that could be used as an aid to further exploration for uranium deposits; to study in detail the known uranium deposits to determine whether or not there are any relations among structure, stratigraphy, lithology, and uranium deposits; and to outline, insofar as possible, areas favorable for more detailed exploration for uranium.
Date: 1961
Creator: Bergendahl, M. H.; Davis, Robert E. & Izett, Glen Arthur
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology of Part of the Craig C-2 Quadrangle and Adjoining Areas, Prince of Wales Island, Southeastern Alaska

Description: From abstract: The area mapped is on the east coast of Prince of Wales Island, southeastern Alaska, about 35 miles northwest of the town of Ketchikan. Deposits of magnetite and copper in the mapped area and on Kasaan Peninsula, which adjoins it on the southeast, have been mined for copper and have produced more than 600,000 tons of ore valued at more than $6 million.
Date: 1961
Creator: Sainsbury, C. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Manganese Deposits in the Drum Mountains, Juab and Millard Counties, Utah

Description: From abstract: The Drum Mountains are in west-central Utah 30 miles northwest of Delta, between the Sevier Desert on the east and Whirlwind Valley on the west. It is a typically barren desert range comprising a westward-tilted structural unit in which is exposed as much as 9,000 feet of quartzite (Cambrian and Precambrian?) and 3,000 feet of carbonate rocks of Cambrian age. These beds, which strike northward and dip west, are cut by myriad east- to northeast trending faults with displacements of a few feet to a few thousand feet. Quartz monzonite dikes, pebble dikes, and vein deposits are present locally along the faults. The Cambrian rocks are overlain unconformably by volcanic rocks of probable Tertiary age.
Date: 1961
Creator: Crittenden, Max D., Jr.; Straczek, John A. & Roberts, Ralph Jackson
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tertiary Geology and Oil-Shale Resources of the Piceance Creek Basin, Between the Colorado and White Rivers, Northwestern Colorado

Description: From introduction: The greatest known potential oil resource in the world occurs in the oil shale of the Green River formation, and the richest and thickest deposits occur within the area of this report. The purpose of this investigation was to obtain data on the stratigraphic distribution and areal extent of the oil-shale beds and to estimate the potential oil resources in the area.
Date: 1961
Creator: Donnell, John R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tofty Tin belt, Manley Hot Springs District, Alaska

Description: From abstract: Buried placer deposits in a belt about 8 miles long by 1 mile wide at Tofty, near Manley Hot Springs, Alaska, have yielded a few hundred tons of cassiterite as a byproduct to the recovery of several million dollars in placer gold.
Date: 1961
Creator: Wayland, Russell Gibson
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Areal Geology of the Little Cone Quadrangle, Colorado

Description: From abstract: The Little Cone quadrangle includes an area of about 59 square miles in eastern San Miguel County in southwestern Colorado. The quadrangle contains features characteristic of both the Colorado Plateaus physiographic province and the San Juan Mountains, and it has been affected by geologic events and processes of two different geologic environments.
Date: 1960
Creator: Bush, Alfred Lerner; Marsh, Owen Thayer & Taylor, Richard B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Beryl-bearing Pegmatites in the Ruby Mountains and Other Areas in Nevada and Northwestern Arizona

Description: From abstract: Pegmatite occurs widely in Nevada and northwestern Arizona, but little mining has been done for such pegmatite minerals as mica, feldspar, beryl, and lepidolite. Reconnaissance for beryl-bearing pegmatite in Nevada and in part of Mohave County, Ariz., and detailed studies in the Dawley Canyon area, Elko County, Nev., have shown that beryl occurs in at least 11 districts in the region. Muscovite has been prospected or mined in the Ruby and Virgin Mountains, Nev., and in Mohave County, Ariz. Feldspar has been mined in the southern part of the region near Kingman, Ariz., and in Clark County, Nev.
Date: 1960
Creator: Olson, Jerry C. & Hinrichs, E. Neal
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department