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Bentonite Deposits of the Northern Black Hills District Wyoming, Montana, and South Dakota

Description: From abstract: The northern Black Hills bentonite mining district includes parts of Crook County, Wyo., Carter County, Mont., and Butte County, S. Dak. Within this district, many beds of bentonite occur interspersed with sedimentary strata of Cretaceous age that have an average total thickness of about 3,000 feet and consist chiefly of marine shale, marl, and argillaceous sandstone. The bentonite beds occur in formations ranging upward from the Newcastle sandstone to the lower part of the Mitten black shale member of the Pierre shale. Tertiary (?) and Quaternary deposits of gravel, sand, and silt are present on extensive terraces, and deposits of such materials also extend along stream courses in all parts of the district.
Date: 1962
Creator: Knechtel, Maxwell M. & Patterson, Sam H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology and Mineral Deposits of the Carlile Quadrangle, Crook County, Wyoming

Description: From introduction: Geologic mapping of the Carlile quadrangle, which includes one of several uranium-producing areas in northeastern Wyoming, was undertaken to provide a detailed geologic map that could be used as an aid to further exploration for uranium deposits; to study in detail the known uranium deposits to determine whether or not there are any relations among structure, stratigraphy, lithology, and uranium deposits; and to outline, insofar as possible, areas favorable for more detailed exploration for uranium.
Date: 1961
Creator: Bergendahl, M. H.; Davis, Robert E. & Izett, Glen Arthur
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Manganese Deposits in the Drum Mountains, Juab and Millard Counties, Utah

Description: From abstract: The Drum Mountains are in west-central Utah 30 miles northwest of Delta, between the Sevier Desert on the east and Whirlwind Valley on the west. It is a typically barren desert range comprising a westward-tilted structural unit in which is exposed as much as 9,000 feet of quartzite (Cambrian and Precambrian?) and 3,000 feet of carbonate rocks of Cambrian age. These beds, which strike northward and dip west, are cut by myriad east- to northeast trending faults with displacements of a few feet to a few thousand feet. Quartz monzonite dikes, pebble dikes, and vein deposits are present locally along the faults. The Cambrian rocks are overlain unconformably by volcanic rocks of probable Tertiary age.
Date: 1961
Creator: Crittenden, Max D., Jr.; Straczek, John A. & Roberts, Ralph Jackson
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tertiary Geology and Oil-Shale Resources of the Piceance Creek Basin, Between the Colorado and White Rivers, Northwestern Colorado

Description: From introduction: The greatest known potential oil resource in the world occurs in the oil shale of the Green River formation, and the richest and thickest deposits occur within the area of this report. The purpose of this investigation was to obtain data on the stratigraphic distribution and areal extent of the oil-shale beds and to estimate the potential oil resources in the area.
Date: 1961
Creator: Donnell, John R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Areal Geology of the Little Cone Quadrangle, Colorado

Description: From abstract: The Little Cone quadrangle includes an area of about 59 square miles in eastern San Miguel County in southwestern Colorado. The quadrangle contains features characteristic of both the Colorado Plateaus physiographic province and the San Juan Mountains, and it has been affected by geologic events and processes of two different geologic environments.
Date: 1960
Creator: Bush, Alfred Lerner; Marsh, Owen Thayer & Taylor, Richard B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Beryl-bearing Pegmatites in the Ruby Mountains and Other Areas in Nevada and Northwestern Arizona

Description: From abstract: Pegmatite occurs widely in Nevada and northwestern Arizona, but little mining has been done for such pegmatite minerals as mica, feldspar, beryl, and lepidolite. Reconnaissance for beryl-bearing pegmatite in Nevada and in part of Mohave County, Ariz., and detailed studies in the Dawley Canyon area, Elko County, Nev., have shown that beryl occurs in at least 11 districts in the region. Muscovite has been prospected or mined in the Ruby and Virgin Mountains, Nev., and in Mohave County, Ariz. Feldspar has been mined in the southern part of the region near Kingman, Ariz., and in Clark County, Nev.
Date: 1960
Creator: Olson, Jerry C. & Hinrichs, E. Neal
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Chromite and Other Mineral Deposits in Serpentine Rocks of the Piedmont Upland, Maryland, Pennsylvania and Delaware

Description: From abstract: The Piedmont Upland in Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware is about 160 miles long and at the most 50 miles wide. Rocks that underlie the province are the Baltimore gneiss of Precambrian age and quartzite, gneiss, schist, marble, phyllite, and greenstone, which make up the Glenarm series of early Paleozoic(?) age. These are intruded by granitic, gabbroic, and ultramafic igneous rocks. Most of the ultramafic rocks, originally peridotite, pyroxenite, and dunite, have been partly or completely altered to serpentine and talc; they are all designated by the general term serpentine. The bodies of serpentine are commonly elongate and conformable with the enclosing rocks.
Date: 1960
Creator: Pearre, Nancy C. & Heyl, Allen V., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology and Fluorspar Deposits, Northgate District, Colorado

Description: From abstract: The fluorspar deposits in the Northgate district, Jackson County, Colo., are among the largest in Western United States. The mines were operated intermittently during the 1920's and again during World War II, but production during these early periods of operation was not large. Mining was begun on a larger scale in 1951, and the district has assumed a prominent position among the fluorspar producers in the United States. Within the Northgate district, Precambrian metamorphic and igneous rocks crop out largely in the Medicine Bow Mountains, and later sedimentary rocks underlie North Park and fill old stream valleys in the mountains.
Date: 1960
Creator: Steven, Thomas August
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology and Mineral Deposits of the St. Regis-Superior Area, Mineral County, Montana

Description: From introduction: The St. Regis-Superior area was studied during the summers of 1953 and 1954 as a part of geologic investigations by the U.S. Geologic Survey in and near the Coeur d'Alene district. The object of the present work was primarily threefold: to ascertain the main structural features in the area, with particular attention to the Osburn fault zone; to investigate the mineral deposits; and to determine the stratigraphic relations of the rocks.
Date: 1960
Creator: Campbell, Arthur Byron
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Strategic Graphite, A Survey

Description: From abstract: Strategic graphite consists of certain grades of lump and flake graphite for which the United States is largely or entirely dependent on sources abroad. Lump graphite of high purity, necessary in the manufacture of carbon brushes, is imported from Ceylon, where it occurs in vein deposits. Flake graphite, obtained from deposits consisting of graphite disseminated in schists and other metamorphic rocks, is an essential ingredient of crucibles used in the nonferrous metal industries and in the manufacture of lubricants and packings. High-quality flake graphite for these uses has been obtained mostly from Madagascar since World War I. Some flake graphite of strategic grade has been produced, however, from deposits in Texas, Alabama, and Pennsylvania. The development of the carbon-bonded crucible, which does not require coarse flake, should lessen the competitive advantage of the Madagascar producers of crucible flake.
Date: 1960
Creator: Cameron, Eugene N. & Weis, Paul L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iron-Ore Resources of the United States: Including Alaska and Puerto Rico, 1955

Description: From introduction: The purpose of this report is to summarize available information concerning iron-ore resources in the United States in order to provide a general background for understanding and appraising the present status of this basic commodity.
Date: 1959
Creator: Carr, Martha S. & Dutton, Carl E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radioactive Rare-Earth Deposit at Scrub Oaks Mine, Morris County, New Jersey

Description: From abstract: A deposit of rare-earth minerals in the Scrub Oaks iron mine, Morris County, N. J., was mapped and sampled in 1955. The rare-earth minerals are mainly in coarse-grained magnetite ore and in pegmatite adjacent to it. Discrete bodies of rare-earth-bearing magnetite ore apparently follow the plunge of the main magnetite ore body at the north end of the mine. Radioactivity of the ore containing rare earths is about 0.2 to 0.6 milliroentgens per hour.
Date: 1959
Creator: Klemic, Harry; Heyl, Allen V., Jr.; Taylor, A. R. & Stone, Jerome
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology of the Christmas Copper Mine, Gila County, Arizona

Description: From introduction: The exploration project at Christmas was carried on cooperatively by the Geological Survey and U. S. Bureau of Mines. Mr. 0. M. Bishop, Engineer for the Bureau of Mines, examined the property and in his report of June 6, 1942 recommended that six holes be drilled from the 800 level of the mine. The Bureau of Mines began drilling in September 1942, and the Survey investigations began a month later. Since any ore bodies discovered below the 800 level would be inaccessible until a deeper level could be developed, the Bureau and Survey decided to explore from higher levels where resulting benefits could be more quickly realized. Drilling from the upper levels was begun early in 1943.
Date: 1956
Creator: Peterson, Nels P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology of the Murray Area, Shoshone County, Idaho

Description: Abstract: The Murray area includes almost the whole drainage basins of Prichard, Eagle, and Beaver Creeks and is underlain by the pre-Cambrian Belt series which is subdivided, from oldest to youngest, as follows: Prichard formation (upper and lower parts), Burke formation, Revett quartzite, St. Regis formation, Wallace formation, and Striped Peak formation. The Belt series in this area is cut by many small monzonite stocks believed to be related to the Cretaceous Idaho batholith. This report describes only the lead-zinc mines. The lead-zinc production around Murray reached its peak in 1911 and 1912 when the Monarch, Edith Murray (Pontiac or Terrible Edith), Bear Top, Paragon, Black Horse, and Silver Strike mines were active. Many of these mines have produced ore intermittently since then, and the Jack Waite mine has been very active since about 1930.
Date: 1956
Creator: Hosterman, John W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology of the Stanford-Hobson Area, Central Montana

Description: From introduction: The Stanford-Hobson area project was undertaken by the United States Geological Survey, in cooperation with the United States Bureau of Reclamation, as part of a program for the geologic mapping and investigation of mineral resources in the Missouri River basin. The field work that is the basis of the ensuing report consisted of mapping the geology and determining stratigraphic relationships in sufficient detail to evaluate the mineral resources, especially the oil and gas possibilities in the area.
Date: 1956
Creator: Vine, James David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mineral Resources of the San Carlos Indian Reservation, Arizona

Description: From abstract: At the request of the Council of the San Carlos Apache Tribe the U. S. Geological Survey entered into a cooperative agreement calling for a brief reconnaissance study to determine, as far as practical, the mineral potential of the San Carlos Indian Reservation. Five months of field work was done during the winter and spring of 1952-53. About 30 percent of the reservation is covered by alluvial deposits of late Tertiary, Pleistocene, and Recent age, and another 60 percent is covered by volcanic rocks of Tertiary and perhaps Pleistocene age. These rocks are younger than the major epochs of metallization in southeastern Arizona. The remainder of the area is underlain by pre-Cambrian and Paleozoic sedimentary rocks, pre-Cambrian granite, and pre-Devonian diabase.
Date: 1956
Creator: Bromfield, Calvin Stanton & Shride, Andrew F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Perlite Resources of the United States

Description: Abstract: This report abstracts the published information on geologic occurrence and distribution of perlite in the United States. Perlite is important in the growing light-weight aggregates industry. The geology and petrology of perlite are described and brief mention is made of mining, milling, processing, economic factors, and reserve figures where known. A table of analyses of the rhyolitic, latitic, and dacitic perlite, welded tuff, pitchstone, and obsidian is included mainly to show the water content. The index map shows known deposits and the geology of areas in which possible deposits may be found. The locations of processing plants are indicated to show their economic relationship to the deposits and to markets.
Date: 1956
Creator: Jaster, Marion C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Thorium and Rare-Earth Minerals in Powderhorn District, Gunnison County, Colorado

Description: From abstract: Thorium has been found since 1949 in at least 33 deposits in an area 6 miles wide and 20 miles long in the Powderhorn district, Gunnison County, Colo. The district is underlain largely by pre-Jurassic metamorphic and igneous rocks, most of which, if not all, are pre-Cambrian in age. These rocks are overlain by sandstone of the Morrison formation of Jurassic age, and by volcanic rocks of the Alboroto group and the Hinsdale formation of Miocene and of Pliocene(?) age, respectively.
Date: 1956
Creator: Olson, J. C. & Wallace, S. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Chromite Deposits in Central Part Stillwater Complex, Sweet Grass County, Montana

Description: From abstract: The chromite deposits of the central part of the Stillwater complex lie in a belt 9 miles long between the valleys of Boulder River and the West Fork of the Stillwater River in Sweet Grass County, Mont. The chromite occurs as layers near the middle part of the ultramafic zone in the lower part of the complex. The layers, originally horizontal, have been tilted so that they dip northeastwards at angles ranging from nearly horizontal to nearly vertical, and are cut by many cross faults, the largest with a horizontal offset of 3,000 feet. Investigations by the United States Geological Survey and the United States Bureau of Mines have shown that in this belt there are 5 sections ranging in length from 850 to 3,800 feet along the strike where the continuity and grade of the chromite can be reasonably inferred.
Date: 1955
Creator: Howland, A. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology and Coal Resources of the Henryetta Mining District, Okmulgee County, Oklahoma

Description: From abstract: The mapped area of the Henryetta mining district includes about 168 square miles in Okmulgee County in the east-central part of Oklahoma. The rocks in this district consist of sandstone, silty shale, and shale, and are divided into the Senora formation and the overlying Calvin sandstone of Pennsylvanian age.
Date: 1955
Creator: Dunham, R. J. & Trumbull, J. V. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology of the Dry Valley Quadrangle, Idaho

Description: From introduction: The principal objective of the program is to make detailed geologic maps of the areas in which important phosphate deposits in the Phorphoria formation occur. It is hoped that the maps will serve both as an aid in selecting possible sites for mining and as a basis for calculating reserves.
Date: 1955
Creator: Cressman, Earle Rupert & Gulbrandsen, Robert A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geology of the High Climb Pegmatite, Custer County, South Dakota

Description: From abstract: The High Climb pegmatite, Custer County. S. Dak., belongs to the series of pegmatitic and granitic rocks that characterize the Harney Peak region of the southern Black Hills. It intrudes pre-CamInbriani metamorphic rocks consisting chiefly of quartz-mica schist. Along part of the pegmatite contact the country rock has been altered to a tourmaline-rich schist.
Date: 1955
Creator: Sheridan, Douglas M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Strippable lignite Deposits, Slope and Bowman Counties, North Dakota

Description: From abstract: Slope and Bowman Counties, N. Dak., include an area of about 2,450 square miles in the southeastern part of the Fort Union coal region of North Dakota, South Dakota, and Montana. In anticipation of a future increase in the demand for the low-rank coal of this region as a fuel for electric power plants and as a raw material for various chemical synthesizing processes, Slope and Bowman Counties were investigated for deposits of lignite that could be mined by large scale strip mining methods. All the lignite beds of economic importance in this area are in the Fort Union formation, particularly in the Tongue River member. The beds are nearly horizontal, dipping about 25 to 50 feet per mile north and northeast from the Cedar Creek anticline in the southwest corner of the area.
Date: 1955
Creator: Kepferle, Roy Clark & Culbertson, William C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department