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Cuba: U.S. Policy in the 115th Congress

Description: This report examines U.S. policy toward Cuba in the 115th Congress in three sections: Cuba's political and economic environment; U.S. policy toward Cuba; and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations, including restrictions on travel and trade, funding for democracy and human rights projects in Cuba and for U.S. government-sponsored radio and television broadcasting, migration, anti-drug cooperation, U.S. property claims, and U.S. fugitives from justice in Cuba.
Date: October 31, 2018
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Polarizable ab initio QM/MM Study of the Reaction Mechanism of N-tert-Butyloxycarbonylation of Aniline in [EMIm][BF4]

Description: This article presents the use of AMOEBA-based polarizable ab initio AM/MM simulations to investigate the reaction mechanism of the N-tert-butoxycarbonylation of aniline in a water/1-ethyl, 3-methyl imidazolium/tetrafluoroborate mixture.
Date: October 31, 2018
Creator: Vázquez-Montelongo, Erik Antonio; Vázquez-Cervantes, José Enrique & Cisneros, Gerardo Andrés
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Deeming Resolutions: Budget Enforcement in the Absence of a Budget Resolution

Description: This report discusses deeming resolutions, which are used by Congress as a substitute when budget resolution bills are not passed. It provides historical notes about how frequently deeming resolutions have been used and how they have varied, and also alternate options for budgetary enforcement.
Date: October 29, 2018
Creator: Lynch, Megan S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Public Service Loan Forgiveness Program: Selected Issues

Description: This report begins with a brief legislative and regulatory history of the Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) program, with a brief description of how the program works. It also describes several selected program issues that have received recent congressional and stakeholder attention, issues identified in reviews of the program, and issues that have been raised by researchers, analysts, and other entities outside of the government.
Date: October 29, 2018
Creator: Hegji, Alexandra
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Russian Compliance with the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report describes the current status of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty between Russia and the United States and highlights issues that Congress may address regarding compliance concerns with Russia. It provides a historical overview; outlines the provisions of the INF Treaty (highlighting those central to the discussion about Russia's current activities); reviews the publicly-available information about the potential Russian violation and Russia's possible motivations; and summarizes Russia's concerns with U.S. compliance. The report concludes with a discussion of options that the United States might pursue and options if Russia deploys new INF-range missiles.
Date: October 29, 2018
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Triplet electron transfer and spin polarization in a palladium porphyrin–fullerene conjugate

Description: This article uses Transient electron paramagnetic resonance (TREPR) spectroscopy to investigate the pathway and dynamics of electron transfer in a palladium porphyrin–fullerene donor–acceptor conjugate.
Access: This item is restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: October 29, 2018
Creator: Poddutoori, Prashanth K.; Kandrashkin, Yuri E.; Obondi, Christopher O.; D'Souza, Francis & van der Est, Art
Partner: UNT College of Arts and Sciences

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs). The Coast Guard's proposed FY2019 budget requests a total of $705 million in acquisition funding for the NSC, OPC, and FRC programs.
Date: October 26, 2018
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coast Guard Polar Security Cutter (Polar Icebreaker) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's program for acquiring new polar icebreakers -- previously known as the polar icebreaker (PIB) program and now called the Polar Security Cutter (PSC) program. The proposed FY2019 budget requests $750 million in acquisition funding for the program. The issue for Congress is whether to approve, reject, or modify the Administration's FY2019 acquisition funding request for the PSC program, and, more generally, whether to approve, reject, or modify the Coast Guard's overall plan for procuring new polar icebreakers.
Date: October 26, 2018
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) FY2019 Appropriations: Independent Agencies and General Provisions

Description: This report provides an overview of funding under the Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) appropriations bill including a breakdown of more than two dozen individual independent agencies, general government-wide provisions, and sanctions on Cuba.
Date: October 26, 2018
Creator: Webel, Baird; Christensen, Michelle D.; Dilger, Robert Jay; Moloney Figliola, Patricia; Garrett, R. Sam; Gnanarajah, Raj et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Navy Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the Aegis ballistic missile defense (BMD) program, which is carried out by the Missile Defense Agency (MDA) and the Navy, and gives Navy Aegis cruisers and destroyers a capability for conducting BMD operations. The issue for Congress is whether to approve, reject, or modify Department of Defense (DOD) acquisition strategies and proposed funding levels for the Aegis BMD program.
Date: October 26, 2018
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Oral History Interview with Janet St. James, 2018

Description: Interview with Janet St. James describing her motivation to become a journalist and thoughts about journalism as a field, with highlights from her career, particularly her work in Dallas reporting on health and crime stories and winning an Excellence of Journalism award from the Press Club of Dallas. She also talks about her background and education, as well as her personal life.
Date: October 26, 2018
Creator: Owens, Brittany; Reyes, Blanca; Maxwell, Bailey & St. James, Janet
Partner: UNT Frank W. and Sue Mayborn School of Journalism

Social Security: Raising or Eliminating the Taxable Earnings Base

Description: This report discusses the Social Security taxes that are levied on covered earnings up to a maximum level (base) set each year. It includes information about how the base has been determined demographically and how it has changed over time, as well as possible future implications and impacts of either raising or eliminating the base, with arguments for and against.
Date: October 26, 2018
Creator: Li, Zhe
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Role in the World: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report presents background information and issues for Congress on the overarching U.S. foreign policy issue of the U.S. role in the world. Certain statements and actions from the Trump Administration have led to uncertainty about the Administration's intentions regarding the future U.S. role, and have intensified an ongoing debate among foreign policy specialists, strategists, policymakers, and the public about what that role should be.
Date: October 26, 2018
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Moodie, Michael
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Asylum and Related Protections for Aliens Who Fear Gang and Domestic Violence

Description: This report examines asylum claims with specific focus on gang and domestic violence. It provides background on the topic and also outlines the U.S. Attorney General's decision in "Matter of A-B-," as well as recent guidance from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's (DHS's) U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) in light of that ruling.
Date: October 25, 2018
Creator: Smith, Hillel R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Changes in the Arctic: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background on issues affecting the Arctic region on a large number of topics including research, policy, and governance of the region. It also outlines specific issues for Congressional consideration such as transportation, pollution, affects on people and animals, and geopolitical concerns.
Date: October 25, 2018
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald; Comay, Laura B.; Folger, Peter; Frittelli, John; Humphries, Marc; Leggett, Jane A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The National Popular Vote (NPV) Initiative: Direct Election of the President by Interstate Compact

Description: This report monitors the National Popular Vote's (NPV) progress in the states. It includes sections that provide brief background on the electoral college, history of the National Popular Vote concept, more detail on the NPV initiative, pros and cons for the NPV, legal issues, and concluding observations.
Date: October 25, 2018
Creator: Neale, Thomas H. & Nolan, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Protection of Executive Branch Officials

Description: This report discusses the possibility of protective details for executive branch officials, in response to recent attempted bombing attacks on current and former government officials.
Date: October 25, 2018
Creator: Reese, Shawn & Nagel, Jared C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

Description: This report discusses the current political and economic landscape of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and its relationship with the U.S. The UAE has been a significant U.S. partner in Gulf security for more than two decades, and the alliance has deepened further in recent years in order to address multiple regional threats.
Date: October 25, 2018
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department