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The Nordic Countries and U.S. Relations

Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. relations with the five Nordic countries -- Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden -- which share deep historical, linguistic, and cultural ties and many political and economic similarities. Topics include foreign and security policies, policies toward Russia, and countering terrorism.
Date: September 13, 2018
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tax Policy and Disaster Recovery

Description: This report discusses, in broad terms, disaster-related tax policy. Challenges associated with using the tax code to deliver federal financial assistance following natural disasters are also discussed.
Date: September 11, 2018
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The U.S. Nuclear Weapons Complex: Overview of Department of Energy Sites

Description: This report summarizes the operations at each of the U.S. nuclear energy sites. The nuclear weapons complex consists primarily of nine government-owned, contractor-operated sites in seven states, and a Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) nuclear reactor used to produce tritium for nuclear weapons.
Date: September 6, 2018
Creator: Woolf, Amy F. & Werner, James D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Role in U.S. Campaigns and Elections: An Overview

Description: This report provides a resource for understanding the current campaigns and elections regulatory structure. It addresses those areas of law and public policy that most directly and routinely affect American campaigns and elections: campaign finance; election administration; election security; redistricting; qualifications and contested elections; and voting rights.
Date: September 4, 2018
Creator: Garrett, R. Sam
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cuba: U.S. Policy in the 115th Congress

Description: This report examines U.S. policy toward Cuba in the 115th Congress in three sections: Cuba's political and economic environment; U.S. policy toward Cuba; and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations, including restrictions on travel and trade, funding for democracy and human rights projects in Cuba and for U.S. government-sponsored radio and television broadcasting, migration, anti-drug cooperation, U.S. property claims, and U.S. fugitives from justice in Cuba.
Date: September 1, 2018
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Securities Regulation and Initial Coin Offerings: A Legal Primer

Description: This report discusses the principles that the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and courts use to determine whether a transaction qualifies as an offering of "securities" under the Securities Act and the Exchange Act, and the application of those principles to initial coin offerings (ICOs).
Date: August 31, 2018
Creator: Sykes, Jay B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Description: This report provides information and analysis on Turkish relations with the United States, Russia, Syria, and Kurdish groups. Domestic issues in Turkey include economic issues and President Erdogan's increasing authoritarianism.
Date: August 31, 2018
Creator: Zanotti, Jim & Thomas, Clayton
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

India: Religious Freedom Issues

Description: This report provides an overview of religious freedom issues in India including a broad discussion of the religious demographics and freedoms, and human rights. It also discusses specific areas of religiously-motivated repression and violence and perceived assaults on freedoms of expression and operations by nongovernmental organizations that are seen as harmful to India's secular traditions and the U.S-promoted goal of interfaith tolerance.
Date: August 30, 2018
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Questioning Judicial Nominees: Legal Limitations and Practice

Description: This report examines the relevant considerations for questioning judicial nominees. It describes applicable canons of judicial ethics that may discourage judicial nominees from answering certain questions posed by Members of Congress; which types of questions prior federal judicial nominees have answered or declined to answer, focusing on nominees for the U.S. Supreme Court; and some takeaways for Members.
Date: August 30, 2018
Creator: Lewis, Kevin M. & Brannon, Valerie C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Turkey's Currency Crisis

Description: This report discusses the currency crisis in Turkey, implications for the Turkish and U.S. economies, and questions for Congress to consider.
Date: August 30, 2018
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The "Flores Settlement" and Alien Families Apprehended at the U.S. Border: Frequently Asked Questions

Description: This report answers frequently asked legal questions pertaining to the Flores Settlement and the settlement's impact on the detention of alien families apprehended at or near the U.S. border. In particular, the report addresses (1) background of the litigation, (2) how the Settlement restricts DHS's power to keep families in detention, (3) the relationship between the Ms. L. litigation and the Settlement, (4) the executive branch's policy options under the Settlement, and (5) the extent to which either the executive branch or Congress can override or modify the terms of the Flores Settlement.
Date: August 28, 2018
Creator: Peck, Sarah Herman & Harrington, Ben
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Supreme Court Nomination: CRS Products

Description: This document provides a list of all the Congressional Research Service reports describing the judicial decisions of Justice Kennedy and Judge Kavanaugh, as well as Supreme Court vacancies and nominations.
Date: August 24, 2018
Creator: Nolan, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Yemen: Civil War and Regional Intervention

Description: This report provides information on the ongoing crisis in Yemen. Now in its fourth year, the war in Yemen shows no signs of abating. On June 12, 2018, the Saudi-led coalition, a multinational grouping of armed forces led primarily by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), launched Operation Golden Victory, with the aim of retaking the Red Sea port city of Hudaydah. The coalition also has continued to conduct air strikes inside Yemen. The war has killed thousands of Yemenis, including combatants as well as civilians, and has significantly damaged the country's infrastructure. According to the United Nations (U.N.) High Commissioner for Human Rights, from the start of the conflict in March 2015 through August 9, 2018, the United Nations documented "a total of 17,062 civilian casualties -- 6,592 dead and 10,470 injured." This figure may vastly underestimate the war's death toll.
Date: August 24, 2018
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Al Qaeda and Islamic State Affiliates in Afghanistan

Description: This report outlines major terrorist groups affiliated and allied with Al Qaeda (AQ) and the Islamic State (IS, also known as ISIS, ISIL, or by the Arabic acronym Da'esh) and the complex, often shifting relations between them and various other state and non-state actors.
Date: August 23, 2018
Creator: Thomas, Clayton
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Judge Brett M. Kavanaugh: His Jurisprudence and Potential Impact on the Supreme Court

Description: This report provides an overview of Judge Kavanaugh's jurisprudence and discusses his potential impact on the Court if he were to be confirmed to succeed Justice Kennedy. It focuses upon those areas of law where Justice Kennedy can be seen to have influenced the High Court's approach to certain issues or served as a fifth and deciding vote on the Court, with a view toward how Judge Kavanaugh might approach these same issues.
Date: August 21, 2018
Creator: Nolan, Andrew & Lewis, Caitlain Devereaux
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calling Balls and Strikes: Ethics and Supreme Court Justices

Description: This report examines questions related to the integrity and independence of the Supreme Court, and Congress's potential role in regulating the ethics of the Supreme Court Justices. For example: What mechanisms ensure the integrity of Justices as federal officials? Are Justices subject to any rules of ethical conduct? How might such ethics rules be enforced?
Date: August 20, 2018
Creator: Brown, Cynthia
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

MS-13 in the United States and Federal Law Enforcement Efforts

Description: This report provides a brief background on the Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13), a violent criminal gang operating in the United States and abroad--namely Central America. It focuses on MS-13's structure and criminal activities in the U.S. and highlights law enforcement initiatives to counter the gang's illicit activities. The report also provides an overview of selected domestic policy issues Congress may examine as part of its efforts to counter MS-13.
Date: August 20, 2018
Creator: Finklea, Kristin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Substance Abuse Prevention, Treatment, and Research Efforts in the Military

Description: This report discusses substance abuse trends in the military, efforts by the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) to address the opioid crisis, and the main elements of DOD's substance abuse prevention, compliance, and disciplinary policies.
Date: August 17, 2018
Creator: Mendez, Bryce H. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Election Security: Issues in the 2018 Midterm Elections

Description: This report discusses concerns over possible election interference that could take place during the 2018 midterm elections.
Date: August 16, 2018
Creator: Theohary, Catherine A. & Fischer, Eric A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Implementing EPA's 2015 Ozone Air Quality Standards

Description: This report provides background on NAAQS (federal standards that apply to outdoor air), the process used to establish them, the 2008 and 2015 ozone standards, and issues that have been raised as EPA implements the final rule.
Date: August 16, 2018
Creator: McCarthy, James E. & Shouse, Kate C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the Navy's Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) program. A total of 32 LCSs have been procured through FY2018. For FY2019, the Navy is requesting the procurement of the 33rd LCS. The LCS program presents several oversight issues for Congress. Congress's decisions on the program will affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements, and the shipbuilding industrial base.
Date: August 16, 2018
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Toward the Creation of a U.S. "Space Force"

Description: This report discusses the possibility of a new military service branch -- the Space Force -- with the goal of asserting "American dominance in space."
Date: August 16, 2018
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A.; Elsea, Jennifer K.; Kapp, Lawrence & McInnis, Kathleen J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department