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On Certain Phase Equilibria in the Ternary System Uranyl Nitrate--Ether--Water at 25° and at 1°C

Description: This report follows a study that deals with a portion of the ternary diagram previously analyzed, namely the boundary curves which separate the central area of two coexistent liquid phases from the two border stripe representing one-phase liquid systems.
Date: October 22, 1942
Creator: Van Name, Ralph Gibbs
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radiation Problems of the Chemical Plant

Description: "Absorption measurements have been made in a large body of water to evaluate the contribution to the radiation intensity produced by the degradation of radiation without absorption. Radiation intensities three times those expected from a simple exponential absorption were found. Scattering from the air of gamma radiation has been measured and has been found to agree satisfactorily with theoretical predictions. The penetration of radiation through curved pipes in shielding has been measured and been found to be a flat topped function. A 2" pipe bent in the arc of a circle of 7' chord and a 10' radius gives a reduction intensity over the intensity in air at the same distance of 2.5X10⁴."
Date: December 12, 1942
Creator: Borst, Lyle B. & Wollan, Ernest Omar
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Production of Uranium Metal by Metal Hydrides Incorporated

Description: Synopsis: Metal Hydrides Incorporated was a pioneer in the production of uranium metal on a commercial scale and supplied it to all the laboratories interested in the original research, before other methods for its production were developed. Metal Hydrides Inc. supplied the major part of the metal for the construction of the first experimental pile which, on December 2, 1942, demonstrated the feasibility of the self-sustaining chain reaction and the release of atomic energy.
Date: 1943
Creator: Alexander, P. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Toxicity of Fluorine

Description: The following report discusses the toxicity of fluorine as described in literature on fluorine intoxication and case studies of Roholm's experimental observations.
Date: 1943
Creator: Ferry, J. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Vapor Phase Hydrolysis of the Trichlorides of Lanthanum, Praseodymium, Samarium, and Americium

Description: The following report studies the reactions of vapor phase hydrolysis of the trichlorides of lanthanum, praseodymium, samarium, and americium with gas mixtures of HCl and H2O passing over the solid materials mounted on a cantilever-type quartz fiber microbalance. This report calculates the values of the heats and entropies of the reactions, as well as the heat formation of LaCl3, 1254.9 kcal mol-(-1) that was obtained by determining the heat of the solution of La metal in 1.5M HCl.
Date: 1943
Creator: Broido, Abraham
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Optimum Design of Catalytic Towers

Description: Abstract: "This paper gives an arithmetic method of computing the number of sections required in a catalytic tower to produce a given enrichment. It also tells how to calculate the enrichment of a tower with a given number of sections. The problem of the most economical design of catalytic towers is solved. Methods are given for determining the temperature, the efficiencies of catalyst beds and strippers, the relative production rate, and the water vapor-hydrogen gas ratio which give the optimum combination of operating pressure, cross sectional area, number of sections, and volume of catalyst in the tower. Simple directions as to how to make the calculations are included."
Date: March 13, 1943
Creator: Mayer, Harris
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Time Variation of Percent Distribution of Fission Activity in Bombarded Uranyl Nitrate

Description: "In this report are presented three figures which show how the relative activities (expressed as percentages of total activity) of the individual fission elements (produced by neutron bombardment of uranyl nitrate) vary with cooling time."
Date: May 19, 1943
Creator: Brady, E. L. & Coryell, Charles D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Possible New Volatile Compound of Uranium

Description: A report discussing a possible new volatile compound of uranium, its probable properties, and attempts to synthesize it. Though the possible new compound was not successfully synthesized, the author provides suggestions for future work.
Date: July 1943
Creator: Lander, John Joseph
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Polarographic Determination of Uranium in Dust Samples

Description: Abstract: "Samples of dust are collected from the atmosphere with a Mine Safety Appliance Co. electrostatic precipitator and analyzed for uranium by means of a dropping mercury electrode apparatus. Two to three micrograms of uranium can be detected in a cell solution volume of 1 ml. Iron, nickel and chromium present in shop dusts do not interfere. Copper may interfere if present in excess but may be removed by a sulfide precipitation. Directions for preparation of cell solution and operation of the Polarograph are given. The polarographic method described may be used for determination of uranium in samples other than atmospheric dusts."
Date: August 30, 1943
Creator: Smith, Stanton B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Distribution Coefficient of D₂O Between Triethylamine and Water

Description: Summary: "Water containing 1.8% D2O was distributed between the two liquid phases formed with triethylamine at 20 and 35 C. The triethylamine was removed from each phase by aseotropic distillation with benzene before analyzing the water by determining its density with a quartz float. The ratios of the concentrations of the D2O in the water layer to that in the amino layer were 1.007 and 1.004 at 20 and 35, respectfully. The differences from unity are about the same as the errors of analysis."
Date: August 31, 1943
Creator: Carlson, H. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Diffusion Length and the Utilization of Thermal Neutrons in a Heterogeneous Pile

Description: Abstract: "An accurate calculation is given for the quantity which corresponds to the diffusion length in the theory of the pile. The procedure is to establish a relationship between the diffusion length and the change in thermal utilization from a pile with infinite sides to one with sides of a finite length. The calculation of this change in the thermal utilization is then carried through. Approximation to the answer and numerically exact calculations are given in the report. The results show that for radif very near the optimum values the exact diffusion length is slightly larger than the one obtained from the usual formula...However, over most of the range of radii the exact diffusion length is smaller than the approximate one."
Date: October 6, 1943
Creator: Plass, Gilbert N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Memorandum on Uranium Ore Processing

Description: The following memorandum discusses experiments and methods to recover uranium from Colorado-Utah sandstone and leaving the vanadium in the tails, improving filterability.
Date: November 19, 1943
Creator: Brimm, E. O. & Gailey, A. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimentation on the Extraction of Uranium from Western Ores by Leaching with Sodium Carbonate and Sodium Bicarbonate

Description: Purpose: "The purpose of the following experiments was to obtain data on the selective extraction of uranium over vanadiur from samples of vanadium ores by leaching with sodium carbonate or sodium bicarbonate solutions, with the object of establishing the time, temperature, and concentration conditions necessary for satisfactory extractions."
Date: December 3, 1943
Creator: Saunders, E. R. & Carosella, M. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimentation on the Extraction of Uranium from Western Ores

Description: The following report supplements a previous report by E.R. Saunders and M. C. Carosella and a report by A. J. Gailey and E. O. Brimm based around the same subject. This report describes a number of tests in which leaching temperatures of 115 and 125 C were tried for the extractions of uranium from western ores.
Date: December 27, 1943
Creator: Saunders, E. R. & Carosella, M. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department