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Directive No. HEW-77

Description: As work on the Columbia Basin irrigation project on the Columbia River is in the initial stages, the question of the effect of this project of the mineral content of the Columbia River has been raised. As an increase in dissolved mineral matter would seem to be likely, it was felt that quantitative estimate of the magnitude of this increase would be important, specifically with reference to the retaining of the demineralization plant at 100-D Area. Accordingly, a study has been made of the probable effect of the irrigation project on the chemical characteristics of the Columbia River.
Date: February 6, 1948
Creator: Lail, G. G. & Lauder, D. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight-Test Evaluation of the Longitudinal Stability and Control Characteristics of 0.5-Scale Models of the Lark Pilotless-Aircraft Configuration

Description: Report presenting flight tests to determine the longitudinal stability and control characteristics of models of the Lark pilotless aircraft. Testing included the standard configuration with the horizontal wing flaps deflected 0 degrees, 15 degrees, and 60 degrees, and a test with the tail surfaces in line with the wings with the wing flaps not deflected. Results regarding time-history records, drag, longitudinal stability, and control effectiveness are provided.
Date: February 6, 1948
Creator: Stone, David G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Results of Preliminary Flight Tests of the XS-1 Airplane (8-Percent Wing) to a Mach Number of 1.25

Description: Presents results of the U. S. Air Forces' accelerated transonic flight tests of the XS-1 No. 1 airplane for the Mach number range from 0.70 to 1.25 at altitudes from 30,000 to 49,000 feet. Data are included on horizontal-tail loads and buffeting, longitudinal trim changes, elevator effectiveness and control forces, and lateral trim characteristics.
Date: April 6, 1948
Creator: Williams, W. C. & Beeler, De E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic characteristics at high speeds of related full-scale propellers having different blade-section cambers

Description: From Summary: "Wind-tunnel tests of a full-scale two-blade NACA 10-(10)(08)-03 (high camber) propeller have been made for a range of blade angles from 20 degrees to 55 degrees at airspeeds up to 500 miles per hour. The results of these tests have been compared with results from previous tests of the NACA 10-(3) (08)-03 (low camber) and NACA 10-(5)(08)-03 (medium camber) propellers to evaluate the effects of blade-section camber on propeller aerodynamic characteristics."
Date: May 6, 1948
Creator: Maynard, Julian D. & Salters, Leland B., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-Test-Chamber Investigation of a Solar Afterburner on the 24C Engine 1 - Operational Characteristics and Altitude Limits

Description: "An altitude-test-chamber investigation was conducted to determine the operational characteristics and altitude blow-out limits of a Solar afterburner in a 24C engine. At rated engine speed and maximum permissible turbine-discharge temperature, the altitude limit as determined by combustion blow-out occurred as a band of unstable operation of about 8000 feet altitude in width with maximum altitude limits from 32,000 feet at a Mach number of 0.3 to about 42,000 feet at a Mach number of 1.0. The maximum fuel-air ratio of the afterburner, as limited by maximum permissible turbine-discharge gas temperatures at rated engine speed, varied between 0.0295 and 0.0380 over a range of flight Mach numbers from 0.25 to 1.0 and at altitudes of 20,000 and 30,000 feet" (p. 1).
Date: July 6, 1948
Creator: Dowman, Harry W. & Reller, John O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charts for Determining Preliminary Values of Span-Load, Shear, Bending-Moment, and Accumulated-Torque Distributions of Swept Wings of Various Taper Ratios

Description: Contains charts for use in determining preliminary values of the spanwise-load, shear, bending-moment, and accumulated-torque distributions of swept wings. The charts are based on strip theory and include four aerodynamic-load distributions, two section-moment distributions, and two inertia-load distributions. The taper ratios considered cover the range from 1.0 to 0 and the results are applicable to any angle of sweep.
Date: July 6, 1948
Creator: Wollner, Bertram C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a 4000-Pound-Thrust Axial-Flow Turbojet Engine. 2 - Operational Characteristics

Description: From Summary: "An investigation was conducted in the Cleveland altitude wind tunnel to determine the operational characteristics of an axial flow-type turbojet engine with a 4000-pound-thrust rating over a range of pressure altitudes from 5,000 to 50,000 feet, ram pressure ratios from 1.00 to 1.86, and temperatures from 60 deg to -50 deg F. The low-flow (standard) compressor with which the engine was originally equipped was replaced by a high-flow compressor for part of the investigation. The effects of altitude and airspeed on such operating characteristics as operating range, stability of combustion, acceleration, starting, operation of fuel-control systems, and bearing cooling were investigated."
Date: August 6, 1948
Creator: Fleming, William A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cooperation with US Geological Survey

Description: This is a reference made to a memorandum about the cooperation between the Hanford Site and the US Geological Survey. The US Geological Survey was at the site to work with Hanford on geological problems the site was having. They worked together to locate the water supply wells of the site which would be coordinated with the drilling program. They also worked together on the possible contamination to the 300 and 3000 area wells. (MB)
Date: August 6, 1948
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of X24C-2 10-Stage Axial-Flow Compressor 3 - Surge Characteristics

Description: Compressor operation at low air flows for a given speed is limited by unstable flow conditions, commonly called surge. An investigation of surge in centrifugal compressors (reference 1) showed that the pulsation of pressures and velocities occurred when the slope of the compressor characteristic curve was positive and that the magnitude and frequency, as well as the incidence of surge, depended on the capacity and resistance of the total system. Although the theory presented in reference 1 is applicable to axial-floe compressors, little experimental information is available on the surge characteristics of the individual stages of axial-flow compressors, or on the variation of the surge characteristics with operating conditions.
Date: August 6, 1948
Creator: Buckner, Howard A., Jr. & Downing, Richard M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Results of an Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of an Axial-Flow Gas Turbine-Propeller Engine 5 - Combustion-Chamber Characterisitcs

Description: "An investigation to determine the performance and operational characteristics of an axial-flow gas turbine-propeller engine was conducted in the Cleveland altitude wind tunnel. As part of this investigation, the combustion-chamber performance was determined at pressure altitudes from 5000 to 35,000 feet, compressor-inlet ram-pressure ratios of 1.00 and 1.09, and engine speeds from 8000 to 13,000 rpm. Combustion-chamber performance is presented as a function of corrected engine speed and corrected horsepower" (p. 1).
Date: August 6, 1948
Creator: Geisenheyner, Robert M. & Berdysz, Joseph J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Results of Natural Icing of an Axial-Flow Turbojet Engine

Description: Memorandum presenting a flight investigation in natural icing conditions to determine the effect of ice formations on the performance of an axial-flow turbojet engine. Tail-pipe temperature increased from 761 to 1065 degrees Fahrenheit and the jet thrust decreased from 1234 to 910 pounds during a period of 45 minutes in icing. No general conclusions can be reached from the data because the icing condition was relatively light.
Date: August 6, 1948
Creator: Acker, Loren W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary results of natural icing of an axial-flow turbojet engine

Description: Report presenting a flight investigation in natural icing conditions to determine the effect of ice formations on the performance of an axial-flow turbojet engine. Results regarding the tail-pipe temperature, engine jet thrust, and characteristics of ice formation are provided. No general conclusions can be reached from the data because the icing condition was relatively light.
Date: August 6, 1948
Creator: Acker, Loren W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Results of Nene Ii Engine Altitude-Chamber Performance Investigation 3 - Altitude Performance Using 18.00-Inch-Diameter Jet Nozzle

Description: "An investigation is being conducted to determine the altitude performance characteristics of the Nene II engine and its components. The present paper presents the preliminary results obtained using jet nozzle 18.00 inches in diameter, with an area equal to 92.2 percent of the area of the standard jet nozzle for this engine. The experimental results presented are for conditions simulating altitudes from 20,000 to 60,000 feet and ram-pressure ratios from 1.1 to 3.5" (p. 1).
Date: August 6, 1948
Creator: Grey, Ralph E. & Brightwell, Virginia L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The effect of negative dihedral, tip droop, and wing-tip shape on the low-speed aerodynamic characteristics of a complete model having a 45 degrees sweptback wing

Description: "An investigation has been conducted in the Langley 300 MPH 7- by 10-foot tunnel to determine the effect of negative dihedral, tip droop, and wing-tip shape on the low-speed aerodynamic characteristics of a complete model having a 45 degrees sweptback wing. Longitudinal and lateral stability characteristics were obtained for the model with and without tail surfaces" (p .1).
Date: December 6, 1948
Creator: Spearman, M. Leroy & Becht, Robert E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department