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Hanford Engineer Works monthly report, July 1944

Description: This progress report discusses activities at Hanford Engineer Works for the month of July, 1944. The organization size increased rapidly in July, jumping from 1384 to 1886, an increase of 502 employees. Shortages existed on special lines such as electricians, instrument mechanics, and power operators. The opportunities to interview and employ Construction personnel improved as the Construction, organization moved past its peak employment figure. 269 houses were completed in Richland and 370 occupancies were reported, reducing the backlog of empty houses due to slow furniture movements. A total of 1530 houses or 35.6% of the village is now occupied. The overall canning yield increased from 63% to 75% while production leveled off at approximately two-thirds of design capacity. The metal machining operation and the test pile operated on a one shift-six day per week basis. The portion of the 100-B Area from the pump house through the filter plant and including the Power House was taken over by Operations on July 25. The Power House in the 200-W Area was started and flushing of process lines with water and steam got under way in the canyon. A new department was formed to control the Protection activities of the plant.
Date: August 8, 1944
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind dilution required to reduce to tolerance levels the activity due to xenon and iodine in HEW dissolver off-gases

Description: The radio-active xenon and iodine evolved during the dissolution of the uranium may present a health hazard within certain areas around the base of the stack through which the dissolver off-gases are discharged. Since the concentration of these elements in the uranium metal is directly proportional to the power of the pile* and is related to decay period of the metal in accordance with their half-lifes, the maximum rate of discharge of these elements from the stack at H.E.W. can be estimated form existing Clinton data. The required wind dilution to reduce the discharging activation to tolerance levels can then be calculated. The time with respect to the start of the metal dissolution at which the maximum rates of discharge will be attained can also be roughly estimated form existing Clinton data. 3 figs., 3 tabs.
Date: September 29, 1944
Creator: Dreher, J.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characteristics of a standard tube

Description: Transmitted herewith are three charts showing the temperatures attained at various points of the slugs in a typical tube of a flat ended pile. These charts are based on the latest information available to us on September 15, 1944. They are valid for any power load when the water rate is 21.0 gpm, whatever may be the inlet temperature of the cooling water. A simple method is provided for correcting the curves for deviations in water rate from 21 gpm. There is appended a detailed explanation of their derivation and of the evaluation of the constants involved in their construction. The current discovery that the pile will be self-poisoned by transient fission products means that the true temperature curves will be somewhat flatter than those here presented.
Date: September 30, 1944
Creator: Drew, T.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cooling water requirements in 212 buildings

Description: This document provides plots of expected rates of heat evolution rates of heat evolution from irradiated metal which may be useful in estimating the cooling water flow required in the the 212 buildings. A comparison of three sources of data found in the Project Handbook is provided. The CN 526 calculations agree very well with the estimates of 16, 32 and 64 days decay periods. CN 526 information was used for calculating the heat evolution rates shown in the following figures, since the data does not cover decay periods under 16 days, and does not include the 93{sup 239} contribution. The expected BTU/Min.(Ton) heat liberation rate vs. cooling time in days for through operating periods is shown. The operating level is taken as 2000 KW/Ton; the BTU/Min.(Ton) liberated may be scaled to higher or lower operating levels by arithmetic ratio. A similar curve in which the cooling water required (GPM/Ton) is substituted for BTU/Min.(Ton) is provided. The metric ton and a water temperature rise of 25{degree}C (45{degree}F) are assumed. The product content of the metal has been substituted for operating level in another plot. The rate of heat evolution is plotted against decay period for various operating times. A base product content of 100 grams/ton was chosen, and the BTU/Min.(Ton) can be scaled to metal of higher or lower product content by arithmetic ratio. A similar plot with the ordinate GPM/Ton instead of BTU/Min.(Ton) is provided. 5 figs.
Date: November 9, 1944
Creator: Peery, L.C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The corrosion of aluminum in dilute solutions: laboratory studies

Description: After it had been decided that aluminum was to be used as a corrosion-resistant material with good heat transfer properties, it was desired to determine the operating conditions to be used in the water-cooled Handford plant in order to avoid danger of corrosion penetration of thin aluminum parts. The studies here reported were undertaken with the object of determining these conditions by investigating the effects of all the known variables which might influence the corrosion behavior of aluminum in a water-coolded plant at HEW. The addition of hydrogen peroxide to the testing solutions was the only effort made to simulate special conditions at the plant.
Date: June 19, 1945
Creator: Draley, J.E.; Arendt, J.W.; English, G.C.; Story, E.F.; Wainscott, M.M. & Berger, R.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

100 Areas, January 15 through January 21

Description: This report gives the weekly progress for the B, D, and F piles. The report also gives a brief discussion of the following activities: process water control and pressure drop studies; purging of D, B, and F piles; slug corrosion studies; tube corrosion studies; thimble corrosion studies; and graphite expansion studies.
Date: January 25, 1946
Creator: Jordan, W. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

100 Areas, February 5--February 11

Description: This report gives the weekly status for the B, D, and F piles. Also given is the reactivity status at the end of the week for each pile. Process water control and pressure drop studies are discussed. Finally a brief discussion is given of the graphite expansion problem.
Date: February 15, 1946
Creator: Jordan, W. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Production test 105-2-P (Supplement A) - Activity of pile discharge water (Activation of manganese and iron)

Description: This report discusses the Production Test 105-2-P (Supplement A) -- Activity of Pile Discharge Water. Previous studies of pile discharge water have shown that one of two processes is responsible for the large but variable amount of Mn{sup 56} activity present in the water. One process is the production of Mn{sup 56} by the reaction Mn{sup 55} on manganese impurity in the water. The amount of such impurity has been shown to be too small to produce the observed amount of Mn{sup 56} unless the mean irradiation time is increased by a large factor due to temporary sticking of manganese on the surfaces in the tubes. The other process is the production by the reaction Fe{sup 56} on iron in the film. The present production test was designed to determine which of these processes is responsible for the troublesome Mn{sup 56} activity and to what extent the activity is increased due to sticking of manganese or iron in the tubes. 4 figs.
Date: May 8, 1946
Creator: West, J.M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

100 Areas technical activities report -- Physics, October 1946

Description: The D Pile was down five times for scheduled shutdowns. The fifth shutdown was of short duration for the purpose of discharging temporary ``P`` columns. Details of the shutdowns are given. Three new bismuth columns were established, Special Requests were charged into seven tubes and three Special Requests were discharged. Three tubes were charged with four-inch slugs. The power level of the F Pile has been corrected for the discrepancy noted last month. Material for irradiation under the Special Request program was charged into six tubes and the B experimental hole during the month. The effect of poison columns and rods on the temperature distribution of the pile was checked for the overall content of the pile. The F Pile gained two in hours in cold, clean reactivity during the month if allowance is made for xenon poison values corresponding to 190 MW for the beginning of the month and 200 MW at the end of the month. The graphite stringer removed from the ``D`` test hole of the D Pile on 3-12-46 was studied physical radiation effects.
Date: November 6, 1946
Creator: Gast, P. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

100 Areas technical activities report -- Physics, November 1946

Description: This report divides the activities for November into three sections: D Pile; F Pile; and general physics. During November the D Pile was down twice for regularly scheduled shutdowns. Two scram occurred during the month, both of short duration. Five Special Request 15 tubes were discharged and recharged with Special Request 15. Some 13 inhour of reactivity were gained during the month. Vertical rod thimbles, 10 through 22, were tested. A Production Test was performed to determine the reactivity power coefficients of the F Pile at low power levels and with practically no xenon poison remaining. Additional experience in the use of temporary poison columns during an extended shutdown of the pile was obtained during the month. Four new bismuth columns were charged during the month and six tubes were charged with LiF. The F Pile had not yet returned to xenon equilibrium following the shutdown of November 27 at the end of the month, but conditions just prior to this shutdown indicate a loss of one inhour since October 31. Two sets of specimens were removed from the ``B`` Test Hole of the F Pile on November 4. Samples were also machined from graphite removed from the No. 9 thimble of the D pile. Results from studies on these samples are given.
Date: December 11, 1946
Creator: Gast, P. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determination of reactivity coefficients and rod calibration of D Pile. Interim report on Production Test No. 105-97-P

Description: The test of March 7, 1947 was planned as a check on power coefficient values; however, an analysis of reactivity data gave evidence of a considerable flattening of ``A`` rod in the region between 0--75 inches out. A second test of longer duration was therefore made on April 1, 1947 in order to obtain a check calibration of this portion of the control rod. The results of this test verified the flattening of this portion of ``A`` rod. The redetermined power coefficients based on new rod calibrations are given.
Date: April 25, 1947
Creator: Kruesi, F. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

P Division monthly report, April 1948

Description: This progress report discusses activities of the P Division for the month of April, 1948. The D and F Piles operated at 275 megawatts throughout April except for scheduled outages. Each operating area had an extended outage to remove a portion of the brick from the wall which runs across the rear edge of the top of the unit and to replace the vertical neoprene seal between the front face and the experimental side shields. This program described in detail under Mechanical Experience. The B-Pile was maintained in standby condition with a water flow of 10,150 gallons/minute. The 100 Area discharge rate continued at 60 tons per month. The exclusive use of lead dipped 4 inch slugs fabricated from alpha rolled or alpha extruded metal was started effective April 1. Work was stated April 12 in the 300 Area on a program of decanning 160 tons of 8 inch gamma extruded triple-dip canned pieces which were not considered good risks for pile operation. The slug recovery operation was placed on a 2 shift per day schedule on April 19 to expedite this work so that the metal can be recast and rolled at the earliest moment. The 300 Area canning production of 90 tons was governed by the receipt of rolled rods. At month end a backlog of about 30 tons of rolled rods was on hand.
Date: May 28, 1948
Creator: Maider, J.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

100 Areas technical activities report -- Engineering, June, 1948

Description: This report covers work done by the Pile Engineering Groups and work done on special assignments. Topics covered include: slug blistering and corrosion; graphite allocation to DR pile; slug molding; segmental discharge; Van Stone corrosion; flow laboratory modifications; downcomer at B pile; downcomer at D pile; annealing of pile graphite; replacement of pile atmosphere with CO{sub 2}; unit motion; beta experiment; can opening; slug annealing; new technical building, 300 area; and ruptured slugs.
Date: July 19, 1948
Creator: Woods, W. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

100 Area Water Study

Description: This paper gives a cost breakdown of all the water facilities in the 100-F area for the month of January, 1948. Also given is the cost of chlorine for addition to the process water system along with where it is added and in what amounts. Lastly, the average figure for the hardness for the Columbia River water at Hanford.
Date: September 23, 1948
Creator: Beekman, S. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department